Civil War Victory and the Costly Aftermath

OPPOSITE: Battle of Lookout Mountain, November 24, 1863, Army of the Cumberland Lithograph by Kurz & Allison, ca.1889. RIGHT: Men repairing a single-track railroad after the Battle of Stone’s River, Murfreesboro, December 31, 1862– January 2, 1863.

Forrest and Morgan, was continually raiding the area through which he needed to pass. These raiders regularly attacked Union outposts, bridges, and supply columns. On August 30, 1862 Union troops advanced against Richmond, Kentucky. Many of the Northern soldiers were raw recruits and it was an unmitigated disaster, with nearly 1,000 killed or wounded and over 4,500 captured.

Focus then switched to the Cumberland Gap, which was something of a gateway into East Tennessee. Union troops were stationed there by the end of August, in the hope that Morgan’s supplies would be cut off. The Confederate troops tried to dislodge them and a concerted effort was made on September 17. This time the Union troops withdrew and on October 3 reached the Ohio river.


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