The Magazine of the FBI National Academy Associates
January/February 2014 | Volume 16, Number 1
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A S S O C I A T E January/February 2014 Volume 16 • Issue 1 The Magazine of the FBI National Academy Associates
Features 10 Addressing the Issues Involving Today’s Yyouthful Offender John R. Bailey 12 Measuring Law Enforcement Performance Dr. Jeffry Phillips 16 The Importance of Core Values in the Law Enforcement Profession MatthewMay 20 Law Enforcement Officers Issued Lifesaving Equipment Mark K. Evans Columns 4 Association Perspective 7 Chapter Chat 19 A Message from Our Chaplain 22 Historian’s Spotlight 23 Staying on the Yellow Brick Road Each Issue 6 Strategic, Corporate & Academic Alliances Ad Index – American Military University 2 Quantico Tactical 9 Capella University 25 University of Phoenix – Justice Federal Credit Union
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“Continuing Growth Through Training and Education”
January/February 2014 Volume 16 • Number 1
3rd Vice President, Section II – Joey Reynolds Police Chief, Bluffton Police Dept. (SC), firstname.lastname@example.org Representative, Section I – Johnnie Adams Support Operations Commander, University of CA Los Angeles Police Department (CA) email@example.com Representative, Section II – Kevin Wingerson Operations, Pasadena Police Dept. (TX), firstname.lastname@example.org Representative, Section III – Joe Hellebrand Chief, Port Canaveral Police Dept. (FL), email@example.com Representative, Section IV – Scott Dumas Deputy Chief, Rochester Police Dept. (NH), firstname.lastname@example.org Chaplain – Daniel Bateman Inspector (retired), Michigan State Police, email@example.com Historian – Terrence (Terry) Lucas Law Enforcement Coordinator (retired), U.S. Attorney - Central District (IL), firstname.lastname@example.org FBI Unit Chief – Mike Harrigan National Academy Unit (VA) Executive Director – Greg Cappetta FBI NAA, Inc., Executive Office (VA), email@example.com
The National Academy Associate is a publication of the FBI National Academy Associates, Inc.
Greg Cappetta / Executive Director/Managing Editor Ashley R. Sutton / Communications Manager
© Copyright 2014, the FBI National Academy Associates, Inc. Reproduction of any part of this magazine without express written permission is strictly prohibited. The National Academy Associate is published bi-monthly by the FBI National Academy Associates, Inc., National Executive Office, FBI Academy, Quantico, VA 22135 phone: (703) 632-1990, fax: (703) 632-1993. The FBI National Academy Associates, Inc. is a private, non-profit organization and is not part of the Federal Bureau of Investigation or acting on the FBI’s behalf. Email editorial submissions to Ashley Sutton : asutton@fbinaa .org. Submissions may vary in length from 500-2000 words, and shall not be submitted simultaneously to other publications. The FBI National Academy Associates, Inc., the Executive Board and the editors of the National Academy Associate neither endorse nor guarantee completeness or accuracy of material used that is obtained from sources considered reliable, nor accept liability resulting from the adoption or use of any methods, procedures, recommendations, or statements recommended or implied.
The Magazine of the FBI National Academy Associates A S S O C I A T E
Association President – Laurie Cahill Detective Lieutenant, Ocean County Sheriff’s Dept. (NJ), firstname.lastname@example.org Past President – Doug Muldoon Chief, Palm Bay Police Department (FL), email@example.com 1st Vice President, Section IV – Joe Gaylord Protective Services Manager, Central Arizona Project, (AZ), firstname.lastname@example.org 2nd Vice President, Section I – Barry Thomas Chief Deputy/Captain, Story County. Sheriff’s Office (IA), email@example.com
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On the Cover: Our Future Leaders: Addressing issues of today’s youthful offender.
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Association Perspective continued from page 4
by President Laurie Cahill
member brought in only one new member that has fallen off, how much stronger the FBINAA can be! Concentrate on contacting recent graduates to make them feel welcome to attend Chapter events to continue the “NA Experience”. 2) Add/Increase Member Benefits – I am calling on you, our Association members, to advise us of any company, corporation or group, etc. that can improve the benefits we currently have while adding increased value to our quality membership. 3 ) Present the 50th Annual Training Conference in Philadelphia, PA – Please plan to attend the conference which will be held from July 26-29. Opening Ceremonies will take place on Saturday, July 26th, which is different than previous years. The conference theme is “One Mission, One Focus, One Family”. I pledge to you that the Eastern Pennsylvania Chapter and supporting Section IV Chapters are planning an event for you and your family to remember in the “City of Brotherly Love”. 4) Continue to work with the FBINAA Foundation to remind our members of the mission that focuses on the needs of our FBINAA members (in disaster/hardship situations) and significant training initiatives such as the recent Human Trafficking Summit held in Ottawa, Canada. 5) Promote the FBINAA partnership with SafeCallNow to empower fellow law enforcement professionals to seek assistance when they are in crisis. 6) Lastly and stolen from my predecessor and good friend, Past President Doug Muldoon , let’s make our FBINAA Chapter events learning opportunities while enjoying our camaraderie . The FBINAA is truly a family... deep in spirit, energy and determination achieved from our common experiences we developed while training at the FBI Academy. Can you play a part to help us achieve these and other goals? Together, I know our organization can grow and accomplish great things…I hope you will be an active part in our positive progress. Wishing you all the very best for a productive and enjoyable year ahead. Please stay safe and always remember to “Reach for the stars!”
Another New Beginning:
A s we begin another New Year, I am certain 2014 will be one full of new accomplishments, adventures and endeavors. I want you to know how deeply honored and privileged I feel to serve as President to the members of our great Association. The FBI National Academy Associates is truly the strongest law enforcement network in the world and each of us can attest to the many examples of how this is true. Each one of us holds a special benefit, in that we can communicate by “phone calling/Skyping/emailing/snail-mailing/texting/instant messaging/ FBINAA Mobile Messaging” a classmate or another NA graduate who will drop everything to help a fellow graduate whether it is for assistance on a law enforcement case, requests for information or good advice on a vacation spot or homeownership. How many other groups/affiliations can offer such a sacred connection? The 2014 Executive Board and Executive Director Greg Cappetta are anxious to work with the newly appointed FBI Director James Comey . A few of our Board members had the privilege of meeting with Mr. Comey during the 254th Session Graduation and they were enthusiastic by the Director’s passion and dedication to the FBINAA. We surely look forward to Director Comey’s exceptional leadership, as well as a continued collaborative partnership with all members throughout the FBI. In addition, there will be a few new beginnings this year... Chaplain Dan Bateman will take over the reigns from Chaplain Emeritus Billy Gibson . Fortunately, Dan was able to shadow Billy in 2013 so he is ready and able to hit the ground running. We welcome Dan in his new role, and of course, we bid a fond farewell to our dear friend, Billy, who we hope will be able to spend more time traveling the world with his bride, Phyllis . We also wish our good friend, Diane Scanga , much success as she graciously steps down from the Executive Board this year. I will have treasured memories of Diane and Billy as we move forward, as a result of their outstanding leadership abilities and dedication to the FBINAA. I am also very humbled to all the Past Presidents who have served this remarkable Association. Their foresight, distinction and hard work have paved the way for those of us who continue to serve the FBINAA. I am grateful to all of the Past Presidents who are too many to mention, but know that you are truly respected and appreciated. And last but not certainly least, we welcome Joe Hellebrand , as he joins the Executive Board as the newly elected Section III Representative. We look forward to your assistance and vision along your journey on the Board. Our membership is the livelihood of our organization. As Chair of the Membership/Member Services Committee for the past few years, I can attest how vital and important each and every member is to the FBINAA, and to the overall mission of the law enforcement profession. Knowledge, Courage and Integrity are the very tenets that we breathe before, and especially after, our graduation from the FBI Academy grounds in Quantico, Virginia. Often times we are reminded that you cannot just “join” our Association; you must have earned it by your selection, participation and graduation from the FBI National Academy program. As fortunate as we have been to attend and con- tinue to stay active with the FBINAA, there are countless numbers of law enforcement executives who have not had the chance to attend. For many reasons, we owe it to the FBI, our departments and our com-
munities to strengthen our bond by staying active in the FBINAA. To that effort, your Executive Board and Executive Office Staff continue to explore ways to increase membership benefits, provide optimum networking opportunities, while offering quality training to you and your colleagues. We work hard to demonstrate our commitment to provide the best value in your membership. With a slight dues increase that began this year ($10. sworn/active and $5. for retired members), it is evident that the cost of doing business has increased, in addition to compensating the hardworking staff that goes above and beyond ev- eryday for our members. We welcome your comments and suggestions for ways to make improvements that will strengthen our organization. Your opinion matters and we would like to know how we can better serve you and our Association members. The year ahead will continue with the Executive Board members and Executive Office Team working alongside our members on various committees to accomplish the goals of the FBINAA. Those commit- tees and the work with general members fortify our commitment to transparency and efficiency. The established committees are: Execu- tive Office Oversight; Constitution, Bylaws and Policies; Finance; In- ternational; Member Services; Space Working Group; Public/Private Partnership; Training; Youth Leadership Program and Past Presidents Committees. As you can see, a lot of hard work goes into accomplish- ing the goals of the various Committees to carry out the many im- portant initiatives of the Association. Please consider working on one of these committees if a call for participation is offered. Each Board member will Chair one or more committees and they may ask for as- sistance as their committees are reestablished in the year ahead. I would also be remiss if I did not acknowledge the hard work of our dedicated Chapter Officers. Our Executive Board is extremely grateful to the forty-eight Chapters whose Executive Board Officers provide countless volunteer hours to make certain that the Chapters provide training and benefits to our members on a local level. As your President this year, I am optimistic that WE, together with the hard work of our Executive Board, Executive Director, Execu- tive Office Team, along with the 48 Chapters’ Executive Boards, will accomplish the following goals: 1) Increase Membership – This has been my #1 primary goal each and every year since joining the New Jersey Chapter Board and later on the Association’s Executive Board. Just think if each
All the Best,
Laurie Cahill 2014 President
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The intent of this column is to communicate chapter news. Announcements may include items of interest, such as member news, section activities, events, training calendar, special programs, etc. Refer to the editorial submission deadlines, particularly with date sensitive announcements. Submit chapter news/high-resolution digital .jpg or .tif photos with captions to: Ashley Sutton, Communications Manager phone: (302) 644.4744, fax: (302) 644.7764 firstname.lastname@example.org
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chapter supporter retired AAA executive Art Johnson .
service at three dif- ferent De- partments, Chief Elwood C. (“Skip) Hocker re- tired from the Lock
ALASKA n Three NA grads enjoyed a cool dip in 36 degree water while raising money for Special Olym- pics. In the group are Captain BarryWilson , Commissioner Keith Mallard and Deputy Commissioner Terry Vrabec .
n January 23, 2014 the Chapter held its annual election meet- ing at the Drury Hotel catered by Bartolino’s restaurant. At the meeting new officers were sworn in by the Chief Justice of the Missouri Supreme Court Mary R. Russell . Outgoing President Jon Belmar , Session 228, thanked the Chapter for all their support. Newly elected officers include President Mark Mossotti , Ses- sion 234, 1st Vice President Tim Lowery , Session 233, 2nd Vice President Kenneth Cox , Session 232, Sergeant at Arms Glen Eid- man , Session 229, and Treasurer Steve Schicker , Session 220. Additionally the Eastern Missouri Chapter awarded three schol- arships to chapter members college aged children. Receiving the awards were Kelly Belmar , daughter of Jon Belmar , 228th Session, Paul Glenn , son of Stuart Glenn , 229th Session and Bryan Lowery , son of Tim Lowery , 233rd Session. E. PENNSYLVANIA n On December 31, 2013, after 45 years and seven months
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n We hope to see everyone at our next event, the Membership BBQ , on March 21 in Glendale. The Board is actively planning the next Retrainer for October in Pinetop-Lakeside. n Congratulations to Lee White , 242nd Session, who was promoted to Assistant Police Chief with the Mesa Police Department. n We regretfully report the passing of the following NA members: Bob Forry 154th Session, former Glendale Police Department Police Chief and AzPOST Manager. Kenneth Stone , 112th Session, retired Assistant Police Chief for Mesa Police Department. E. MISSOURI n Scholarship Chairman Steve Lewis Session 236 presents scholarship to Paul Glenn as his father Stuart Glenn , Session 229 looks on. n The St. Louis Chapter is preparing for the 2016 National Conference . Successful fund rais- ing has included the annual golf tournament and the community outreach efforts spearheaded by
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FLORIDA n Sheriff Jerry Whitehead
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ARIZONA n The featured speaker at our recent Southern Arizona Luncheon was retired astronaut, Mark Kelly . Mark gave an inter- esting presentation about his life as a Navy pilot, an astronaut, and how his life changed after the as- sassination attempt on his wife, former Representative, Gabby Giffords . The new venue of the Dove Mountain Ritz Carlton also provided beautiful surroundings and a great meal.
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December 18, 2013 after a brief illness. He was currently serving as the Dean of Sheriffs, as the lon- gest serving sheriff in the State of Florida. He was elected Sheriff of Union County in 1984 and served from 1985 until his death. He followed in his father’s, John H. Whitehead , long legacy as a law enforcement officer and sheriff.
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n Effective 01/20/14 Detective Sergeant David Wyant was appointed to Deputy
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(L-R) Mark Kelly,
(L-R) Steve Lewis, Stuart Glenn, Paul Glenn.
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“Success under Stress.” Dr. Melnick presented members with interac- tive practical and credible stress relieving tools for use in not only their professional life, but their personal life as well. Dr. Melnick’s instruction has been highly regarded by Fortune 500 companies and proved to excel in the area of law enforcement stressors as well. Tuesday’s instructor, an author and doctorate in psychology, and well known FBI Criminal profiler, Dr. James Reese , provided mem- bers with an entertaining, but insightful day of leadership and management training delivered with a sense of humor and wit. Dr. Reese has provided training and leadership direction to 350 of the Fortune 500 companies as well as many private and govern- ment leaders in the nation. His aptitude and knowledge of the topics he addresses cannot be overstated, and as expected this training brought many additional and useful tools to our local leaders. Montana Lt. Governor, John Walsh addressed the attend- ees and honored those in law enforcement at the evening banquet. Members were also honored and presented with pins for 5, 10, 15, and 20 or more years of membership. Introduction of the incoming President Steve Orr , 176th Session, Lewiston, Idaho, was made by outgoing President and Conference Host Dave Jeseritz , 226th Session. NEWMEXICO n On January 9, 2014, Ste- phen Frank Lagomarsino , 84th Session, NMSP Deputy Chief (retired), passed away at age 88. Deputy Chief Lagomarsino joined the NMSP in 1952 and was promoted to Deputy Chief in 1967 and retired from NMSP in 1978 after 26 years of service. Deputy Chief Lagomarsino at- continued on page 15
security of the Circuit Court as well as 8 District Courts. Clay is a 37 ½ year veteran of the Sheriff’s Office and has previously served throughout the entire agency.
Chief of Police for the Bartow Police Department. Deputy Chief Wyant is a graduate of the 231st Session. n Todd Garrison , 252nd Ses- sion was promoted to Captain with the Lee County Sheriff’s Office. n Chief Michael J. DeLeo , 219th Session, was sworn as the Chief of Police for Tallahassee Police Department on December 30, 2013. Chief DeLeo was the Deputy Chief of the Plantation Police Department. He began his career with the Plantation Police Department in 1994 as a patrol officer. During his career, he has served in the Patrol Division and Criminal Investigations Divi- sion and supervised the SWAT Unit, Street Crimes Unit, Crisis Response Team, Field Force Unit, Traffic Unit and K-9 Unit. Chief DeLeo was named an FBI Leader- ship Fellow in 2004 and spent six months in residence at the FBI Academy where he assisted in developing and delivering execu- tive law enforcement training around the world. ILLINOIS n Effective January 1, 2014, Ed Wodnicki , 118th Session, retired after almost 56 years in Law Enforcement. 33 1/2 years with the Chicago Police Dept. (Deputy Superintendent), 9 1/2 years with the Clerk of the Circuit Court of Cook County (Inspector General) and 12 1/2 years with the Cook County, Illinois Sheriff’s Dept. as the Executive Director of the Merit Board. KANSAS/W. MISSOURI n Captain Bob Cynova , Session 206, with the Jefferson City (MO) Police Department. He served 30 years with JCPD and retired officially on April 30, 2013!!
(KS) Police Department. He has served 37 years with Westwood and 26 years as Chief! He has a total of 40 years in law enforce- ment serving his community! n Major Thomas E. Roam , Ses- sion 226, with the Missouri State Highway Patrol. He has served 35 years with MSHP and serving the State of Missouri. Chapter held their annual business meeting on Friday, December 6th at Silks Restau- rant located on the grounds of Bulle Rock Golf Course in Havre de Grace, Maryland. During the meeting, Captain John Cam- panella of the Delaware State Police was elected as the Sgt. At Arms. F.B.I. Baltimore Field Office Special Agent in Charge Steven Vogt swore-in the new Chapter officers for the 2014 term. MARYLAND/DELAWARE n The Maryland/Delaware
(L-R) Dave Jeseritz, Dr. Sharon Melnick.
MONTANA/IDAHO n On September 22-25th, the Montana/Idaho Chapter held their annual conference at the Holiday Inn Downtown on the historic Last Chance Gulch walking mall in Helena, MT. The conference kicked off with a pas- senger train ride sponsored by Montana Rail Link and BNSF for all attendees, vendors, and their families. The 3 ½ hr. ride crossed the Continental Divide and afforded views of mountainous terrain and wildlife. The partici- pant’s journey was seen via the dome and other luxury cars to include the Santa Fe car which had the distinct honor of being the private quarters for Mamie Eisenhower as she escorted the body of former President Dwight D. Eisenhower fromWashington, D.C. to his final resting place in Abilene, Kansas. Training of- ficially kicked off Monday morn- ing with an opening ceremony featuring the Helena Police Department and Montana High- way Patrol Honor Guard posting the colors, followed by Helena High School student, Maddie Cormier ’s, beautiful rendition of the National Anthem. The first day of instruction was provided by New York author Sharon Melnick , PhD, who wrote
(L-R) John Campanella
MICHIGAN n Clay R. Jansson , Session 249, was
promoted to Captain at The Oakland County Sheriff’s Office on September 21, 2013. Clay is
Clay R. Jansson
in charge of the Sheriff’s Office Corrective Services – Satellites Division which is responsible for
n Chief Carlos “Corkey”Wells , Session 170, with Westwood
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During my previous career in Law Enforcement, I can’t tell you how many times I heard the phrase “remember, these youths are our future leaders”. With those words in mind, I would often reflect as I looked at the seriousness of the charge, and the attitude (and sometimes the appearance) of the individual in front of me, and think, this is our future? Really?
In Chester County, when a juvenile comes into the justice system charged with a crime, it is at the discretion of the judge to divert the individual from court and guide the offender into these programs. I have learned to make an assessment to determine if the young adult in front of me has positive strengths. For this to be successful, it is not necessary to dwell on the past issues, but instead to focus on the future with the potential for a positive outcome with some concentrated direction and guidance. This concern is echoed among my peers, with whom I work in Chester County as well. We attempt to look at the issue at hand from both a judicial perspective and the need to help the youthful offender without putting the community at risk. As our Chief Justice of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court Ronald Castille recently said in addressing this situation; “Community service, whether court-ordered or as an alternative to formal court intervention, is another great example of an initiative where the judiciary can improve lives and save tax dollars as justice is pursued,” Chief Justice of PA Ronald D. Castille. (May 22, 2013). Recently while attending a drug court graduation ceremony, I learned of the “ALL RISE Philosophy” (NADCP-National Associa- tion of Drug Court Professionals) that was pre- sented and read by a representative of the Public Defender’s office. Although this program is for anyone who meets the criteria, I noticed that the graduates were of all ages. As I listened to the message, my thoughts were how to incor- porate this when addressing issues involving to- day’s youthful offenders? The phrase “All RISE” now has a distinct and different meaning for me. It is surely a social meaning as it is described in the body of the All Rise scroll when used in the following message. In short, ALL RISE suggests very strongly that we all see beyond the chaos and the wreck- age in a person’s life. We evaluate the individual; we seek out their potential, their hope and their humanity. Once this is accomplished, we take the proper action. As ALL RISE mentions: Because when we know that when one person rises out of drugs and crime, we ALL RISE. (NADCP-National Association of Drug Court Professionals/nadcp.org) What a powerful and righteous statement. About the Author: Magisterial District Court Judge John R. Bailey has over 34 years of law enforcement experience, retiring in 2011 as a Detective Sergeant with the Tredyffrin Township Police Department in Berwyn, Pa. A graduate of the FBI NA session 223, Judge Bailey has a Master’s Degree from Fairleigh Dickinson University. Judge Bailey is an adjunct professor teaching Youthful Offender at Delaware County Community College, and author of the following article “Policing in a Distressed Economy” National Acad- emy Associate Magazine (Fall 2009).
I am sure we have all considered such ideas at one time or another; however as I’ve grown older and wiser, and begun a new career as a judge, I’m reevaluating the youth in our society. I realize that we in the law enforcement com- munity need to shift our perspective a bit in helping our younger population. As many of us in a lengthy career have done, I, too, awoke one morning and decided that it was time to change lanes. I consciously selected a profession that kept my “head in the game” but from a different perspective. I never wanted to walk away from the career I loved so much and not continue to serve the people in my community. I am blessed to have been elected Magisterial District Court Judge in the commu- nity where I’ve lived and raised my family for over 31 years. I am also fortunate to serve in a county that is pro active and progressive in many of the youthful offender programs. These programs are initiated through the criminal justice system to assist youthful offenders who’ve gone afoul of the law, but in whom we haven’t lost hope. Now, I find myself looking at the label of “youthful offender ” with an altered perspec- tive, and most importantly thinking differently about such people and their crimes. Not a week goes by, where I don’t have a young man or woman standing in front of me charged with a minor offense such as retail theft. I usually wonder if the youthful offender is in- volved with drugs, or was the crime committed out of boredom or for excitement.Sadly, these individuals have no idea that their lives are at a crossroads. From the youthful offender’s per- spective, I can see it’s difficult to understand that committing unlawful acts carry long term con- sequences. It’s hard for them to foresee the long term impact of getting caught shoplifting. It’s even more difficult to convey to them society’s perception with regards to crime. Whether a per- son concealed merchandise worth $25.00 from the local convenience store or embezzled money, a thief is a thief, regardless of the age, and sadly for them, employers don’t want to hire a thief. Additionally, I recently learned that many colleges do not consider applicants with prior
histories of shoplifting, theft or disorderly con- duct violations, or excessive underage drinking infractions as well. These learning institutions have dropped potential students if it’s discov- ered that the individual had been convicted of the above offenses. My struggle, as I look at each case fairly from not only a parent’s view, but also one who has to evaluate the facts and render a fair decision has me grappling with the realization that the individual in front of me doesn’t understand that profound impact that a record will have on the path they chose for life. What a dilemma. How do you straighten and guide someone who, whether they like or not, is part of our country’s future? This topic was the subject of many discussions during an 11 week session I attended at the (FBI) Na- tional Academy in 2005. Listening to the is- sues from my fellow classmates, I realized how global the problem is and also how pervasive. The discussions with my law enforcement peers (at the time) were not only instructive and in- fluential to me; they helped crystallize my desire to help influence young adults. One change I made was to run for Judge, the other was to begin teaching at the college entry level. Now, I have the privilege of returning to the commu- nity college where I first attended shortly after high school, and where later I was admitted as an adjunct professor. How appropriate it is to teach a course entitled “Youthful Offender” to an audience who can relate and feel comfort- able enough to express their views and concerns about close friends, siblings, or life in their neighborhood. As I listened to their stories, I saw two issues: the first scenario being present- ed is usually about the students themselves, and the second is how society in general has failed to hear the pleas from young adults and adoles- cents for help in the past. What’s developed in the last several years within the law enforcement community is a trend to evaluate the circumstances of the youth- ful offender, and request the court’s consider- ation in giving breaks to these first time offend- ers. This is a welcomed change for the youthful offender and is being championed by attorneys because the young adults of today face different challenges from when most of us grew up.
John R. Bailey
Addressing the issues involving today’s youthful offender A Perspective from the Other Side of the Bench
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Measuring Law Enforcement Performance Dr. Jeffry Phillips
The purpose of this article is to discuss the value in assessing police organizations’ internal controls, and how this practice may assist in mitigating exposure that is inherent within police operations. By having a law enforcement performance auditing practice as part of a risk management program, law enforcement agencies may measure whether they are following their own policies and procedures, or whether such policies and procedures are adequate as internal controls to address the inherent risks of their law enforcement operations. In addition, such practice may enhance the ability to mitigate their risk exposure with lawsuits and consent decrees while contemporaneously adding public value to the police organization.
1, since 1997 the US DOJ has conducted at least 20 investigations into law enforcement agencies, six of which resulted in a memoran- dum of agreement, and five others resulted in consent decrees (United States Department of Justice, 2010). The goal of a consent decree is to imple- ment reform within law enforcement agencies by requiring them to institute best practice operational performance, by creating and/or improving current departmental policy and procedure, and providing for such best prac- tices to guard against constitutional rights violations. During the course of a consent decree, the subject law enforcement agency is tasked with implementing the requirements of the consent decree. (See chart on page 14) Additionally, the agency is compelled to provide evidence as to whether the implemen- tation has taken place (Ross & Parke, 2009). Providing some background on how the bigger issues are being dealt with on the fed- eral level, and how it affects state and local law enforcement agencies, is germane to our un- derstanding in measuring performance of law enforcement operations. Moreover, it is criti- cal to keep in mind the normative manner in which law enforcement agencies respond to claims of constitutional rights violations. By in large, law enforcement agencies will react swiftly by conducting a case biopsy, and mak- ing a determination on the specific issue at hand; whether admitting to fault, or defend- ing its actions. However, here we focus on the ability for law enforcement agencies to take a step back, and assess whether there are any systemic processes or issues currently in place that allowed, or facilitated something wrong to occur. Of great importance here is the current gap in measuring a law enforcement agency’s risk, or how operations are comply- ing with its own policy and procedures, and within the confines of state and federal law. continued on page 14
V arious authoritative means exist to thwart unconstitutional practices on behalf of law enforcement agencies. Certainly the pursuit of litigation is one that is perhaps most common in trying to make the plaintiff “whole”; however, when it comes to attempts in bringing change and reform to a law en- forcement agency that has been accused of constitutional violation patterns, perhaps amongst the most ubiquitous are consent de- crees and memorandum of agreements. Both consent decrees and memorandum of agree- ments may be initiated on behalf of the gov- ernment or private parties. In most instances where a consent decree is the result, a moni- tor is appointed as a mediator to determine whether reforms are being instituted (Kupfer- berg, 2008).
In 1994, Congress adopted 42 U.S.C § 14141 in response to overwhelming demand by the public for systemic reform of law en- forcement agencies. In essence, the statute au- thorizes the US Attorney General to initiate investigations on law enforcement agencies. Such investigations focus on conduct consist- ing of “pattern or practice” that violate or de- prive persons’ constitutional rights, or violate the law of the United States (Ross & Parke, 2009). Dependent upon the outcomes of the investigations, the US Department of Justice (DOJ) under the direction of the Attorney General may also file civil litigation to enforce the elimination of such illegal practices on part of the subject law enforcement agencies (Simmons, 2008; United States Department of Justice, 2010). As indicated in Table No.
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Measuring Law Enforcement Performance continued from page 14
arrest reports, search warrant’s administrative and operational aspects, use of force investiga- tions, handling of confidential informants, jail operations, property/evidence rooms, and in- ternal complaint investigations. A law enforcement performance audit practice is developed to assess internal con- trols within police operations, specifically the high-risk areas. The criteria for such internal controls may come from the law, such as in the case of assessing whether arrest reports ar- ticulate reasonable suspicion for detention of an individual, or policies and procedures that may provide for the handling of evidence. Yet in other instances, the performance audit itself may point out that policies and procedures may be lacking, ambiguous, or contradicting, thus exposing the department to liability. Research has indicated a myriad of man- ners in which law enforcement agencies at- tempt to ‘look’ at their own operations. Here, ‘audit’ is defined under the purview of the US Government Accountability Office, General- ly Accepted Government Auditing Standards (§2.10, 2011) as: ...audits that provide findings or conclu- sions based on an evaluation of sufficient, appropriate evidence against criteria. Performance audits provide objective analysis to assist management and those charged with governance and oversight in using the information to improve program performance and opera- tions, reduce costs, facilitate decision making by parties with responsibility to oversee or initiate corrective action, and contribute to public accountability. The practice of conducting a law en- forcement performance audit is accomplished by reaching out to the professional audit world and utilizing actual auditing standards to conduct an audit that is systematic, and takes a disciplined approach. Organizations such as the International Law Enforcement Auditors Association, Institute of Internal Auditors, and the Association of Local Gov- ernment Auditors are extremely helpful in furthering professional law enforcement per- formance audits. The other key component is the focus on risk, and compliance with poli- cies and procedures, directly related to law enforcement operations. The LAPD, in measuring how they implemented the mandates of the consent decree (2001 – 2009), established an internal audit division. This division was encompassed
Law Enforcement Agencies Under Purview of the US Department of Justice
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nounced that David Griswold will join the organization as Director of Public Safety, effec- tive April 1. With 30 years of experi- ence, Griswold
Ray was 85 years old. Ray retired from the Seattle Police De- partment in 1979 as a Major. He retired
tended the FBI National Academy in 1969 and served as New Mexico Chapter President in 1979. Deputy Chief Lagomarsino was residing in Albuquerque when he passed away. NEW YORK/E. CANADA n Effective 11/1/2013, Daniel Henderson , 242nd Session, was
Measuring Law Enforcement Performance continued from page 14 by professional auditors and sworn supervisory personnel. Together, the division conducted mandated audits, which were presented to the independent monitor that measured the compliance with the consent decree directives. This ap- proach proved useful to the LAPD, and post-consent decree, the prac- tice of internal performance audit- ing is still utilized with an annual audit and inspection plan in place, and with the audits presented to the Board of Police Commissioners. Other large law enforcement agencies have implemented, or are in the process of implementing in- ternal audit units. According the Max Santiago, NA Session 214, for- mer Inspector General of the Cali- fornia Highway Patrol (CHP), the CHP implemented a credible and comprehensive law enforcement performance audit and inspection program. The CHP’s program has allowed commanders to share best practices with their peers through- out the State of California and pro- vides a mechanism to identify trends and potential problems before they become widespread crises. The Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department is currently in the process of implementing an internal audit unit to measure risk, and its operational compliance. The sheriff’s department has three over- arching operational responsibilities: BobWaites , (NSW, Australia - Retired), bobnsue@optusnet. com.au . 176th Session members interest- ed in attending a reunion at the 2014 National Convention please contact one of the members listed below as soon as possible! Dan Murphy , (NYPD Retired), email@example.com ; John Samaniego , (Chief Deputy, Shelby County AL) firstname.lastname@example.org ; Dan Douighty , (Ft. Lauderdale FL-Retired), email@example.com ;
Law Enforcement Agency Investigation Memorandum of Agreement Consent Decree City of Inglewood, CA 12/28/09 – – City of Yonkers, NY 06/18/09 – – City of Austin, TX 12/23/08 – – Orange County, FL 08/20/08 – – City of Easton, PA 11/26/07 – – City of Warren, OH 03/02/06 – – US Virgin Islands 10/05/05 – 03/23/09 City of Beacon, NY 06/21/05 – – City of Alabaster, AL 11/09/04 – – City of Bakersfield, CA 04/12/04 – – Prince George’s County, MD 01/22/04 – – City of Cleveland, OH 06/19/03 – – City of Portland, MN 03/21/03 – – City of Schenectady, NY 03/19/03 – – City of Miami, FL 03/13/03 – – City of City of Detroit 11/12/02 – 06/12/03 District of Columbia 06/13/01 06/13/01 – City of Los Angeles, CA 05/08/00 – 06/15/01 City of Columbus, OH 07/21/98 04/12/02 – City of Pittsburgh, PA 01/17/97 – – City of Steubenville, OH Unk – 09/03/97 City of Buffalo, NY Unk 09/19/02 – City of Villa Rica, GA Unk 12/23/03 – City of Cincinnati, OH Unk 04/12/02 – Village of Mt. Prospect, IL Unk 01/22/03 – State of New Jersey Unk – 12/30/99
Raymond L. Carroll
has served as deputy inspector general for the Ten-
from the U.S. Army Reserves after 35 years of service as a Lt. Colo- nel. He is survived by his wife Rosemary; his children, Kathy King and Randy Carroll. Ray was a graduate of the 78th Session of the FBI National Academy (1966). WISCONSIN n On Dec. 5th, 2013, the Wis- consin Chapter held their annual holiday luncheon . Former Mil- waukee Bucks player and MACC Fund President, Jon McGlocklin , was the guest speaker and is pictured receiving an apprecia- tive item from Undersheriff Kurt Picknell (Chapter President).
appointed as Chief of Police of the Harri- man Police Depart- ment. He retired from the Village
nessee Office of Inspector Gener- al since 2004 and previously held several roles, including interim director, deputy director, and special agent in charge, at the Tennessee Bureau of Investiga- tion. He is a graduate of Middle Tennessee State University and the FBI National Academy. n Bill Sharp , 234th Session, was promoted to Major of the Criminal Investigation Division of the Rutherford County Sheriff’s Office n David Hailey , 248th Session, was promoted to Captain of the Criminal Investigation Division of the Rutherford County Sheriff’s Office. TEXAS n After 33 years of service, Judy McDonald Pharr , 198th Session, retired from the Dallas County Sheriff’s Depart- ment as Captain. Captain Pharr served as Commander of the Resource Development Division which included the Personnel Section and Training Academy. WASHINGTON n Raymond L. Carroll (Ray) passed away December 26, 2013. Judy McDonald Pharr
of Goshen Police Department after 20 years to take the Chief of Police position in Harriman. Henderson has been serving 25 years in law enforcement. n Anthony J. Raganella , 223rd Session, was promoted within the NYPD to Deputy Inspector on December 23rd, 2013, and remains the Commanding Officer of the Disorder Control Unit. NORTHWEST n Sheriff Tom Doherty , 189th Session, retired from Le Sueur County Sheriff’s Office on Janu- ary 31, 2014 after 37 years of service.
Note: It is unknown (Unk) whether investigations preceded in the latter six cities prior to entering into a memorandum of agreement/consent decree. Adapted from U.S. DOJ, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section, http://www.justice.gov/crt/about/spl/police.php, January 30, 2011.
Consider the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD), and the ubiquitous Rampart Scandal. At the end of the day when the LAPD con- ducted its own Board of Inquiry, and when the consent decree was implemented, there were some things that were quite evident. First, the LAPD had policies and procedures to address most of the issues they found, notwithstand- ing, some of these policies and procedures did not reflect the realities of their current opera- tions. Second, and perhaps the more profound issue, was that personnel were simply not fol- lowing policies and procedures. In fact, when one looks at the investigations and consent de- crees by the US DOJ on various law enforce- ment agencies, most, if not all, indicate issues with a gap in policy and procedure, or not fol- lowing policy and procedure; hence, not mea- suring compliance. Some of the typical issues include, but are not limited to, articulation of reasonable suspicion and probable cause on
Unequivocally, there lies a great deal of responsibility with police departments. In addition to those great responsibilities are in- herent risks that police officers engage in on a daily basis. The mere fact that officers must confront volatile situations puts them and their respective agencies in a position of deal- ing with inherent risk. These inherent risks are typically covered under the law and by departmental policy and procedure. One of the problems is that law enforcement agencies may not be frequenting their policies and procedures to coincide with recent case law, or not revising policies and procedures to reflect more current best practic- es. The other issue at hand is law enforcement agencies typically do not assess whether these policies and procedures are being adhered to.
n Undersheriff Mark Pettit , 237th Session, retired from
(L-R) John McGlocklin, Kurt Picknell.
Ramsey County Sheriff’s Office on January 27, 2014 after 30
Attention 176th Session Graduates 2014 will mark 20 years from the time that esteemed group of law enforcement professionals known as the 176th Session en- tered the FBI National Academy! To commemorate the experi- ence, reunite with old colleagues, remember the pranks and once again share the great camarade- rie of those wonderful people, we are seeking to reunite at the 2014 FBI NA National Conference in Philadelphia.
year of ser- vice in law enforce- ment.
TENNESSEE n The Metropolitan Nashville Airport Authority (MNAA) an-
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The Importance of Core Values in the Law Enforcement Profession
Law enforcement is a profession in which many ethical, motivated, and amicable officers often devolve into hypercritical, disgruntled, nonproductive employees. Why are some able to work an entire career with an upbeat, positive attitude while others stumble through their careers making life miserable for everyone else, “job hop” from department to department, or get terminated long be- fore retirement? Are the stresses and dangers of law enforcement solely to blame or is there something else going on? This article will examine the importance of having core values guide thinking and performance in the law enforcement profession. M ost police and sheriff’s departments include some type of core value in their mission state- ment, purpose, or departmental objectives. These core values vary from department to de- partment based on the leading principals and expectations set forth by the department head. While some departments provide a short list of core values (Courage, Honor, Integrity), others utilize a succinct description of values. For example, the Los Angeles Police Department’s core values are: • Service to Our Communities • Reverence for the Law • Commitment to Leadership • Integrity in All We Say and Do • Respect for People • Quality Through Continuous Improvement  continued on page 18
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A MESSAGE FROM OUR CHAPLAIN
The Importance of Core Values in the Law Enforcement Profession continued from page 16
day as we prepare for our shift. As we don the bullet-resistant vest, cinch up our Sam Brown gun belt, and place our sidearm into its hol- ster, we also don the mental armor to take on the challenges of the day. That “armor” protects us and, at times, we begin to cherish the armor without recognizing its limitations. Let me share some thoughts found in the Old Testament of the Bible. In 1 Kings 20:11, King Ahab states the following: The king of Israel answered, “Tell him: ‘One who puts on his armor should not boast like one who takes it off.’” The King of Israel was facing possible defeat at the hands of a for- midable foe. After trying to negotiate, King Ahab was sent word from his adversary that his country would be nothing but ashes after the bat-
that they took an oath of office to enforce the law without bias or prejudice. Strict adher- ence to the core values of integrity and ethics should guide officers’ decision making, not what the courts may or may not do. The environment in which law enforce- ment officers serve is both negative and hazard- ous. If an officer chooses to substitute reliance on core values for their occupational circum- stances, many are available. These circum- stances can lead to statements such as, “No one cares, so why should I?” or “Nothing I do really matters.” This is a precarious game that is best left unplayed. It can turn an officer who was once motivated, energetic, and profession- al into an unstable malcontent who bases all thoughts and actions solely on circumstances. Other people within the organization Officers interact daily with people who lie, cheat, steal, misrepresent themselves, and deal unethically and immorally with others. The sad fact is that these people not only make up the criminal element of the community but often members within the organization. This reality is compounded when the people behaving in this manner serve in supervisory positions or are given immunity for such be- havior. How officers respond to the actions and words of other people can positively or negatively affect thinking and performance. Everyone knows those members within the organization who behave unethically, im- morally, unprofessionally, and without genu- ine care and concern for others. Lest the rank and file believe that chiefs and sheriffs are un- affected by this aggravation, they should be reminded that they work closely with city/ county managers, city/county board mem- bers, mayors, and others who may behave similarly. The problem comes when officers allow the actions and words of other people within the organization to dictate how they will think and perform rather than adhering to the reliability of core values. The core values of honesty, motivation, self-determination, and self-discipline as well as ethics and integrity should be held higher and guide thinking and performance more than the unprofessional behavior of other people within the organization. Just because someone within the organization is allowed to behave in inappropriate ways does not mean individual standards should be low- ered. The adages, “If they can do it, why can’t I?” or “That’s not fair” should never be part of an officer’s thinking. Just as evil should
never be repaid with evil, the inappropriate behavior of others should never be used as an excuse to lower standards. EMOTIONS Uncontrolled emotions can lead people to say and do things they would never nor- mally say or do. Emotions are also unreli- able. They fluctuate based on circumstances, events, and how people are treated by others. Consequently, officers can ruin relationships and careers if they allow their emotions to guide their thinking, behavior, and perfor- mance. Law enforcement officers must learn to control their emotions when dealing with offenders, the public, and coworkers. How can officers guard against the damaging ef- fects of uncontrolled emotions? The answer is by relying on core values to direct thinking and performance, not emotions. Self-control, self-discipline, and profes- sionalism are essential core values for combat- ing heightened emotional states. The prestige and honor of law enforcement should never be compromised by unacceptable behavior due to uncontrolled emotions. Law enforcement officers, more than any other member of the population, see firsthand the damaging effects of uncontrolled emotions every day in their jurisdiction. Diligence and discipline must be maintained by officers to control thinking and performance in the face of heightened emo- tions. Just because an officer “feels” a certain way does not mean he/she has free reign to react unprofessionally. A true professional is one who can perform exemplarily in the midst of a heightened emotional state. It is important to understand that emo- tions cannot “make” anyone act a certain way. Actions are a choice. Professional law enforcement officers control their behavior every day – even when experiencing height- ened emotions. They may be angry when ar- resting a suspect who is resisting but cannot allow that anger to give rise to excessive force. They may be embarrassed by something a supervisor tells them but cannot strike back with insubordination. They may even be sad- dened or empathetic when having to arrest someone for a crime committed during the heat of passion; however, they cannot allow these emotions to prevent them from doing their job. If it were true that emotional peo- ple had no control over their behavior, anar- chy would result. Thankfully this is not the case. Officers should be reminded of this and allow core values to guide how they respond in the midst of their emotions.
Regardless of how they are structured, core values are designed to serve as a guiding rod for how officers should think, perform, and behave. It is for this reason that law en- forcement administrators seek applicants who exude a high degree of core values such as ethics, integrity, self-discipline, motiva- tion, and loyalty. Ideally, these core values describe who the person is, not represent ide- als and concepts a person chooses to follow when convenient. The importance of adhering to core values in response to three specific factors – occupa- tional circumstances, other people within the or- ganization, and emotions – will be considered. How officers respond to these three factors, more than any others, can positively or nega- tively affect the type of officer they become and, ultimately, their career. For the purpose of this article, the term “officer” refers to all ranks and positions within the profession of law enforcement. Occupational Circumstances Occupational circumstances refer to any events, situations, or conditions law enforce- ment officers face at work. Some of these cir- cumstances include: • Daily job responsibilities • Internal departmental politics/conflict • Supervisory expectations • Support/resistance from the citizenry • Hypervigilance • Reduced staffing • Low morale In short, occupational circumstances are what officers deal with day in, day out at work. The problem arises when officers use individual occupational circumstances to guide their thinking and performance rather than adhering to a solid set of core values. The result leads to a constantly frustrated, unmotivated, cynical officer. An example of this phenomenon is helpful. Officers have strong opinions regard- ing how the courts should dispose of cases brought before them. Often the courts dis- pose of cases in ways contrary to many offi- cers’ opinions (plea bargains, diversion plans, dismissals, etc.). Many times, officers are left feeling as if they are working in vain. As a result, officers may use this occupational cir- cumstance, and their disapproval, as a means of rationalizing substandard performance (such as failing to arrest for certain offenses based on the belief that the case will be dis- posed of in a certain manner). Instead of fall- ing into this trap, officers should remember
by Dan Bateman
Blessings, FellowWarriors! G reetings to all of my FBI National Academy Associates from your Chaplain! I am honored to serve you in this capacity for the next four years. I am somewhat humbled to follow in the footsteps of our esteemed chaplain of many years, Billy Gibson . Billy served this Association with distinction, honor, and determination. We owe Billy a debt of gratitude for his service. A future article will more fully express how much Billy has meant to the Association.
tle. With courageous determination, King Ahab sent word to his enemy, “Tell him: ‘One who puts on his armor should not boast like one who takes it off.’” Simply put, until you have experienced actual battle, you cannot imagine or speak as to what it is like. In other words, the one who has never worn ar- mor in a fight cannot possibly boast (or understand) what it is like to enter the fray like the person who is taking off his armor following a fight. Some of you wear “armor” that bears nicks, dents, and, occasionally, a cut that results in your be- ing wounded, so to speak. In our everyday battle as leaders, we have come to expect that and, as law en- forcement leaders, you have worn your armor well.
A bit about myself: I recently retired as an inspector from the Michigan State Police after 31 years of service. I attended the 201st Session of the FBI National Academy and, following graduation, became active with the Michigan chapter. I served on our Curriculum Committee, eventually chair- ing it, was selected as the editor of our newsletter, and then served as Chapter secretary, vice-presi- dent, and then president in 2010. Each year of my tenure as your chaplain will feature a topic that supports an overarching vi- sion or theme. This will help all of us to remember those important principles and people that keep us anchored and grounded.
However, while this “armor” serves us perfectly at work, we must constantly remind ourselves to remove our “armor” before we come home to our families. Your family is a major touchstone in your life providing the measure of balance and foundation that can be found nowhere else. A touchstone serves as a standard against which we mea- sure ourselves and reminds us of what is genuine and true. Sometimes we wear our “armor” home where it hurts those very family members to whom we owe the greatest protection. How I wished, during my career, I had paused more often in prayer, medita- tion, and reflection before I came home to my family at the end of my shift. With that, my “armor” would have been removed prior to being with those who meant the most to me. But all too often, I forgot that simple process and brought my armor into my home with all of its consequences. I urge you to be aware when you need your armor on the job and when you need to be transparent and caring at home. More will be written this year concerning our touchstones in life since that is our theme for 2014. In the meantime, please know I lift you all in prayer before our Heavenly Father. May He richly guide you as you lead officers in this most noble calling: law enforcement.
The overarching vision/theme is “Calling Us Back to Move Us For- ward” and the yearly themes are incorporated as follows: • 2014 – Touchstones: Remembering the Important • 2015 – Mountain Tops and Valleys: Our Journey • 2016 – Milestones, Not Goals: Keep Moving the Finish Line • 2017 – Remembering Home: From Beginning to End As I said, I am here to serve you in whatever capacity I can as God allows me. You may have noticed the title of my article, “Blessings, fel- low warriors” . It is a tag line I use frequently as I address sworn officers both publicly and in correspondence. Having served as an enlisted of- ficer with the Michigan State Police for over 31 years (and 20 years as a command officer), I know the difficulties we face as we lead people in this most noble of professions. I count myself as a warrior like you. I know, too, the struggles we face in serving others whether it is dealing with an unpredictable public, navigating the ever-changing winds of politics, supervising officers who need strong guidance, work- ing within the directives of governmental decisions or budgets with which we privately disagree but honor as is our duty, or, in the worst case, the great burden of a line-of-duty death of one of our officers. It is the calling of a true warrior to serve well under these difficult circumstances. And each of you possess that strong character, drive, and integrity – otherwise you would not have been chosen to attend the FBI National Academy. But the circumstances of our career sometimes have an insidious and unknowing effect on us. As warriors, we put on our “armor” every
Blessings, fellow warriors!
Dan Bateman, FBINAA Chaplain
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