913338--PICASSO--Gongora – Illustration. Woman with brown luscious hair, 1948
Gongora - Illustration. Femme brune aux cheveux lisses, 1948 Pablo Picasso
This portfolio, consisting of 20 sonnets each accompanied by an original illustration by Picasso, was named after the sixteenth century Spanish poet who inspired the project, Luis de Gongora y Argote. The Gongora pages were true testimony to his love for all things feminine and Spanish. Picasso had known of Gongora’s poetry as a youth in Spain, and rediscovered its power and mystery during his days in Paris. The surrealists had adopted Gongora as the father of their new way of writing and thinking. He was best known for his abstract metaphors and strange assembly of words and phrases. Certainly, Picasso was drawn to the deeply moving and thoughtful sensibility of Gongora’s sonnets. He must have also been challenged by their sense of ambiguity, an ingredient essential to Picasso’s own work. Picasso, more than any artist of the past century, forced us to examine and redefine ‘reality.’ "Picasso worked the plates directly - without retouches, without tonal superimpositions, using neither scraper nor burnisher - instead of placing them twice in acid to achieve first the grey, then the black tones; he drew directly on the plates - sometimes with brush, sometimes with pen..." - Goeppert/Cramer catalogue, page 138.
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