Fuller Intro to Criminology 5

CHAPTER 5

Biological and Psychological Theories

EARLY BIOLOGICAL APPROACHES 112 Physiognomy and Phrenology Body Types Earnest Hooton and the Criminals Study William Sheldon and Somatotypes The Gluecks and Juvenile Delinquency Early Biocriminology Perspectives on Heredity, Human Evolution, and Crime Eugenics MODERN BIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES 119 Genetic and Evolutionary Perspectives XYY Syndrome Genes and Behavior Twin and Adoption Studies Evolution, Aggression, and Survival Neurological Perspectives Neurotransmitters Hormones The Brain Environmental Perspectives: Alcohol and Drugs Alcohol Drugs Critiques PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PSYCHIATRIC PERSPECTIVES 130 Traditional Psychoanalytic Theory

Modern Psychological and Psychiatric Perspectives Behaviorism Cognitive Theory

Language Impairment and IQ Antisocial Personality Disorder, Psychopathy, and Insanity

SUMMARY 138

FEATURES DOUBLETAKE: The Undesirables  p. 119

POLICY IMPLICATIONS: Establishing Links Between the Brain and Crime  p. 124 THEORY TO PRACTICE: Low Blood Sugar, Bad Judgment, or Both?  p. 128

FOCUS ON ETHICS: Jury Duty  p. 137 PROPERTY OF OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS DO NOT DISTRIBU E DO NOT DUPLICATE

Individuals are capable of feeling many types of emotions. How can a psychological perspective help explain unlawful behavior?

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