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ȾɂɊȿɄɌɂȼȺ 6/54 ȯɋ ȯȼɊɈɉȿɃɋɖɄɈȽɈ ɉȺɊɅȺɆȿɇɌɍ ȱ ɊȺȾɂ ɜɿɞ 5 ɥɢɩɧɹ 6 ɪɨɤɭ ɩɪɨ ɪɟɚɥɿɡɚɰɿɸ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɿɜ ɪɿɜɧɢɯ ɦɨɠɥɢɜɨɫɬɟɣ ɿ ɪɿɜɧɨɩɪɚɜɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɜɨɞɠɟɧɧɹ ɳɨɞɨ ɱɨɥɨɜɿɤɿɜ ɬɚ ɠɿɧɨɤ ɭ ɩɢɬɚɧɧɹɯ ɩɪɚɰɟɜɥɚɲɬɭɜɚɧɧɹ ɿ ɡɚɣɧɹɬɨɫɬɿ ɡɿ ɡɦɿɧɚɦɢ

ȯȼɊɈɉȿɃɋɖɄɂɃ ɉȺɊɅȺɆȿɇɌ ȱ

ɊȺȾȺ

ɫɮɟɪɿ ɬɚ ɩɟɜɧɿ ɜɢɫɧɨɜɤɢ ɩɪɟɰɟɞɟɧɬɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɋɭɞɭ ȯɜɪɨɩɟɣɫɶɤɨɝɨ ɋɩɿɜɬɨɜɚɪɢɫɬɜɚ ɧɚɞɚɥɿ ± ɋɭɞ (2) Ɋɿɜɧɨɩɪɚɜɧɿɫɬɶ ɱɨɥɨɜɿɤɿɜ ɿ ɠɿɧɨɤ ɽ ɮɭɧɞɚɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɢɦ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɨɦ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɋɩɿɜɬɨɜɚɪɢɫɬɜɚ ɜɿɞɩɨɜɿɞɧɨ ɞɨ ɫɬɚɬɬɿ ɿ ɱɚɫɬɢɧɢ ɫɬɚɬɬɿ Ⱦɨɝɨɜɨɪɭ ɚ ɬɚɤɨɠ ɩɪɟɰɟɞɟɧɬɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɋɭɞɭ Ɍɚɤɿ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɧɹ Ⱦɨɝɨɜɨɪɭ ɜɢɡɧɚɱɚɸɬɶ ɪɿɜɧɨɩɪɚɜɧɿɫɬɶ ɱɨɥɨɜɿɤɿɜ ɿ ɠɿɧɨɤ ɜ ɹɤɨɫɬɿ ©ɡɚɜɞɚɧɧɹª ɿ ©ɦɟɬɢª ɋɩɿɜɬɨɜɚɪɢɫɬɜɚ ɬɚ ɩɨɤɥɚɞɚɸɬɶ ɨɛɨɜ¶ɹɡɨɤ ɫɩɪɢɹɬɢ ʀɣ ɭ ɜɫɿɯ ɜɢɞɚɯ ɞɿɹɥɶɧɨɫɬɿ (3) ɋɭɞ ɩɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɜ ɳɨ ɫɮɟɪɚ ɡɚɫɬɨɫɭɜɚɧɧɹ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɭ ɪɿɜɧɨɩɪɚɜɧɨɝɨ ɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɧɹ ɞɨ ɱɨɥɨɜɿɤɿɜ ɿ ɠɿɧɨɤ ɧɟ ɦɨɠɟ ɛɭɬɢ ɨɛɦɟɠɟɧɚ ɡɚɛɨɪɨɧɨɸ ɞɢɫɤɪɢɦɿɧɚɰɿʀ ɡɚ ɫɬɚɬɟɜɨɸ ɨɡɧɚɤɨɸ Ɂ ɨɝɥɹɞɭ ɧɚ ɰɸ ɦɟɬɭ ɬɚ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪ ɩɪɚɜ ɤɨɬɪɿ ɜɿɧ ɨɯɨɪɨɧɹɽ ɜɿɧ ɬɚɤɨɠ ɡɚɫɬɨɫɨɜɭɽɬɶɫɹ ɞɨ ɞɢɫɤɪɢɦɿɧɚɰɿɽɸ ɩɨɜ¶ɹɡɚɧɨɸ ɡɿ ɡɦɿɧɨɸ ɨɫɨɛɨɸ ɫɬɚɬɿ . (4) ɑɚɫɬɢɧɚ ɫɬɚɬɬɿ Ⱦɨɝɨɜɨɪɭ ɬɟɩɟɪ ɫɬɜɨɪɸɽ ɫɩɟɰɿɚɥɶɧɭ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɭ ɨɫɧɨɜɭ ɞɥɹ ɭɯɜɚɥɟɧɧɹ ɡɚɯɨɞɿɜ ɋɩɿɜɬɨɜɚɪɢɫɬɜɚ ɫɩɪɹɦɨɜɚɧɢɯ ɧɚ ɡɚɛɟɡɩɟɱɟɧɧɹ ɡɚɫɬɨɫɭɜɚɧɧɹ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɭ ɪɿɜɧɢɯ ɦɨɠɥɢɜɨɫɬɟɣ ɬɚ ɪɿɜɧɨɩɪɚɜɧɨɝɨ ɩɿɞɯɨɞɭ ɭ ɩɢɬɚɧɧɹɯ ɩɪɚɰɟɜɥɚɲɬɭɜɚɧɧɹ ɿ ɡɚɣɧɹɬɨɫɬɿ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɸɱɢ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩ ɪɿɜɧɨɰɿɧɧɨʀ ɨɩɥɚɬɢ ɨɞɧɚɤɨɜɨʀ ɩɪɚɰɿ ɚɛɨ ɩɪɚɰɿ ɪɿɜɧɨʀ ɰɿɧɧɨɫɬɿ (5) ɋɬɚɬɬɿ ɿ ɏɚɪɬɿʀ ɡ ɩɪɚɜ ɥɸɞɢɧɢ ȯɜɪɨɩɟɣɫɶɤɨɝɨ ɋɨɸɡɭ ɬɚɤɨɠ ɡɚɛɨɪɨɧɹɸɬɶ ɛɭɞɶ - ɹɤɭ ɞɢɫɤɪɢɦɿɧɚɰɿɸ ɡɚ ɫɬɚɬɟɜɨɸ ɨɡɧɚɤɨɸ ɬɚ ɡɚɤɪɿɩɥɸɸɬɶ ɩɪɚɜɨ ɧɚ ɪɿɜɧɨɩɪɚɜɧɟ ɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɧɹ ɞɨ ɱɨɥɨɜɿɤɿɜ ɿ ɠɿɧɨɤ ɭ ɜɫɿɯ ɫɮɟɪɚɯ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɸɱɢ ɩɪɚɰɟɜɥɚɲɬɭɜɚɧɧɹ ɪɨɛɨɬɭ ɿ ɩɥɚɬɧɸ . (6) ɉɟɪɟɫɥɿɞɭɜɚɧɧɹ ɬɚ ɫɟɤɫɭɚɥɶɧɿ ɞɨɦɚɝɚɧɧɹ ɫɭɩɟɪɟɱɚɬɶ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɭ ɪɿɜɧɨɩɪɚɜɧɨɝɨ ɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɧɹ ɞɨ ɱɨɥɨɜɿɤɿɜ ɬɚ ɠɿɧɨɤ ɿ ɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɹɬɶ ɞɢɫɤɪɢɦɿɧɚɰɿɸ ɡɚ ɫɬɚɬɟɜɨɸ ɨɡɧɚɤɨɸ ɭ ɰɿɥɹɯ ɰɿɽʀ Ⱦɢɪɟɤɬɢɜɢ ɐɿ ɮɨɪɦɢ ɞɢɫɤɪɢɦɿɧɚɰɿʀ ɜɢɧɢɤɚɸɬɶ ɧɟ ɬɿɥɶɤɢ ɧɚ ɪɨɛɨɱɨɦɭ ɦɿɫɰɿ ɚɥɟ ɬɚɤɨɠ ɿ ɜ ɤɨɧɬɟɤɫɬɿ ɞɨɫɬɭɩɭ ɞɨ ɩɪɚɰɟɜɥɚɲɬɭɜɚɧɧɹ ɩɪɨɮɟɫɿɣɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɜɱɚɧɧɹ ɿ ɩɪɨɫɭɜɚɧɧɹ Ɍɨɦɭ ɜɨɧɢ ɦɚɸɬɶ ɛɭɬɢ ɡɚɛɨɪɨɧɟɧɿ ɿ ɩɿɞɥɹɝɚɬɢ ɟɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɢɦ ɩɪɨɩɨɪɰɿɣɧɢɦ ɿ ɦɨɬɢɜɭɸɱɢɦ ɲɬɪɚɮɚɦ (7) ɍ ɰɶɨɦɭ ɤɨɧɬɟɤɫɬɿ , ɪɨɛɨɬɨɞɚɜɰɿɜ ɬɚ ɨɫɿɛ ɜɿɞɩɨɜɿɞɚɥɶɧɢɯ ɡɚ ɩɪɨɮɟɫɿɣɧɟ ɧɚɜɱɚɧɧɹ ɬɪɟɛɚ ɡɚɨɯɨɱɭɜɚɬɢ ɞɨ ɜɠɢɬɬɹ ɡɚɯɨɞɿɜ ɿɡ ɛɨɪɨɬɶɛɢ ɡ ɭɫɿɦɚ ɮɨɪɦɚɦɢ ɞɢɫɤɪɢɦɿɧɚɰɿʀ ɡɚ ɫɬɚɬɟɜɨɸ ɨɡɧɚɤɨɸ ɬɚ ɡɨɤɪɟɦɚ ɞɨ ɜɠɢɬɬɹ ɩɪɟɜɟɧɬɢɜɧɢɯ ɡɚɯɨɞɿɜ ɩɪɨɬɢ ɩɟɪɟɫɥɿɞɭɜɚɧɧɹ ɬɚ ɫɟɤɫɭɚɥɶɧɢɯ ɞɨɦɚɝɚɧɶ ɧɚ ɪɨɛɨɱɨɦɭ ɦɿɫɰɿ ɬɚ ɭ ɜɢɩɚɞɤɚɯ ɩɨɜ¶ɹɡɚɧɢɯ ɿɡ ɞɨɫɬɭɩɨɦ ɞɨ ɩɪɚɰɟɜɥɚɲɬɭɜɚɧɧɹ ɩɪɨɮɟɫɿɣɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɜɱɚɧɧɹ ɿ ɩɪɨɫɭɜɚɧɧɹ ɜɿɞɩɨɜɿɞɧɨ ɞɨ ɧɚɰɿɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɚɜɚ ɬɚ ɩɪɚɤɬɢɤɢ . (8) ɉɪɢɧɰɢɩ ɪɿɜɧɨɰɿɧɧɨʀ ɨɩɥɚɬɢ ɨɞɧɚɤɨɜɨʀ ɩɪɚɰɿ ɚɛɨ ɩɪɚɰɿ ɪɿɜɧɨʀ ɰɿɧɧɨɫɬɿ ɩɟɪɟɞɛɚɱɟɧɢɣ ɫɬɚɬɬɟɸ Ⱦɨɝɨɜɨɪɭ ɿ ɜɿɞɩɨɜɿɞɧɨ ɩɿɞɬɜɟɪɞɠɟɧɢɣ ɩɪɟɰɟɞɟɧɬɧɢɦ ɩɪɚɜɨɦ ɋɭɞɭ ɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶ ɜɚɠɥɢɜɢɣ ɚɫɩɟɤɬ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɭ ɪɿɜɧɨɩɪɚɜɧɨɝɨ ɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɧɹ ɞɨ ɱɨɥɨɜɿɤɿɜ ɿ ɠɿɧɨɤ ɬɚ ɫɭɬɬɽɜɭ ɬɚ ɧɟɨɛɯɿɞɧɭ ɱɚɫɬɢɧɭ ɩɪɚɜɚ ȯɜɪɨɩɟɣɫɶɤɨɝɨ

ȯȼɊɈɉȿɃɋɖɄɈȽɈ ɋɈɘɁɍ

Ȼɟɪɭɱɢ ɞɨ ɭɜɚɝɢ Ⱦɨɝɨɜɿɪ ɩɪɨ ɡɚɫɧɭɜɚɧɧɹ ȯɜɪɨɩɟɣɫɶɤɨɝɨ ɋɩɿɜɬɨɜɚɪɢɫɬɜɚ ɬɚ ɡɨɤɪɟɦɚ ɱɚɫɬɢɧɭ ɫɬɚɬɬɿ

Ȼɟɪɭɱɢ ɞɨ ɭɜɚɝɢ ɩɪɨɩɨɡɢɰɿɸ Ʉɨɦɿɫɿʀ

ȿɤɨɧɨɦɿɱɧɨ -

Ȼɟɪɭɱɢ ɞɨ ɭɜɚɝɢ ɩɨɡɢɰɿɸ

ɫɨɰɿɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ

1 );

Ʉɨɦɿɬɟɬɭ

Ⱦɿɸɱɢ ɜɿɞɩɨɜɿɞɧɨ ɞɨ

ɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪɢ ɩɟɪɟɞɛɚɱɟɧɨʀ

ɫɬɚɬɬɟɸ

2 ),

Ⱦɨɝɨɜɨɪɭ

Ɉɫɤɿɥɶɤɢ

(1)

Ⱦɢɪɟɤɬɢɜɚ Ɋɚɞɢ

ȯȿɋ ɜɿɞ ɥɸɬɨɝɨ

ɪɨɤɭ

ɩɪɨ ɪɟɚɥɿɡɚɰɿɸ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɭ ɪɿɜɧɨɩɪɚɜɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɜɨɞɠɟɧɧɹ ɳɨɞɨ ɱɨɥɨɜɿɤɿɜ ɿ ɠɿɧɨɤ ɭ ɩɢɬɚɧɧɹɯ ɞɨɫɬɭɩɭ ɞɨ ɪɨɛɨɱɢɯ ɦɿɫɰɶ ɩɪɨɮɟɫɿɣɧɨʀ ɨɫɜɿɬɢ ɬɚ ɩɪɨɫɭɜɚɧɧɹ ɚ ɬɚɤɨɠ ɪɨɛɨɱɢɯ ɭɦɨɜ 3 ɬɚ Ⱦɢɪɟɤɬɢɜɚ Ɋɚɞɢ ȯȿɋ ɜɿɞ ɥɢɩɧɹ ɪɨɤɭ ɩɪɨ ɪɟɚɥɿɡɚɰɿɸ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɭ ɪɿɜɧɨɩɪɚɜɧɨɝɨ ɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɧɹ ɞɨ ɱɨɥɨɜɿɤɿɜ ɿ ɠɿɧɨɤ ɫɬɨɫɨɜɧɨ ɦɟɯɚɧɿɡɦɭ ɩɪɨɮɟɫɿɣɧɨ - ɫɨɰɿɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɡɚɛɟɡɩɟɱɟɧɧɹ 4 ɛɭɥɢ ɫɭɬɬɽɜɨ ɡɦɿɧɟɧɿ 5 Ⱦɢɪɟɤɬɢɜɚ Ɋɚɞɢ ȯȿɋ ɜɿɞ ɥɸɬɨɝɨ ɪɨɤɭ ɩɪɨ ɧɚɛɥɢɠɟɧɧɹ ɩɪɚɜɨɜɢɯ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɶ ɞɟɪɠɚɜ - ɱɥɟɧɿɜ ɩɪɨ ɡɚɫɬɨɫɭɜɚɧɧɹ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɭ ɪɿɜɧɨɩɪɚɜɧɨʀ ɨɩɥɚɬɢ ɩɪɚɰɿ ɱɨɥɨɜɿɤɿɜ ɿ ɠɿɧɨɤ 6 ɿ Ⱦɢɪɟɤɬɢɜɚ Ɋɚɞɢ ȯɋ ɜɿɞ ɝɪɭɞɧɹ ɪɨɤɭ ɩɪɨ ɬɹɝɚɪ ɞɨɤɚɡɭ ɭ ɫɩɪɚɜɚɯ ɩɪɨ ɞɢɫɤɪɢɦɿɧɚɰɿɸ ɡɚ ɫɬɚɬɟɜɨɸ ɨɡɧɚɤɨɸ 7 ɬɚɤɨɠ ɦɿɫɬɹɬɶ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɧɹ ɳɨ ɦɚɸɬɶ ɧɚ ɦɟɬɿ ɪɟɚɥɿɡɚɰɿɸ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɭ ɪɿɜɧɨɩɪɚɜɧɨɝɨ ɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɧɹ ɞɨ ɱɨɥɨɜɿɤɿɜ ɿ ɠɿɧɨɤ Ɂɚɪɚɡ ɜɪɚɯɨɜɭɸɱɢ ɧɨɜɿ ɩɨɩɪɚɜɤɢ ɞɨ ɡɝɚɞɚɧɢɯ Ⱦɢɪɟɤɬɢɜ ɛɚɠɚɧɨ ɡ ɩɪɢɱɢɧ ɹɫɧɨɫɬɿ ɳɨɛ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɧɹ ɩɪɨ ɹɤɿ ɣɞɟɬɶɫɹ ɛɭɥɢ ɨɧɨɜɥɟɧɿ ɲɥɹɯɨɦ ɨɛ¶ɽɞɧɚɧɧɹ ɜ ɽɞɢɧɨɦɭ ɬɟɤɫɬɿ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɢɯ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɶ ɳɨ ɿɫɧɭɸɬɶ ɭ ɰɿɣ ɪɨɤɭ ɳɟ ɧɟ ɨɩɭɛɥɿɤɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɜ Ɉɮɿɰɿɣɧɨɦɭ ȼɿɫɧɢɤɭ ɋɩɿɥɶɧɚ ɩɨɡɢɰɿɹ Ɋɚɞɢ ɜɿɞ ɛɟɪɟɡɧɹ ɪɨɤɭ O ȼ C 126 E ɋ ɿ ɉɨɡɢɰɿɹ ȯɜɪɨɩɟɣɫɶɤɨɝɨ ɉɚɪɥɚɦɟɧɬɭ ɜɿɞ ɱɟɪɜɧɹ ɪɨɤɭ ɳɟ ɧɟ ɨɩɭɛɥɿɤɨɜɚɧɚ ɜ Ɉɮɿɰɿɣɧɨɦɭ ɜɿɫɧɢɤɭ 3 O ȼ L ɋ Ⱦɢɪɟɤɬɢɜɚ ɡɿ ɡɦɿɧɚɦɢ ɜɧɟɫɟɧɢɦɢ Ⱦɢɪɟɤɬɢɜɨɸ ȯɋ ȯɜɪɨɩɟɣɫɶɤɨɝɨ ɉɚɪɥɚɦɟɧɬɭ ɿ Ɋɚɞɢ O ȼ L ɋ .15). 4 O ȼ L 225, 12.8.1986, ɋ Ⱦɢɪɟɤɬɢɜɚ ɡɿ ɡɦɿɧɚɦɢ ɜɧɟɫɟɧɢɦɢ Ⱦɢɪɟɤɬɢɜɨɸ ȯɋ O ȼ L ɋ .20). 5 Ⱦɢɜ Ⱦɨɞɚɬɨɤ ȱ ɑɚɫɬɢɧɚ Ⱥ 6 O ȼ L ɋ .19. 7 O ȼ L ɋ Ⱦɢɪɟɤɬɢɜɚ ɡɿ ɡɦɿɧɚɦɢ ɜɧɟɫɟɧɢɦɢ Ⱦɢɪɟɤɬɢɜɨɸ ȯɋ O ȼ L ɋ .66). 1 2ȼ C ɋ .83. 2 ȼɢɫɧɨɜɨɤ ȯɜɪɨɩɟɣɫɶɤɨɝɨ ɉɚɪɥɚɦɟɧɬɭ ɜɿɞ ɥɢɩɧɹ

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