2017-STUDDARD-ON-CRIMINAL-LAW

I. ACCUSATION/INDICTMENT .................................................................................................................................... 1 A. ALTERATION OF INDICTMENT .......................................................................................................................... 1 B. AMENDMENT OF ACCUSATION......................................................................................................................... 1 C. DEMURRER ............................................................................................................................................................. 4 1. GENERAL DEMURRERS ................................................................................................................................... 4 2. MOTION FOR DIRECTED VERDICT ............................................................................................................... 7 3. MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL................................................................................................................................ 8 4. MOTION IN ARREST OF JUDGMENT ............................................................................................................. 8 5. SPEAKING DEMURRER .................................................................................................................................... 9 6. SPECIAL DEMURRERS...................................................................................................................................... 9 D. DISMISSAL See PROCEDURE – DISMISSAL , below ......................................................................................... 16 E. DUPLICITOUS/MULTIPLICITOUS ..................................................................................................................... 16 F. EVIDENCE SUPPORTING INDICTMENT See JURIES AND JURORS – GRAND JURY/JURORS, below .... 17 G. FORM OF ................................................................................................................................................................ 17 1. ALIAS See also subheading MISNOMER, below .............................................................................................. 17 2. CHALLENGE TO FORM See subheading DEMURRER, above ..................................................................... 17 3. CODE SECTION, REFERENCE TO ................................................................................................................. 17 4. CONSPIRACY – DESCRIPTION OF OVERT ACTS ...................................................................................... 20 5. DATE OF OFFENSE – DATE IMPOSSIBLE ................................................................................................... 20 6. DATE OF OFFENSE – DATE NOT MATERIAL............................................................................................. 21 7. DATE OF OFFENSE – DATE NOT SPECIFIC ................................................................................................ 24 8. DEATH PENALTY, AGGRAVATING FACTORS .......................................................................................... 29 9. DESCRIPTION OF ANIMALS .......................................................................................................................... 30 10. DESCRIPTION OF CHARGE/OFFENSE ..................................................................................................... 30 11. DESCRIPTION OF DRUG/SUBSTANCE .................................................................................................... 34 12. DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY STOLEN OR DAMAGED/OWNERSHIP............................................... 37 13. DESCRIPTION OF SEXUAL ACTS............................................................................................................. 38 14. DESCRIPTION OF WEAPON/USE OF WEAPON...................................................................................... 39 15. DISJUNCTIVE/CONJUNCTIVE ALLEGATIONS ...................................................................................... 42 16. ESSENTIAL ELEMENT NOT ALLEGED ................................................................................................... 45 17. GENERALLY................................................................................................................................................. 47 18. INCORPORATION OF OTHER COUNTS/ALLEGATIONS ...................................................................... 48 19. INTENT .......................................................................................................................................................... 49 20. LESSER-INCLUDED OFFENSES ................................................................................................................ 51 21. LOCATION .................................................................................................................................................... 51 22. MANNER IN WHICH OFFENSE COMMITTED See also subheading DESCRIPTION OF CHARGE/OFFENSE, above ........................................................................................................................................ 52 23. MISNOMER See also subheading ALIAS, above ......................................................................................... 58 24. PREDICATE OFFENSE................................................................................................................................. 59 25. PARTIES TO A CRIME................................................................................................................................. 61 26. PRIOR CONVICTIONS ................................................................................................................................. 62 27. STATUTE OF LIMITATION ........................................................................................................................ 62 28. SURPLUSAGE ............................................................................................................................................... 64 29. TYPOGRAPHICAL ERROR ......................................................................................................................... 65 30. VENUE ........................................................................................................................................................... 66 31. VICTIM See also subheadings DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY STOLEN OR DAMAGED/OWNERSHIP and MISNOMER, above .............................................................................................................................................. 67 32. WAIVER OF INDICTMENT ......................................................................................................................... 69 H. MOTION TO QUASH/PLEA IN ABATEMENT, GENERALLY......................................................................... 70 I. REDACTION .......................................................................................................................................................... 71 J. RE-INDICTMENT .................................................................................................................................................. 72 K. RE-TRIAL ............................................................................................................................................................... 74 L. RETURN OF INDICTMENT.................................................................................................................................. 75 M. RIGHT TO INDICTMENT ..................................................................................................................................... 75

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