Fauna and Flora Before New Singapore was founded in 1819, the entire country was covered by lowland tropical forests, and mangroves and swamp forests with freshwater were common. Today, urbanization has changed the appearance of Singapore. Many of the plants that were once endemic are no longer present. Large mammals, as well as animals in tidal and estuarine habitats, have also been decreasing in number as land is being reclaimed from rivers and the sea. Even mangroves have become few and far between due to human influences, and now are most commonly found only in Pulau Semakau, Pulau Ubin, and Pulau Tekong. To find tropical lowlands and an evergreen rainforest, people have to visit Bukit Timah Nature Reserve. Fortunately, despite the fact that there has been significant urbanization, Singapore still has much biodiversity. There are around 3,000 hectares of nature

A short song about Singapore and the locations of its cities.


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