Ambassador of China ꧊ྌᒫԜ ق Ӿᒒ܌ὄᛪտԈ ې ԏᴬ҅ ౯ᨆդᤒӾḦय़ֵ ḅ قݻ ଠय़ׇ ᙱ ݱ ኴ๏ժᛘզᦻጱᜓ ෭ᳯ ̶ײ ᒒ܌ᜓ ฎӾ࿆ ෧ጱփᕹ֯ᜓ҅ᩦ ὄᛪฎᒒ܌ᜓ ጱ҅ ኞ֛ۖ ሿԧ Ӿ࿆ ෧ࣙᶤӧ̵ ࢫᕮॳ̵ ᶵ୩೪ൟጱᔜᐟٖ ႗۸ᇙᨶ̶ Ԉ ې ὄᛪտଣᐞᒒ܌ᜓ҅ ෬֛ ሿԧᗦঅኞၚਆਆӧጱ ݻ ஃӨ᭄҅ Ԟฎ ݻ ӾঅԪӱጱᘏժᛘස̶ ࣁෛᘶ᧩տ݊ ׇ֛ق ᙱ ێ ۘݶو ӥ҅ܲ ᕪ܈҅ ق Ӿᒒ܌ὄᛪ տ૪ ݎ ౮ԅ ཾق ၖ๋ य़ጱὄᛪᩦ Ԫ҅ ฎ ق ๋ ᯿ᥝጱ۸֛ ᙙၚۖ ԏӞ҅ ฎᔱਫ਼ᐰ૱ጱᎣ ݷ उ૱ ݷ ᇆ̶᩼ ᩼ ग़ጱ๏᭗ᬦὄᛪ տԧᥴ̵݇ Өଚ ࡅ ᆽὄᛪᬩ̶ۖ ὄᛪտԞԅӿ୮֛ ኞၚ̵ വۖ ग़ ز ۸۱ᐒտ ݎ ̵ ᬰӾ࿆ ᳵԻၞ֢ ڊ ԧᑌຄᨯሠ̶ ὄᛪտࣁԆ ̵֖ܔې ೮ᖅᳵ̵݇ᩦ ᥢཛྷොᶎ᮷ྲ ᬦ݄ํ ಅी ҅ے ၚۖ Ԟๅ ے ӿᔜ̶ ౯ፘ ҅מ ᬯਖ਼౮ԅᬰὄᛪտ ݎ ጱෛ᩸ ᅩ҅ Ԟਖ਼౮ԅവۖ Ӿ۸Իၞ ࿆ ᳵঅጱෛॶ̶ ๕ӷ ݱ ኴํ ᦩԏॊ൭᩸ ಋ҅ ݶو ଡ଼ಛὄᛪ۸ᔜᐟ҅ ᭜ๅग़Իၞ ֢ݳ ෛՄ ᅩ҅ ीᬰ࿆ ஞፘ᭗࿆ ᳵঅ҅ വۖ Ӿ ى ᔮᤈᑞᛘᬱ̶ ᶼᐞᒫԜ ق Ӿᒒ܌ὄᛪտࢺჿ౮ ۑ Ѻ
ORGANISED BY THE XINHUA CHINESE ASSOCIATION
ӾՈ࿆ و Ḧᇙ ق य़ֵ
City Mayor of Salford
As we approach the 9th Annual Dragon Boat Festival at Salford Quays, I would like to say what a pleasure it is for the City of Salford to host this marvellous event each and every year. The ancient Chinese tradition of Dragon Boat racing is a fabulous occasion, creating a truly unique spectacle and a wonderful sense of community. It is just another example of the close work we do with the Chinese Community in Greater Manchester, particularly following recent news of a £5m investment in a new Streamside Garden at RHS Bridgewater Park in Salford. Salford is deeply honoured to host this international occasion. I would like to extend my thanks to the Xinhua Chinese Association for their efforts in bringing it together and wish the participants the best of luck on the day!
In partnership with Salford City Council (SCC) British Dragon Boat Racing Assocaition (BDA)
Endorsed and supported by Consulate General of the People’s Republic of China in Manchester
Faciliated by Suman Education International
With additional supports provided by Bolton Council Bury Council Manchester City Council Oldham Council Rochdale Council Stockport Council
Tamedale Council Trafford Council
Paul Dennett City Mayor of Salford
XCA strives to promote Chinese culture in the UK and provides a platform for Chinese people to have their voices heard and to get involved in the mainstream social activities. Over the past years, XCA has organised all sorts of social and cultural activities and events for its members and the general public. The UK Chinese Dragon Boat Festival is one of the most high-profile events organised by XCA.
ABOUT THE EVENT ORGANISER XINHUA CHINESE ASSOCIATION Xinhua Chinese Association (XCA) was established in Manchester in 2004. The association represents a new generation of Chinese people. Most of the XCA members originally came to the UK for academic studies, later settling down as professionals working in and contributing to many fields including Education, Science and Technology, Medicine and Business.
Ms Hongwei Wang
Tourism & Entertainment Director of XCA, General Secretary, Chinese Arts Association, Manchester Ms Yanqiu Wang
Dr Jiashen Li
Membership Director of XCA, Acupuncturist, Stockport
Health and Hygiene Director of XCA, Lecturer in Textile Science & Engineering, University of Manchester
Chairman of XCA, Director of CS Energy Consultancy Dr Hanxin Yang
Ms Xuebing Li
Vice Chairman and Secretary General of XCA, MD of Suman Education Dr Yanzhong Xu
Vice Chairman of XCA, Reader in Textile Materials, University of Manchester Dr Xiaogang Chen
Fine Arts Director of XCA, Professor of Control Systems, University of Manchester Prof Zhengtao Ding
Public Services Director of XCA, Public Servant, Salford City Council Ms Lingling Cao
CPD Director of XCA, Deputy Head of Food Engineering, Sheffield Hallam University Dr Hongwei Zhang
Vice Chairwomen of XCA, Director of LaChine LinCom Ltd
Dr Ning Su
Dr Mei Xing
Dr Yihong Song
Ms Qing Zhang
Prof Jianren Lyu
Non-executive Director of XCA, Prof Lin Li
Non-executive Director of XCA, Professor of EEE, University of Manchester Prof Wuqiang Yang
Culture & Arts Director of XCA, Senior Clinical Physiologist
Treasurer of XCA, Director of LaChine LinCom Ltd
Education and Youth Director of XCA, President of ATCM
Sports & Fitness Director of XCA,
Non-executive Director of XCA,
Medical Lab Technician, University of Manchester
Head of Biological Physics, University of Manchester
Formerly Director of LPRC, University of Manchester
īİĥħ ĶĪħ īİĪķģ Īīİħĵħ ĵĵıĥīģĶīıİ ̓ ̔ īİĶĴıĦķĥħĦ ĶĪħ ŐĴĵĶ Īīİħĵħ Ĵģĩıİ ıģĶ ħĵĶīĸģĮ ̓ īİ ģĮĨıĴĦ īİ ɚɘəɚ˹ Īģĵ ĦħĸħĮıljħĦ īĶ ĶĪĴıķĩĪ əɘ̂ ĻħģĴ ĥıİĶīİķıķĵ ħŎıĴĶĵ˹īİĶı ģ ljıljķĮģĴ ģİĦ ĹħĮĮ̂ ĭİıĹİ ĥıįįķİīĶĻ ħĸħİĶ īİ ĴīĶģīİ˹ĹīĶĪ ĶĪħ ĵķljljıĴĶ ĨĴıį ĮıĥģĮ ĥıķİĥīĮĵ˹ ıİĵķĮģĶħ̂ ħİħĴģĮ ıĨ īİ ģİĥĪħĵĶħĴ˹ĮıĥģĮ ĥıįįķİīĶīħĵ˹ķİīĸħĴĵīĶīħĵ˹Ĥķĵīİħĵĵħĵ ģİĦ Īīİħĵħ ĶķĦħİĶĵ ģİĦ ĥĪıĮģĴĵ ĵĵıĥīģĶīıİĵ˸ ,īĵ ħĸħİĶ Īģĵ įģĦħ ĩĴħģĶ ĥıİĶĴīĤķĶīıİĵ Ķı ħİĴīĥĪīİĩ ĶĪħ ĥķĮĶķĴģĮ ģİĦ ĵljıĴĶĵ ĮīĨħ ıĨ ĴħģĶħĴ ģİĥĪħĵĶħĴ˹ ljĴıįıĶīİĩ ĶĪħ įķĮĶīĥķĮĶķĴģĮīĵį īİĥĮķĵīĸħ ĵıĥīħĶĻ˹ ģĵ ĹħĮĮ ģĵ ĶĪħ İĩĮı̂ Īīİģ ĨĴīħİĦĵĪīlj ģİĦ ĥīĸīĮ ħĺĥĪģİĩħĵ˸ The 2023 Dragon Boat Festival will be the inauguration of a new stage of the event in strategic partnership with Salford City Council and the British Dragon Boat Racing Association, which is recognised by the UK Sports Councils as the national governing body of Dragon Boat Racing throughout Great Britain. Taking this opportunity, we, the XCA, would like to extend our most sincere gratitude to all who have generously given help and support towards the event, especially to the VIP guests for sparing time to attend the ceremonies during the event.
DRAGON BOAT TEAMS 2023
We also wish to express our sincere thanks to our
• ATCM & Shizhen TCM Ltd • Bank of China (UK) Limited • Bank of East Asia • BCEGI • Berry’s Jewellers
• )UHVK˃HOGV %UXFNKDXV 'HULQJHU • Guangxi Chinese Confederation • Guangzhou Chinese Overseas Team • KungFu Food • Manchester Museum • Midea Home Appliances UK Ltd • Oldham Hulme Grammar School • Persian Tigers • Salford City Splashers • Sowler International & Friends • 7KH %HHKLYH 2I˃FHV • The Belt & Road Association UK • The Chinese Northeast Fellow Association UK • The Lowry • 8QLYHUVLW\ RI +XGGHUV˃HOG • UoM PhD Researchers • WUKPG • Xinhua Chinese Association • Yanghe -I21 Joya
• Bowen Education Female • Bowen Education Male • Che Kung Tong (UK) • Chinese Catering Culture Association • CSSA Hull • CSSA Leeds
Midea Home Appliances UK
Yanghe & Imperial 21 Joya
and all other key sponsors and supporters of this year’s event:
• Bank of China (UK) Limited • Phoenix RC Automotive • Kong Fu Food • China Taiping Insurance (UK) Co Ltd • Hainan Airline • Suman Group • Sushi Mami • Chinese Catering Culture Association • Signare Tapestry • Shulan College of Chinese Medicine • Lee Park • Chi Yip Group • Shizhen TCM Ltd • Manchester Chinatown Business Association
• New World Imports (UK) Ltd • Bowen Education • Oldham Hulme Grammar School • Manchester Museum • CSSA Manchester • The Belt and Road Association UK • Che Kung Tong (UK) • Bank of East Asia • New Era Development (UK) Ltd • Hang Won Hong • Live Seafood Ltd • Shihe • Jinlong Chinese Martial Arts Academy • Federation of Overseas Chinese Associations in Guangxi UK
• Beijing Construction Engineering Group International • North England Chinese Enterprises Association • Hong Kong Economic and Trade "vwVi ` • Blackpool Chinese Community Association • Federation of Chinese Associations of Manchester • The Association of Traditional Chinese
• CSSA Liverpool -1 • CSSA Liverpool -2
• CSSA MAN-1 • CSSA MAN-2 • CSSA Newcastle • CSSA Northumbria Women • &66$ 6KHI˃HOG • CSSA United • CSSA York Dragonwave • FCAM
Medicine and Acupuncture UK • Pioneers Civil Engineering
GUIDE TO THE UK CHINESE DRAGON BOAT FESTIVAL SALFORD QUAYS, GREATER MANCHESTER 17-18 JUNE 2023
PREVIOUS EVENTS HIGHLIGHTS FROM
UK Chinese dragon boat racing this year has attracted 40 teams in 2023. The racing game is organised and managed by a professional company to guarantee that the racing is fun and fair. Building on the success of previous years, we will be showcasing highly entertaining dragon boat races, authentically traditional Chinese cultural attractions featuring Traditional lion dance, Chinese Shaolin Kungfu, Chinese folk dancing and a taste of traditional Chinese food like Zongzi and much more. It’s a truly wonderful day out for the whole family and a fantastic chance to experience authentic Chinese culture.
• From the second Dragon Boat Festival in 2013, a team from the Consulate-General of PRC in Manchester has been participating in the competition. • Ài>ÌiÀ >V iÃÌiÀ *Vi /i> >Ûi Ü ÌÜVi >` wÃ i` ÀÕiÀÕ« Vi ÃVi taking part in the event from 2016. • In 2019, Wuhan and Manchester (Twin Sister Cities) police teams won the championship and runner up respectively. • In 2022, CSSA - Hull won the championship.
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BASICS ABOUT UK CHINESE DRAGON BOAT RACE
Ĵģĩıİ ĤıģĶ Ĵģĥħ īĵ ģ Ķħģį ljģĦĦĮīİĩ ĵljıĴĶ ıĨ ĦĴģĩıİ ĤıģĶ Ĵģĥīİĩ˸ Ķ̎ ĵ İıĶ ģ ĥıįljħĶīĶīıİ ıĴīħİĶħĦ ħĸħİĶ˹ ģİĻ įģİ ıĴ Ĺıįģİ ĥģİ ħİĶħĴ ĶĪħ Ĵģĥħ ĹīĶĪ İı ħĺljħĴīħİĥħ ĴħijķīĴħĦ˸
Steersman The sweep, known also as the steersman, steers the dragon boat with a sweep oar rigged at the rear of the boat, generally on the left side. This is done by using the oar as a rudder, while the boat is moving, or by sweeping the stern of the boat sideways by pulling or pushing water with the oar as the boat is moving slowly or stationary.
Dragon Boat Crew Each team has ten paddlers, one drummer and one steersman who is assigned by event organiser. The pulsation of the drum beats produced by the drummer may be considered the “heartbeat” of the dragon boat. The drummer leads the paddlers throughout a race using the rhythmic drum beat to indicate the frequency and synchronisation of all the paddlers’ strokes (that is, the cadence, picking up or accelerating the pace, slowing the rate, etc.)
The paddlers sit facing forwards in the boat, >` ÕÃi > Ã«iVwV ÌÞ«i of paddle which, (unlike rowing sweep, or scull), is not rigged to the racing water craft in any way. Therefore, Dragon boaters are paddlers not rowers or oarsmen/women.
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THE STORIES OF
DRAGON BOAT FESTIVAL
,ħ Ĵģĩıİ ıģĶ ħĵĶīĸģĮ īĵ ģĮĵı ĭİıĹİ ģĵ ķģİ ķ ħĵĶīĸģĮ˹ ıİ ĶĪħ ɝĶĪ ĦģĻ ıĨ ĶĪħ ɝĶĪ ĮķİģĴ įıİĶĪ ıĨ Īīİħĵħ ĥģĮħİĦģĴ˹ ɚɚİĦ ıĨ ķİħ ĶĪīĵ ĻħģĴ˸ Ķ īĵ ģ ĦģĻ ĥħĮħĤĴģĶħĦ Ķı ĥıįįħįıĴģĶħ ĶĪħ ĮīĨħ ģİĦ ĦħģĶĪ ıĨ ıİħ ıĨ Īīİģ̎ ĵ įıĵĶ Ĩģįıķĵ ĥīĶīļħİĵ˸ ķ ķģİ ĹĪı ĮīĸħĦ īİ ĶĪħ ljĴħ̂ īįljħĴīģĮ ģĴĴīİĩ ĶģĶħĵ ljħĴīıĦ ̓ ɜɟɝ̂ ɚɚə ̔ ˸
Qu Yuan is popularly regarded as a minister in one of the Warring State governments, the southern state of Chu (present day Hunan and Hubei provinces), a champion of political loyalty and integrity, and eager to maintain the Chu state’s autonomy and hegemony. Formerly, it was believed that the Chu monarch vi Õ`iÀ Ì i yÕiVi v Ì iÀ VÀÀÕ«Ì] jealous ministers who slandered Qu Yuan >Ã ¼> ÃÌ} yiÃ ½ >` Ì iÀivÀi i banished Qu, his most loyal counsellor.
In the year 278 BC, upon hearing of the upcoming devastation of his state from invasion by a neighbouring State (Qin in particular), Qu Yuan is said to have waded into the Miluo river holding a great rock in order to commit ritual suicide as a form of protest against the corruption of the era. The Qin kingdom eventually conquered all of the Ì iÀ ÃÌ>ÌiÃ VÕ`} Õ >` Õwi` Ì i Ì Ì i wÀÃÌ iÃi i«Ài° / i ÜÀ` > `iÀÛiÃ vÀ Ì Ã wÀÃÌ `Þ>ÃÌÞ v i«Ài] +] Õ`iÀ «iÀ>ÃÌ ÕwiÀ + - Õ>}°
The common people, upon hearing of Qu Yuan’s suicide, rushed out on the water in wÃ } L>ÌÃ Ì Ì i ``i v Ì i ÀÛiÀ >` tried desperately to save Qu Yuan. They beat drums and splashed the water with Ì iÀ «>``iÃ À`iÀ Ì ii« Ì i wÃ >` evil spirits from his body. Later on, they scattered rice into the water to prevent him from suffering hunger. Another belief is that Ì i «i«i ÃV>ÌÌiÀi` ÀVi Ì vii` Ì i wÃ ] in order to prevent them from devouring Qu Yuan’s body.
However, late one night, the spirit of Qu Yuan appeared before his friends and told them that the rice meant for him was being intercepted by a huge river dragon. He asked his friends to wrap the rice into three-cornered silk packages to ward off the dragon. This has been a traditional food ever since known as Zongzi or sticky rice wrapped in leaves. In commemoration of Qu Yuan, people hold dragon boat races annually on the day of his death.
CELEBRATING DRAGON BOAT FESTIVAL IN CHINA
What do people do?
/ i Ài> } } Ì v Ì i viÃÌÛ> Ã Ì i wiÀVi} `À>} L>Ì À>V} > ÛiÞ] ÛLÀ>Ì spectacle. Participants train in earnest for the competition. Sitting two abreast, with a steersman at the back and a drummer at the front, the paddlers race the elaborately decorated dragon boats to the beat of the heavy drums. The dragon boats are traditionally made of teak wood to various designs and sizes, which usually have brightly decorated designs with the front end shaped like open mouthed dragons, and the back end with a scaly tail. A sacred ceremony is performed before any competition in order to ‘bring the boat to life’ by painting the eyes.
Drinking realgar wine
People drink realgar wine which is considered effective in preventing disease and promoting health.
Hanging calamus and Wormwood
People hang calamus and wormwood on the front door and windows, because they are in the shape of a sword and considered symbols of victory over illness and poison, people believe they possess qualities for protecting the house from the evil and bringing peace.
Wearing fragrant sachets
Why do people do this?
Chinese people, especially children, hang around their necks fragrant sachets, which are made from a variety of sewn bags and include the powders of acorus, Artemisia, realgar and other fragrant items, to avoid catching contagious diseases and to keep evil spirits away. All of these activities were regarded by the ancients as an effective way of preventing disease and evil, while promoting good health and well-being.
The cool, humid rainy season before Duanwu clashes with the muggy heat of early summer after Duanwu, making it a time when people would easily contract a disease. Ancient people considered this susceptibility to disease as the effect of evil spirits, which coincided with their belief about bad/evil days. Duanwu thus became a day for collective customs to purge poison and expel plagues annually on the day of his death.
INTERESTING DRAGON BOAT FESTIVAL CUSTOMS ACROSS CHINA
In Hunan, rich families with pregnant women throw auspicious coins into a jar of wine and then put the jar on the head of a dragon boat and pray for the successful birth of an heir, while, those families who >Ài Ì >Ã >vyÕiÌ ÜÕ` «Ài«>Ài V Vi >` Üi ÃÌi>` >Ã Ã>VÀwVi° *i«i >Ã >i ÃÌÀ>Ü L>ÌÃ >` iÌ Ì i y>Ì >Ü>Þ >Ã > ÃÞL v iÝ«i} God of Plague.
During the annual Dragon Boat Festival, the famous /> " À>} >Ì 7>ÌiÀ *>À>`i Ã i`° / Àii wÃ iÀi >ÃÃV>ÌÃ /> "] Ì i ÌÀ>µÕ wÃ } Û>}i west Lantou, organise a religious activity known as a “Deities Parade”. On the day, the deity statues are put on sacred sampans towed by the dragon boats of the associations to parade through Tai O and to pacify the wandering water ghosts. Residents of the stilt houses along the water-course burn paper offerings as the dragon boats pass by. The deity statues are then returned to the respective temples after the ritual.
In Taiwan, Duanwu is also called Wuri (Meaning Fifth Day) Festival. People believe that if you can balance a raw egg on its end at exactly noon on the day, you will be lucky for the rest of the year. Another custom practiced in Taiwan is “fetching noon water”, in which people draw well water on the afternoon of the festival in the belief that it will cure all illness.
In Sichuan, a province in South West of China, four people work as a group and use two bamboo poles to carry a big square desk covered with a red carpet. On that carpet sits a bamboo-made statue of a Taoist riding a tiger. The sound of gongs and drums accompany these people as they march in the street.
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DRAGON BOAT RACE SITE MAP
INTERESTING DRAGON BOAT FESTIVAL
Lane 3 Lane 2 Lane 1
FOOD Eggs boiled with tea leaves
It is a custom for people in Central China to eat eggs boiled with tea leaves. The boiled egg is also dyed in red and put into a colourful net bag for children to hang around their neck, which is believed to bring them good luck.
Start Line (500 metres) Start Line (200 metres)
Team Marshalling & Boat Loading
>Ã >â Ã > ` v Ü i>Ì yÕÀ v` >`i Ì i Ã >«i v > v>° Ì Ã ÕÃÕ>Þ >`i Õ« v wÛi >ÞiÀÃ] ÜÌ i>V >ÞiÀ VÛiÀi` ÜÌ vÀi` Ã«ÀiÃ v «i««iÀ «Ü`iÀ° Ì Ã > popular Dragon Boat Festival food in North West China.
UK CHINESE DRAGON BOAT FESTIVAL SPONSORS
<}â Ã }ÕÌÕÃ ÀVi ÜÀ>««i` i>ÛiÃ ÜÌ w}Ã] Ü V V> Li i}}] Li>Ã] `>ÌiÃ] fruits, sweet potato, walnut, mushroom, meat or a combination of them. They are normally boiled in water. It is a traditional custom for Chinese to eat Zongzi at Dragon Boat festival.
Ài` V>i Ã > ` v vÀi` ÀÕ` V>i >`i v Ü i>Ì yÕÀ] ÀVi >` ÃÜiiÌ «Ì>Ì° East China, every family eat fried cake at dragon Boat Festival as they believe that it will i« i` Ì i ÃÞ Ì >Ì Vi >Ã > i Ì] Ü V i>`Ã Ì Ì i ÃÌ« À> Ì i wvÌ month of a year on Lunar calendar.
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Glutinous rice cakes are a popular delicacy for people who live in North East China.
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