Switzerland (Zurich)

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St. Peter’s Church - airpano

Zurich [1] (German: Zürich , Zürich German: Züri ) is the largest city in Switzerland, with a population of some 390,000 in the city proper and 1.2 million in the agglomeration area. Zurich is on Lake Zurich, where the lake flows into the River Limmat , in the north of Switzerland.

Understand

Zurich is the largest city of the Swiss Confederation (Switzerland) by land area and population. It is the financial centre of Switzerland and houses the stock exchange and the headquarters of a large number of national and international companies, and also home of FIFA's headquarter. German Swiss national and international media agencies as well as the German Swiss national TV channel company are also located here. Its two major universities, ETH Zürich ( Swiss Federal Institute of Technology , 21 Nobel Prize laureats) and University of Zurich (12 Nobel Prize laureats) are listed among world's 15, or 50, respectively, best universities. You also find Google's world-wide second largest development center in Zurich.

Because Zurich is the central node of the Swiss-wide train network and also runs the biggest and busiest international airport in the country, it generally is the first place where tourists arrive. Because of the city's close distance to tourist resorts in the Swiss Alps and its mountainous scenery, it is often referred to as the "portal to the Alps". Contrary to a generally wrongly made assumption, Zurich is not the capital of Switzerland -- the Swiss are very much a confederation of Cantons and avoid naming any one city as capital in order to prevent that Canton from seeming more important than the others. Still, the federal government is headquartered in Berne and not Zurich. Zurich has long been known for being clean and efficient.

Due to this, it has been continuously ranked as the city with the highest living standard world-wide for many years. However, only for the last fifteen years it has truly become a fascinating and worthwhile travel destination. This is mostly thanks to the liberalization of the party (more than 80 clubs are open at weekends) and gastronomy sectors (over 500 bars and more than 1500 restaurants). An increasingly cosmopolitan population has helped (every third inhabitant is a foreigner), as well, though more button-down Geneva remains Switzerland's most culturally heterogeneous city. Zurich always used to be well known for a demanding audience in opera/ballet, classical concerts, and theater. You find more than 50 museums and over 100 galleries

in a inner city circle. Traditionally, the majority of all 59 movie showrooms show a diversity of international and arthouse cinema productions mostly shown in their original languages with German and French subtitles. The official language is (the Swiss variety of) Standard German [2] , used in all official publications and announcements, or in any formal writing, and practically everyone can speak it, but the native spoken language of the masses is Swiss German [3] . The most common dialect is called Züridüütsch ( Zürich German ), though quite mixed up with any of the many Swiss German dialects, because of Zurich's central importance and hence its high fluctuation. English and French are also quite widely spoken and often used in

official publications and announcements alongside German. Any of these languages will do easily. Note that if you are a native German speaker, it is often wiser to speak Standard German rather than attempting to speak Swiss German unless you have a strong grasp on the dialect. Otherwise, some Swiss Germans will think you are trying to make fun of their language. If you are clearly a non- German foreigner, people will appreciate your effort and then switch to English, Standard German, or French.

Get in

By plane

Zurich Airport [4] (IATA: ZRH )

(German: Flughafen Zürich-Kloten ) is Switzerland's largest and busiest airport run with Swiss efficiency. The airport is

actually part of the municipality of Kloten and a brief 12 minutes train ride from central Zurich. Trains run every few up to 12 minutes. Early in the morning and late at evenings trains run a bit less frequent, so if you travel at these times check the schedules here [5] ( ZVV : Zurich's city and suburban public transport system), or here [6] (the Swiss country-wide integrated ticket and public transport system by the Swiss Federal Railways SBB- CFF-FFS ). The railway station is to be found at the lowest underground Level -2 of the adjacent airport shopping center just accross the street of the arrival gates [7][8][9] . A single ticket to Zürich Hauptbahnhof (central railway station in Zurich, on timetables usually listed as: Zürich HB ) costs CHF 6.60 for 2nd

class (full fare) and is valid for 1 hour, a return ticket costs CHF 13.20 and is valid from the airport to the city and within the city for 24 hours. Kids under 16 pay the half fare, kids under 6 travel for free if accompanied by an adult. There are also reduced multi-day tickets for youth under 25 at the SBB ticket booth. You can board any kind of train, since the ticket is valid for ANY kind of public transport (including SBB-CFF-FFS trains, S-Bahn (suburban trains), tram, bus, boat and cable cars) within on the ticket indicated areas, the so- called fare zones [10] : zone 121 for Zurich Airport and Kloten's environment , and zone 110 for Zurich City for the ticket from the airport to the city. Be aware that the zones 110 for Zurich City and 120 for

Winterthur count double in price calculations.

Also take into consideration ZVV's special tourist offer ZurichCARD [11] , a ticket valid, either for 24, or for 72 hours, for the whole area of Zurich city and its adjacent zones [12] , including free access to all Zurich museums, either for CHF 24.-, or CHF 48.-. Though, no half- fare discounts are avilable for them. Make sure that you have a valid ticket before you board the train, or whatever vehicle, and that the ticket is valid for the respective class, either 1st or 2nd class, if you travel by train; indicated by large big number 1 or 2 on the coaches' exterior, 1st class is also indicated by a yellow stripe along the 1st class seats outside the coaches. Fines for travelling

without any ticket, or a wrong ticket, even for the wrong class, can be hefty (around CHF 100.-)! There is also a tram (tramway/streetcar) line No. 10 (colored pink) running between the airport and the city centre, a 37 minutes ride to Zurich HB , valid with the same ticket (only 2nd class necessary), though eventually gives you a better first insight into Zurich [13] and its adjacent suburban area, since running exclusively above ground and through the streets of the communities. Several bus lines connect to the airport and provide access to the suburban area [14] as well as the Winterthur region [15] .

The bus terminal and the tram(way)

stop are to be found at ground level south of the airport shopping center at Level 1 , the top most level of the shopping center [16][17] . Most major airlines fly to Zurich, but SWISS International Airlines aka SWISS [18] is still the Swiss flag carrier and covers the biggest part of the international traffic at the airport. Almost every large hotel in Zurich provides shuttle buses from the airport to your hotel. The stops for these hotel buses are a short walk to the right from the arrival 1 in the direction of arrival 2 on the same Level 0 [19] . Zurich Airport has high passenger costs due to several noise reduction and approach restrictions. Most no-frill airlines fly to EuroAirport Basel which is

1 1/2 hour away by train and Basel airport bus . EasyJet resumed its flights to Zurich in 2007 after a three year absence and Air Berlin offers several flights to Germany and Southern Europe. Since its purchase by Lufthansa in 2008, Swiss Air has been significantly restructured and now serves as a low- cost carrier to many European destinations, with Zurich as its hub city. If you are travelling without a Schengen Visa to another destination in Europe (via Zurich airport) and if you are not European citizen, you must not stay in Europe for longer than 90 days - even if your final destination would allow citizens of your country to stay for more than 90 days. Failure to do so will lead to very high fines (around 8100 Euros) should you try to leave Europe via Zurich airport.

Zurich, Switzerland - airpano

By train

Regular trains to and from other Swiss and European cities leave from and arrive at Hauptbahnhof ( HB ), the main railway station, conveniently located in the city centre at the beginning of Bahnhofstrasse, with easy access to mass transit (map: [20]) . The Zurich Hauptbahnhof is served by suburban ( S -

Bahn), regional ( RE ) and long-distance trains ( IR , IC and ICN ) with connections throughout Switzerland, Germany's ICE , France's TGV , and various other direct (night) train services to/from as far as Amsterdam, Hamburg, Berlin, Frankfurt, Cologne, Dusseldorf, Essen, Hanover, Munich, Stuttgart, Rome, Lecce, Milano, Paris, Barcelona, Salzburg, Linz, Vienna, Budapest, Zagreb, and Beograd. Zurich's Main Station is an extremely busy passenger node. There are between 350,000 to 500,000 commuters daily taking usage of this central network node. Put this into relation to Zurich's amount of inhabitants: around 400,000. Regarding the amount of trains daily entering and leaving a single railway station, Zürich's Hauptbahnhof is the

world's most frequent railway station : 2915 trains every day! For train time tables and tickets (see Switzerland's public transport hints), visit the SBB-CFF-FFS [21] website, although it would sometimes be advisable to book international journeys online through the respective websites by the operating railways (e.g.: France's TGV Lyria [22] , Germany's DB [23] , Austria's ÖBB [24] , Italy's Trenitalia [25] ), especially regarding pre-booking deduction possibilities. If you are already in Europe, your local railway station office should usually be able to book these trains. A rail pass may make your trip cheaper. The SBB railway station and the connecting underground mall RailCity

Zürich [26] has shops, restaurants, and grocery stores, which locals use when they need to do Sunday shopping, as it is not subject to the closing hours laws otherwise in force in Switzerland. It also hosts a Christmas market around Christmas times. Among the 16 railway stations (and 10 additional stops) within Zurich's city borders, there are other five major passenger railway stations. Three of

them belong to the five most frequented railway stations in Switzerland.

Zürich Oerlikon [27] , in the north from the center, connecting an old industrial quarter turned into an evolving business center around the station and Zurich's fastest growing business and living

quarter Zürich Nord/Stettbach north of it and midway on the way to the airport. Trains from/to the airport, the northern suburbs, Winterthur, St. Gallen, Schaffhausen/Rhine Falls, Stuttgart, Munich, Salzburg and Vienna run through this heavy commuter railway station. The direct InterCity trains Zurich Airport - Basel (does not serve Zurich HB) and Zurich Airport - Luzern (stops in Zurich HB) stop here as well. Zürich Stadelhofen [28][29] , just squeezed between two tunnel ends, is Switzerland's third most frequented railway station (135,000 commuters per day), though it has only three tracks. It had been rebuilt 1991 by star architect Santiago Calatrava along with the introduction of Zurich's S-Bahn network. Nowadays, it is already again a bottle

neck with up to 40 trains per hour serving mainly S- Bahn lines for a fast connection with Winterthur and Zurich's Oberland, as well as for the S-Bahn connection with the lines at the Lake Zurich's east shore up to Rapperswil. Its central location just next to Bellevue , the opera and the lake does not make it less important for both, the working people, as well as the culture/fun commuters. In its underground you also find a small mall. Zürich Hardbrücke , looks more like a people underpass, because it is located exactely below the Hardbrücke , a street bridge connecting Kreis 3 and Kreis 4 , otherwise by many train tracks separated quarters, is another bottle neck in Zurich's S-Bahn network. Just next to Switzerland's tallest building and

again a commuter's culmination point just about 4 km west of Zurich HB. During the day it serves the evolving business quarter of the 1990ies, at evenings and especially at weekends, Zurich's most pulsating party area. Zürich Altstetten [30] in the west of Zurich, serves an old blue collar quarter Altstetten , which already turned itself also into a more lively white collar business center during working hours, is also on the capillary route to Bern - Lausanne - Geneva, Basel - Paris/Frankfurt/Hamburg/Berlin/Amsterd am, and Biel-Bienne/Neuchâtel (Swiss Jura). Zürich Enge [31] at the Tessinerplatz in the south, west of Lake Zurich's shore, impresses with its old building from 1927

made of Ticino's granite and serves only S-Bahn commuters mainly from Lake Zurich's west shore, but is on the major route to Chur/Davos/St. Moritz (Grisons/Graubünden), Salzburg - Linz - Vienna - Budapest/Beograd, Luzern, Arth-Goldau - St. Gotthard - Ticino (Bellinzona, Lugano) - Milano. It also provides a small 365-day shop. The other railway stations within city borders are called (clockwise from  Leimbach ( S4 ),  Giesshübel ( S4 ),  Wiedikon (several S-Bahnen),  Selnau (the underground, below the Sihl river station of the S4 and S10 ), south-west to south-east):  Wollishofen ( S8 , S24 ),

 Affoltern ( S6 ),  Seebach ( S6 ),  Wipkingen (several S-Bahnen),  Stettbach (several S-Bahnen), and  Tiefenbrunnen ( S6 , S16 ). The four stops within city borders of the S10 up to the Üetliberg : Bienz , Friesenberg , Schweighof , and Triemli (one of the city hospitals). The three additional stops (within city border) of the S4 into the Shiltal (valley): Saalsporthalle , Brunau , and Manegg . The three stops of the Forchbahn S18 shared with the Tram No. 11 (within city border): Hegibachplatz , Balgrist (several hospitals), and Rehalp , besides its starting point Stadelhofen .

By car

Almost every highway in Switzerland

leads straight into Zurich. This might be quite easy for tourists, but is also really painful if you have to cross Zurich on a daily basis.

By bus

Long distance coach services (Swiss Standard German term: Car ) normally end at the coach terminal next to the main railway station, where the river Sihl flows into the river Limmat. Note: Do not confuse the blue/white ZVV buses, which are part of the local public transport system ZVV , with long distance coaches, mainly used by extreme low-cost travellers to and from traditional blue color countries. Many coaches arrive there from other European cities, mainly southern destinations like the Western Balkans or

Spain. There is a bi-weekly bus to Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina [32] (look for "Cirih").

By boat

As Zurich is located at the end of lake Zurich, it can be reached by boat from other lake villages, e.g. Rapperswil at the upper end of the lake.

Get around

Public transport

Zürich is famous for its highly efficient, clean and safe public transport system, owned by the several municipal transport agencies and managed by the Zürcher Verkehrsverbund ( ZVV ), which covers the entire canton of Zürich, plus some municipalities in bordering cantons for the passenger's convenience (in fact the

18x fare zones and some stops in zone 155). The network includes trams, buses (local city/municipality buses as well as the yellow bright Swiss PostAuto buses), suburban trains (S-Bahn), regular trains (SBB), cable cars and boats. The size and complexity of the network may be daunting at first, but you will soon realize that there are dozens of ways to get from one place to another and following any of them will still be efficient. ZVV's transport system is coherently and comprehensively integrated (fare- wise and timetable-wise) into Switzerland's Federal Railways system SBB-CFF-FFS , Swiss PostAuto bus network , and any cities/area's local bus and tram system of the covered area . Timetable information for any public transportation in Switzerland is

Zurich - Switzerland.

available on sbb.ch or can be obtained using SBB's free smart Phone apps, which also informs you about any train's position or delay in real-time. ZVV's own free app delivers you timetable information and real-time updates about ZVV's transport system condition and any delays. All of them require a working internet connection.

The free Wemlin App gives you offline access to timetable information and network maps for the canton of Zurich area without internet connection and is therefore ideally for on the go usage in case you do not want to use data roaming. The system is divided into numerous fare zones , with the Zurich's city centre and innermost suburbs being in zone 110 and the outer suburbs located in other zones (Winterthur is in zone 120 , for example), and the more zones you pass through, the more you will have to pay for your journey. There are single tickets, day cards, monthly cards and annual cards. The monthly and annual cards are collectively referred to as ZVV NetworkPass .

Tickets must be purchased from a ticket vending machine before boarding or from one of the ticket selling kiosks. The ticket vending machines are in German, English, French and Italian and offer almost all regular tickets available. They come along with a zone map on every machine as well as clear instructions coming to your aid, so feel free to choose! Once you have got your ticket it gives you access to all modes of transport. If you are staying for a longer period, consider a monthly ZVV NetworkPass, because even though there are no regular tickets valid for something between one day and a month, it takes only ten zone 110 day cards for a zone 110 monthly cards to be cheaper. When

travelling in all zones, it takes only eight day cards for the monthly card to be cheaper. A 24-hour ticket (marketed as a Day Pass ) for zone 110 costs the same as two single rides. Be aware of that the two zones for the city of Zurich ( zone 110 ) and for the city of Winterthur ( zone 120 ) count double in calculating the fare ! If you do not mind starting your travels after 9:00, the 9 o'clock-Pass is the best option. It is available as daily, monthly and annual cards and will save you a lot of money compared to regular similarities, especially given that the 9:00 rule does not apply on weekends. It takes only 5 9 o'clock day cards for an all- zone 9 o'clock monthly card to be cheaper.

For travels between the canton of Zürich and the neighbouring cantons, you use a so-called Z-Pass , available as daily, monthly and annual cards as well as single tickets. The Z-Pass system also has its fare zones [33] , even in the neighbouring transport regions and can be used in ZVV's covered area plus one of the neighbouring local transport regions/cantons (Aargau: A-Welle / zones 5xx, Schaffhausen: Flextax / zones 8xx, Schwyz and Zug: Schwyz- Zug / zones 6xx, St. Gallen and Thurgau; OSTWIND / zones 9xx). Z- Pass tickets and cards cannot yet be bought from the ZVV ticket vending machines. The restriction is that you can only combine one additional transport region with ZVV. So if you are not going to one neighbouring region more

frequently than the others, you are probably better off with just an appropriate ZVV card and buying an additional Z-Pass single ticket/daily card for the not covered zones of your ZVV card to your final destination's zone, which is often cheaper than buying a single ticket all the way from your departing place. Attention : your chosen vehicle of transport must have a stop in one of your ZVV ticket's valid zones. Its last stop within your ZVV's card/ticket valid zones will then count as the point from where you have to add additional Z-Pass zones, or buy a point-to-point ticket. This does not work with with all (inter)regional (RE, IR) or most long-distance (IC, ICN, EC) trains, which do not usually stop in one of your ZVV's card valid zones

(except in Zurich HB, Zurich Airport, Winterthur, and sometimes Oerlikon and Thalwil), so you would have to buy a normal point-to-point ticket. S- Bahn and R, however, are local trains and usually stop at every station, or at worst far more often, so your chances of getting a cheaper ticket are better. Z-Pass officially claims: "The condition is that the mode of transport used stops within one of the ZVV fare zones given on the Z- Pass ticket".  Example 1: You have an all- zones ZVV card and want to travel from Zürich HB to Aarau. If using the S- Bahn S3, which stops at all stations, you need a ticket from Dietikon (the

last station in the ZVV area) to Aarau, i.e. a 7 zones Z-Pass A- Welle ticket. However,

(inter)regional (RE, IR) and long- distance (IC, ICN) trains run non- stop to Lenzburg or Aarau (both far beyond Dietikon) so you would need a ticket all the way from Zürich to Aarau: a 9 zones Z-Pass A-Welle ticket.  Example 2: You have a valid all- zones ZVV card and want to travel from Zürich HB to Zug. If using the S-Bahn S2/S8/S24 and S21, you need a ticket from Horgen Oberdorf (the last station by S21 in the ZVV area) to Zug, i.e. a 4 zones Z-Pass Schwyz/Zug ticket. If using the InterRegio (IR) you will need a ticket from Thalwil (the last call of the IR in the ZVV area) to Zug, i.e. a 5 zones Z-Pass Schwyz/Zug ticket (this is also valid for a

ZürichCard ). Long- distance trains (ICN, EC) run non-stop to Zug so you will need a ticket all the way from Zürich HB: 7 zones Z-Pass Schwyz/Zug ticket.  Example 3: You have a valid ZürichCard (valid for the zones 110, 111, 121, 140, 150, 154, 155) and you want to travel from Zurich Airport to Baden by using the the InterRegio (IR) to Basel. Then you InterRegio within ZürichCard's valid zones) to Baden, resulting in the purchase of a 3 zones Z-Pass A- Welle ticket (valid for the zones 154, 184 (you get this zone for free, for convenience reasons), 572, 570). If you want to travel to Basel, only have to pay a ticket from Dietikon (last valid stop by this

then you have to buy a ticket from Dietikon to Basel.  Example 4: Assuming you are living in Fischenthal (zone 173) and you are working in Rapperswil (zone 180) and you own therefore a monthly/annual ZVV-pass for the three zones 173, 134, 180. Now you want to travel to Schmerikon (zone 995). If you travel via Rapperswil (S- Bahn) and then change there to the regional train (R) to Schmerikon, then you only have to pay a ticket from Blumenau to Schmerikon, resulting in a 1 zone Ostwind ticket for the zone 995. However, if you want to take the buses through the hills just for fun along Wald (zone 134) and Goldingen-Egligen (zone 994) and

Eschenbach (zone 995), then you have to buy a 3 zones Tarifverbund ZVV-OST ticket (valid for the zones 134, 994, 995). For all details regarding fares, see zvv.ch/en . Also, staffed service desks called Ticketeria are available at the major tram hubs, if you need assistance in choosing the right travel pass for your needs. You can also ask the personnel at the ticket counters in any of the SBB- CFF-FFS railway stations within canton of Zurich as they sell ZVV tickets as well. The Swiss Pass by Swiss Travel System is valid on all public transport in Zurich and, if you are a tourist visiting most of Switzerland, this may be your best way to saving both money and time spent trying to figure out zones, routes,

and fare options. Eurail passes are valid only on the S- Bahn and boats. Interrail passes are valid on the S-Bahn (although the ZVV website claims a "reduction" for other routes for Interrail holders). Nevertheless, you may find you do not need the trams and buses if you do not mind walking around a little. By tram and bus Several tram lines and buses (most of transport in Zurich, you purchase and validate tickets before boarding, or risk a fine if they decide to spot check. You can find a schedule at every stop which is accurate to the minute, and are most of the time accurate. them electrified) cover the city at street level. Like all other public

Zurich - Switzerland.

However these schedules can be missed, because of snow, wet leaves on the tracks during autumn, or exceptional traffic can mix up the schedule. But this does not really matter, since their frequency is that high (every 7 to 15 minutes) you just wait for the next. Check ZVV's free mobile app for updated real- time infos, or listen to the

announcements, available at many stops.

By S-Bahn

The S-Bahn is Zürich's convenient and fast suburban rail system which covers nearly all suburbs of Zürich and beyond. All lines except the rural ones pass through the Hauptbahnhof. The ZVV offers directions [34] for a series of excursions on the S-Bahn. You must have a validated ticket before you board. If you do not have a ticket you will be liable for an on-the-spot fine (around CHF 100.-).

By boat

There are two types of boat-based public transport operated in Zürich: river buses and lake steamers. The river boats

operate in the summer months only and the lake boats operate on a much reduced schedule during the winter. The river buses operate between the Landesmuseum (near the Hauptbahnhof) along the Limmat River and out in the Zürichsee (Zürich Lake) to Tiefenbrunnen. There are several stops along the Limmat River. The Zürichsee Schifffahrtsgesellschaft (ZSG) [35] operates lake steamers which leave from Burkliplatz (at the end of Bahnhofstrasse). The ZSG's website provides information on destinations and ships. The ZSG offers a variety of tourist-oriented trips (including Jazz Brunch, and historic restored steam ships), and a popular trip is to Rapperswil at the south end

of the Zürichsee. The town has a beautiful castle overlooking the lake surrounded by a medieval town. ZVV fares apply to both boat service lines. Regular bus, tram and S-bahn service ends around half past midnight. Past that time, a bus and S-bahn based nighttime network is available on weekends and connects in 30-minute intervals the main hubs within the city and the greater Zurich region. Passengers require a valid ZVV ticket plus a night supplement (CHF 5.-) to be purchased before you board . Tickets can be purchased from any ticket machine or by SMS from a Swiss mobile number. Night buses and trains

On foot

The main train station, old town and the lake promenade and all nearby tourist attractions are easily walkable. You may find that you don't need transport for most of your tourist needs once you get into the city. By skates Zürich is a very friendly town to be discovered by skates. Car drivers pay attention to skaters and you can use cycle lanes and the tramway's tracks. Pay attention to pedestrians who are more used to meet bikers instead of skaters!

By bike

You can "rent" bikes, skateboards etc. for free from 7AM-9:20PM daily May-

Oct at several places in Zurich and year-round at the central train station. All you need is your passport and a CHF 20 deposit as guarantee. This offer is called "Züri rollt" ( Zürich on Wheels ) [36] . You can get and return the bikes at several locations: the bikegate just next to the central station, next to the "Globus City" shopping centre, next to the opera, or at the Swissotel in Oerlikon. If you can't find these places, don't hesitate to ask some locals, they should know at least the bikegate at the central station. The Zurich Transit Company, VBZ also provides information about these bikes in English [37] . Nevertheless, you shouldn't count on it because sometimes the "rent" spots run out of bikes.

By car

Driving in Zurich is possible, but it is not recommended, as the city centre is not easy to navigate by car and parking is both limited and expensive. See Most of the interesting sights are in the old town around the river and lakefront.  Grossmünster , Zwingliplatz, [38] . Old Romanesque church, symbol of reformed Zurich, where reformer Huldrych Zwingli was appointed the people's priest in 1519. Go up the tower for a great view of Zurich, though the stairs

can be quite small and steep. Tower 4CHF/2CHF students.  Fraumünster , Kämbelgasse 2,

[39] . Old Gothic church (former convent) with window paintings made by Marc Chagall. Free organ concert in 2015 Wednesdays 7:45-8:00 am. No photos or videos allowed inside.  Landesmuseum , Museumstrasse 2, ☎ +41 44 218 65 11, [40] . Tu-Su 10AM-5PM and most public holidays including M. The biggest Swiss history museum. You can also learn about the various traditions of the cantons comprising Switzerland. 10CHF.  Kunsthaus , Heimplatz, 2, ☎ +41 44 253 84 84, [41] . One of the major Swiss art museums. Its specialties are modern sculpturer Giacometti and the surrealist 18th

Century painter Fuseli, both Swiss. Entry is free to the main collection Wednesdays.  Schanzengraben . A small canal that used to be part of the city fortifications between Limmat and Sihl. From the main station, go to Gessnerallee, find the stairways down to the tiny creek, and walk all the way to the lake.  Rietberg Museum , Gablerstrasse 15, ☎ +41 (0)44 206 31 31, [42] . One of Europe's

best collections of Asian art (mainly Indian drawings).

 Langstrasse . Red light ateliers and stylish bars start to coexist side by side to the about 15 strip clubs.  Zoo , Zürichbergstrasse 221, ☎

+41 44 254 25 05, [43] . With the new Masoala Rainforest Hall, the Zoo is really worth a visit!  Lake Promenade . Especially during summer, the lake is a beautiful place to spend the evening or the weekend. Starting from Bellevue, the boardwalk goes for about three kilometers along the lake towards Tiefenbrunnen. About halfway from Bellevue there is a meadow where you will find thousands of people on a sunny day.  Chinese Garden , ☎ +41 44 435 21 11, [44] . This small but beautiful Chinese garden was offered to the city of Zurich by the Chinese city of Kunming as symbol of gratitude after Zurich

helped Kunming with technical knowledge.  Le Corbusier House , ( near Chinese Garden ), [ 45]. A beautiful, modern villa planned by the famous Swiss architect. The visiting hours are very limited (i.e. one day / week only in the summer) and entry is expensive. Additionally, there is a legal battle between the city (owner) and the long-time tenant.  Lindenhof . [46] , The hill in the heart of the old town. A beautiful view of the city and one time location of a Roman fort.  Niederdorf . The old town offers beautiful alleys, restaurants and

shopping mainly aimed at younger consumers. In the

evenings, people visit the Niederdorf's many bars.  Bahnhofstrasse . One of the busiest and best known shopping streets in the world. Highly refined. Certainly a must-see for every tourist in Zurich! (see below).  Museum Buehrle , Zollikerstrasse 172, ☎ +41 44 422 00 86, [46] . A rich private art collection worth visiting - although a little less rich after a recent brazen robbery in broad daylight. Call ahead, as it's currently not

open during regular hours.  Jacob Coffee Museum ,

Seefeldquai 17, ☎ +41 44 388 61 51, [47] . An original museum which describes the evolution of

Zurich - Switzerland.

coffee and different aspects of the culture that has developed around it. The museum is closed for renovation until September 2013.  Zurich West . This modern quarter used to be an industrial one, but modern urban developments made it into a

centre of vibrant night life. Take the tram to Dammweg and browse the Viadukt food market before wandering through the many new boutique shops under the arches of an abandoned rail viaduct, finishing up at the famous Freitag tower.  Beyer Watch Museum , Bahnhofstrasse 31 - 8001 Zurich, ☎ 043 344 63 63, [48] . Monday to Friday 2.00pm - 6.00pm. The Beyer Watch museum is located downstairs from the very fancy (and expensive) Beyer Store on Bahnhofstrasse. It is small but fascinating. They have many watches dating back hundreds of years. Many are one-of-a-kind, beautiful examples of exquisite

watch-making. Open Monday- Friday 2-6 pm. CHF 8.

Do

 Take the Polybahn , a 19th century funicular, up the steep hill for a fine view. Starts at tram station Central and goes up to the ETH. Zone 110 ZVV ticket is valid. Nice terrace up there. During the week, the student cafeteria below the terrace is also open to the public.  Go skiing by train — Buy a snow'n'rail ticket (train & skipass) at the Hauptbahnhof during winter months, train out in morning, back in evening. Flumserberg is the closest large ski-resort, popular with people from Zurich, with a

good range of runs for beginners and experts. Retreat to the right side of the resort if the rest gets busy.  Take a trip on the Zürichsee with one of the two old steam ships. There are a few different routes you can choose from, which will vary mainly in the distance. Or rent a small rowboat.  Go up Üetliberg , a hill overlooking Zurich. You can hike up, or take a train from the main station. Enjoy the 360 degree view from a tall viewing tower (not for vertigo sufferers!). This is also the start of the planetenweg (planetary walk), an 8 mile walk along the ridge with models of the planets along the way. These are scaled down in

true proportion to the solar system. To look at Zürich from the other hills, go to the Irchel (Tram station Milchbuck) or Käferberg (Bucheggplatz, walk up the hill and keep right of the forest).  Go club-hopping — Zürich has proportionately the largest number of clubs per capita in Europe. Pick up a free copy of the 20 Minuten (20 Minutes) paper and start exploring.  Go for a bike ride! You can get free bikes, skates or other fun transport at several stops throughout town. Beware though that biking within the city is only for the experienced, as trams and buses frequent the roads and tram tracks are a serious hazard to

inexperienced cyclists.  Go to a "Free Walk Tour Zurich" [49] around the downtown of Zurich (every day at 11:00, Saturday and Sunday also at 13:00, meeting point before UBS building at Paradeplatz) or Zurich West. They usually offer to try out Swiss food and take visitors to places with restricted access.  The Grossmünster sometimes has organ concerts in the evenings. Check the front door for notices.  Take a 45 min train ride to see the largest waterfall in Europe, the Rhine Falls . Take the train from the Zurich Airport or Zurich HB (central station) to either Winterthur then transfer trains to

Schloss Laufen (from April-Oct) or Schaffhausen then take the city bus #1 or #6 to Neuhausen Zentrum.

Events

 Streetparade , [50] — Currently the biggest open air techno rave in Europe. It happens one day each year on the second Saturday of August, during which trucks which function as mobile soundsystems ("Love mobiles") start driving along the lake side, starting from the east at Utoquai and ending at the west at Hafen Enge. Every year this event attracts nearly a million visitors who dance in the streets to the music which you can hear from anywhere in the city. After the

Streetparade the party doesn't stop, there are open air parties along the route until midnight and club parties at various locations in town until late the next day, to keep the party going. Don't be surprised if the city's cleanliness isn't up to its usual standard the next day.  Swiss national day, 1. August — Celebrations are carried out in many cities in the evenings and fireworks are launched at night. Watch them over the lake, or if you're experienced with safely launching fireworks yourself, you can buy them in the days leading up to the national holiday and have fun. The display over the Rheinfall, one hour away by S-

Bahn, is also extremely popular.  Züri Fäscht , which occurs every 3 years (last held 1-3rd July 2016, next 2019), is a weekend festival celebrating Zurich.  Sechseläuten , around mid-April, the guilds of Zürich celebrate their traditional spring festival with the burning of the snow man (Böögg). A procession of several hundreds of people with historical guild costumes and horses takes place in the centre of the town.  Rote Fabrik ( Red Factory ), [51] . An old silk factory converted to a centre of youth culture and art in the 1980s. The Red Factory became one of the most exciting

Shows and Theatre

parts of cultural life. An artist’s coop, a couple of kilometres south, form along the west bank of Lake Zurich. They have a variety of events, including music, film and theatre.  Theater am Neumarkt , Neumarkt 5, [52] . Closed summer. Closer to the city centre.  Schauspielhaus , Schauspielhaus Pfauen, Rämistrasse 34, 8001 Zürich ( Tram stop Kunsthaus ), ☎ +41 44 258 77 77, [53] . Zurich's Schauspielhaus is one of the most important theatres in the German speaking part of Europe. The Schauspielhaus has several locations, the most important one being the Pfauen. Students can get cheap last minute tickets (10

minutes before the show) if they show their student ID.  Opernhaus , Falkenstrasse 1, CH- 8008 Zurich ( Tram stop Opernhaus, or take the S-train to Stadelhofen ), ☎ +41 44 268 64 00, [54] . The Zurich Opera house Schauspielhaus, students get a big last-minute discount. The best seats cost 45 CHF for students.  Cinema Arthouse Le Paris ( Arthouse Le Paris ), Gottfriedkellerstrasse 1, CH- 8001 Zurich ( Tram stop Stadelhofen, or take the S-train to Stadelhofen ), ☎ +41 44 250 55 00, [55] . Frequently changing Arthouse Movies, shows frequently changing productions of world famous operas. As with the

students get a discount.

Learn

 ETH Zürich ( Federal Institute of Technology aka Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule , ETHZ) [56] with about 18,000 students from over 100 different countries regularly appears at the top of international rankings as one of the best universities in the world. 21 Nobel Laureates have studied, taught or conducted research at ETH Zurich, underlining the excellent reputation of the institute.  University of Zurich , [57] (UZH) with its 26,000 enrolled students is Switzerland's largest university. Founded in the year 1833, UZH was Europe's first university to be

Zurich - Switzerland.

established by a democratic political system; today, UZH is one of the foremost universities in the German-speaking world. 12 Nobel Laureates have studied, taught or conducted research at Univerity of Zurich.

 The Zürcher Fachhochschule (ZFH), which puts the emphasis

very much on acquiring practical skills, is made up of the Zürich Pedagogical University [58] (PHZH), the Zürich University of Applied Sciences [59] (ZHAW), the Zürich University of the Arts [60] (ZHdK) and the Zürich University of Applied Sciences in Business Administration [61] (HWZ). It has over 14,000 students who can choose between full-time and sandwich Bachelor's and Master's courses in various studies.  Cutting-edge research in Zürich is not just carried out at the ETH, the University or the technical colleges – the whole economic area is like a densely populated yet organically developed science

park. Private research centres such as the multiple Nobel Prize- winning IBM Research Laboratory [62] , Google's European research centre and the Disney Research Lab [63] have also made their home in Zürich

Work

Switzerland has a very strict labor market. You will need a work permission visa and promotion from an employer. For citizens of the EU-25 countries the bilateral agreements makes it easier to gain a temporary work permit typically for 5 years that is renewable if you have worked. Often a 1 year permit is issued to EU applicants; as such candidates

can repeatedly renew even these 1 year permits. Legally, EU applicants have the same status as Swiss applicants when applying for jobs (employer does not need to justify hiring them, and must hire them in preference to non-EU/non- Swiss applicants if skills are equivalent). For all other citizenships you need a company behind you and you must have skills that are rare in the Swiss (or EU!) labor market. Working without permission can lead to a night in prison and deportation depending on you and the agreement with your home country.

Buy

For shopping in Zürich there are three different areas in the centre:

 Bahnhofstrasse , which runs from the Zürich Train Main station "Hauptbahnhof" right down to the lake. Bahnhofsstrasse is famous for being one of the most exclusive and expensive shopping streets in the world. Here you can get anything from diamond rings to chocolate to fur coats. Globus and Jelmoli are two fiercely competitive department stores, both of whom carry items from many high-end brands.  Niederdorf , which is the Old Part of Zurich and expands from "Bellevue" by the Lake right to "Central" which is just over the River from the train station. The Niederdorf is more for young people. Aside from a lot of fast food places you will find a lot of trendy clothes stores here.

 Löwenstrasse , which runs west of Bahnhofstrasse from the main train station, has lower range shops and a large branch of Migros, a department store chain. You may be disappointed to know that most of the cheap watches and clocks in Switzerland are imported from China and Japan for their cheap quartz movements (including most of the wall clocks and alarm clocks sold at department stores, for example). Don't purchase a "Migros Budget" clock for 8CHF thinking it is a Swiss clock! Nevertheless, real Swiss- made clocks are still well-known for their quality and reliability, and intricate mechanics. The following are true Swiss- made watches: Swiss clocks and watches

 Swatch , possibly your best bet for a "cheap" Swiss watch (40- 100CHF) and perhaps better suited for the younger generation. Available in their stores on Bahnhofstrasse and various other locations, or in department stores.  M-Watch , based on both Mondaine and Migros and available in Migros Electronics stores such as the one on the 2nd floor of the Lowenplatz location. Also relatively inexpensive (40-100CHF). Do not confuse this with "M-Budget" which is an imported cheap watch.  Mondaine is known for their use of the famous SBB railway clock face. You can buy a replica of the SBB clock as a watch or a wall clock in

most major railway stations, among other locations. However, you should note that most of them do not replicate the hallmark smooth movement of the second hand for 58.5 seconds followed by the 1.5 second pause that is characteristic of real SBB railway clocks, but they do replicate the clock face. They are quartz, and the price may seem a little inflated to you (130- 180CHF). The vast majority of SBB railway clocks are actually produced by Mobatime (Moser-Baer AG), not Mondaine, even though Mondaine's name appears on some of the larger clocks such as the Treffpunkt in Zurich HB. Mondaine's wall and desk clocks, however, are only of "Swiss design" and are

manufactured in China and Taiwan.  Mid-range brands (100- 500CHF) can be found at clock and watch stores throughout the city. Just walk in and have a look if you're interested. The upmarket Globus department store near the railway station also has a good selection.  Upper-end watches and clocks , such as Rolex, are also sold, but you should probably do more research into them than you can find here. If you just want to stare at some of the most expensive watches for sale, take a look at the Bucherer store window at Bahnhofstrasse and see what a 25,000CHF watch looks like.

Swiss chocolate

Brands

 Frey [64] is the number one in the Swiss Chocolate market and is mainly sold in Migros supermarkets. It is offering a premium quality for a customer friendly price. Having a market share of almost 35% it is well established in the market. It is 100% Swiss and produces as one of the few Swiss manufacturers from bean to bar. It also is present in more than 60 export markets on all five continents. In export it is besides the Frey branded chocolates very often also available under Private Label offers such as those from Marks & Spencer, Loblaw, Tesco, Coles, Woolworths and many more. Chocolat Frey is

accessible by taking S-Bahn line S3 to Aarau (42 min) and then the local bus number 1 to the stop "Industrie" (8 min). At Easter 2014 Chocolat Frey opened its new visitor centre which takes you on an interactive journey through chocolate (open from Tuesday to Sunday, 10:00 am - 5:00 pm, groups of 10 or more are asked to register).  Lindt is available at the Coop and other supermarkets besides Migros for 2-2.50CHF, but Lindt chocolates are also sold at the factory store [65] , which is accessible by taking the S-Bahn S8 to Kilchberg (12 min) and then bus 163 to the stop "Lindt & Sprüngli" (2-3 min). Hours are limited (M-F 9AM-5PM). The factory store prices are somewhat lower

than supermarket prices (on the order of 10-20%), but there are some sale items, including factory rejects (for underweight chocolates, improper packaging, or filling showing through) that are sold for roughly half-price. The Lindt factory used to offer tours and free samples, but this is no longer the case. The larger Coop supermarkets carry many brands, including Lindt , Camille Bloch , Goldkenn , and others, including all sorts of alcohol- filled chocolates.

Confectioneries

 Teuscher [66] — An upscale confiserie that specializes in truffles. There are three stores in Zürich: Bahnhofstrasse 46,  Storchengasse

Zurich - Switzerland.

9 and Jelmoli Department Store.  Sprüngli — A Zurich institution that offers a variety of sweet and savory goodies including a wide variety of chocolates, from hand- made truffles to special chocolate bars. There are locations throughout the city, including Bahnhofstrasse and

inside Zurich HB. Some specialities include the Luxemburgerli, a sort of soft macaroon resembling a hamburger in looks but is actually completely pastry and cream, and comes in a variety of flavors; the Truffe du Jour, a chocolate truffle that is made daily from raw cream and is meant to be consumed immediately; and the extraordinary Grand Cru Sauvage truffle, made from wild cacao beans from Bolivia. Most items are rather pricey but worth it. The flagship store on the Paradeplatz is a very popular spot for breakfast, lunch and afternoon tea. Try their berry- filled muesli, it's like no other muesli you've ever had. There are two handy stores at the Kloten airport for last-minute

gifts to bring home.  St. Jakobs Confiserie , Badenerstrasse 41, [67] . The background organization,

Behindertenwerk St. Jacob, aims at providing jobs for disabled people.

Swiss handcrafts

 Schweizer Heimatwerk , Uraniastr 1 ( on the Limmat river ), [68] . Also branches in the Hauptbahnhof (main station), airport, and Rennweg 14 in the Bellevue area. Quality Swiss handcrafts and other Swiss- made products presented in a gallery-like setting. You won't find many cuckoo clocks and the like here (cuckoo clocks are not really Swiss, they are from the Black Forest (Schwarzwald) in Germany!),

the emphasis is on real traditional crafts and the work of modern craftspeople. You will find things like sleek modern hand-blown glassware and beautiful hand- carved wooden items from the Appenzell region. A worthwhile visit even if you just browse.  Coop City in Bahnhofstrasse sells the Victorinox line at uninflated prices, although you won't get additional features such as customized faceplates or engraving. Many other department stores also sell them.  Any cutlery shop will probably carry both Victorinox and Wenger lines of products. However, do make sure

Swiss army knives

they are not inflating the price. For example, a SwissChamp (possibly the most popular model) should cost around 78CHF.

Markets

 Flohmarkt Bürkliplatz (Fleamarket) , Bürkliplatz ( in the Bellevue area near the Stadelhofen station ). May-Oct Sa 6AM-3:30PM. Fairly relaxed yet large flea market with many interesting stalls.  Flohmarkt Kanzlei (Fleamarket) , Helvetiaplatz, [69] . Open Sa 8AM- 4PM. A big flea market that hosts up to 400 stalls on busy days.

Other

 Pastorini Spielzeug , Weinplatz 3 ( near the river ). A high-end toy

store.  Orell Füssli the Bookshop , Bahnhofstrasse 62. An English language bookstore.

Eat

The quintessential Zürich dish is Zürigeschnätzlets , chopped veal in a cream and wine sauce, normally served with Rösti . Various kinds of grilled Würste (sausages, singular: Wurst ) are also popular. These are most often accompanied by boiled potatoes, or Rösti , a kind of hash- browns, just much better (boiled potatoes then grated, then pan fried in butter until crisp) or Chnöpfli (small noodle dumplings, in Germany called Spätzle ). In general many kind of different meat (veal, beef, pork, lamb and mutton,

chicken and other poultry meat, or even horse (considered to be very delicious and of high quality), and rabbit and venison during hunting season in autumn) you can find in many various dishes. In quality-aware restaurants they originate from a personally known, local source and are normally served with fresh, local and seasonal vegetables, besides standard side dishes. While Fondue (melted cheese in a central pot, dip bread into it) and Raclette (cheese melted in small portions, served with potatoes and pickles) are not really local to Zürich (they originally come from the western French-speaking Switzerland) and consumed by locals only during winter season, they are available at some restaurants aimed at tourists even in

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