pizzo native plant nursery_product guide_email FINAL

Pizzo Native Plant Nursery PRODUCT GUIDE 3rd Edition

Welcome to Pizzo Native Plant Nursery, LLC!

Everyone should have a passion in life, and for me it’s been to protect and restore our lands to their natural function, beauty, and value. That’s why I founded what I believe is the premier company focused on native plants. Please browse our catalog, send us your questions, or come out for tour. You will see that you have a knowledgeable and experienced partner in Pizzo.

I look forward to working with you.

Sincerely,

Jack Pizzo, rla , asla , icn

P.S. Come to our annual educational event in late June. Email us for details.

Give us a call to obtain a copy of Jack’s new book!

Our Mission “To better our communities through the cultivation, promotion, and trade of native plants.” Our Vision That native plants are used in all planting applications to enhance and restore our environment.

Contents

page

About Us

2

Who We Serve

3

People

4

Growing Practices & Sustainability Efforts

5

Inventory Availability

5

Delivery

5

How to Order

6

Pick Up

7

Contract Grows

7

Project Quotes

8

Guarantee

8

Pricing & Terms

9

Connect With Us

Products & Services

10

Why is it Important to Use Native Plants?

11

Our Plants

11

Labels

12

NativeScape Combo Kits

12

Green Roof Plants

12

Vegetables

13

Bare Root Material

13

Native Lawn Alternative – Buffalo Grass

14

Pizzo Superior Seed Mixes

17

Species Listing

32

Specialty Gardens

39 Resources

40 The Pizzo Companies

41 Visit the Nursery

Silphium laciniatum (Compass Plant)

ABOUT US

At Pizzo We Understand the Business of Ecology

Organizations We Support Barrington Area Conservation Trust (BACT) Chicago Center for Neighborhood Technology (CNT and CNT Energy) Chicago Wilderness Glencoe Friends of the Green Bay Trail Green Roofs for Healthy Cities (GRHC) Illinois Chapter of the American Society of Landscape Architects (ILASLA) Illinois Landscape Contractors Association (ILCA) MELA (Midwest Ecological Landscape Alliance) The Conservation Foundation Wild Ones

Pizzo Native Plant Nursery, a wholesale grower specializing in native plant plugs, is known as an established and reputable grower with over 25 years of ecological restoration science behind our product and services. Our nursery encompasses 40 acres of restored wetland and prairie habitat in the heart of farm country near Leland, Illinois, providing us with ready access to local eco-type seed from a diverse number of native plant species. Our production facilities include greenhouse space to allow for extended growing and targeted, date-specific delivery. We pride ourselves on strong customer relationships and deliver a superior quality product and customized service. Who We Serve • Landscape Contractors, Nurseries, and Re-wholesalers • Ecological Restoration Contractors • Landscape Architects and Landscape Designers • LEED™ & SITES™ Project Managers • Roofing Contractors • Federal, State, County, and Municipal Agencies; Metropolitan Sewerage Districts • General Contractors • Corporate and Residential Property Managers • Education and Health Care Institutions • Non-profit Organizations • Private Landowners

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Pizzo Native Plant Nursery | 3rd Edition Product Guide

People At Pizzo our work is our passion. Every day we are inspired by the protected natural area that surrounds our nursery and reminded that we contribute to repairing and improving our environment for the benefit of future generations. Our expert staff is ready to answer your questions and our entire nursery team is committed to providing the highest quality product along with flexible, personalized customer service. Backed by over 25 years of ecological restoration science, our staff can help you achieve success by sharing our technical expertise to develop species lists for sustainable, ecological landscapes.

Grace Koehler, Sales Manager 815.826.0566 direct line gracek@pizzonursery.com Kyle Banas, Nursery Manager

815.826.0495 direct line kyleb@pizzonursery.com

Contact Information Pizzo Native Plant Nursery, LLC

10729 Pine Road Leland, IL 60531 815.981.8000 main line 815.498.4406 fax www.pizzonursery.com

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Growing Practices & Sustainability Efforts

The process of growing native plants is not only cutting edge, but unique when compared to growing conventional landscape plants. At Pizzo Native Plant Nursery our expert growers execute the entire growing cycle from seed harvest to germination and then cultivation of our finished product. Along with imitating nature’s cycle for our production methods, here are a few more examples of our growing practices and sustainability efforts. For more in-depth information please visit the Resources page on our website. Spot Watering / Zone Irrigation To reduce water consumption and minimize run off, Pizzo Native Plant Nursery utilizes various watering techniques such as pulse irrigation with a state of the art system for precise and efficient watering. On-site Water Recycling Irrigation water is cleansed and recycled in our 15-acre wetland where it percolates to recharge our groundwater. This practice eliminates the use of all chemical applications and energy consuming filtration systems commonly used when water is captured in reservoirs. Plastics Recycling All nursery plastic is recycled or reused. We encourage you to return your plastic trays to us, please contact us for more information on this service. Fuel Consumption At Pizzo Native Plant Nursery we work with the seasons to cultivate plants, thus replacing man- made inputs with natural ones such as the sun’s radiant energy. Pizzo Companies’ sales vehicles are hybrids which boast 45-50 miles per gallon. Fertilizer Consumption Instead of inorganic fertilizers our potting media is inoculated with thousands of beneficial micro organisms. A long-term slow release fertilizer is used as needed.

Integrative Pest Management Solutions / Biological Controls An integrated pest management approach combined with best management practices is implemented at the nursery. Biological controls such as beneficial insects, bacterial Mycorrhizal Inoculant All plants are inoculated with over 15 different species of mycorrhizal fungi. This aids in decreasing moisture and fertilizer requirements while increasing plant vigor and pest resistance. Pollinator Insects Along with our pesticide-free landscape, several bee hives provide us with a delicious source of honey and improved seed production. Composting All organic waste produced by the nursery is composted on-site and used as a soil amendment on land improvement projects. nematodes, and fungal applications are used.

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Pizzo Native Plant Nursery | 3rd Edition Product Guide

Inventory Availability Visit our website at www.pizzonursery.com to view our real-time inventory availability listing, complete with customizable search functions per species and cultural information such as bloom color, height, soil conditions, and sun tolerance. Order forms are also available online to download, complete, and send to us directly. Don’t see what you are looking for? Contact us to inquire about future crops and contract grow options. Please contact us for pricing information. Annual price lists are available by request. Delivery Pizzo Nursery Trucks We ship our product on our own trucks or through a common carrier. Rates for Pizzo truck delivery: • Within 25 miles of our nursery: $50

How to Order By Phone Call us at 815.981.8000 or 815.826.0566 By Email gracek@pizzonursery.com By Fax 815.498.4406 By Mail

10729 Pine Road Leland, IL 60531

• 26 - 50 miles: $100 • 51 - 75 miles: $150 • 76 - 100 miles: $200

• Over 100 miles: quoted on an individual basis For deliveries within 100 miles please allow 48 – 72 hours for plants to arrive.

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Box Deliveries - Common Carrier For smaller orders, we ship individual boxes via a common carrier service. The shipping charge includes the carrier fee plus a box fee of $7.50 per box. Orders usually ship from our Leland facility within 24 - 48 hours from time of order. General

boxing guidelines are as follows: 3 flats per box for 50 or 72 cell 2 flats per box for 38 or 32 cell

For larger orders, boxes are stacked on pallets and shipped via LTL carrier for best rates. These options will be discussed with you based on the size of your order. To ensure the best quality it is important to remove plants from boxes immediately upon delivery. During periods of extreme temperatures we may advise that you delay shipment until conditions are more favorable. Pick Up Plant and seed orders may be picked up Monday through Friday, from 7 a.m. to 4 p.m. at our Leland, Illinois facility on Pine Road (see page 41 for directions). If you need to arrange a different time, please give us a call and we will do our best to accommodate you. If you are sending a driver, please be aware that his/her signature will act as an agreement that the order is complete and correct. We request 24-hour notice for a pick up order to be pulled and ready.

Coreopsis lanceolata (Sand Coreopsis)

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Pizzo Native Plant Nursery | 3rd Edition Product Guide

Contract Grows Whether you are looking for larger material for a landscape installation, plugs for a shift-up, green roof application, or want to be certain that your material will be ready in full at a specific time contract growing is the best option to achieve those needs. We offer contract grow services in our standard 38/32 cell tray sizes as well as 50 cell trays, 72 cell trays, quarts, 2 quarts, and gallon sizes. You may also see several species in our inventory availability in those sizes throughout the year. Contract grows require a 30% deposit at the time the order is booked. There are no cancellations on contract grows or premixed seed.

Project Quotes We can guide you through the process of interpreting job specifications, however, we generally do not provide services or assume the responsibility to calculate plan take-offs for estimating purposes. Plants quotes: Generally we can turn around your plant plug quotes within 24 hours. Seed quotes: Please allow at least 2-3 business days to turn around seed quotes. If faxing or emailing project quotes, please provide contact information including a phone number and email; a job name; and when the job is scheduled to be installed.

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Guarantee We guarantee that our plants are true to species, healthy, and hydrated upon leaving our nursery. However, we cannot control the treatment of the plants once they leave our site and do not guarantee their performance beyond our nursery. We provide genetic provenance origin of plants by county upon request. Pricing & Terms Pizzo Native Plant Nursery will honor quotes and pricing for 30 days. Prices are locked in for the calendar year at the time of the order. We sell all of our plugs in complete flats of 38, 32, 50, and 72 plugs. The minimum order is 1 full flat. Pizzo Native Plant Nursery accepts major credit cards, cash, checks, or terms. A 25% restocking fee is required for all cancelled orders. A finance charge of 2% per month will be assessed on all past due invoices. Contract grows require a 30% deposit at the time the order is booked. No cancellations on contract grows or premixed seed. Terms and prices are subject to change without notice. Please contact us for more specific information. Once a product is accepted and signed for a claim must be filed within 24 hours. Each claim will be reviewed on an individual basis. Please note any damage or losses to us immediately and we will work out a solution. For orders shipped on a Pizzo Native Plant Nursery truck, please let our driver know if you are not satisfied with the product and, if deemed necessary, return the product with the driver. We stand behind our product and will do our best to ensure customer satisfaction.

Iliamna remota (Kankakee Mallow)

Asclepias tuberosa (Butterflyweed)

Symphiotrichum novae-angliae (New England Aster)

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Pizzo Native Plant Nursery | 3rd Edition Product Guide

Connect With Us Online Newsletter

Be sure to keep in touch with Pizzo Native Plant Nursery throughout the year by sending us your email to receive our newsletters. The online newsletters include up to date information on our products, availability, special events, and promotional offers.

Pycnanthemum virginianum (Mountain Mint)

Facebook / LinkedIn “Like” us on our Facebook page!

We are searchable at Pizzo Native Plant Nursery on both social media websites. Become a part of our network and allow us to become part of yours! Visit our page to see more in depth photos and find additional information about our company, products, and services. Check often for news and updates, as well as information on various community and networking events.

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PRODUCTS & SERVICES

Why is it Important to Use Native Plants?

At Pizzo we are passionate about creating healthy eco-landscapes and have dedicated our careers to help others do the same. We believe planting natives is the right thing to do and will benefit future generations by preserving our valuable natural resources. We understand there are places and situations for non-native species in gardens and collections for enjoyment, however, our vision is for landscapes to contain a heavier percentage of native plant species. Why Native Plantings are Part of the Solution! Over the last two to three hundred years our landscape has changed dramatically from a vast interconnected ecosystem to a patchwork of remnant open space parcels surrounded by urbanization. This has resulted in flooding, eroded topsoil, and loss of habitat for important native insects and wildlife. Highly maintained unsustainable landscapes require harmful chemicals along with millions of gallons of water to keep them alive. On top of that, climate change has resulted in more frequent and intensive storm events which have placed greater constraints on our already overburdened stormwater infrastructure. Whether you are working on several acres or a typical suburban or city lot, we can help you develop a beautiful, dynamic, and interactive landscape that will reduce natural resource consumption and improve the health of your home, workplace, and community. Be part of the solution and call us to learn more about your role.

Macrochelys temminckii (Alligator Snapping Turtle)

By designing resilient landscapes with native plants, we provide solutions to some of these problems. These beautiful, ecologically balanced landscapes have numerous benefits: • Infiltration of stormwater • Improve surface and ground water quality • Stop erosion • Increase aesthetic value • Reduce landscape • Improve biodiversity • Increase game populations • Increase habitat size • Create educational and interpretive opportunities • Solve nuisance wildlife problems • Reduce heat island effect • Mitigate global climate change maintenance costs and the need for fertilizer, irrigation, and chemicals

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Pizzo Native Plant Nursery | 3rd Edition Product Guide

3.5”

3.25”

5”

5”

38 cell plug

32 cell plug

50 cell plug

72 cell plug

Our Plants We offer over 430 species of prairie, woodland, and wetland native plants. Our standard size is 38 cell plugs, however certain species are best grown in a 32 cell plug. We also contract grow in 50 or 72 cell plugs. Our plugs cell sizes measure as follows:

Labels Black and white identification labels are adhered to each flat displaying the 6-letter genus species code, common name, sun tolerance, and wetland indicator factor. Custom labeling is available upon request; please call us for a quote.

volume of 11.30 cu. in.

38 cell

2.25” x 5”

volume of 17.09 cu. in.

32 cell

2.63” x 3.5”

volume of 11.9 cu. in.

50 cell

2” x 5”

volume of 4.2 cu. in.

72 cell

1.63” x 3.25”

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NativeScape Combination Kits Our 38 or 32 cell flats can be mixed with 2 or 3 species of native plants to create a Sun, Shade, Butterfly, or Rain Garden. Each Kit will cover approximately 50 sf with plugs spaced 15” apart. This is perfect for smaller urban gardens or to diversify or convert conventional plantings into living habitats. Use our mix recommendations or customize your own mix. Green Roof Plants Native plants are very successful on both intensive and extensive green roofs. Choose plants from our inventory or inquire about a contract grow in any of our smaller plug sizes in either our standard nursery mix or engineered roof media. Pizzo Native Plant Nursery is available to provide horticultural consultation to help you specify or choose native plants for green roof applications. Consult with our Green Roof Specialist, accredited through Green Roofs for Healthy Cities, to assist with planning, creating species lists, and execution of your green roof project.

Chicago City Hall Roof

Vegetables In the spring, Pizzo Native Plant Nursery grows a variety of vegetables and herbs to create edible landscapes. Delivery and contract grow options are available. Visit www.pizzonursery.com or contact us for more information and a complete species listing.

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Pizzo Native Plant Nursery | 3rd Edition Product Guide

Bare Root Material Depending on the time of year, our nursery has the ability to source or harvest a variety of spring ephemerals, emergent, and submergent species as bare root stock. Please contact us for more information. Native Lawn Alternative - Buffalo Grass Buffalo Grass is a warm season, low- growing lawn alternative able to survive the cold climates of the north as well as the hot and dry climates of the south. Plugs are contract grown in either 38 or 72 cell tray sizes. Please contact us for pricing, as well as plug and seed installation rates.

Pizzo Residence, DeKalb County

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What Makes Our Seed Mixes So Special? Years of scientific expertise in the restoration ecology business have resulted in the development of the following seed mix specifications. Combined with responsible installation and stewardship practices, our seed mixes are developed for success. We highly recommend that each seed mix be supplemented with the recommended plug list provided on each specification sheet to add diversity, color, and resilience to the long-term health of your ecosystem. pizzo superior seed mixes These seed lists can double as plug species lists. Please visit our website for up-to-date annual seed lists and specifications along with the recommended plug species to install along with your seed. Pizzo’s Low Profile Prairie Seed Mix A diverse collection of shorter-profile prairie grass and wildflower species and is designed for sunny areas that remain mesic-dry for most of the growing season. Most of the species are 3’ or less and its attractiveness lies in the sequence of vibrant flower color throughout the seasons. Pizzo’s Tallgrass Prairie Seed Mix Composed of tall-profile grass and forb prairie species suited for sunny areas that remain mesic- dry for most of the growing season. Most of this mix includes a rich array of wildflowers that bloom from April through October and an element of added height that captures the diversity and aesthetic of the classic tallgrass prairie.

Liatris spicata (Marsh Blazing Star)

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Pizzo Native Plant Nursery | 3rd Edition Product Guide

Pizzo’s Economy Prairie Seed Mix The most economical way to establish an ecologically functional prairie while maintaining the high aesthetic value Pizzo is known for. This mix includes quick- establishing prairie species for a more immediate naturalized setting in sunny areas that remain mesic-dry for the most of the growing season. Pizzo’s Dry Bottom Detention Basin Mix This medium height sun prairie species mix is great for plantings in dry-bottom detention basins, detention basin slopes, dry bottom bioswales, large rain gardens, and open floodplains that flood for periods of time ranging from 24-48 hours but remain mesic-dry for the remainder of the season. Pizzo’s Dune, Sand, and Hill Prairie Seed Mix A mix of species typically associated with highly specialized ecosystems such as sand prairies, hill prairies, and dune ecosystems of Lake Michigan including Black Oak savannas. Because of its application it can be customized for your

needs but overall is suited for sunny areas with sandy soils that remain dry for most of the growing season.

Pizzo’s Savanna Seed Mix A mix designed for areas with scattered native trees (typically 5-7 trees/acre) that provide light-part shade and have soils that remain mesic-dry for most of the growing season. This mix will help establish a historic, native, short to medium ground matrix re-creating the picturesque open tree savannas that were so heavily sought after by the pioneers as they made their way west. Pizzo’s Woodland Seed Mix Designed for areas with moderate-dense native tree populations (10+ trees/acre) that have a mostly closed canopy and a light-moderate understory tree/shrub layer providing part-full shade and that have soils which remain mesic for most of the growing season. This short-medium height species mix will establish a diverse herbaceous understory that provides habitat and a fuel source for conducting regular prescribed fire.

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Pizzo’s Wooded Floodplain Seed Mix Designed for areas with moderate-dense native tree populations (10+ trees/acre) that have a mostly closed canopy and a light-moderate understory tree/shrub layer providing part-full shade and that flood periodically for short periods of time ranging from 24-48 hours, but remain wet-mesic for most of the growing season. This medium-tall height species mix will establish an herbaceous understory providing erosion control, habitat, and a fuel source for conducting regular prescribed fire. Pizzo’s Wet-Mesic Prairie Seed Mix Designed for sunny areas that are moist to fairly wet without drying out completely. Certain species in this mix can take consistently saturated soils. Selected species tend to vary in height but all prefer to be in sunny areas. Pizzo’s Wetland Seed Mix Designed for consistently saturated soil that does not dry out or areas with shallow standing water (up to 2” of consistent water depth). In addition to the traditional wetland application, this short-medium profile mix is also ideal for use directly adjacent to the water line of pond and stream shorelines where the soil remains saturated and the water level consistently fluctuates 1-2”. To compliment the dark green sedge and sedge-like species are an array of wildflowers which bloom from April through October.

Pizzo’s Emergent Seed Mix Ideal for shallow water wetlands 2” to 6” deep and within the emergent zone of a pond or stream shoreline. The mix is mainly comprised of sedges which allow for a dark green aesthetic complimented by wildflowers which provide an array of blooms from May through October. This mix must be planted prior to establishing normal water levels, or the water body must be drained in order to expose the soil prior to seeding. We recommend installing a temporary erosion control blanket over newly seeded areas. maintenance turf grass. This cultivar is designed to survive in colder climates and unlike traditional high-maintenance turf grass, Buffalo Grass is a slow grower reaching a maximum height of 4-8” requiring little or no mowing or water. A warm-season grass that will go dormant (turns golden brown) in the fall and takes approximately a month longer to green-up in the spring when compared to traditional turf grass. Transitional Buffer This specialized mix is designed as a short-grass native planting that can be installed between low, flat areas such as turf and sidewalks and functions as a structural border for the taller, more diverse prairie areas. Designed for easy maintenance, while providing year round aesthetic. Available in both a mesic to wet mix as well as dry to mesic mix. Buffalo Grass Lawn (Dry-Mesic) An alternative to traditional high-

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Pizzo Native Plant Nursery | 3rd Edition Product Guide

species listing

Sun Tolerance

Height (Mean)

Bloom Color

Bloom Time

Soil Conditions Soil Type Wetland Indicator

Botanical Name (Synonym)

Common Name

Ferns

Savanna/ Woodland Savanna/ Woodland

Adiantum pedatum

Northern Maidenhair

1-2' (1.5')

N/A

Summer

M

Loam/Sand

FACU

Clay/Loam/ Sand

Athyrium filix-femina

Lady Fern

1-3' (1')

N/A

N/A

WM-M

FAC

*Dennstaedtia punctilobula

Hay Scented Fern

Prairie/Savanna 1-2' (2')

N/A April-September

M-DM Loam/Sand

UPL

Savanna/ Woodland

Matteuccia struthiopteris

Ostrich Fern

3-6' (4')

N/A

April-June

W-M Loam/Sand

FACW

Clay/Loam/ Sand Clay/Loam/ Sand

Onoclea sensibilis

Sensitive Fern

Tolerates All

1-2' (1')

N/A

September

W-WM

FACW

Savanna/ Woodland

Osmunda cinnamomea

Cinnamon Fern

2-4' (4')

N/A

June-August

WM

FACW

Osmunda claytoniana

Interrupted Fern

Tolerates All

3-5' (4')

N/A

N/A

M

Loam/Sand

FAC+

Savanna/ Woodland Savanna/ Woodland

Clay/Loam/ Sand

Osmunda regalis

Royal Fern

2-5' (3')

N/A

June-August

W-WM

OBL

Polystichum acrostichoides

Christmas Fern

1.5-2.5' (2')

N/A

N/A

M-D

Loam/Sand

TBD

Forbs

Clay/Loam/ Sand

Acorus calamus

Sweet Flag

Prairie

1-3' (2')

Green

May-July

W-WM

OBL

Actaea pachypoda

Doll's Eyes

Savanna

1-3' (2')

White

Spring

WM-M

Loam

FACU

Loam/Sand/ Gravel Clay/Loam/ Gravel

FACW

Agalinis tenuifolia

Slender Gerardia

Prairie/Savanna 1-2' (2')

Lavender

August-October

WM-D

*Agastache foeniculum

Anise Hyssop

Prairie/Savanna 2-5' (3')

Violet

June-September

M-DM

TBD

Agastache nepetoides

Yellow Giant Hyssop

Prairie/Savanna 4-6' (6')

White July-September

WM-DM Loam

FACW

Agastache scrophulariifolia

Purple Giant Hyssop

Prairie/Savanna 5-7' (6')

Violet

July-October

WM-DM Loam/Sand

UPL

Alisma subcordatum

Mud Plantain

Prairie

1-3' (3')

White June-September

W Clay/Loam/Peat

OBL

Allium canadense

Wild Garlic

Tolerates All

1-2' (1.5')

Pink

May-July

WM-D

Loam

FACU

Clay/Loam/ Sand

Allium cernuum

Nodding Wild Onion

Prairie/Savanna 1-2' (1.5')

Lavender

July-August

WM-DM

FAC-

*Allium schoenoprasum

Wild Chives

Prairie

1-1.5' (1.5')

Violet

April-May

M

Loam/Sand

FAC+

Allium stellatum

Prairie Onion

Prairie/Savanna .5-2' (1.5')

Lavender

July-August

M-D

Loam/Sand

UPL

Savanna/ Woodland

Clay/Loam/ Peat/Sand

Allium tricoccum

Wild Leek

6-12" (8")

White

June-August

WM-DM

FACU+

*Amsonia illustris

Ozark Bluestar

Savanna

2-4' (3')

Blue

April-May

WM-M Loam/Sand

FACW+

Clay/Loam/ Sand

*Amsonia tabernaemontana

Eastern Bluestar

Savanna

2-4' (3')

Blue

April-May

WM-M

FACW

Anemone canadensis

Canada Anemone

Prairie/Savanna 1-2' (1')

White

May-June

WM-M Loam/Sand

FACW

Clay/Loam/ Peat/Sand

Anemone cylindrica

Candle Anemone

Prairie/Savanna 1-3' (2')

White

June-July

M-D

UPL

OBL : Almost always occur in wetlands FACW: Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands FAC : Occur in wetlands and non-wetlands FACU : Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands

UPL : Almost never occur in wetlands TBD: To be determined

* Indicates non-local species W: Wet WM: Wet Mesic M: Mesic

DM: Dry Mesic D: Dry

+ Indicates a higher frequency to be found in wetlands - Indicates a lesser frequency of being found in wetlands

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Sun Tolerance

Height (Mean)

Bloom Color

Bloom Time

Soil Conditions Soil Type Wetland Indicator

Botanical Name (Synonym)

Common Name

Anemone virginiana

Tall Thimbleweed

Tolerates All

2-4' (3')

White

June-August

M-DM Loam/Sand

UPL

Clay/Loam/ Peat/Sand Clay/Loam/ Gravel

Angelica atropurpurea

Great Angelica

Prairie/Savanna 3-8' (7')

White

May-June

WM-M

OBL

Antennaria neglecta

Field Pussytoes

Prairie/Savanna 4-12" (6")

White

April-June

DM-D

UPL

*Antennaria parvifolia

Small-leaf Pussytoes

Prairie/Savanna up to 6"

White

July-October

D

Sand/Gravel

TBD

Clay/Loam/ Sand/Gravel

Antennaria plantaginifolia

Plantain-leaf Pussytoes

Prairie/Savanna up to 6"

White

April-June

DM-D

UPL

Aquilegia canadensis

Wild Columbine

Tolerates All

2-4' (2')

Red/Yellow April-June

M-D

Loam/Sand

FAC-

Savanna/ Woodland

Clay/Loam/ Sand

Aralia racemosa

American Spikenard

3-6' (4')

White

Summer

W-M

FACU

Arisaema dracontium

Green Dragon

Prairie/Savanna 1-3' (3')

Green

May-June

WM-M Loam/Sand

FACW

Savanna/ Woodland

Clay/Loam/ Sand Loam/Sand/ Gravel

Arisaema triphyllum

Jack-in-the-Pulpit

1-3' (2')

Green

April-July

WM-DM

FACW-

Arnoglossum atriplicifolium (Cacalia atriplicifolia) Arnoglossum plantagineum (Cacalia plantaginea)

Pale Indian Plantain

Prairie/Savanna 4-8' (7')

White June-September

M-DM

UPL

Prairie Indian Plantain

Prairie

3-5' (4')

White

June-July

WM-M

Loam

FAC

Artemisia campestris subsp. caudata (Artemisia caudata)

Loam/Sand

UPL

Beach Wormwood

Prairie/Savanna 1.5-3.5' (2')

Green August-October

D

Clay/Loam/ Sand

Asarum canadense

Wild Ginger

Woodland

4-8" (6")

Red

April-June

WM-DM

UPL

Asclepias amplexicaulis

Clasping Milkweed

Prairie/Savanna 2-4' (3')

Pink

May-June

D

Sand

TBD

Savanna/ Woodland

Asclepias exaltata

Poke Milkweed

4-6' (5')

White

June-July

M-DM Loam/Sand

UPL

Clay/Loam/ Sand

Asclepias hirtella

Tall Green Milkweed

Prairie/Savanna 3-5' (4')

White

June-August

WM-D

UPL

August- September

Asclepias incarnata

Swamp Milkweed

Prairie

3-6' (4')

Pink

W-M Loam/Sand

OBL

Asclepias purpurascens

Purple Milkweed

Prairie/Savanna 2-4' (3')

Violet

June-July

WM-DM Clay/Loam FACU

Asclepias sullivantii

Prairie Milkweed

Prairie

2-5' (3')

Pink

June-August

WM-M Clay/Loam UPL

Clay/Loam/ Peat/Sand

Asclepias syriaca

Common Milkweed

Prairie

2-5' (3')

Lavender

June-August

WM-D

UPL

Asclepias tuberosa

Butterflyweed

Prairie/Savanna 1-3.5' (2')

Orange

June-August

M-D

Loam/Sand

UPL

Asclepias verticillata

Whorled Milkweed

Prairie/Savanna 1-2' (2')

White June-September

M-D

Sand

UPL

Asclepias viridiflora

Short Green Milkweed

Prairie/Savanna 1-3' (1')

Green

July

DM-D Sand/Gravel

UPL

Clay/Loam/ Sand

Asclepias viridis

Green Antelopehorn

Prairie/Savanna 1.5-2.5 (1')

Green

May-June

DM-D

TBD

Astragalus canadensis

Canadian Milk Vetch

Prairie/Savanna 2-4' (3')

White

June-August

WM-DM Loam/Sand

FAC+

Clay/Loam/ Sand/Gravel Clay/Loam/ Sand

Baptisia alba (Baptisia leucantha)

FACU+

White Wild Indigo

Prairie/Savanna 2-5' (4')

White

June-July

WM-D

*Baptisia australis

Blue Wild Indigo

Prairie/Savanna 3-6' (4')

Blue

May-July

WM-M

UPL

Baptisia bracteata (Baptisia leucophaea)

Cream Wild Indigo

Prairie/Savanna 1-3' (2')

White

May-June

M-D

Loam/Sand

UPL

Clay/Loam/ Peat/Sand

Bidens cernua

Nodding Bur-Marigold

Prairie

2-4' (3')

Yellow June-September

W-WM

OBL

OBL : Almost always occur in wetlands FACW: Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands FAC : Occur in wetlands and non-wetlands FACU : Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands

UPL : Almost never occur in wetlands TBD: To be determined

* Indicates non-local species W: Wet WM: Wet Mesic M: Mesic

DM: Dry Mesic D: Dry

+ Indicates a higher frequency to be found in wetlands - Indicates a lesser frequency of being found in wetlands

18

Pizzo Native Plant Nursery | 3rd Edition Product Guide

Sun Tolerance

Height (Mean)

Bloom Color

Bloom Time

Soil Conditions Soil Type Wetland Indicator

Botanical Name (Synonym)

Common Name

Clay/Loam/ Peat/Sand Clay/Loam/ Sand

Blephilia ciliata

Downy Wood Mint

Prairie/Savanna 1-3' (1')

Lavender

June-July

M-D

UPL

Savanna/ Woodland

Blephilia hirsuta

Hairy Wood Mint

2-4' (3')

White June-September

WM-M

FACU-

Boltonia asteroides var. recognita (Boltonia latisquama var. asteroides)

False Aster

Prairie/Savanna 2-5' (3')

White August-October

W-WM Clay/Loam/Peat

FACW

Boltonia decurrens

Decurrent False Aster

Prairie

5-8' (7')

White August-October

W-WM Loam/Sand

TBD

Brickellia eupatorioides (Kuhnia eupatorioides)

August- September

False Boneset

Prairie/Savanna 1-4' (3')

White

DM-D

Loam/Sand

UPL

Clay/Loam/ Sand Clay/Sand/ Gravel Clay/Loam/ Sand

*Callirhoe involucrata

Purple Poppy Mallow

Prairie

6-8" (6")

Pink

June-August

DM-D

UPL

Caltha palustris

Marsh Marigold

Tolerates All

1-3' (2')

Yellow April-June

W-WM

OBL

Camassia scilloides

Wild Hyacinth

Prairie/Savanna 1-2' (12')

Blue

May-June

WM-DM

FAC+

Savanna/ Woodland

Campanula americana

Tall Bellflower

3-6' (5')

Blue

July-October

WM-DM Loam/Sand

FAC

Campanula rotundifolia

Harebell

Prairie/Savanna 8-12" (12")

Violet

June-September

DM-D

Loam/Sand

FACU

Castilleja coccinea

Indian Paintbrush

Prairie/Savanna 1-2' (2')

Red/Yellow May-June

WM-DM Sand

FAC

Caulophyllum thalictroides

Blue Cohosh

Prairie/Savanna 1-3' (2')

Green

April-May

WM-M Clay/Loam UPL

Chamaecrista fasciculata (Cassia fasciculata)

Partridge Pea

Prairie/Savanna 1-3' (2')

N/A July-September

M-D

Loam/Sand

FACU-

Clay/Loam/ Sand Clay/Loam/ Sand Loam/Peat/ Sand

Chelone glabra

White Turtlehead

Prairie

3-6' (5')

White June-September

W-WM

OBL

*Chelone obliqua

Pink Turtlehead

Savanna

1-3' (3')

Pink

June-September

WM-M

TBD

Cicuta maculata

Water Hemlock

Prairie/Savanna 3-6' (6')

White June-September

W-WM

OBL

Claytonia virginica

Spring Beauty

Woodland

up to 6"

Pink

April

M

Loam/Sand

FACU

Comandra umbellata

Bastard Toadflax

Prairie/Savanna 6-18" (12")

Green

May-July

M-DM Loam/Gravel

FACU

Coreopsis lanceolata

Sand Coreopsis

Prairie

1.5-3' (2')

Yellow May-August

DM-D

Clay/Loam FACU

Coreopsis palmata

Prairie Coreopsis

Prairie/Savanna 1-2.5' (2')

Yellow June-August

M-D

Loam/Sand

UPL

Loam/Sand/ Gravel Clay/Loam/ Sand

Coreopsis tripteris

Tall Coreopsis

Prairie/Savanna 4-8' (7')

Yellow July-October

WM-DM

FAC

Dalea candida

White Prairie Clover

Prairie/Savanna 1-2.5' (2')

White June-September

M-D

UPL

Dalea foliosa

Leafy Prairie Clover

Prairie/Savanna 1-2' (2')

Violet

June-September

M-D

Loam/Gravel

UPL

Dalea purpurea

Purple Prairie Clover

Prairie/Savanna 1.5-3' (2')

Violet

June-September

M-D

Loam/Sand

UPL

*Dalea villosa

Silky Prairie Clover

Prairie/Savanna 1-2' (2')

Violet

July-August

D

Sand

UPL

Clay/Loam/ Sand

Decodon verticillatus

Swamp Loosestrife

Prairie/Savanna 2-4' (3')

Lavender

July-September

WM-M

OBL

Dentaria laciniata

Cut-leaf Toothwort

Woodland 4-12" (12")

Pink

April-May

WM-M Loam/Sand

FACU

Desmanthus illinoensis

Illinois Bundle Flower

Prairie

2-5' (5')

White

July-August

M-D

Loam/Sand

UPL

Clay/Loam/ Sand

Desmodium canadense

Showy Tick Trefoil

Prairie/Savanna 3-6' (5')

Lavender

July-August

WM-DM

FAC-

OBL : Almost always occur in wetlands FACW: Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands FAC : Occur in wetlands and non-wetlands FACU : Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands

UPL : Almost never occur in wetlands TBD: To be determined

* Indicates non-local species W: Wet WM: Wet Mesic M: Mesic

DM: Dry Mesic D: Dry

+ Indicates a higher frequency to be found in wetlands - Indicates a lesser frequency of being found in wetlands

Pizzo Native Plant Nursery | 3rd Edition Product Guide

19

Sun Tolerance

Height (Mean)

Bloom Color

Bloom Time

Soil Conditions Soil Type Wetland Indicator

Botanical Name (Synonym)

Common Name

Desmodium illinoense

Illinois Tick Trefoil

Prairie/Savanna 3-6' (6')

Lavender

July-August

DM-D

Clay/Loam UPL

Loam/Sand/ Gravel Clay/Loam/ Sand Clay/Loam/ Peat/Sand Clay/Loam/ Sand Clay/Loam/ Sand Clay/Loam/ Sand Clay/Loam/ Sand

Dicentra cucullaria

Dutchman's Breeches

Woodland 6-12" (12")

White

April-May

WM-M

UPL

Dodecatheon meadia

Midland Shooting Star

Prairie/Savanna 1-2' (1')

White/Lavender April-June

WM-DM

FACU

Doellingeria umbellata (Aster umbellatus)

Flat-topped Aster

Prairie/Savanna 2-5' (5')

White June-September

W-M

FACW

Echinacea pallida

Pale Purple Coneflower

Prairie/Savanna 2-4' (3')

Lavender

June-July

M-D

UPL

*Echinacea paradoxa

Bush's Coneflower

Prairie/Savanna 2-4' (3')

Yellow June-August

M-D

OBL

Echinacea purpurea

Purple Coneflower

Prairie/Savanna 2-5' (4')

Violet

June-September

WM-DM

UPL

Epilobium angustifolium

Fireweed

Prairie/Savanna 3-7' (4')

Pink

July-August

WM-DM

FAC

Erigeron pulchellus

Robin's Plantain

Savanna

.5-2' (1')

White

Arpil-June

M-D

Loam/Sand

FACU

Clay/Loam/ Sand/Gravel

Eryngium yuccifolium

Rattlesnake Master

Prairie

2-5' (4')

White June-September

WM-DM

FAC+

Erythronium albidum

White Trout Lily

Savanna

4-8" (6")

White

April-May

WM-M Loam/Sand

UPL

Erythronium americanum

Yellow Trout Lily

Savanna

4-12" (12")

Yellow April-May

WM-M Loam/Sand

TBD

September- October

Clay/Loam/ Sand Clay/Loam/ Sand Loam/Peat/ Sand Clay/Loam/ Sand Clay/Loam/ Sand/Gravel

Blue Mist Flower

Prairie/Savanna 1.5-3' (2')

Blue

WM-DM

FAC+

Eupatorium coelestinum

Eupatorium fistulosum

Hollow Joe-Pye Weed

Prairie/Savanna 5-8' (7')

Lavender

July-September

WM-M

OBL

Eupatorium perfoliatum

Common Boneset

Prairie/Savanna 3-6' (4')

White June-September

W-WM

FACW+

Eupatorium rugosum

White Snakeroot

Woodland

2-4' (2')

White

July-October

WM-DM

FACU

Euphorbia corollata

Flowering Spurge

Prairie/Savanna 1-4' (3')

White

June-August

M-D

UPL

Eurybia macrophylla (Aster macrophyllus) Euthamia graminifolia (Solidago graminifolia) Eutrochium maculatum (Eupatorium maculatum) Eutrochium purpureum (Eupatorium purpureum)

Savanna/ Woodland

Big-leaved Aster

1-2' (1')

White August-October

WM-D Loam/Sand

UPL

Grass-leaved Goldenrod

Prairie/Savanna 2-3' (2')

Yellow June-September

W-D Clay/Loam/Peat

FACW-

Spotted Joe-Pye Weed

Prairie/Savanna 4-7' (5')

Pink

June-August

W-WM Loam/Sand

OBL

Savanna/ Woodland

Loam/Peat/ Sand Clay/Loam/ Sand Clay/Loam/ Sand

Sweet Joe-Pye Weed

5-8' (7')

Pink

June-September

WM-DM

UPL

Filipendula rubra

Queen of the Prairie

Prairie

4-6' (5')

Pink

June-August

W-WM

FACW+

Fragaria virginiana

Wild Strawberry

Tolerates All

4-8" (6")

White

April-June

WM-D

FAC-

Galium boreale

Northern Bedstraw

Prairie/Savanna 1.5-3' (2')

White

May-August

WM-DM Loam/Gravel

FAC

Clay/Loam/ Sand/Gravel Clay/Loam/ Sand

FACU-

Gaura biennis

Biennial Guara

Prairie/Savanna 4-6' (6')

Pink

July-October

WM-D

Gentiana andrewsii

Bottle Gentian

Prairie/Savanna 1-3' (2')

Blue

August-October

WM-M

FACW

Gentiana crinita

Fringed Gentian

Prairie

1-3' (1')

Blue

August-October

W-WM Loam/Sand

FACW+

August- September

Clay/Loam/ Sand/Gravel Clay/Loam/ Gravel

Gentiana flavida

Cream Gentian

Prairie/Savanna 2-4' (3')

White

WM-DM

FACU

Gentiana puberulenta

Downy Gentian

Prairie/Savanna 6"-2' (1')

Blue

August-October

M-D

UPL

OBL : Almost always occur in wetlands FACW: Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands FAC : Occur in wetlands and non-wetlands FACU : Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands

UPL : Almost never occur in wetlands TBD: To be determined

* Indicates non-local species W: Wet WM: Wet Mesic M: Mesic

DM: Dry Mesic D: Dry

+ Indicates a higher frequency to be found in wetlands - Indicates a lesser frequency of being found in wetlands

20

Pizzo Native Plant Nursery | 3rd Edition Product Guide

Sun Tolerance

Height (Mean)

Bloom Color

Bloom Time

Soil Conditions Soil Type Wetland Indicator

Botanical Name (Synonym)

Common Name

Loam/Peat/ Sand Clay/Loam/ Sand/Gravel Clay/Loam/ Sand

Geranium maculatum

Wild Geranium

Tolerates All

1-3' (2')

Lavender

April-July

M-DM

FACU

Geum laciniatum

Rough Avens

Savanna

1.5-3' (1.5')

White

May-June

WM-M

FACW

Geum triflorum

Prairie Smoke

Prairie/Savanna 6-12" (8")

Pink

April-June

WM-D

FACU-

Hasteola suaveolens (Cacalia suaveolens)

Sweet Indian Plantain

Prairie/Savanna 1-7' (4')

White June-September

W-WM

Loam

OBL

Helenium autumnale

Sneezeweed

Prairie/Savanna 2-5' (4')

Yellow August-October

W-WM Clay/Loam/Peat

FACW+

Helianthus divaricatus

Woodland Sunflower

Savanna

4-7' (5')

Yellow June-September

M-D

Loam/Sand

UPL

Clay/Loam/ Peat/Sand Clay/Sand/ Gravel

Helianthus grosseserratus

Saw-tooth Sunflower

Prairie/Savanna 6-10' (8')

Yellow August-October

WM-DM

FACW-

August- September

Helianthus mollis

Downy Sunflower

Prairie/Savanna 2-6' (5')

Yellow

M-DM

UPL

Helianthus occidentalis

Western Sunflower

Prairie/Savanna 2-4' (3')

Yellow June-September

M-D

Loam/Sand

FACU-

Helianthus pauciflorus (Helianthus rigidus)

Prairie Sunflower

Prairie/Savanna 3-6' (5')

Yellow June-September

DM-D

Loam/Sand

UPL

Clay/Loam/ Sand Clay/Loam/ Sand Clay/Loam/ Sand Clay/Loam/ Sand Clay/Loam/ Peat/Sand Clay/Loam/ Sand Clay/Loam/ Sand

Helianthus strumosus

Pale-leaved Sunflower

Prairie/Savanna 2-4' (3')

Yellow July-October

WM-DM

UPL

UPL

Heliopsis helianthoides

Early Sunflower

Prairie/Savanna 3-6' (5')

Yellow June-September

WM-DM

Hepatica acutiloba

Sharp-lobed Hepatica

Woodland

4-8" (6")

White

April

WM-DM

UPL

Heracleum maximum

Cow Parsnip

Tolerates All

4-9' (7')

White

June-July

WM-M

UPL

Heuchera richardsonii

Prairie Alumroot

Prairie/Savanna 1-3' (2')

White

May-July

WM-D

FAC-

Hibiscus laevis

Halberdleaf Rosemallow

Prairie

3-6' (5')

Pink

June-September

W-WM

OBL

Hibiscus moscheutos (Hibiscus palustris)

Swamp Rose Mallow

Prairie/Savanna 3-7' (5')

White June-September

W-WM

OBL

Savanna/ Woodland

Hydrophyllum virginianum

Virginia Waterleaf

1-3' (2')

Lavender

Spring

WM-M

Loam

FACW-

Clay/Loam/ Sand/Gravel

Hypericum punctatum

Dotted St. John's Wort

Prairie/Savanna 1.5-2.5' (2')

Yellow June-September

M-DM

FAC+

Hypericum pyramidatum

Great St. John's Wort

Prairie/Savanna 2-6' (6')

Yellow July-August

WM-M Clay/Loam FAC+

Loam/Sand/ Gravel Loam/Sand/ Gravel

Hypoxis hirsuta

Yellow Star Grass

Prairie/Savanna up to 6"

Yellow May-June

WM-DM

FAC

Iliamna remota

Kankakee Mallow

Prairie/Savanna 3-6' (5')

Pink

June-September

WM-M

UPL

Ionactis linariifolia (Aster linariifolius)

August- September

Flax-leaved Aster

Tolerates All

.5-1.5' (1')

Violet

M-D

Sand/Gravel

UPL

*Iris fulva

Copper Iris

Prairie/Savanna 2-3' (2')

Red

June

W-M Loam/Peat

OBL

Clay/Loam/ Sand

Iris virginica var. shrevei

Southern Blue Flag

Prairie/Savanna 2-4' (3')

Blue

May-July

W-M

OBL

Flase Rue Anemone

Woodland

6-12" (6")

White

April-June

WM-M Loam/Sand

UPL

Isopyrum biternatum

Justicia americana

American Water Willow

Prairie/Savanna 1-3' (2')

Lavender

July-September

W Loam/Sand

OBL

August- September

Lespedeza capitata

Round-headed Bush Clover

Prairie/Savanna 2-4' (4')

Green

M-D Clay/Loam/Peat

FACU

Lespedeza violacea

Violet Lespedeza

Prairie/Savanna 1-2' (2.5')

Pink

June-July

DM-D

Loam/Sand

TBD

OBL : Almost always occur in wetlands FACW: Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands FAC : Occur in wetlands and non-wetlands FACU : Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands

UPL : Almost never occur in wetlands TBD: To be determined

* Indicates non-local species W: Wet WM: Wet Mesic M: Mesic

DM: Dry Mesic D: Dry

+ Indicates a higher frequency to be found in wetlands - Indicates a lesser frequency of being found in wetlands

Pizzo Native Plant Nursery | 3rd Edition Product Guide

21

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