Alpha Tech Pet, Inc. - Distributor Support Binder (April 2013)

Alpha Tech Pet, Inc. 

800‐222‐5537

ALPHA TECH PET, INC. www.alphatechpet.com 119 Russell Street, Suite 21 • Littleton, MA. 01460 (978) 486-3690 • Fax: 486-3693

We’re the most well‐known provider of sanitation supplies to the animal care industry in the United States. 

We’ve been in business specializing in this area since 1989. 

Our owner is a veterinarian, who’s an entrepreneur continually developing environmentally friendly  solutions to enhance animal care facility sanitation awareness and effectiveness. 

We sell in both the ethical (veterinary) market, as well as in the OTC (non‐veterinary) animal care facility  industries (animal shelters, humane societies, boarding facilities, pet resorts, zoos, sea world, etc.).  We sell  directly, through distributors, and through buying groups of aggregate distributors. 

We sell our own products, as well as representing those of others who pass our own internal high level of  scrutiny for appropriateness to the industry. 

We provide unmatched customer service, and superior sanitation protocol awareness education. 

We know what we’re doing, we’ve been doing it a long time, and we do it very well.

Contents:

1. Sanitation Education 

2. Basic Sanitation Protocol  ‐ Products & Info

3. Enhanced Basic Sanitation Protocol – Products & Info

4. Intermediate Level Sanitation Protocol – Products & Info

5. Professional Level Sanitation Protocol – Products & Info

6. Enhanced Professional Sanitation Protocol – Products & Info

SANITATION EDUCATION

SANITATION PROGRAM ASSESSMENT TOOL (use our assessment tool to see how your facility ranks) 

BASIC * 

HSD (Hard Surface Disinfectant/Cleaners) only 

KennelSol + OdorPet 

ENHANCED BASIC  **  INTERMEDIATE  ***  PROFESSIONAL  ****  ENHANCED  PROFESSIONAL  ***** 

HSD + HLD (High Level Disinfectant) 

Lotus PRO Aqueous Ozone, Trifectant, Dispatch, Bleach 

HSD + HLD + Touch‐less Hand Sanitizers 

Purell & GOJO 

HSD + HLD + Touch‐less Hand Sanitizers + APS (Air  Handler and Air Treatment)  HSD + HLD + Touch‐less Hand Sanitizers + APS + LPLF  (Low Pressure Low Flow) chemical applicators (as  opposed to high pressure sprayers) & Touch‐less  Restrooms 

KennelSol APS (Chlorine Dioxide) treatment of air handlers  and facility air. 

Alpha HydroMAID  + Touch‐less Restroom conversion kits. 

Alpha Tech Pet is proud to be your expert in establishing a sanitation program tailored specifically for your needs; a program  that’s environmentally sensitive, superior in its efficacy, and maintains the highest standards of safety for animals under your  care and for your employees. 

          119 Russell Street ‐ Littleton, Massachusetts  01460     ∙     800‐222‐5537     ∙ www.alphatechpet.com

THE IDEAL DISINFECTANT  We’ve all heard the saying, “You can’t see the forest for the trees.”  When focusing too much on a single  detail, it can be difficult to accurately access the bigger picture.  For example, I would assume that for  the majority of those reading this article, the first thought that pops into the mind when thinking about  or evaluating a disinfectant is; “What does it kill?”  Now as appropriate as this question might be, can an  overemphasis upon a single disinfectant characteristic alone interfere with the ability to adequately  access its overall appropriateness?  I would suggest it most certainly does, and in fact is a major reason  for so many “supposed” disinfectant failures.  In this article I’m going to help you decipher and distill the  world of disinfectants into a manageable toolset for evaluating the various options available today.  In  the course of doing so, we’ll be reflecting upon, among other things, the following two major questions:  (1) Is there a bigger picture to look at for understanding the role disinfectants play in reducing  disease transmission in animal care facilities?  (2) What are the properties of an ideal disinfectant, and does such a disinfectant actually exist?  Understanding these questions will provide tools to easily and effectively evaluate the many disinfectant  choices available today.  You will then be able to better parse past and future conference  recommendations and marketing information into the raw materials necessary for decoding and  deciding what’s best for your own facility.  Is there a bigger picture to look at for understanding the role disinfectants play  in reducing disease transmission in animal care facilities?  As stereoscopic vision allows for depth perception, a proper understanding of environmental variables,  plus an understanding of the basic principles of disease transmission, are both important for  understanding disinfectants and their role as contributors to the bigger picture of combating disease  transmission.  Disinfectants by themselves are only part of the equation.  Having been a veterinarian for  29 years now, it still surprises me the number of times facility and practice managers continue to miss  the mark on these simple principles.  Failure to understand how environmental variables affect disease  transmission, and/or failing to understand how infectious diseases are transmitted will be a recipe for  failure no matter what sanitation program you may be employing or what disinfecting options you may  be considering.  Stress is a leading contributor to disease and animal care facilities are inherently stressful environments.   Understanding some of the environmental contributors to stress will prove helpful for effectively  minimizing disease transmission and creating a healthier environment.  Major environmental  contributors to stress include, among other things, ventilation, temperature, humidity, and space.  Ventilation:   Proper ventilation is necessary to minimize spread of disease and reduce unwanted odors.   As a rule‐of‐thumb, facilities should be capable of exchanging air 10 – 15 times per hour, and variably A LOOK AT ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES 

adjusting the ratio of recycled air to fresh air.  Therefore a 10,000 CF facility should have an air‐handler  capable of moving 100,000 – 150,000 CF of air per hour with the ability to adjust the proportions of  recycled air to fresh air.  Isolation wards should always be ventilated on a separate system from the rest  of your facility, and some sort of quality air filtration system and/or air sanitizing program should be  employed throughout the entire facility.  Because hard surface disinfectants have little effect on air  quality, it is important to recognize that numerous microorganisms are known airborne pathogens, and  the very act of cleaning itself (when using high pressure sprayers) aerosolizes microorganisms and  debris.  Clean fresh air equals healthier happier animals.  Temperature:   To minimize stress, ambient temperatures should be maintained above 60 0  F and kept  below 80 0  F (15‐27 0  C) at all times, however, as a rule‐of‐thumb, temperatures should ideally be kept in  a range normally considered comfortable for staff, animals, and the public (68 0 ‐75 0  F).  Humidity:   Relative humidity should be maintained in a range between 30% and 70%.  If your floor is still  wet 10‐15 minutes after cleaning, your facility humidity level is likely too high and should be promptly  adjusted.    Space:   Because facilities differ radically in age and design, overcrowding and other housing variables  like size of space, proximity to other animals, visibility of other animals, design comfort, light levels, and  sounds, can all add to stress levels and act as an ongoing and huge potential contributor to infectious  disease transmission regardless of the sanitation program being employed.  If it’s not what a pet is used  to at home, then stress will definitely be a factor affecting any animal staying in your facility.  Did you  know a sneezing cat can project aerosolized particles up to 5’ away from where it sneezes?    Minimizing transmission of infectious diseases involves an awareness of numerous principles affecting  how successfully microorganisms are transmitted.  Overlooking any of these principles will alter your  level of success at combating infectious disease transmission in your facility.   An effective and diligent program must be in place as recommended by your consulting  veterinarian for monitoring the health of animals entering a facility and the current health  status of animals already in your facility.  This program should minimally include mandated  core vaccinations with ample opportunity given for conferred immunity prior to an animal’s  stay.   Stress levels of the population, environmental variables such as ventilation, temperature,  humidity, and space; and age and facility design as already mentioned, all play significant  roles warranting ongoing attention.   It’s also important to recognize the various vehicles for spread of contagions.   Microorganisms are transmitted directly from animal to animal through feces, urine, saliva,  and via aerosol transmission (hard surface disinfectants offer little help here), and indirectly  through a process called “fomite” transmission; whereby employees and visitors pick up  contaminated material from one animal, and unwittingly transmit it to other animals on  hands, feet, hair, and clothing. BASIC PRINCIPLES FOR MINIMIZING DISEASE TRANSMISSION

 The trafficking management of animals within a facility has significant potential for  transmission of infectious disease if not managed and monitored correctly.  This is an area  I’ve often found to be completely overlooked in some sanitation programs.   Other variables are more obvious and would include, function and capabilities of sanitizers  and disinfectants, equipment being used for cleaning and disinfecting, quality of employee  compliance with labeling directions, and a facility’s husbandry practices for care of its  animals.   Biofilms are an emerging topic of interest and warrant mention here because failure to  understand the protectant effect biofilms confer upon microorganisms may result in failure  of a sanitation program at controlling disease transmission.  Biofilms are aggregates of  microorganisms adhering together in a matrix of self‐produced extracellular polymeric  substances referred to as slime.  This slime is a mixture of extracellular DNA, proteins, and  polysaccharides, and is extremely resilient to penetration by numerous hard surface  disinfectants.  If a sanitizer or disinfectant can’t get at a microorganism, it can’t kill the  microorganism.  To highlight the importance biofilms play in disease transmission, the CDC  has suggested biofilms contribute to over 2 million infections, 90,000 human deaths, and  $4.5 billion dollars in excess human healthcare costs each year.  Now that you have an understanding of how environmental variables contribute to disease  transmission, and you also understand how infectious diseases themselves are transmitted, it’s now  time to move on and discuss disinfectant characteristics themselves and the role these  characteristics play in reducing disease transmission in animal care facilities.  What are the properties of an ideal disinfectant, and does such a disinfectant  actually exist? Before diving into this section, let me first make a comment about customer perception.  If you were  to poll several hundred first time visitors to your facility, three dominant themes would emerge that  control customers’ perceptions about your facility:  What’s it look like?  What’s it smell like?  And  how am I treated?  You cannot afford to underestimate the power of these three perceptions.  The  first two of which are directly dependent upon your particular sanitation program and the products  you choose to accommodate that program in your facility.  Let me begin by saying, the “ideal” or perfect disinfectant does not actually exist.  This is because  the extremes of safety and efficacy are often at odds with one another in use applications and  during product development .  A flamethrower would do an excellent job removing unwanted  microorganisms, but the immediate and long term effects and damage created in the process would  be completely unacceptable.  Being able to define what an “ideal” disinfectant should look like  however, will help you sort out the many options available for sanitizing and disinfecting your facility  and allow you to adequately evaluate any product on the market for its suitability as part of your  facility’s overall sanitation program.  Keeping in mind, there’s much more involved than just,  “What’s it kill?”  What you’re looking for is balance.  As you evaluate products, avoid the extremes.

Use the list that follows as a comparison metric against which you will be able to evaluate the many  disinfectant options you’ll encounter in the marketplace.  Following are characteristics of an “ideal”  disinfectant: 

PROPERTIES OF AN IDEAL DISINFECTANT

 Neutral pH (preferably in the range of 6.5 to 7.5).  The pH scale is a measurement of how  acidic or basic a substance is and ranges in scale from a numerical value of 0 to 14.  The  lower the number the more acidic a substance (hydrochloric acid has a pH of 1), the higher  the number the more basic or caustic a substance is (sodium hydroxide has a pH of 14).  The  farther one moves away from neutrality (pH of 7.0), the greater the likelihood a substance  will burn, corrode, or irritate; and the harsher a chemical will be on the surfaces it is applied,  and the more dangerous it could be as an irritant to animals and people.  Water has a  neutral pH of 7.0.   Excellent cleaning ability.  Though cleaning is not generally considered, in itself, a process of  disinfection; it is estimated that the combined effects of the removal of the medium in  which contagions grow, along with a reduction in actual microorganism counts and the  direct cellular actions surfactants have upon microorganisms, account for reducing overall  microorganism contamination by up to 90%.   Cleaning ability should rank near the top of  your list of concerns in choosing a disinfectant as it accounts for upwards of 90% of your  ability to control contagions .  As a rule‐of‐thumb, if you can smell it, you haven’t cleaned it  well enough.   A 1:64 concentrate (2 ounces of solution per gallon of water).  Though super‐concentrates  (1:128 and 1:256 solutions) do have a place for use, those solutions do not contain enough  material after diluting for effective widespread cleaning ability and odor control.  Super‐ concentrates also lack dye concentrations sufficient for satisfactory color upon dilution and  are therefore easily wasted, especially in facilities lacking automated dilutors; as personnel  often pour solutions until they see a satisfactory color.  It’s just human nature!   Cost effective.  Ready‐to‐use solutions are not cost effective options for widespread usage  considerations.  And as already suggested, super‐concentrates, due to waste and  inadequate cleaning ability, may not be genuinely suitable solutions for widespread usage  consideration either.   One‐Step Functionality.  You should ideally be looking for products with the ability to clean,  disinfect, and deodorize in a single step; without rinsing or pre‐cleaning being necessary for  demonstrated efficacy.  There is obviously a time and place for rinsing, as any substance will  accumulate over time, but the key here is in having a product able to function in spite of  rinsing or pre‐cleaning being necessary.

 Facility Sparing.  Products you choose need to be compatible with the various materials  commonly found in animal care facilities, like stainless steel, galvanized steel, carbon steel,  aluminum, copper, vinyl, etc.  With significant money invested in your facility, you don’t  want to destroy your investment by using products with the capacity to easily damage your  facility.   Hard water compatibility.  Hard water is water that has a high mineral content.  This mineral  content makes some disinfectants less efficacious.  If your facility is in an area with hard  water, check labeling before simply assuming a particular disinfectant is appropriate for use  in hard water.   Ability to function in an organic load.  This is an often easily overlooked characteristic of a  disinfectant.  I still run into facilities using chlorine bleach who believe they’re using a  product that will “kill everything,” not realizing that bleach use requires pre‐cleaning, as  bleach is significantly inactivated by the presence of organic debris.   Environmentally friendly.  As animal care facilities utilize significant amounts of  disinfectants, choose solutions as environmentally friendly as possible.  Many don’t realize  how environmentally unfriendly some products are.   Take bleach (sodium hypochlorite) as  an example again.  Bleach combines with organic substances to create carcinogenic  byproducts (thihalomethanes, etc.).  Not good news for the environment!  These facts are  putting pressure on numerous state government and local municipalities to rethink chlorine  use and the levels permitted for various applications.  We could in fact see an emerging  movement toward limiting or banning chlorine use altogether.   Safe.  You want to use products in your facility generally regarded as safe for use around  animals and people.  But remember, safety is often in conflict with efficacy.  The key here is  balance.  Utilize the entire metric of this article when evaluating a disinfectant and strive for  as much balance as possible.   Ease of Use.  Time is money, and the more steps it takes to do a job, the more it generally  costs a facility to do that job.  Products like powders that are cumbersome to handle and  dilute, or products requiring pre‐cleaning, add unnecessary confusion and expense to a  sanitation program.  You want to utilize products easy to use and safe to use.   Pleasant Fragrance.  Remember what I said earlier about customer perception.  What’s it  look like?  What’s it smell like?  And how am I treated?  If an odor bothers you, you can bet  it also bothers animals who have a much more heightened sense of smell than we do.   Odors create a negative impression of your facility and also add unwanted stress to animals  as well as to your staff.

 Spectrum of Activity.  Without a doubt you want to utilize products having a superior  spectrum of activity against the major pathogens of concern within the animal care industry.   And you want to also have an ILD (Intermediate Level Disinfectant) or a HLD (High Level  Disinfectant) available and on hand when and as may be needed during periods of disease  outbreak, for use in isolation wards, and for intermittent facility treatment.  This will be a  disinfectant that is a step above the routine disinfectants generally utilized.  It’s the “big  gun” if you will.  It should be clear however as you’ve been reading through this article that  “Spectrum of Activity” alone is an insufficient basis for choosing a disinfectant.  Remember…  you need a complete and balanced package.  In summary, the ideal disinfectant doesn’t actually exist because the extremes of safety and efficacy  are often at odds with one another in usage applications and during product development.  Even  still, numerous products are available today that are appropriate for use in animal care facilities and  come close to the metric given in this article for identifying what an ideal disinfectant should look  like.  By keeping this list in mind, you’ll be equipped to easily evaluate disinfecting options and  decide what’s best for your own particular facility.  Remember that balance is key, and don’t forget  there’s a much bigger picture to consider in developing an overall sanitation program than just,  “What’s it kill?” 

Shawn E. Seitz, D.V.M.  President,  Alpha Tech Pet, Inc.  119 Russell Street, Suite 21  Littleton, MA  01460 

Dr. Seitz has a diverse business background through a variety of business affiliations.  After serving in  the U.S. Naval Air Corps, he attended college graduating from Michigan State University with his  Doctorate in Veterinary Medicine and began private practice.  He then went on to develop and build a  veterinary product distributorship for one of the nation’s largest Pet Product Distributors.  Following  that success, he moved to New England to take a position with a billion dollar a year medical supply  manufacturing company and was instrumental in their efforts to build and develop a dominate  presence among the veterinary community throughout the United States.  He then left that position to  start Alpha Tech Pet, Inc. in 1989, with a focus on developing, manufacturing, and marketing various  environmental products for use in the animal care industry.  Since that time he has established a 

strong presence in the marketplace with sales of nationally branded items throughout the United States.  He also serves on the  New England Board of Governors for Hope International, a Christian non‐profit organization committed to microenterprise  development, helping the poorest of the poor around the world start small businesses.  Dr. Seitz is married with two children  and believes solidly in commitment to strong family values.  His favorite activities outside of work are reading the Bible,  spending time with his family, golf, and serving in the church in which he and his family attend. 

©2013 Alpha Tech Pet, Inc. – Dr. Shawn E. Seitz

MSRP Cost Comparison

Product

Cost

Dilution Ratio

Cost/gallon of water

KennelSol ‐ gallon

$24.32/gallon

1:64 (2 ounces/gallon)

37¢/gallon 35¢/gallon 18¢/gallon

1:128 (1 ounce per gallon) 1:256 (1/2 ounce per gallon)

KennelSol HC ‐ gallon

$45.26/gallon

Dispatch (RTU) Bleach ‐ gallon

$35.83/gallon

1:1

$35.83/gallon

each tub makes 123 gallons of solution

Trifectant 10# tub

$100.03/10# tub

81¢/gallon

38¢/gallon

Oxivir & Accel ‐ gallon

$48.95/gallon

1:128 (2 ounces per gallon) each tablet makes 875 gallons of solution 1:10 (12.8 ounces/gallon) 1:32 (4 ounces per gallon)

.05¢/gallon 32¢/gallon 11¢/gallon

Wysiwash ‐ tablet

$5.00/tablet

Chlorox Bleach ‐ gallon

$3.50/gallon

46¢/gallon

BruClean ‐ tablet

$0.46/tablet

1 tablet per gallon

Lotus Pro ‐ AO Generator Cartridge

$150/cartridge set

makes 800 gallons of solution

19¢/gallon

updated as of 11/7/12

Dilution Chart

Diluted Cost Per Gallon Divide dilution into cost per gallon

Dilution Ratio Ounces/Gallon Percent

1:1 1:2 1:4 1:6 1:8

128

50% 33% 20%

64 32

Example:

(1:128 dilution selling at $13.40 per gallon) $13.40 ÷ 129 = 0.1038 or 10.4 ¢ per diluted gallon

21.3

14.3% 11.1%

16

Dilution Ratio

1:10 1:12 1:16 1:20 1:24 1:32 1:40 1:50 1:64 1:80 1:96

12.8 10.7

9.1% 7.7% 5.8% 4.8% 4.0% 3.0% 2.4% 2.0% 1.5% 1.2% 1.0%

Divide ounces per gallon into 128

8

6.4 5.3 3.2 2.5 4

Example:

(4 ounces per gallon dilution)

128 ÷ 4 = 32

Answer: 1:32 ratio

Ounces Per Gallon Divide dilution ratio into 128

2

1.6 1.3

1:128 1:170 1:256 1:512

1

0.78% 0.58% 0.39% 0.19%

Example:

0.75

(1:32 dilution) 128 ÷ 32 = 4

0.5

Answer: 4 ounces per gallon

0.25

Commonly used for Disinfectants Active Parts Per Million

Hard Water Measurements Hard water contains ions of magnesium and calcium.

Step 3: Divide the result by the dilution rate Step 1: Add all active ingredients together on label Step 2: Multiply by 10,000

1 grain of hard water = 18 ppm hard water

Example:

Example:

(450 ÷ 18 = 25) 450 ppm hard water = 25 grain

Step 3: 169,000 ÷ 257 = 658 ppm active Quat (Using KennelSol HC 1:256 dilution Quat) Step 1: 10.14% + 6.76% = 16.90% active Step 2: 10,000 x 16.9 = 169,000

© Alpha Tech Pet, Inc. 2010

most susceptible

COMMON EXAMPLES

mycoplamsas

haemobartonella

gram-positive bacteria gram-negative bacteria

staphylococcus, streptococcus escherichia coli, salmonella, bordetella

pseudomonads

pseudomonas aeruginosa rocky mountain spotted fever

rickettsiae

enveloped viruses

feline leukemia, FIP, FIV, FVR, Rabies, Distemper, parainfluenza

chlamydiae

feline pneumonitis, psittacosis

giardia

giardia

non-enveloped viruses

feline calicivirus

fungal spores

aspergillus, microsporum canis, trichophyton mentagrophytes

picornaviruses (FMD)

foot & mouth disease

parvoviruses

canine parvovirus, feline panleukopenia

acid-fast bacteria bacterial spores

mycobacterium

anthrax, clostridium perfringens isospora, toxoplasma, cryptosporidium

coccidia susceptibility of microorganisms to chemical disinfectants ▼ prions

BSE

most resistant

© Alpha Tech Pet, Inc. 2010

BLEACH (sodium hypochlorite)

 Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl - ) is a halogen.

 Inexpensive, broad spectrum of activity, works by oxidation, denaturing proteins.

 Household bleach concentrations vary from 2% to 6%. Normally a 1:32 concentration (about 1600 ppm) is recommended for general disinfection, but levels as high as 1:10 are recommended for ringworm (microsporum canis) & 1:9 (5600 ppm – 14 oz/gallon as per EPA label dated 7/19/2010) for TB. Kate Hurley of UC Davis recommends the following formula for determining correct 1:32 dilutions: 21 divided by the % active = the # ounces of solution / gallon of water required  Because bleach degrades so quickly the EPA requires special labeling language stating the following: “Degrades with age”  Because liquid bleach is so unstable it needs to be stabilized by adding lye , a very corrosive chemical, resulting in a high pH of 11.5. Therefore bleach is very corrosive.  Because of its instability and quick inactivation, bleach solutions should be discarded every couple of hours.  Bleach loses its content continuously from the moment of manufacture, losing up to half its active by the time of purchase within 60 days of being manufactured.  When using bleach, pre-cleaning is necessary, and it must remain in contact with surfaces for 10 to 30 minutes.  In bleach 2 forms of free chlorine are present in a pH dependant equilibrium. The most potent of the two is HOCL (hypochlorous acid), found only in trace amounts when a solution has a pH of 9.0 or higher. Because bleach has a pH of 11.5, not much HOCL is actually available as a disinfectant. Instead what’s mostly present is the less effective form of free chlorine OCL - (the hypochlorite ion). Unfortunately the OCL - is 120 times less effective than HOCL as a disinfectant. This is why bleach has documented failures in eliminating dangerous pathogens like hepatitis and parvovirus, and it’s also why high levels and strict controls are required for confidence when using bleach as a disinfectant.  There is no sustained release of active.  Bleach is significantly inactivated by organic matter, light, and extended storage.

 Bleach is a very potent mucous membrane, tissue, and upper respiratory irritant.

 Bleach should never mix with acids as toxic chlorine gas will be released.

 A movement is gaining momentum where States and Municipalities are moving away from (discouraging) chlorine use due to the formation of carcinogenic trihalomines and volatile organic compounds (VOC’s).

Calcium Hypochlorite

 Calcium hypochlorite is a halogen.

 Relatively inexpensive, broad spectrum of activity, works by oxidation, denaturing proteins.

 Works in either cold or hot water.

 Loses only 5% of its potency in 18 months.

 75 ppm use solution as opposed to 1600 ppm required with bleach use. Each 200,000 ppm caplet lasts about 3 ½ hours. ( 1 tablet per 875 gallons of water, at a flow rate of about 250 gallons per hour )  No mixing required, no residues, no rinsing, biodegradable, no scalding, no bleach staining, environmentally friendly.

 Will not harm septic systems.

 Contains no lye as in bleach, therefore it is not nearly as corrosive as bleach.  Because it has a pH below 8.5, more HOCL (hypochlorous acid) is available than found in bleach, making it 120 times more effective than bleach.

 Inactivated by organic matter, therefore pre-cleaning is necessary.

 There is no sustained release of active.

 Should never mix with ammonia.

 The amount of chlorine dispensed is influenced by the rate of flow (water pressure). Never exceed 70 psi.

 Rapidly loses effectiveness at high pH

 A movement is gaining momentum where States and Municipalities are moving away from (discouraging) chlorine use due to the formation of carcinogenic trihalomines and volatile organic compounds (VOC’s).

 No actual parvo virus label claim.

Sodium Dichloroisocyanurate - NADCC

 NADCC is a halogen.

 Moderately priced, broad spectrum of activity, works by denaturing proteins.

 Contains a detergent so it cleans as well as disinfects.

 Tablets dissolve in about 2 ½ minutes requiring 1 tablet per gallon of water. There are 270 tablets per bucket.  Solution is good for 24 hours once activated and the tablets have 1 year stability prior to activation.

 No deleterious effects on floor finishes.  50% less corrosive to metals than bleach, but still corrosive .

 Does not bleach color-fast fabrics.

 Biodegrades to ammonia and CO 2 .  Not inactivated by organic matter.  Because it has a pH around 6.5, more HOCL (hypochlorous acid) is available than found in sodium hypochlorite or calcium hypochlorite making it much more effective.

 Does not kill spores.

 A movement is gaining momentum where States and Municipalities are moving away from (discouraging) chlorine use due to the formation of carcinogenic trihalomines and volatile organic compounds (VOC’s).

CHLORINE DIOXIDE (ClO 2 )

 Though it has Chlorine in its name, the chemistry of ClO 2

is radically different from that

of Chlorine.

 ClO 2 is generally accepted to be more powerful, easier to use, and more environmentally friendly than equivalent Chlorine treatments.  ClO 2 is less corrosive than Chlorine and almost negligible at use concentrations.  As an electron receiver, ClO 2 is an oxidizer. However ClO 2 has the ability to absorb 5 electrons whereas Chlorine can only absorb 2 electrons. This makes Chlorine Dioxide chemically 2.5 times more active than Chlorine. Unlike other disinfectants acting dominantly on cell walls, ClO 2 penetrates into cells, displaying a high affinity for sulfur and hydrogen bonds of proteins destroying the organisms. In addition ClO 2 reacts directly with the amino acids and RNA of a cell, killing microorganisms even when they are inactive.  ClO 2 is effective against Giardia and Cryptosporidium oocysts, and all bacteria, viruses and spore formers at 0.1 ppm to 100 ppm. It is effective against anthrax at 20 ppm.  ClO 2 has a neutral pH.  Biocidal properties are not influenced by pH. As a result ClO 2 rapidly inactivates most microorganisms over a wide pH range.  Many researchers have cited the excellent biofilm removing properties of ClO 2 . Chlorine Dioxide effectively penetrates and disperses the “polysaccharide glue” of biofilm. By effectively killing and stripping off biofilm, bacteria are much slower to reestablish than when biofilm is left intact. This is something most other disinfectants have particular problems doing!  Unlike Chlorine, ClO 2 will not adversely react with organic compounds and as a result ClO 2 does not produce unwanted carcinogenic chlorinated volatile organic compounds (VOC) and trihalomines. In fact, instead of combining with the aromatic rings of organic compounds, ClO 2 actually breaks these rings apart reducing levels of chlorinated organics. This makes ClO 2 use environmentally sparing! Also, because ClO 2 does not react or combine with organic compounds, much more of it remains available as a biocidal agent.  ClO 2 can be used for odor control and air disinfection, and was the principal agent used in the decontamination of buildings in the United States after the 2001 anthrax attacks.  ClO 2 is highly soluble in H 2 O, in fact it is 10 times more soluble than Chlorine, i.e., ClO 2 loves and looks for water/moisture. In neutral or near neutral solutions (4< pH <10) chlorine dioxide is relatively stable and exists as a free radical in water.  ClO 2 generation forms byproducts of chlorite and chlorate, decomposes in sunlight and is highly biodegrabable.

Accelerated Hydrogen Peroxide

Ingredients:

Hydrogen Peroxide 2-hydroxybenzoic acid

(oxidizer) (lowers pH) (lowers pH)

Phosphoric acid

 A strong oxidizing compound

 Broad Spectrum of activity, oxidizes proteins.

 1:16 recommended use solution (viruses, bacteria, fungi, some spores).

 Expensive! Expensive! Expensive!

 Solution is stable for up to 10 days after diluting.

 Registered as a Category IV product by the EPA – all ingredients listed by the EPA as GRAS (generally regarded as safe).

 Biofilm reducer – but not an actual label claim!  Moderate activity in the presence of organic debris.  Biodegradable to CO 2 & H 2 O 2 .  Releases phosphates (Pollutants) in sewer water.

 Low pH of 1.0 concentrate & 1.9 in dilution makes this a very acidic product to use.

 Damaging to some metal (anodized aluminum, copper, brass, carbon steel).

 Parvo claim is only on the concentrate.

 1 to 5 minute contact time for many organisms, 10 minutes for fungi, 20 minutes for spores.

Accel, Oxivir Five 16

TRIFECTANT (chemical combination)

Ingredients:

Potassium peroxymonosulfate

(oxidizer) (lowers pH) (lowers pH)

Sulfamic Acid Malic Acid

Sodium hexametophosphate Sodium dodecyl benzene sulphonate

(Buffering agent)

(Surfactant)

 An oxidizing compound

 Broad Spectrum of activity, oxidizes proteins.

 0.5% to 1.0% (1:100 - 1.3 ounces per gallon of water) recommended use solution.

 A 10# bucket makes 123 gallons of end-use solution.

 Expensive! Expensive! Expensive!

 Solution is stable for up to 7 days after being activated, and has moderate activity in the presence of organic material.  A yellow powder with a citrus scent that is readily soluble in warm water. The powder is corrosive.

 Effective on porous surfaces.

 Biofilm reducer – but not an actual label claim!  Moderate activity in the presence of organic debris.

 Leaves a residual film.

 Biodegradable.

 Releases phosphates (Pollutants) in sewer water.

 Low pH of 2.5 makes this a very acidic product to use.

 Damaging to some metals.

 Not approved for use in California.

PHENOLICS

Environ, Tektrol, PineSol, etc: Not effective against non-enveloped viruses or spores, and concentrations above 2% are highly toxic to all animals, especially cats. Effective in the presence of organic matter. These products are not recommended and are no longer permitted to be used as laboratory disinfectants.

IODINES

Due to excessive cost, not widely used in animal care environments. Iodines are in short supply.

BIGUINIDES

Chlorhexidine, Nolvasan, Virosan: These alter membrane permeability. They only function in a limited pH range of 5–7, and are toxic to fish and therefore an environmental concern.

Aldehydes

Formaldehyde, Glutaraldehyde: Denatures proteins, alkylates nucleic acids, broad spectrum, carcinogenic, potent mucous membrane and tissue irritants, only use in well ventilated areas. Efficacy is reduced with organic matter. Effective on spores.

OTHER NOTES:

Efficient cleaning can remove 99% of bacteria present. Cleaning is the most crucial step in the disinfection process. Foot baths can instill a false sense of security if not used properly!

BASIC SANITATION PROTOCOL 

HSD (Hard Surface Disinfectants) + Cleaners/Degreasers

KennelSol® & KennelSol HC  Hard Surface Disinfectant (HSD) 

KennelSol® is a broad spectrum germicidal cleaner, deodorizer and  disinfectant formulated for animal care facilities. This very popular  quaternary disinfectant is EPA registered and kills a broad spectrum of  pathogens, including many important to the animal care industry. An  abundant level of detergent and odor control makes it an extraordinary  cleaner while its wintergreen fragrance leaves behind a “fresh and clean”  scent.    Concentrated formula knocks out pathogens in one easy labor saving step  Effective against viruses (including canine parvovirus), bacteria, and fungi  Retains efficacy even in hard water  Neutral pH  No rinsing necessary  Non‐corrosive and non‐staining to surfaces and clothing if spilled  KennelSol ‐ 2 oz./gallon of water (8 oz./gallon for canine parvovirus)  KennelSol HC ‐ 1 oz./gallon of water (2 oz./gallon for canine parvovirus)  Wintergreen fragrance  KennelSol ‐ pints, gallons, 5 gallon pails, 15, 30 and 55 gallon drums  KennelSol HC ‐ gallons, 5 gallon pails, 30 and 55 gallon drums

KennelSol® Broad Spectrum Germicidal Cleaner

Item # 4160  Item # 4200  Item # 4205  Item # 4215  Item # 4230  Item # 4255 

pints (12/case) gallons (4/case) 15 gallon drum 30 gallon drum 55 gallon drum 5 gallon pail

     

KennelSol®HC Broad Spectrum Germicidal Cleaner

Item # 4300  Item # 4305  Item # 4330  Item # 4355 

gallons (4/case)

   

5 gallon pail

30 gallon drum 55 gallon drum

STORAGE AND DISPOSAL (containersforhousehold/residentialuse)

SoL ®

Nonrefillablecontainer.

Donotreuse orrefill this

Storeinoriginalcontainer inareas inaccessibletochildren. container. Offer forrecyclingifavailable .

KenneL Germicidal Detergent &Deodorant

STORAGE AND DISPOSAL (containers for commercial, industrial, and institutional use)

Do not contaminate water, food, or feed by storage or disposal.

PESTICIDE STORAGE Store in original container in areas inaccessible to children. Open dumping is prohibited. Do not reuse empty container. PESTICIDEDISPOSAL Pesticidewastesareacutelyhazardous. Improperdisposalofexcesspesticide,spraymixtureorrinsateisaviolation ofFederalLaw. If thesewastescannotbedisposedofbyuseaccordingtolabel instruction,contactyour local State PesticideorEnvironmentalControlAgencyor theHazardousWasterepresentativeat thenearestEPARegional Officeforguidance. CONTAINER HANDLING (Plastic containers:) Nonrefillable container. Do not reuse or refill this container. Triple rinse container (or equivalent) promptly after emptying. Triple rinse as follows: Fill container 1/4 full with water and recap. Shake 10 seconds. Follow pesticide Disposal instructions for rinsate disposal. Drain for 10 seconds after the flow begins to drip. Repeat procedure two more times. *PRECAUTIONARY STATEMENTS HAZARDS TO HUMANS AND DOMESTIC ANIMALS DANGER. Corrosive. Causes irreversible eye damage and skin burns. Harmful if swallowed, inhaled or absorbed through the skin. Avoid breathing spray mist. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Wear protective eyewear (goggles, face shield or safety glasses), protective clothing and protective gloves (rubber or chemical resistant). Wash thoroughly with soap and water after handling and before eating, drinking, chewing gum, using tobacco or using the toilet. Remove contaminated clothing and wash clothing before reuse. FIRST AID IF IN EYES: Hold eye open and rinse slowly and gently with water for 15 – 20 minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present, after the first 5 minutes, then continue rinsing eye. IF ON SKIN OR CLOTHING: Take off contaminated clothing. Rinse skin immediately with plenty of water for 15 – 20 minutes. IF SWALLOWED: Call a poison control center or doctor immediately for treatment advice. Have person sip a glass of water if able to swallow. Do not induce vomiting unless told to do so by the poison control center or doctor. Do not give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. IF INHALED: Move person to fresh air. If person is not breathing, call 911 or an ambulance, then give artificial respiration, preferably by mouth-to-mouth, if possible. Call a poison control center or doctor for treatment advice. Have the product container or label with you when calling a poison control center or doctor or going for treatment. NOTE TO PHYSICIAN: Probable mucosal damage may contraindicate the use of gastric lavage. Measures against circulatory shock, respiratory depression and convulsion may be needed.

Disinfects, Cleans and Deodorizes in one labor saving step!

ACTIVE INGREDIENTS: Didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride...........................................................................2.535% n-Alkyl (C 14 50%, C 12 40%, C 16 10%) dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride.........1.690% INERT INGREDIENTS ............................................................................................... 95.775% TOTAL ....................................................................................................................... 100.000% KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN DANGER (See side panel for additional Precautionary Statements and First Aid) Net Contents: One Gallon (3.784 litres) ) EPA Reg. No. 62472-1 EPA Est. No. 10634-MA-1

DIRECTIONS FOR USE It is a violation of Federal Law to use this product in a manner inconsistent with its labeling. DIRECTIONS FOR DISINFECTlNG: (Bactericidal, Fungicidal, Virucidal)

A multi-purpose germicidal detergent and deodorant effective in hard waters up to 400 ppm hard water (calculated as CaCO 3 ) plus 5 % organic serum. Disinfects, cleans, and deodorizes in one labor saving step. For use in kennels, pet shops, tack shops, veterinary clinics, animal life science laboratories, breeding & grooming establishments, schools, colleges, equine farms, airports, hotels & motels. For use in households. Bactericidal against the following pathogenic bacteria according to the AOAC Use-Dilution Test method, current edition, modified in the presence of 400 ppm synthetic hard water (calculated as CaCO 3 ) plus 5% KenneLSol ® Germicidal Detergent & Deodorant

For use on hard, non-porous surfaces in animal care facilities such as floors, walls, metal surfaces, stainless steel surfaces, glazed porcelain, and plastic surfaces. Remove gross filth and heavy soil deposits then thoroughly wet surfaces. Use 2 ounces per gallon of water (8 ounces per gallon against canine parvovirus and Porcine parvovirus) for a minimum contact time of 10 minutes in a single application. Can be applied with a cloth, mop, or sponge, as well as by coarse spray or soaking. The use solution is prepared fresh for each use then discarded. Rinsing is not necessary unless floors are to be waxed or polished. This product is not for use on medical device surfaces. FUNGICIDAL DIRECTIONS: For use in areas such as locker rooms, dressing rooms, shower and bath areas and exercise facilities follow disinfection directions. MILDEWSTATIC INSTRUCTIONS: Will effectively control the growth of mold and mildew plus the odors caused by them when applied to hard, non- porous surfaces such as walls, floors, and table tops. Apply solution (2 ounces per gallon of water) with a cloth, mop, sponge or coarse spray making sure to wet all surfaces completely. Let air dry. Repeat application weekly or when growth reappears. VETERINARY CLINICS / ANIMAL CARE / ANIMAL LIFE SCIENCE LABORATORIES / ZOOS / PET SHOP / KENNELS / BREEDING AND GROOMING ESTABLISHMENTS / EQUINE FARMS DISINFECTION DIRECTIONS: For disinfecting the following hard nonporous surfaces: equipment not used for animal food or water, utensils, instruments, cages, kennels, stables, catteries, etc. Remove all animals and feeds from premises, animal transportation vehicles, crates, etc. Remove all litter, droppings and manure from floors, walls and surfaces of facilities occupied or traversed by animals. Thoroughly clean all surfaces with soap or detergent and rinse with water. Saturate surfaces with a solution of 2 oz of KennelSol per gallon of water (or equivalent dilution) (8 ounces per gallon against Canine parvovirus or Porcine parvovirus), using a cloth, mop, sponge, spray, or soaking for a period of 10 minutes. Ventilate buildings and other closed spaces. Do not house animals or employ equipment until treatment has been absorbed, set or dried. *FOR CANINE PARVOVIRUS (AND PORCINE PARVOVIRUS) ACTIVITY: KennelSol is effective against Canine Parvovirus (and Porcine parvovirus) at 8 oz. per gallon. Follow Veterinary Practice / Animal Care / Animal Laboratory / Zoos / Pet Shop / Kennels Disinfection Directions. **SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR INACTIVATING AVIAN INFLUENZA: Remove all poultry and feeds from premises, trucks, coops, and crates. Remove all litter and droppings from floors, walls, and surfaces of facilities occupied or traversed by poultry. Empty all troughs, racks, and other feeding and watering appliances. Thoroughly clean all surfaces with soap or detergent and rinse with water. Saturate surfaces with the disinfecting solution (2 oz per gallon of water) (660 ppm active quat) (equivalent use dilution) for a period of 10 minutes. Immerse all halters, ropes and other types of equipment used in handling and restraining animals as well as forks, shovels, and scrapers used in removing litter and manure. Ventilate buildings, coops, and other closed spaces. Do not house poultry or employ equipment until treatment has been absorbed, set, or dried. Thoroughly scrub treated feed racks, troughs, automatic feeders, fountains, and waterers with soap or detergent, and rinse with potable water before reuse.

organic serum: Proteus vulgaris Bordetella bronchiseptica Serratia marcescens Escherichia coli Staphylococcus aureus (antibiotic resistant) Fusobacterium necrophorum Klebsiella pneumoniaea(antibiotic resistant) Streptococcus pyogenes Proteus mirabilis Salmonella enterica Salmonella typhimurium Escherichia coli (antibiotic resistant)

Shigella sonnei Staphylococcus epidermidis (antibiotic resistant) Enterobacter cloacae Pasteurella multocida Staphylococcus aureus Salmonella typhi Chlamydia psittaci Shigella flexneri Enterobacter aerogenes Streptococcus faecalis (antibiotic resistant)

Klebsiella pneumoniae Streptococcus faecalis

Fungicidal against Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Candida albicans according to the AOAC fungicidal test, modified in the presense of 400 ppm hard water (calculated as CaCO 3 ) plus 5% organic serum. Virucidal against *Canine parvovirus, Canine distemper, Feline leukemia, Feline panleukopenia, Feline picornavirus, Influenza A/Hong Kong, Herpes simplex type 1, Herpes simplex type 2, Vaccinia, Rubella, Adenovirus type 4, Rabies, Porcine parvovirus, Pseudorabies, Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, Infectious bronchitis (Avian IBV), **Avian Influenza A (H3N2) virus (Avian Reassortant) (ATCC VR-2072), and **Avian Influenza A (H5N1) virus according to the virucidal qualification, modified in the presence of 400 ppm hard water (calculated as CaCO 3 ) plus 5 % organic serum.

Alpha Tech Pet, Inc. Littleton, Massachusetts 01460 © 201 3 Alpha Tech Pet Incorporated • Made and Printed in U.S.A. • 800-222-5537 Manufactured for:

KENSOLPRIM5GALREV022012_KENSOLHCPRIM5GAL06REV072006.qxd 4/16/12 1:39 PM Page 1

SoL ®

DIRECTIONS FOR USE It is a violation of Federal Law to use this product in a manner inconsistent with its labeling. DIRECTIONS FOR DISINFECTlNG: (Bactericidal, Fungicidal, Virucidal) For use on hard, non-porous surfaces in animal care facilities such as floors, walls, metal surfaces, stainless steel surfaces, glazed porcelain, and plastic surfaces. Remove gross filth and heavy soil deposits then thoroughly wet surfaces. Use 2 ounces per gallon of water (8 ounces per gallon against canine parvovirus and Porcine parvovirus) for a minimum contact time of 10 minutes in a single application. Can be applied with a cloth, mop, or sponge, as well as by coarse spray or soaking. The use solution is prepared fresh for each use then discarded. Rinsing is not necessary unless floors are to be waxed or polished. This product is not for use on medical device surfaces. FUNGICIDAL DIRECTIONS: For use in areas such as locker rooms, dressing rooms, shower and bath areas and exercise facilities follow disinfection directions. MILDEWSTATIC INSTRUCTIONS: Will effectively control the growth of mold and mildew plus the odors caused by them when applied to hard, non-porous surfaces such as walls, floors, and table tops. Apply solution (2 ounces per gallon of water) with a cloth, mop, sponge or coarse spray making sure to wet all surfaces completely. Let air dry. Repeat application weekly or when growth reappears. VETERINARY CLINICS / ANIMAL CARE / ANIMAL LIFE SCIENCE LABORATORIES / ZOOS / PET SHOP / KENNELS / BREEDING AND GROOMING ESTABLISHMENTS / EQUINE FARMS DISINFECTION DIRECTIONS: For disinfecting the following hard nonporous surfaces: equipment not used for animal food or water, utensils, instruments, cages, kennels, stables, catteries, etc. Remove all animals and feeds from premises, animal transportation vehicles, crates, etc. Remove all litter, droppings and manure from floors, walls and surfaces of facilities occupied or traversed by animals. Thoroughly clean all surfaces with soap or detergent and rinse with water. Saturate surfaces with a solution of 2 oz of KennelSol per gallon of water (or equivalent dilution) (8 ounces per gallon against Canine parvovirus or Porcine parvovirus), using a cloth, mop, sponge, spray, or soaking for a period of 10 minutes. Ventilate buildings and other closed spaces. Do not house animals or employ equipment until treatment has been absorbed, set or dried. *FOR CANINE PARVOVIRUS (AND PORCINE PARVOVIRUS) ACTIVITY: KennelSol is effective against Canine Parvovirus (and Porcine parvovirus) at 8 oz. per gallon. Follow Veterinary Practice / Animal Care / Animal Laboratory / Zoos / Pet Shop / Kennels Disinfection Directions. **SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR INACTIVATING AVIAN INFLUENZA: Remove all poultry and feeds from premises, trucks, coops, and crates. Remove all litter and droppings from floors, walls, and surfaces of facilities occupied or traversed by poultry. Empty all troughs, racks, and other feeding and watering appliances. Thoroughly clean all surfaces with soap or detergent and rinse with water. Saturate surfaces with the disinfecting solution (2 oz per gallon of water) (660 ppm active quat) (equivalent use dilution) for a period of 10 minutes. Immerse all halters, ropes and other types of equipment used in handling and restraining animals as well as forks, shovels, and scrapers used in removing litter and manure. Ventilate buildings, coops, and other closed spaces. Do not house poultry or employ equipment until treatment has been absorbed, set, or dried. Thoroughly scrub treated feed racks, troughs, automatic feeders, fountains, and waterers with soap or detergent, and rinse with potable water before reuse.

KenneLSol ® Germicidal Detergent & Deodorant

KenneL Germicidal Detergent &Deodorant

A multi-purpose germicidal detergent and deodorant effective in hard waters up to 400 ppm hard water (calculated as CaCO 3 ) plus 5 % organic serum. Disinfects, cleans, and deodorizes in one labor saving step.

For use in kennels, pet shops, tack shops, veterinary clinics, animal life science laboratories, breeding & grooming establishments, schools, colleges, equine farms, airports, hotels & motels. For use in households.

Bactericidal against the following pathogenic bacteria according to the AOAC Use-Dilution Test method, current edition, modified in the presence of 400 ppm synthetic hard water (calculated as CaCO 3 ) plus 5%

organic serum: Proteus vulgaris Bordetella bronchiseptica Serratia marcescens Escherichia coli Staphylococcus aureus (antibiotic resistant) Fusobacterium necrophorum Klebsiella pneumoniaea(antibiotic resistant) Streptococcus pyogenes Proteus mirabilis Salmonella enterica Salmonella typhimurium Escherichia coli (antibiotic resistant)

Shigella sonnei Staphylococcus epidermidis (antibiotic resistant) Enterobacter cloacae Pasteurella multocida Staphylococcus aureus Salmonella typhi Chlamydia psittaci Shigella flexneri Enterobacter aerogenes Streptococcus faecalis (antibiotic resistant)

Disinfects, Cleans and Deodorizes in one labor saving step!

For use in: Kennels, pet shops, veterinary clinics, animal life science laboratories, breeding establishments, grooming establishments, schools, colleges, federally inspected meat and poultry plants, equine farms, tack shops, zoos, poultry farms, turkey farms, dairy farms, hog farms, and households. Disinfects, cleans, and deodorizes the following hard nonporous inanimate surfaces: floors, walls, non-medical metal surfaces, non-medical stainless steel surfaces, glazed porcelain, plastic surfaces (such as polypropylene, polystyrene, etc.). Recommeded for use in: Federally inspected meat and poultry plants as a disinfectant agent for use in all departments. Food products and packaging materials must be removed from the room or carefully protected. Use product in accordance with its label. All surfaces must be thoroughly rinsed with potable water. ACTIVE INGREDIENTS: Didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride...........................................................................2.535% n-Alkyl (C 14 50%, C 12 40%, C 16 10%) dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride.........1.690% INERT INGREDIENTS ............................................................................................... 95.775% TOTAL........................................................................................................100.000% KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN DANGER (See bottom of label for additional precautionary statements and First Aid) Net Contents: 5 Gallons (18.927 litres) ) EPA Reg. No. 62472-1 EPA Est. No. 10634-MA-1

Klebsiella pneumoniae Streptococcus faecalis

Fungicidal against Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Candida albicans according to the AOAC fungicidal test, modified in the presense of 400 ppm hard water (calculated as CaCO 3 ) plus 5% organic serum.

Virucidal against *Canine parvovirus, Canine distemper, Feline leukemia, Feline panleukopenia, Feline picornavirus, Influenza A/Hong Kong, Herpes simplex type 1, Herpes simplex type 2, Vaccinia, Rubella, Adenovirus type 4, Rabies, Porcine parvovirus, Pseudorabies, Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, Infectious bronchitis (Avian IBV), **Avian Influenza A (H3N2) virus (Avian Reassortant) (ATCC VR-2072), and **Avian Influenza A (H5N1) virus according to the virucidal qualification, modified in the presence of 400 ppm hard water (calculated as CaCO 3 ) plus 5 % organic serum.

Alpha Tech Pet, Inc. Littleton, Massachusetts 01460 © 201 3 Alpha Tech Pet Incorporated • Made and Printed in U.S.A. • 800-222-5537 Manufactured for: IF INHALED: Move person to fresh air. If person is not breathing, call 911 or an ambulance, then give artificial respiration, preferably by mouth-to-mouth, if possible. Call a poison control center or doctor for treatment advice. Have the product container or label with you when calling a poison control center or doctor or going for treatment. NOTE TO PHYSICIAN: Probable mucosal damage may contraindicate the use of gastric lavage. Measures against circulatory shock, respiratory depression and convulsion may be needed. ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS Do not discharge effluent containing this product into lakes, streams, ponds, estuaries, oceans, or other waters unless in accordance with the requirements of a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit and the permitting authority has been notified in writing prior to discharge. This pesticide is toxic to fish, aquatic invertebrates, oysters, and shrimp. Do not discharge effluent containing this product to sewer systems without previously notifying the local sewage treatment plant authority. For guidance contact your State Water Board or Regional Office of the EPA.

Environmental ControlAgency , or theHazardousWasterepresentativeat thenearest EPARegional Officeforguidance. CONTAINER HANDLING (Plastic containers:) Nonrefillable container. Do not reuse or refill this container. Triple rinse container (or equivalent) promptly after emptying. Triple rinse as follows: Fill container 1/4 full with water. Tip container on side and roll it back and forth, ensuring at least one complete revolution for 30 seconds. Stand container on its end and tip it back and forth several times. Turn the container over its other end and tip it back and forth several times. Follow Pesticide Disposal instructions for rinsate disposal. Repeat two more times. *PRECAUTIONARY STATEMENTS HAZARDS TO HUMANS AND DOMESTIC ANIMALS DANGER. Corrosive. Causes irreversible eye damage and skin burns. Harmful if swallowed, inhaled or absorbed through the skin. Avoid breathing spray mist. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Wear protective eyewear (goggles, face shield or safety

STORAGEANDDISPOSAL (containersforhousehold/residentialuse)Storeinoriginalcontainer inareas inaccessibletochildren. Nonrefillablecontainer.

glasses), protective clothing and protective gloves (rubber or chemical resistant). Wash thoroughly with soap and water after handling and before eating, drinking, chewing gum, using tobacco or using the toilet. Remove contaminated clothing and wash clothing before reuse. FIRST AID IF IN EYES: Hold eye open and rinse slowly and gently with water for 15 – 20 minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present, after the first 5 minutes, then continue rinsing eye. IF ON SKIN OR CLOTHING: Take off contaminated clothing. Rinse skin immediately with plenty of water for 15 – 20 minutes. IF SWALLOWED: Call a poison control center or doctor immediately for treatment advice. Have person sip a glass of water if able to swallow. Do not induce vomiting unless told to do so by the poison control center or doctor. Do not give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.

Donotreuse orrefill this container.

Offer forrecyclingifavailable . STORAGE AND DISPOSAL (containers for commercial, industrial, and institutional use) Do not contaminate water, food, or feed by storage or disposal. PESTICIDE STORAGE Store in original container in areas inaccessible to children. Open dumping is prohibited. Do not reuse empty container. PESTICIDEDISPOSAL Pesticidewastesareacutelyhazardous. Improperdisposalofexcesspesticide,spray mixtureorrinsateisaviolationofFederalLaw. If thesewastescannotbedisposedof byuseaccordingtolabel instruction,contactyour local StatePesticideor

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