2017 Fall Newsletter

History of Jails in Miami County

Miami County Genealogy & Historical Society 12 East Peoria Paola, KS 66071 Return Service Requested

Presort STD U.S. Postage PAID Permit #2 Paola, KS 66071

The Fall 2017 Edition Newsletter of the

E-Mail: info@think miamicountyhistory.com


The history of Jails in Miami County In this issue, Miami County Festivals


Blocktoberfest Paola, Kansas

Price $2.00

Place address label in this area


Officers and Directors 2017 Officers

President- Colleen Ewan Vice President- Larry Lybarger Secretary- LeAnne Shields Treasurer- LuAnne Debrick

913-294-5051 913-294-9769 913-710-1767 913-259-5027 913-837-8220 913-294-4113 913-259-5027 913-849-3366 785-869-3246 913-731-7869 913-731-3193 913-755-3504 913-294-3312 913-294-2779 913-710-1767 913-849-3278 913-259-9837 913-244-4587 913-294-5051

G ift C orner Pg 3 Letter from the President Pg 4 Library Pg 4 Mini Minutes, Pg 5 Volunteers report Pg 6 Cliff Wright Obit Pg 7 New Directors Pg 8 Jail story

Board of Directors

Louisburg - Jack Burcham

Marysville Township - Mildred Haley Member at Large - LuAnne Debrick Miami Township - Nina Gerken Middle Creek Township - Vacant Mound Township - Donna Darner Osage Township - Ann Davis Osawatomie City- Wes Cole Osawatomie Township - Ben Maimer Paola City - Ann Roark Paola Township - Elsie Cordle Richland Township - LeAnne Shields Stanton Township - Lloyd Peckman Sugar Creek Township - Ann Benton Ten Mile Township - Patsy Bortner Valley Township - Colleen Ewan Wea Township - Larry Lybarger

Pg 9 - 10

Stone jail art Festival photos Brick jail art Jail story cont.

Pg 11

Pg 12 - 13

Pg 14

Pg 15 - 16

Flu story

Pg 17

Mother Baptiste Pg 18 Naming of Osawatomie Pg 19 Lloyd’s Letters

Pg 20 - 21

Publications for sale Heritage Walk Bricks Roots stage photos

Pg 22 Pg 23

Back cover

913-294-9769 Genealogy Society Coordinator- Betty Bendorf 913-557-2485 Newsletter - Roger Shipman 913-259-9219 Financial The Miami County Historical Museum is a Non-Profit Organi zation with a tax exempt status allowed by the Internal Revenue Dept. Gift and donations received by the Societies are deductible for Income Tax purposes. For additional information or questions regarding Endowments, Trusts, etc., Please contact us at 913-294 4940

Notice To The Membership The Miami County Historical Museum mem bership dues are $25.00 Make checks out to: Miami County Historical Museum 12 East Peoria, Paola, Kansas 66071-0123

A Newsletter of the Miami County Historical Museum & Genealogy Society Fall 2017 Volume 32 - No.3 Miami County Historical Museum 12 E. Peoria, Paola, Kansas 66071

E-Mail: info@think miamicountyhistory.com

Phone: 913-294-4940

Web address; www.thinkmiamicountyhistory.com Museum Hours: Monday through Friday 10 a.m. - 4 p.m.

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Visit our gift corner We have books, out of print museum books on DVD, brochures of local attractions, numerous historical Paola photos suitable for framing, tee-shirts, hats and some free stuff

Hours for the Museum Open Monday through Friday 10:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. Closed Saturday with the exception of special occasions For appointments call:

913-557-2485 816-392-0605 913-294-9769

This is your Newsletter What do you want included in the newsletter

One of our objectives is to bring to our members an interesting and informative newsletter. In order to do this, we need your help! The primary question is: What do you want in your newsletter? Secondly, are we currently including the type of material that interests you the membership? Third, do we need to include more/or less of a specific subject matter. Think about what you would like to see in the newsletter and let us know. Our e-mail address is: info@think miamicountyhistory.com Our web page is: www.thinkmiamicountyhistory.com lf you are a Facebook member: Just like us on Facebook. Our mailing address and telephone number is: Miami County Historical Museum 12 E. Peoria Paola, KS 66071 913-294-4940 Thanks in advance,

Call 913-294-4940

The Museum is always needing help Stop by and sign up to volunteer.

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President’s Letter We have been able to acquire an extensive Indian Artifact Collection from Jerry Emberlin made possible with a very generous gift from David Schwartz. These are Miami County artifacts from various Indian sites in the county. It is a great addition to our Indian Room. We now have a display of art work from our local Heartland Art Guild art ists, both on display and for sale. We have had many interesting visitors from all over the country, as well as several foreign countries. Can you imagine people coming from Paris France - when lots of us want to go to Paris! Come see our great museum. Bring your children and grandchildren for a great history lesson. MUSEUM CHRISTMAS PARTY IS DECEMBER 12 FROM NOON TO 2:00 P.M. SNACKS AND DRINKS WILL BE PROVIDED. COME SHARE HOLIDAY CHEER.

Colleen Ewan

LIBRARY Still going through the mountains of clippings.This is a forever job. Mildred Haley is still working on scanning and enter ing the obits on the computer. She is working on the letter K, so you see it will take a while longer. We did get some requests for some of the Joyce Lang books so it did help on our stack of books.

Library Research The following are walk-in researchers to the library recent ly and surnames or information being researched. Virginia Minden (William Walters) Debra Valenti ( Dageforde, England, Dziadura, Monthely) Patricia Dziadura (Dageforde, England, Dziadura, Mon thely) Floyd Grimes (obits) Donna Daves & Bonnie Theison (copies) Carla Evert (Caroline & George Chambers, Florence Chambers Ensle , John Chandler) Larry Keown (obits) Doug & Jean Higbie ( copies from Family History book) David Liegen (obits) Shari & Ken Knight (Chambers, Hodges, Ensle, Middle These researchers came from the states of Kansas,and Utah TOMORROW IS ANOTHER TOWN The Anatomy of a Circus An autobiography by James R. Patterson A history of the Great Patterson Shows when the circus maintained winter quarters in Paola. Tax included price is $28.00 A great gift. How to purchase on page 22 mas, Thompson, Collins, Chandler) Steven Bell (obits and Probate records)

Betty Bendorf , Librarian


Front Desk (1/2 or full day), Computer input,

Arranging displays,

Moving help,

Grant writers,


History researchers


Accessions Manager

Call the Museum at 913-294-4940 Our e-mail address is: info@think miamicountyhistory.com

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MINI MINUTES The following are highlights of Director meetings, for your information, and a way to let you (a member) in on the workings of the museum. JUNE Larry reported on repairs needed on the roof flashing damaged in the earlier storm. The roof has been checked and will need attention at a later date. LuAnne passed a sign up sheet for Directors to work in July on Saturdays. Colleen discussed the Chamber of Com merce coffee to honor the WWI exhibit on Friday June 23. The Art Guild is sponsoring the Miniature Art Show again in July. New phones are needed so LuAnne and Coleen are in charge of purchasing them. The air conditioner in the upstairs rental is needing to be replaced. Larry will take care of this. Paul Davis, our upstairs renter, is wanting to televise inter views of MIAMI County people. JULY Larry is getting a bid proposal on the roof flashing hope fully by July 10. A new window conditioner has been pur chased and installed upstairs. Remaining open on Satur days is in question as there is a lack of visitors coming in on Saturday. It was decided to discontinue to be open as the phone number is on the door for anyone to call for an appointment. Jim is checking and accessioning all the Emberlin indian artifacts received for the Indian Display Room. Nina made a motion to accept Ann Roark as a Director, Carried. Betty reported that the family of Joyce Lang has donated some of her research books to the Museum. As most are for other states and we can’t use them, they are available to anyone. Paul Davis of MC TV, our renter upstairs is converting the space into a studio to produce a Miami County TV series. He intends to copy these to DVDs with proceeds coming to the museum. He is asking to be able to install a securi ty system with no expense to the museum. An agreement document needs to be drawn up. VOLUNTEERS NEEDED: Front Desk (1/2 or full day), computer input, arrang ing displays, moving help, grant writers, interviewers, history researchers

Queries Sharon ???????? is looking for Sarah Good born 1855 and later a patient at Osawatomie State Hospital David Keal wants a list of teachers and students of the Bucyrus school in 1899. Brian Wagner wants informa tion on the family of Jacob and Susan Wagner. Carrie McCrea needs information on history of her property at 702 W. Amity in Louisburg. Helena Hurst hopes for information on Elizabeth F. Moore Ball, a patient at the State Hospital in the 1890s. Gary Bartlett hopes to find information on Lucina and George W. Covell that are buried in the Spring Grove Quaker Cemetery in Lane, Ks. Carol Seck Grubb wants family information of grand parents Anthony J. and Mary L. Dauwe Seck. Cliff Herod wants Dist. Court records on Elizabeth and Frank Hurd Dave Conklin wants information on family of Josiah Conklin that lived in Osawatomie in the 1870s. Betty Francis is hoping to find information to Francis Willaver who was at the state hospital. Megan Shrub from Finding Your Roots PBS, wanted information on August Knecht for a TV program. Laura Miller wanted to know about abandoned rail road roundhouse and directed her to the Osawatomie Railway Museum. Cynthia Clugston wanted picture of oil well Lykin #1 from the 1860s Craig Bobby is interested in the building of Henry M McLachlin house. Connie Johnson wanted information on the Hudson murders in 1912. Linda Simons wants obit for David E. Maddox and his parents and sister Elizabeth Glassock. Christine Hiller wants obits for David Heenan and Emaline Heiskell (nee Peery These Queries have been researched by Iris Kluber

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Con’t on Pg. 6

Mini Minutes cont.

AUGUST The new phones for the museum have been purchased . Nancy Hart Kline has resigned as Director. Anne Benton has agreed to fill the position. Art Guild members have discussed the possibility of dis playing their art work year round at the museum and they would be for sale. Discussion on how to display them and where. Larry reported he will get a bid to repair the flashing on the roof. A request has been made from the Mound City Catholic Church asking for some of the artifacts to show at a cele bration honoring St Rose Philippine Duchesne. They are to be borrowed and returned the next day. SEPTEMBER Larry said there is a need for more display cases for the Emberlin indian artifacts. Work is scheduled next week to repair the roof flashing. Lloyd reported that the highway signs for the Trail of Death need to be changed out and updated by Sept 2018 when the caravan is scheduled. Wes Cole was nominated and voted to represent Osawat omie City on the Board of Directors. Ann Benton is the new Director for Sugar Creek Township. Patsy Bortner reported that the Art Guild will be display ing local artists work in the museum in a corner next to the Library. DAR members requested use of the Library for a genea logical workshop. Roger is asking for articles for the next Quarterly

VOLUNTEER and VISITOR REPORT June through October 2017 Volunteers – 18 Hours – 2,215 Betty Bendorf, Ann Benton, Patsy Bortner, Jim Bous man Vera Dakin, Luanne Debrick, Ed Dennerline, Pat Erickson, Colleen Ewan, Nina Gerken, Mildred Ha ley, Iris Kluber, Larry Lybarger, Lloyd Peckman, Teresa Read, Ann Roark, Leanne Shields and Roger Shipman 4 Board Meetings – Average 12 at each meeting Visitors - 272 States Represented – 20 Missouri, Wisconsin, Oregon, Maryland, Wyoming, Ohio. South Dakota, Minnesota, Montana, Idaho, Colorado, Indiana, Oklahoma, New York, Washing ton, Nevada, California, Kentucky, Arizona and North Carolina Countries Represented - 6 Moldovia, Taiwan, Slovenia, Germany, England, France ARE YOU WORKING ON YOUR GENEALOGY? ARE YOU HUNTING FOR ANCESTORS? We have people here at the museum that will be glad to help you in your search. You can give us a call (913/294-4940), send us an e-mail (info@thinkmiami countyhistory.com) or drop by and chat. We are open 10:a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Monday thru Friday. The Museum has reprints of past Newsletters for sale at #2.00 an issue.

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School with the class of 1938. Cliff served his country in the United States Army Air Corps during World War II. He was honorably’ discharged in 1945. He then attended college at the University of Kansas, graduat-ing in 1949 with a Bachelor of Science Degree in Busi¬ness Management. He was united in marriage to Jes sie Laughlin on December 2, 1945, at Kansas City, Kansas. They made their home in Kansas City, Missouri, and later moved to Lawrence, Kan sas. They became the proud parents of five chil-dren: Anita, Libby, Carol, Chuck and Brian. The family moved to Paola in 1949. He worked as a mechanical engineer for Fluor and Taylor Forge in Califor nia and Kansas, Rocketdyne in Neo sho, Missouri, as well., as BEHM in Osawatomie. Cliff continued working well into his 70s. Cliff published three books titled “Kansas Folklore”, “World War II For She married Leon Ray (Mac) Mc Neven on June 26, 1946, in Califor nia, and they were the parents of two children, Maureen Lee and Mor gan Irl McNeven. Mac was in the Army and- was trans ferred numerous times during the course of their marriage. Upon his retirement from the service, they moved to Michigan where Margaret once again took up her career as a music teacher. Margaret and Mac di vorced on November 27, 1961. Margaret married Raymond Earl Smith, Septem-ber 5, 1966, but, sad ly Raymond died just two months lat er, on November 22, 1966. Margaret was a long¬time member of her college music sorority, Order of the Eastern Star, local historical society, Daughters of the Ameri can Revolution and the First Baptist Church of Osawatomie. 1944, with a Bachelor’s Degree in Music Education. She taught music at Miltonvale, Kansas, and later in Michigan.

One”, and “Roper Goes West”. Besides writing, he enjoyed baseball, golfing, gardening, dancing, traveling, and playing cards and board games. Being a huge Royals fan, he frequented their games and attended many of the Roy als spring, training sessions. His most cherished pastime was the. time he spent with his fam-ily and friends. He was preceded in death by: his wife of 54 years; two sisters, Irma Player and Evelyn Barlow; one broth¬er, Carl E. Wright; and son-in-law, Paul Sand burg. He is survived by: three daughters, Ani ta Gilmore, of Overland Park, Kansas, Libby Wright and Carol Sandburg, both of Paola; two sons, Chuck Wright (Eva), of Paola, and Brian Wright (Valerie), of La Crosse, Kansas; nine grandchildren; eight great-grandchildren; and one great-great-grandson. Memorial contributions may be made to Miami County Historical Society or Paola United Methodist Church. She loved music and shared it often as accompa-nist. She also had a real passion for genealogy, and collabo rated with her sister, Helen, to write several family histories. They dis covered they had 15 patriots in the American Revolution. She became a source of information for distant cousins from all over the United States, and enjoyed an active corre spondence with many of them. Margaret is preceded in death by: her parents; her husband; and her two children. She is survived by: her sister, Helen Marie Satzler and husband, Robert, of Sand Springs, Oklahoma, former ly of Topeka, Kansas; niece, Kyra Gail Hamilton and husband, Wayne, of Sand Springs, Oklahoma; niece, Jill Satzler Silbiger, of Marietta, Georgia; nephew, Timothy R. Satzler and wife, Nancy, of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; three great-nieces.; five great-neph ews; three great-great-nieces; two great-great-nephews; and cousins of several generations.

Clifford C. Wright Jr. 1921.2017

P AOLA, Kan. — Clifford Charles Wright Jr., age 96, of Paola, passed away July 10, 2017, at Vintage Park Assisted Liv ing, Paola. Cliff was born January 24, 1921, at ‘Fontana, Kansas. He was the third of four children born to Clifford C. Sr, and Lauretta (Barnes) Wright. He graduated from Fontana High

The Museum has lost two long time members this last summer

Margaret E. Smith 1918-2017

OSAWATOMIE, Kan. — Margaret Eva Smith, age 98, of Osawatomie, died August 24, 2017.

She was ,born August 29, 1918, to Irl R.and Celina E.

Shively, on the family farm in Osawat omie. She attended Indianapolis Grade School and Osawatomie High School, where she played cello in the high school orchestra and accompanied the high school glee club on piano. She attended Ottawa University for one year, before teaching at Fairview, Osage Valley and Meek Grade Schools. She then went to Kansas Uni versity, where she graduated June 29,

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Meet Ann Benton our new director for Sugar Creek Township. Ann was raised in central Nebraska and moved from New Jersey to Miami County about 10 years ago. Af ter retiring three years ago she was able to devote more time to her many interests, including history.. History buffs run deep in her family (her brother was a history major and continues an avid reader of histori cal documents) and contributing to the Miami County Museum continues the family tradition. We want to introduce you to Ann Roark, our next sec retary. Ann lives in Paola and has been a volunteer at the museum for 3 years. She says, “I’ve been re searching my family history for almost 30 years and enjoy learning about the history of the locations and time periods of my ancestors”. Wes Cole is also a new director representing Osawatomie City. We wish to send a big thank you to these volunteers for stepping up to fill these positions on the board. MUSEUM CHRISTMAS PARTY IS DECEMBER 12 FROM NOON TO 2:00 P.M. SNACKS AND DRINKS WILL BE PROVIDED. COME SHARE HOLIDAY CHEER.

The museum is pleased to announce that Grady Atwa ter has consented to contribute his “historic” writing talent to the newsletter. Grady is the Site Administrator, at the John Brown Mu seum State Historic Site in Osawatomie. He has been contributing articals about John Brown history to the Miami County Republic, for many years

Ann Roark

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Miami County Jails On May 26, 1854 the Kansas – Nebraska Bill passed the United States Senate and was signed into law on May 30, 1854 by President Franklin Pierce. This bill opened to white settlement the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska. On August 16, 1855, the First Territorial Legislature passed an Act incorporating the Paola Town Company. On August 25, 1855 Lykins County Kansas Territory was established and Paola was named the permanent Seat of Justice. In August 1858 the people of Osawatomie presented a petition for a vote to establish the permeant location of the County Seat by vote of the majority of county residents. Paola won the election by a majority of 48 votes. The need for a County Jail was recognized by the Board of County Supervisors (today – Commissioners) as early as 1857 when a committee of E. W. Robinson, W. R. Wagstaff and A. T. Ward was appointed to advertise for sealed bids for building a jail, letting the contract and superintending its construction. W. B. Nichols, T. A. Granter and E. W. Robinson were ap pointed to select a site for the new jail. The Rock Jail It wasn’t until 1859 that Lykins (Miami) County had its first jail. The journal of the County Board of Supervisors dated Jan uary 11, 1859 reads: The motion to appropriate Two Thousand six hundred and fifty dollars ($2650) [$75,714]* for building a jail being in order, was taken up and discussed. J. M. Ellis offered the following substitute which was adopted. That Fifteen Hundred dollars ($1500) [$42,857] be appropriated for the purpose of Building a jail. The ayes and nays being called the vote stands as follows: - Ayes – Shannon, Nichols, J.M. Ellis, Sweeting, & Konig Nays – A. Ellis, Stokes, Granter, Walthall On motion the plan already adopted for the jail was rejected except so much thereof as represents the ground plans of the wall and Cells – the height to be one story. The jail was a stone structure that cost about $2,600 ($74,286* in todays money) which was situated on West Wea Street behind the building on the Northwest corner of Silver and Wea Streets. On March 25, 1861 William Clark Quantrill was arrested at Stanton. He was brought to Paola and confined in the jail. Based on a Writ of Habeas Corpus issued by Judge Thomas Roberts on April 2, 1861, Quantrill was released from jail. He quickly fled to Missouri. On September 29, 1866 a $100.00 ($1,515 today) reward was posted for the “apprehension of MATT BERGE who broke jail at Paola, Kansas.” On July 6, 1867 the Miami County Republican reported on July 3rd a “case knife, made into a fine saw had been given one of the prisoners, with which they sawed off the hinge of the door and two made their escape.” One was charged with horse stealing and the other was “serving a term of imprisonment.”

On September 30, 1869 an auger was passed to a prisoner from the outside and by morn ing three prisoners had made their escape. The Western Spirit dated June 5, 1885 reported “A prisoner, named Elijah Blackmore, slipped out of jail last Wednesday night. He was sentenced for larceny. Sheriff Shoemaker is looking for the culprit but hasn’t found him yet.” The Miami Republican reported on Sunday night October 25, 1885 “about 7 o’clock four prisoners escaped from the Miami County jail. All of them had been sentenced by Judge Wagstaff and were to have been taken up to the penitentiary this week. Joseph Williams was convicted for burglary and larceny and sentenced to 8 years. Ed Prather, convicted for burglary and larceny, sentenced to 6 years; Dan McCuish, convicted for larceny, sentenced 1 year and (Harry) Raven, a colored man, convicted for embezzlement, sentenced 2 years.” The Miami Republican article continued: Page 9

Jim Bousman

They got out through the privy, adjoining the main cell, climbing the chute that connects the upper and lower privies and jumping from the north window of the up-stairs to the ground. Search was immediately started but no clue was found on the gang. On Monday, Constable John B. Lyon captured Raven, the colored man, near Hillsdale and brought him back and put him in jail. On the road to Paola Raven grabbed a revolver from one of the guards and leaping from the wagon ran some distance, but a few shots halted him and he was docile from then on. On October 8, 1886 the Western Spirit reported over $250 ($6,410) was paid to Sheriff Shoemaker to travel to New York and return an escaped prisoner. The Brick Jail By 1871 the County Commissioners realized there was a need for a new jail. On April 4, 1871 a proposal was submitted to the people of Miami County which would authorize the County Commissioners “to borrow on the credit of the county, represented by bonds, the sum of seventeen Thousand Dollars ($333,333) for the purpose of building a new County Jail. “ This proposal was defeated. On January 5, 1877 the Paola Board of Education sold the land to Miami County Kansas for a sum of $8,000 ($181,818) upon which a new (brick) jail would be built. On October 5, 1885 the Board of County Commissioners “Ordered that the petitions of citizens of Miami County, Kansas that the Board of Commissioners submit the proposition to the qualified electors of said county to autho rize the appropriation of funds of Miami to build a jail building … “. The commissioners also “Ordered that Chas. Winters, confined in the county jail, is hereby released and C. T. Shoemaker, sheriff of Miami county authorized to discharge him from custody.” On October 30, 1885 the Miami Republican urged the citizens of Miami County to vote for the new jail: A new jail is badly needed in Miami County, the old structure being dilapidated and dangerous and a death – breeding trap that should be abated by the health authorities. It is condemned by the Commissioners and the proposition for a new building should receive the support of the taxpayer. If a new one is not constructed we will be compelled in a few years to take our prisoners to Wyandotte County or some place else for safe keeping. Vote for it and work for it. In the November 13th 1885 issue of the Western Spirit, it was announced that “Miami County will have a new $12,000 ($300,000) jail built next year in the court house square.” On October 8, 1886 the Western Spirit reported there would be an estimated cost overrun of between $500 ($12,821) or $700 ($17,949) on a contract for building the jail. An entry in the Miami County Commissioners Journal on October 23, 1886 states the new jail was inspected and found satisfactory. On October 29, 1886 the Western Spirit reported “A portion of the outside west wall in the old jail fell last Satur day, which necessitated the moving of the prisoners to the new jail. The new jail is being completed in time, as the old one is surely tumbling down.” The April 25th 1887 issue of the Western Spirit reported the following County Business: Doctor Medicine and attendance at jail $35.30 ($910) Mitchler Mdse Co Jail 2.25 ( 58) Claudon plumber’s work at jail 21.25 ( 545) Cook repair jail vault .50 ( 13) Shoemaker Jail 18.20 ( 467) Board at jail 25.00 ( 641) A Linn County prisoner confined to the Miami County jail escaped the afternoon of May 20th 1896. A large group of Paola citizens corralled him in the Bull Creek bottoms and returned him to jail. Cont. on pg. 15

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This is the only known photo of the Rock Jail.

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Bloctober Fest photos were taken on the Block Lutheran church grounds

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Photos above are from the cider mill festival

The photos below were taken at tthe Roots Festival

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This floor plan was drawn from memory by Rex Hollinger, Son of Sheriff Boyd Hollinger. In those years the Sheriff and his family lived in the jail with his wife doing the cooking for the inmates.

A rendering of the brick jail when it was new in 1886. It was located south of the alley north-west of the court house where there is a parkingt lot now. Notice that Silver street was then a dirt road.

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On November 21, 1898 three prisoners escaped by sawing an opening through the bars of a south window of the jail. In vestigation revealed the work preparing for the escape had been going on for weeks before the escape. One prisoner was captured soon after the break, but the others remain at large. The County Commissioners met on March 21, 1899 and voted to “give the city of Paola $2,100 ($53,846) to put in and maintain for all time a sewer for the Miami county court house and jail ….” Appearing in the Numbers Insurance Agency’s Map of Paola is a drawing of the floor plan of the Sheriff’s residence and Jail - which shows improvements. Research did not find any reference to the 1918 date of the rebuild or the cost. On January 21, 1919 three prisoners escaped sometime between 8 and 9 o’clock. They escaped by prying the top bars apart and crawled out into a space between the ceiling and the roof. They then dug a hole through the brick wall. Sheriff Lamm went to investigate when it was unusually quite in the jail. He found one prisoner in the jail and one dropping back into the cell from the hole that had been cut above the cell. The alarm was given, but the prisoners made a clean get away. On the evening of Sunday March 23, 1919 three prisoners sawed their way to freedom by sawing a bolt off an iron bar in the ceiling on the inner part of the jail, which allowed them to squeeze into a narrow attic-way above the cells and to move to the east wall where bricks were taken apart. With the use of blankets tied together they were able to lower themselves to the ground. One of the prisoners J. B. Dean a member of the I.W.W. (Industrial Workers of the World with ties to both socialist and anarchist labor movements) confessed his intentions to kill the Kansas Attorney General. On March 31, 1919 Dean was captured at Sheldon, Iowa after being shot four times by Chickasaw County Sheriff John Tietjen. On or about 2:00 am on December 31, 1919 six prisoners escaped by, once again, using the steel springs from their shoes to saw their way out. This time they sawed their way out of a north window (which had a cross bar shutter) and jumped over the iron fence and made a clean get way. On April 28, 1920 when Sheriff George Lamm went to feed the prisoners, he was assaulted by a prisoner and locked in a cell. Mrs. Lamm came to his rescue with a revolver in her hand and was attacked by the fleeing prisoner. She was disarmed and struck across the face. Freedom didn’t last long when he was recognized by Paola City Marshall Sam Brown. After a one block foot pursuit, the prisoner was apprehended by Marshall Brown and returned to jail. On or about 12:43 PM July 25, 1921 three male prisoners in the county jail jumped Sheriff George Lamm and brutally beat him as he was pouring good water he had obtained from across the street (the city water was muddy) into a drinking bucket setting just inside the door of the cell block. Mrs. Lamm heard the disturbance, picked up a revolver and ran to the north door of the jail corridor where four prisoners were trying to get out. She fired once through the door’s iron grating which caused the prisoners to return to the cell block. Sheriff Lamm having recovered from the beating pulled his revolver and put the four prisoners into separate cell. December 3rd 1921 was the date eight prisoners escaped from the county jail. (Three of the escaped prisoners were the same ones who had on July 21, severally beaten Sheriff Lamm as he poured water into a drinking bucket.) Investigation disclosed the three prisoners had planned to kill Sheriff Lamm as they escaped. The break out was made by sawing bars (over a period of three weeks) in the holding cell and making a hole to crawl through. Once out of the “cage” they went through an upper window: letting themselves down with blankets. Sheriff Lamm sensed something was wrong and went to investigate. As he entered the jail section from the Sheriff’s quarters, he saw the last man drop from the upper window. He returned to his quarters and before he could arm himself and get outside, the prisoners had fled. The prisoners made their way to the Washington School where they built a fire in the stove. The stove fire was too hot and the school house burned down. One of the prisoners was captured in Sugar Creek Township. Three prisoners were known to have made their way to Drexel, where they caught a north bound train. At about midnight April 6, 1946 two prisoners tunneled their way through the south wall of the jail. The prisoners tore a steel plate from the inside of the jail and used a bar from one of the cells to break through the brick wall. The wife of one of the prisoners was charged with being an accessory after the fact after admitting she accompanied her husband to Union Station in Kansas City where she left him there about noon on Sunday April 7th. Monday, April 10th 1950, three prisoners sawed their way to freedom; but by noon Tuesday, two had been returned to Jail. Apprehended with the two was a 17 year old girl who accompanied them on their flight and was later charged with aiding in the jail break. The three used a hack saw to cut window bars on the alley side of the jail. After cutting a 12 by 14 inch hole, soap was applied to the bars and they squeezed through dropping to the ground below the open hole. Investigation revealed the saw blades were purchased at a local store and passed to a prisoner from the outside.

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The Present Jail As the years passed, the old brick jail began to deteriorate with an increased cost of operation. As the population of Miami County and surrounding counties increased; so did the old brick jails population. By the late 1950’s and early 1960’s the planning process began for the building of new modern jail. On February 12th 1965 representative of the State Civil Defense Department met with the County Commissioners to dis cuss Federal Aid which could be used to assist in the building of the basement for the new jail building. On March 22, 1965 the County Commissioners met with architects and planners to begin the process of drawing plans for the construction of a new jail. On June 14th 1965 the County Commissioners were presented a feasibility study which rec ommended the Commissioners levy a tax of not more than one (1) mill for the financing of a new jail. The estimated cost of a proposed 13,460 square foot building was set at $214,717 ($1,639,062) or $15.96 per sq ft ($121.77). After numerous meeting, the County Commissioners gave notice to proceed with the drawing of the final plans for the jail on September 3, 1965. The final plans were approved on January 7th 1966. On September 9, 1966 the County Commissioners opened sealed bids for general obligation bonds in the amount of $190,000. The bonds were sold to a combined bid of Miami County banks with a net interest of $30, 352.50. On April 4, 1967 the County Commissioners authorized the removal of the old brick jail as soon as the new jail was com pleted and occupied. May 26th 1967 was the day of the open house for the new jail. Final inspection was made on June 1 and the Commissioners met in their new Commissioner’s room in the jail building on June 30, 1967. The present jail has served Miami County for the past fifty years. During that period there has been two jail escapes. Janu ary 12, 1989, is the date of the first attempted or actual escape from the present Miami County Jail. I was unable to locate any newspaper account of this event The Miami County Republic reported on the evening of January 13, 1994 Jailer Ed Koon was supervising two inmates on clean-up detail when at approximately 7:20 p.m., “one of the inmates took a cast-iron skillet and hit Koon on the head.” After being hit on the head, “Koon was then handcuffed and left in the kitchen.” “The inmates, “Craig A. Walker, 18, Osawatomie, and Clarence H. Brockert, 26, Warsaw, Mo., fled the jail through the back door, using a set of keys they took from Koon.” In order to further their escape both stole cars in Paola and fled the immediate area. The Miami County Sheriff’s Office implemented their protocol in the event of a jail break. Local and area law enforcement were notified, the railroads were called and requested to speed up their trains going through Paola and area residents were notified by breaking in on local television programing. News of the escape spread quickly throughout Miami County and adjacent counties. Clarence Brockert was captured in the area of the Paola Cemetery at approximately 9:08 p.m. and Craig Walker was cap tured shortly after 11:00 p.m. in the vicinity of the Miami County Sanitary Landfill after he drove through a road block south of Paola and lost control of the stolen car. A new modern jail is under construction at this writing. There was a grand opening ceremony during the first week of No vember 2017. * http://www.davemanuel.com/inflation-calculator.php (Converts to 2015 $)

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ston Kansas for military training. Over 1,000 soldiers there became ill in just two weeks, resulting in 38 deaths. Soon outbreaks of the virus went on to other camps as soldiers were moved in the process of pre paring for WW I. Then Europe and the World became open territory for its expansion.

Worst Epidemic May Have Begun In Kansas One Hundred years ago soldiers from Miami County joined or were called to arms for WW I. Of those that were in the service from our county 40 died. Those who were killed in action or dying of wounds totaled only 38%, while those dying of disease was 62% (25) . 1917-1919 were the years of an influenza epidemic that killed world wide more than all the losses of World War I and II combined. The first soldier from Miami County to succumb would be Harold Boice, age 20, who died October 27, 1917 while at Ft. Sill, Oklahoma. He was a member of Com pany K infantry. His parents lived near Chiles. The in fluenza would eventually account for 50% of all WWI soldier deaths. As the wave of flu spread through the United States and then to Europe because of the war, the whole world would become infected. Some have estimated that 50-100 million deaths resulted in less than two years; more deaths than AIDS, or the Black Plague in a century. 670,000 Americans died during this time.

Pneumonia became the fear of all, changing the life style of citizens in their work, play and lives. Physicians had few drugs or knowledge on how to fight the virus. Philadelphia had over 12,000 deaths, while Camp Pike in Arkansas had over 8,000 hospitalized at one time. Victor Vaughan, head of the Army Communicable Dis ease Division said “If the epidemic continues its math ematical rate…civilization could easily disappear in a matter of a few more weeks.” But by late 1919, as the war ended and the disease had spread world wide, it seemed to lose its sting and the human immune sys tems recognized the attack resulting in an almost mi raculous reduction in its presence. The flu still returns each year, but with vaccines and antibiotics the world has so far held the next attack in check. But pandemic viruses like Ebola and Zika may yet remain on the horizon. The grave marker of 19 year old Ralph R Chambers who died at Camp Funston OCT 12 1918. By Larry Lybarger. Material in this article was taken in large part form the Smithsonian, Nov. 2017 by John M. Barry. For a short video about Camp Funston and the flu go to this web site https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vzcVrm2VNXs HAVE YOU HAD YOUR FLUE SHOT LATELY?

A ward at Camp Funston, Kan. showing the many ill patients who caught the 1918 Spanish influenza.

Some scientists now suggest the “Spanish Flu”, so named because of the illness of the king of Spain, should really be called the “Kansas Flu”. In southwest Kansas, near Garden City, a possible source of the virus might have developed from a mutant gene combina tion of bird and swine flu that then spread to humans. From Haskell County soldiers were sent to Camp Fun

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Mother Baptiste---A Grand Lady Mary Ann Isaacs, early Miami County benefactor was born in 1800 near Buffalo, New York. She was referred to as a Brotherton Indian from a mother of the Mohegan nation and a European white father. At an early age her family moved to Indiana from New York. She was well educated by Christian Missionaries. In 1819, she was married to Christmas(Noel) Dashney(Dagenette), Wea chief, by Isaac McCoy, a Baptist Missionary. They lived in Parke County Indiana and were parents to 10 children of which only half lived to adulthood. All the children were educated at missions until they were forced to move to Kansas Indian Territory in the 1840’s. Upon moving to what was to become Miami County Kan sas, they settled on part of Christmas’s headright land near Coldwater Creek south of present day Louisburg. After only a few years in Kansas, Christmas died (1848) and Mary Ann soon moved to live with other Wea Indians near what would become Paola. Then in 1856 she married Baptiste Peoria who would be come chief of the Confederated Tribes in Miami County. She held great influence with her new husband who had helped form the Town Company of Paola on land he had owned. They gave development lots to County leaders with the purpose of selling them to help fund Paola as the county seat. Later they donated lots and land for the Cath olic Church and Cemetery. Land was also given for a park in the business square, and lots were sold for other churches and schools. She was well educated, but her second husband was un able to read or write. He did have great business ability and was successful in many ventures. They soon disagreed on several matters however and they each filed in court for divorce in 1858. The case was dismissed due to their being Indians and not recognized citizens at this time. They had no children together and soon parted. He then went to Oklahoma with the Miami and Confederated Tribes, while she remained a resident of Paola. She built a new home in Paola and lived there and was very active in Paola social circles until her death. She had vowed not to be moved by the government to Oklahoma Indian Territory. She was far ahead of her time as a woman and American Indian. When she died in 1883, her funeral was held in the Paola Catholic Church. She was buried along side her first husband in the Dagenette ( Wea ) Cemetery near Louis burg. She had selected that site for her first husband on land they had owned. Her influence has had a lasting con tribution on Paola and Miami County. On the right is a photo is of her home she had built in Paola. She lived in it until her death in 1883. (This home is still a Paola residence)

This photo is of Mary Ann Isaacs was newly discov ered and is now owned by the museum. It was taken by an early Paola photographer in 1871.

Mary Ann’s home in Indiana with her first husband Christmas Dagenette

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T his is an o-bit of the photographer that took the photo of Mary Ann . According to the o-bit, Mr. Mangrum was taking pictures in Paola in 1871 Charles W. Mangrum, aged 78 years, was found dead in a tub of a public bath house, in Los Angeles, California, March 2nd, 1920.-He had been making his home with his daugh ter-in-law, Mrs. Ruby Mangrum. He leaves two sons, Richard L., in El Centra; Arthur Mangrum, in San Francisco, and one daughter, Jennie, of Fresno, Calif. He was 78 years old and wealthy. The deceased was well known in Paola where he was a photographer in 1871, and later lived on the Geiseke farm, north of Somerset. Ely Moore named Osawatomie and his son, Ely Moore, Ju nior witnessed the naming of the town and reported why the town was named Osawatomie, and recounted how the town was named in an article in the Collections of the Kan sas State Historical Society 1911-1912. The older Moore was the special agent of the Five Confederated Tribes of In dians, and Eli Moore Senior gave his son the duty of protect ing the Native American lands in Miami County from white incursions. Ely Moore, Junior met with O.C. Brown, one of the founders of Osawatomie in September of 1854, and was immediately impressed by Brown’s demeanor, stating “I rec ognized by his tone and manner that he was a gentleman, so upon dismounting, I extended the hand of friendship.” However, Ely Moore, Junior informed Brown that he was trespassing on reservation land. Brown indicated that he had been misled, and after visiting with Eli Moore, Junior, Brown accompanied him to meet with Baptiste Peoria, who was the “Interpreter of the Five Tribes.” Brown and Peoria met, and negotiated an agreement by which a town would be founded, and a meeting was called to determine the name of the new town. Ely Moore Junior stated, “Among those present, I noted Capt. Louis Chouteau of Saint Louis, A.G. Boone of Westport, William Scott, Judge J.W. Clymer, and J.W. McHenry of West Point, Missouri., all licensed traders; also, many Indians.” The only real business was the selection of a name for the city. Ely Moore, Junior stated that a battle of wills ensued between O.C. Brown and Baptiste Peoria, which led to Ely Moore, Senior final ly naming the town. Ely Moore, Junior stated “Mr. Brown advocated either the name of Brooklyn or Brownsville. To these names Baptiste was unalterably opposed, and in turn How Osawatomie got its name by Grady Atwater

Above is the back of the Mary Ann photo naming C.W. Mangrum as the photographer who was in Paola in1871

proposed the names of Peoria and City of Kansas. To these Brown objected. A deadlock was on, and in this dilemma my father was called on for his selection of a name.” Ely Moore, Junior reported that his father sought to salve the egos of both O.C. Brown and Baptiste Peoria by creat ing a neutral name for the town that was not named after either of them, and stated that Eli Moore, Senior advocated blending the names of the streams close at hand, Osage and Pottawatomie to form “Osawatomie.” There being no ob jection, Osawatomie it was, and Osawatomie it remains. A few years after the naming of the city some persons holding interest in the town strove to have the name changed, but their efforts failed. Osawatomie was technically named for the Osage River, which was later renamed the Marais Des Cygnes in Kansas and Pottawatomie Creek. Realistically, though, the town was named Osawatomie to resolve a conflict between O.C. Brown and Baptiste Peoria. Ely Moore, Senior wisely stepped in and offered a compromise that both men could accept, and gave Osawatomie its unique name.

Moore shaped Osawato mie’s history by resolving the conflict over the name of the town between two of Mi ami County’s pioneers, and, therefore we owe him a debt of gratitude and respect. He gave the town a name that sets it apart from every oth er town in the nation and the world, for there is only one Osawatomie, thanks to Ely Moore, Senior.

Grady Atwater

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Lloyd’s Letters

Recently the museum received more than 40 containers of Indian Artifacts that were lost or discarded more than 150 years ago in Miami County. Jerry Emberlin of Shawnee, Kansas brought us his lifetime, over 50 years, collection. He admits that it was a fun passionate hobby. But this required a great deal of very hard work; including preliminary re search of old maps and history; and permission of property owners, sometimes taking 10 years. Mapping out and cir cling the wand over large areas can get very monotonous. Then the digging, cleaning and electrolyzing for rust and documenting are a part of the process. He told me that he made over 60 trips to Miami Village Sites, each of about 70 miles. My definition of metal detection is as follows. It is a stick like wand held by the forearm with a battery controlled box at the top that has several setting and sends an electrical signal to a round open centered coil of copper wire. When electrical waves find metal below, it sends backs a signal that the detector can interpolate. The detector process es the signal and can determine what type of metal has found. Some models can tell the difference between coins and pop bottle caps. High-powered Italian models can cost more than $3,000 and cheap models now sell for under $100. As background, I first met Jack York, Jerry’s partner, back in the winter of 2010. He played a large role in this proj ect. He showed me his extensive collection in his home at Louisburg, Kansas. It included many old bullets, coins, and buttons, household item and hard to ID items. His collec tion overwhelmed me. The area covered varied from Ft. Leavenworth to Ft. Scott and Clinton, Mo. to Pomona, Ks. Then Jack told me I should see Jerry Emberlin’s collection as it was larger and more extensive. I spent five hours with Jack and learned much about metal detection collection. He started his collection in the late 70’s right out of school. Early on Jack explored the Coldwater Springs site as it was a Military Road site just south of Louisburg. A Nov. 17th 1999 Louisburg Herald report shows a picture of Jack standing in front of his metal detector. Because of family connec tions, he also explored the Wea Trading Post and Village just south of 319 and Ridgeview Rd., south of the junction of Bull and Wea Creek. Jack and Jerry can more precisely pinpoint site because of the old bullets they find concen trated around these sites. Jerry first got permission from Maxine Slyter Brandt about 1983 to explore the Miami Mission Village west. She lived After many back and forth phone calls Larry Lybarger got to talk to Jerry, we finally suggested that an accession loan agreement might work. He would bring us 15 or 20 boxes for us to evaluate and to be viewed. If we didn’t want them or Jerry was not happy with our proposed treatment, he could pick them up any time. Jerry said he was very ac quainted with the accession process. He and Jack had pre viously had an exhibit at our Museum and had removed it prior to 2009. Jerry soon brought 24 more boxes for us to evaluate. He placed a value on a number of these boxes which seemed reasonable. Jack thinks during their collec tions they made several thousand trips. The next bump in the road I knew was coming as our financ es are strictly day to day. Jerry had voiced concern about how earnest we were to properly and safely display the col METAL DETECTION ARTIFACT COLLECTION just east of that site. Jack and Jerry did not meet until about 1990 when Jack spotted Jerry in a restaurant with a Metal Detection hat on. They worked together after that and Jack is still working new sites. The hobby is quite common. The KC Star of August 5, 2012 reports about the Mid-West Artifact Society of Kansas City. It meets monthly for a picnic, socializing and comparing finds. The 20 plus members on that date went fishing (met al detecting) at a Boys Scout encampment at the south end of the old Swope Park. At that time the Vice President was John Irby of Osawatomie, Kansas. In the report He tells the story of a couple losing a $4,000 wedding ring out a car window on 69 Highway near Drexel, Mo. and it being found by metal detection. He also reports that they explored the Osawatomie State Hospital grounds, Mine Creek Site and old homes and an old school. Forward, to last winter. Jack called me and reported that Jerry because of age and medical problems wanted to disperse his collection, possibly on E- Bay. Jack suggested to him he needed to connect with me and the new Miami Co. Hist. Museum Indian Room people as a good place for his collection. It took awhile due to winter weather and sickness, but we made connections and in his basement I got to view and photograph some of his boxes. I showed these pictures to the Museum Board Members in hope of convincing them that this was a very worth while collection. I told them that because we had no Miami Tribal artifact, getting this was strictly a dream, but, I was not very optimistic. But we needed to physically see more of the collection.

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