Lipp Vis Nursing ChaptLWBK1630_C02_p013-068

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Cardiovascular Care

Normal Anatomy and Conduction System of the Heart

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Tests 15 Serum Studies  15 Cardiac Tests  18 Electrophysiology Studies  20 Imaging Tests  20 Positron Emission Tomography  22

Peripheral Arteriography  23 Doppler Ultrasonography  23 Diseases 24 Vascular Disorders and Problems with Peripheral Circulation  24 Venous Thrombosis  25 Hypertension  27 Brain  28 Kidney  28 Eye  28 Coronary Vascular Disorders 30 Coronary Artery Disease or Ischemic Heart Disease  30 Acute Coronary Syndrome  31 Causes of Unstable Angina or NSTEMI  31 Myocardial Infarction  32 Structural Disorders 35 Heart Failure  35 Valvular Heart Disease  37 Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  41 Aneurysms with Genetic Predisposition  42 Infectious/Inflammatory Disorders 44

Pericardial Diseases  44 Pericardial Effusion  44 Cardiac Tamponade  46 Infective Endocarditis  47 Cardiomyopathy  48

Arrhythmia Disorders

50 Atrial Fibrillation  50

Treatments and Procedures

52 Drug Therapy  52 Surgical and Other Procedures  53 Vascular Interventions  62

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