Mexico’s Pacific South States

meters). Bordered to the north and west by Michoacán; Oaxaca to the east and southeast; Puebla to the northeast; and Morelos to the northwest, Guerrero occupies a small but important position in Mexico past and present. The main river running through the area is called the Río de las Balsas, beginning at the northwest tip of the state and running almost directly down the center, with smaller rivers branching off until it meets Oaxaca at the other end of the state. Because of the moisture available and the temperatures that can vary from a high of over 90ºF (32ºC) to a low of 80ºF (26ºC), the climate is hot and rainy on the coastlines. On the highlands further inland, near the center of the Mexican peninsula, the climate balances out enough so crops can be grown and harvested. Oaxaca is located in the southwest area of Mexico, with the Pacific Ocean to the south. It shares borders with Guerrero, Chiapas, Puebla, and Veracruz. With


Sheep graze on a ranch in a valley in Oaxaca.

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