STARK SAFETY CONSULTANTS

Overview of Electrical Services

• Electrical Safety Training (Live or Online) • Employee Proficiency Testing • Hazard/Risk Engineering • Infrared Imaging • Labeling Services • PPE Planning/Budgeting • Power Quality Assessments • Program Upkeep Tracking Consulting • Preventive Maintenance Planning • Third Party Reviews for Arc Flash Study/Proposal

Arc Flash Hazard Analysis

• Arc Flash and Shock Risk Assessments • Arc Flash Study • Coaching/Consulting • Complete Program Audits • Custom Equipment Labeling • Custom LOTO Procedures • Electrical Safety Policies • Electrical Safety Program • Electrical Safety Program Gap Analysis

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Common Questions on Electrical Safety/Arc Flash Training

Question: Who should attend electrical safe work practices training?

Answer: • NFPA 70E defines the requirements for electrical safety training to be for employees who face a risk of an electrical hazard…. • The training would apply to those working with or around electrical equipment. • Those responsible for safety, facility operations, maintenance or overall company activities. • OSHA has cited companies for “those auditing employees who are not qualified to perform the tasks that they are auditing” - so the people in charge must have the same level of training as those working with the tools.

Question: Does the required training need to be " CERTIFIED "?

Answer:

• Certification generally requires the passing of an examination and that certain qualifications be met. However, certifications are issued by private organizations, not by government entities, such as NFPA’s Certified Electrical Safety Compliance Professional certification. The value given to certification may depend upon the reputation of the organization issuing the certification.

• NFPA 70E and OSHA reference “QUALIFIED PERSONS” with specific guide lines.

Question: Does the qualified person need a certificate?

Answer:

• Employer documentation of training content is required. • Evidence of worker proficiency in materials trained in is required. • A personal card or certificate is not required – although it is a valuable item to have for those who travel among various sites and companies, this allows validation upon request.

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Common Questions on Electrical Safety/Arc Flash Training

Question: How long does training have to be?

Answer:

• Qualified person training is not based on time. It is based on covering the necessary information that enables a person to act appropriately based on their exposure to electrical hazards. • 2018 NFPA 70E 110.2… The training required depends upon various factors, such as the tasks to be performed, whether the employee is a manager, supervisor, or worker, whether the employee is an unqualified person, or whether the employee is or needs to be a qualified person (see commentary following the definition of qualified person in Article 100 ). • Depending upon their job functions and the tasks assigned to them, different groups or levels of employees could be trained in a variety of subjects, including the following: o Utilizing safe work practices o Creating an electrically safe work condition (ESWC) o Selecting, caring for, and using insulating or insulated tools and equipment, including test instruments o Interpreting arc flash hazard equipment labels o Determining if energized electrical work is justified o Determining if an energized electrical work permit is required o Selecting, caring for, and using PPE, including the types of arc ratings o Selecting and using alerting techniques, such as safety signs and tags, barricades, and attendants • Employees who may be exposed to unacceptable risk of injury from the use of electricity in the work environment need to be trained to identify the following: o Situations that may involve unacceptable risk, including recognizing evidence of impending failure o The actual or potential hazards involved with the situation o The degree or level of the actual or potential hazard o How the degree or level of the hazard can determine the seriousness of any potential injury o The means of avoiding or mitigating actual or potential exposure to electrical hazards

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Common Questions on Electrical Safety/Arc Flash Training

Question: Can a worker be “QUALIFIED” from a public or “out of the box” course?

Answer:

• There will still be additional training (beyond a typical public course) required for an individual to be considered “qualified” most these are customer specific : o Authorized LOTO training o Company specific electrical safety policy/procedures o Company specific Lock out Tag-out policy/procedures o Voltage testing basic training o Tester training on specific tester they are required to use o CPR /first aid /AED if their duties warrant responding to emergencies o Specific hazards associated with Equipment work will be performed on o Site specific safety related work practices o Procedural requirements associated with their jobs or tasks. o Company specific arc flash and shock risk assessment process and risk control methods

Question: What training do unqualified persons need to have?

Answer:

• Unqualified persons shall be trained in and be familiar with any electrical safety- related practices necessary for their safety. • Examples are: o What are electrical hazards o How can exposure to electrical hazards occur and how to avoid o How does the company electrical safety policy affect me?

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Training Courses Offered

Electrical Safe Work Practices – 1 Day Course: • Based on principles and industry related standards for 600V and below

• NFPA 70E, OSHA, and realted regulatory standards • Designed for the qualified technician and supervisor

Electrical Safe Work Practices for High Voltage – 1 Day Course: • Based on principles and industry standards for above 600V • NFPA 70E, OSHA, and related regulatory standards • Designed for the qualified tehnician and supervisor Electrical Safe Work Practices/LOTO/Arc Flash Analysis – 2 Day Course: • Includes our 1 Day Electrical Safe Work Practices Course Outline • Day 2 consists of: o LOTO principles for the authorized persons Electrical Safe Work Practices/LOTO/Arc Flash Analysis “Hands-On” – 3 Day Course: • Includes our 2 Day Electrical Safe Work Practices Course Outline • Day 3 consists of: o Inspecting and wearing PPE o Creating an electrical safe work condition on real equipment with SSC training boards o Interpreting detailed warning labels o Using LOTO procedures and online diagrams with “REALTIME-SAFETY” LOTO management system in the cloud o Differences between NFPA 70E tables and incident energy analysis o Concepts and example process of an electrical risk assessment

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Training Courses Offered

Electrical Safe Work Practices “Train the Trainer” – 5 Day Course: • Includes our 3 Day from ESWP/LOTO/AFA/”Hands-On” Course Outline • Day 4 consists of: o How to training – Educational perspective o How to evaluate: ▪ Students ▪ Your materials ▪ Your test results ▪ Building tests and questions ▪ Class setup and preparation • Day 5 consists of: o Course test and hands-on evaluation o Student samples presentations and critique (with video copy) Understanding the 2018 NFPA 70E – 3 Hour Course: • Explain the coming key changes to the 2018 NFPA 70E • Elaborate on the revised and new concepts to the standard • Explain how to change an existing program to meet these changes

Preparing for an Incident Energy Analysis – 2 Hour Course: • Discuss template steps to an incident energy analysis

• Identify employee concerns (involvement, PPE needs, training, etc.) • Look at key areas to address before you begin for longterm success

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Services: Private Training

Scope and Pricing

Training in-house provides the best customizable course options which can make it not only more meaningful, but also more efficicient by not needing to do sepearte company policy sessions after regulatory training.

SSC provides a variety of course topics and course lengths. Please contact us for assistance in helping you determine the best options:

• Course scope will be customized based on course requested and company specific details determined. • Course includes a course handbook (a cost saving option available) o Can be provided in price for each attendee or option of having the client print • Once onlines test for reach attendee is provided at no additional cost via our REALTIME-SAFETY online employee testing website o All attendees will be provided with a login and password o A set % is required to receive a course “achievement” certificate o A demo fo how to use and set-up can be provided prior to 1 st day of class • Link to Stark Safety Consultants client website for supplemental material • CEU and PDH credits available with adequate advanced mtofication • Classroom, projector, screen, and food not included. o If required, it will be calculated and cost applied • Cost variables: o Number of attendees, days, weekend, or off shift o Work to create or revise company documents to be inclulded into course o Work to incorporate custom programs into training materials

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Services: Electrical Safety Program

Options

Electrical Safety Program Development OSHA and the NFPA 70E require that employers have an effective Electrical Safety Program to protect employees. Our clients have a wide variety of needs regarding the development of safety and health programs, experience has led us to develop a graduated approach to safety program development.

Examples of each option below:

“Turn Key” Programs Some clients would prefer that we develop entire programs that are ready to implement with very little use of internal corporate resources. Turn Key Programs begin with an “Gap Analysis” of the organization’s culture, a review of existing policies/procedures, and interviews of key personnel to ascertain how best to structure the program. All program documentation is then developed and edited by a designated company representative. Finally, the approved program is presented to management for their review and comment. Employee roll-out programs and training are also available. (See Gap Analysis flyer) “Editor” Programs Many clients would prefer to develop a program using internal corporate resources but have an outside expert provide “back-end editing” for compliance and completeness. Editor programs usually include review of company policy and procedures along with evaluation of the final draft of the program as presented by the company personnel. An evaluative report is then written and specific program recommendations.

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Gap Analysis: Checklist for Budgeting

The gap analysis program will include a review and evaluation of your overall Electrical Safety Program to determine which areas may be deficient with current codes and standards.

1. A Review of Existing Documentation for: • Electrical Safety Program Policy •

Lockout/Tagout Policy to include a sampling of existing LOTO procedures. • Electrical one-line diagram and other documents related to the arc flash analysis (i.e. report, arc flash labels, status of upkeep) • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) inventory and verification of equipment assignment • Work group descriptions and information related to the exposure of the different groups to electrical hazards • Authorized Personnel Chain of Command for electrically safe work practices • Training history, methods, and curriculum 2. An Onsite Audit for: • PPE and related equipment inspection • Evaluation of work tasks and processes to identify/verify personnel exposures to electrical hazards • Evaluation of personnel usage of lockout/tagout procedures • Personnel knowledge of existing lockout/tagout procedures 3. Meetings to Review: • Findings of gap anaylsis and program deficiencies • Policy draft presentation and discussion • Budgeting for corrective actions and re-evaluation 4. Follow-Up: • Recommended to evaluate the effectiveness and application of recommendations and action plans

NOTE: Meetings can one onsite or online, if preferred.

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Safety Program: Onsite Evaluation Agenda

Tentative Plan for Electrical Safety Program Gap Analysis:

• Tour of facility to review operations, tasks, and processes. This provides us with a better understanding of where to being the inspection. • Conduct a facility electrical safety inspection and work practice observation(s). The goal to identify exposures for various worker groups. • Interviews with the following individuals: o Safety Director/Managers o Key Personnel/Manager of Electrical Maintenance Group o Individual in an operator position involved with processes and turning on/off equipment o Possible randomly selected person as observed during site tour • Inspect/Evaluate – please have “corralled” to provide most complete inspection possible: o Existing electrical PPE inventory o Insulated tools o LOTO stations, locks, tags, and accessories o Review existing procedures and random procedure inspection/evaluation • Meeting late afternoon with anyone who will be needed/involved with final electrical safety program descions: o Review initial findings o Q&A to provide us any additional needed information o Action plans for; ▪ How to complete the policy revision and review presentation ▪ Creating training course with policy revision included ▪ Other related items • Key person needed who can answer facility/operations questions during the facility inspection

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Services: Hazard Assessment vs. Risk Assessment

Hazard and Risk are terms that are offten interchanged incorrectly:

• Hazard. A condition, set of circumstances, or inherent property that can cause injury, illness, or death. o Arc Flash studies are primarily to identify “IF” the arc happens how much heat there is and how far it wil reach to apoint that it could stil cause a 2 nd degree burn. • Risk. An estimate of the combination of the likelihood of an occurrence of a hazardous event or ezposure(s) and the severity of the injury or illness that may be caused by the event or exposures. o Electrical risk assessments take into account the following other factors: ▪ Severity of harm ▪ Frequency and duration ▪ Probability of occurrence ▪ Likelihood to avoid or limit the injury An Arc Flash Analysis is part of an overall Electrical Risk Assessment. So warning labels only tell you what the results wil be if an arc flash occurs NOT what acould increase the risk of the event happening.

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Services: Arc Flash Analysis Process

“Simplified” Process

Determine/Confirm Scope

• Existing Documentation Review • Data Collection Process/Develop Single-Line Diagram • System Modeling – Comprehensive Sofware • Analysis o Short Circuit Calculations o • Create Arc Flash Warning Labels (ANSI Z535) • Install Detailed Warning Labels • Integrate the study into the Electrical Safety Program • Training of Personnel (Qualified & Unqualified • Reduce Hazards/Correct Defective Systems o Engineered Recommendations • Createa plan to keep analysis up-to-date • Preventative Maintenance

Coordination Study: Time Currect Curve (TCC Evaluation o Incident Energy Calculations o Arc Flash Protection Boundary Calculations

Cost Variables

• Size and complexity of system? (See SSC Count Form) o Who counts system for budgeting/procing? (SSC/Rep/Client) o Incomplete or partial (ask to see our “What is a study point”) o Existing one-lines are good for budgeting but rarely should they be used for accurate field data verification/collection. • Who is collecting data? (SSC Turnkey or training client field support) • Additional services being done at same time: o LOTO procedures o Infrared Scans o Arc Flash and Shock Risk Assessments o Study “enhancements” for more usability

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Now a Picture is worth more than just a 1,000 words

Know Before Getting Exposed

Smart Label Technology

Spot issues

QUICKER-SIMPLER-SAFER

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System Data Collection Has Never Been Simpler! 

 Allows engineers “REALTIME” access as data is loaded  Quick summary report to view all data comp iled  (punch list)  Keeps training for field use down to minimum  Allows for simple start and stop without losing your place  Smart labels are applied during data collection which means no return trips for other labels needs  Less writing ‐ less typing in order to get the information you need  Cut down on misinterpretation of sketches or complicated equipment configurations

 Quickly load pictures to specific device “shell”  Simple connection tracking/linking  Minimize number of workers needed to complete  Provides for quick “checks” to ensure accuracy is maintained  Allows for tracking equipment issues found during data collection to keep a trail and document corrections  Have access to all your equipment information from one portal  No more hassles and costs with replacing labels that are outdated

Save time and save money   keeping your system diagramming current

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Scope: Arc Flash Gap Analysis Details

Engineering (Office) Model, Report, and One-Line Diagram Review

• Count devices in the existing model • Count new, removed, and modified devices as noted on as-built or other documentation • Verify utility data is actual data vs. infinite buss values • Check software version number • Check software system default values for: o Maximum arc duration limitations o Transformer phase shift are accounted for o Coordination checked by software (if applicable) o Other limitations or variables that could affect analysis results • Arc Flash Label Review o Designed to ANSI 535 and 2018 NFPA 70E

Scenarios being evaluated Device library references

• •

• Ratios and connectivity for current transformers (CT’s) • Protective device settings defaulted values rather than acquiring actual settings • Neutrals and grounds included in the cable information • Are distances rounded to high numbers rather than being specific? • Are distribution panels shown as (1) point or are 2/P or 3/P breakers included with their loads? • Are motors shown included? • Are “generic” devices included in the model? • Unusable identification/number system

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Sample Arc Flash Warning Labels

NFPA 70E and ANSI Z535.4

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Sample Equipment Maintenance and Equipment ID Labels

NFPA 70E

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“NEW” 2018 IEEE 1584 Formula Review Service

With the recent update to the IEEE 1584 Guide for Performing Arc Flash Hazard Calculations (27 September 2018), a new emphasis has been placed on the validity, accuracy and importance of the Arc Flash Analysis. The 2002 version of IEEE 1584 was based on approximately (300) tests and has been used throughout the industry since its inception (16 years). The 2018 version includes updated calculations based on (1800) test scenarios and has further refined the accuracy of the analysis process.

These additional tests included more detailed parameters for, but not limited to:  Non-typical enclosure sizes (Control cabinets, junction boxes, etc.)  Variances in conductor terminations and gaps

 Voltage ranges  Arc sustainability

It has become apparent that there are indeed differences in analysis results as a result of these changes. Both increases and decreases in values can occur at any given point in any given system.

Instances where updated values are lower are not as much of a concern; however, there may be devices that have elevated incident energy values as a result of the changes and these devices may not be labeled sufficiently to fully protect your employees from the danger associated with an arc flash incident.

Each electrical system has a completely unique configuration and power flow characteristics. And therefore, it is impossible to say exactly how these changes may affect your system analysis results.

Consider having your system analysis updated/reviewed for possible changes in analysis results and incident energy values as soon as possible…

Before you find out your workers are under prepared!

Please contact our office at the number listed below if you have questions and/or to discuss pricing and options available for updating your system analysis.

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“NEW” 2018 IEEE 1584 Formula Review Service

Formula Review Scope/Process

 Open system file in updated software and run system with new IEEE formulas.  Provide list of devices that show: o Elevated incident energy values due to new formulas.

o Identify and note any devices found where additional information may be required to evaluate based on new standards – control cabinets, junction boxes, dimensions, cables - NOTE: Systems evaluated per 2015 NFPA 70E (or earlier) may also have other variables to consider (i.e. the inclusion of junction boxes)

Scope Clarifications  No changes to model will be made  If model is incomplete to the point it won’t run additional costs will apply to get the model in

working condition before running formula review.  Field changes not in model will not be included.  Utility data from model will be used.  (2) system scenarios included in base pricing.  System size of up to 1,000 devices included in base pricing.  Base price based on: o Any existing SSC client models o Any Easy Power models o (SKM or ETAP models will require in hand for budget pricing updates)

Call your local support contact for pricing details

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