O rganic farming aims at achieving an ecological balance. It involves the use of eco-friendly agricultural practices and avoids the use of chemi- cals, pesticides, fertilizers, and herbicides. Organic farming helps soil hold moisture and maintain fertility. It is also beneficial to the environment since it controls pollution. Organic Farming Methods Crop rotation, do-nothing farming (or natural farming), and biodynamic farming are the various methods used in organic farming. Crop rotation involves growing two crops in rotation, while mulching means adding mulch to the top layer of soil in order to prevent moisture loss and to add nutrients. Masanobu Fukuoka, a Japanese farmer, introduced the concept of natural—or do-nothing farming. It involves minimal tillage and irrigation . Biody- namic farming uses manures and composts as fertilizers. In this type of farming, artificial chemicals are avoided at every stage of crop production.

CLIMATE CHANGE: Problems and Progress


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