The Magazine of the FBI National Academy Associates

Nov/Dec 2016 | Volume 18, Number 6


N O V 2 0 1 6 D E C CONTENTS

Nov/Dec 2016 Volume 18 • Issue 6 The Magazine of the FBI National Academy Associates A S S O C I A T E

Features 10 How a Pot Hole Saved an Officer’s Life Tim Lentz 12 Raised Red, White and Under the Shadow of Blue David Thatcher 14 Psychological Autopsies as a Tool for Law Enforcement in Death Investigations David Estep 28 Congratulations to Two of Our Own John G. Simmons Columns 4 Association Perspective 7 Chapter Chat 18 A Message from Our Chaplain 20 Historian’s Spotlight 21 Staying on the Yellow Brick Road Each Issue 6 Strategic, Corporate & Academic Alliances



Ad Index – American Military University 5 5.11 Tactical – Verizon Wireless – Justice Federal Credit Union



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“Continuing Growth Through Training and Education”

3rd Vice President, Section II – Kevin Wingerson Operations, Pasadena Police Dept. (TX), kwingerson@fbinaa.org

Representative, Section I – Tim Braniff Undersheriff, Thurston County Sheriff’s Office (WA), tbraniff@fbinaa.org Representative, Section II – Scott Rhoad Chief/Director of Public Safety, University of Central Missouri (MO), srhoad@fbinaa.org Representative, Section III – Joe Hellebrand Chief, Brevard County Sheriff’s Office (FL), jhellebrand@fbinaa.org Representative, Section IV – Ken Truver Chief, Borough of Castle Shannon (PA), ktruver@fbinaa.org Chaplain – Daniel Bateman Inspector (retired), Michigan State Police, dbateman@fbinaa.org Historian – Patrick Davis Chester County Department of Emergency Services (PA), pdavis@fbinaa.org

The Magazine of the FBI National Academy Associates A S S O C I A T E EXECUTIVE BOARD Association President – Joey Reynolds Police Chief, Bluffton Police Dept. (SC), jreynolds@fbinaa.org Past President – Barry Thomas Chief Deputy/Captain, Story County Sheriff’s Office (IA), bthomas@fbinaa.org

1st Vice President, Section IV – Scott Dumas Chief, Rowley Police Department (MA), sdumas@fbinaa.org

FBI Unit Chief – Jeff McCormick Unit Chief, National Academy Unit (VA)

2nd Vice President, Section I – Johnnie Adams Chief, Santa Monica College (CA), jadams@fbinaa.org

Executive Director – Steve Tidwell FBI NAA, Inc. Executive Office (VA), stidwell@fbinaa.org








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Nov/Dec 2016 Volume 18 • Number 6

The National Academy Associate is a publication of the FBI National Academy Associates, Inc.

Steve Tidwell / Executive Director, Managing Editor

Ashley R. Sutton / Communications Manager

© Copyright 2016, the FBI National Academy Associates, Inc. Reproduction of any part of this magazine without express written permission is strictly prohibited. The National Academy Associate is published bi-monthly by the FBI National Academy Associates, Inc., National Executive Office, FBI Academy, Quantico, VA 22135. The FBI National Academy Associates, Inc. is a private, non-profit organization and is not part of the Federal Bureau of Investigation or acting on the FBI’s behalf. Email editorial submissions to Ashley Sutton : asutton@fbinaa .org. Submissions may vary in length from 500-2000 words, and shall not be submitted simultaneously to other publications. The FBI National Academy Associates, Inc., the Executive Board and the editors of the National Academy Associate neither endorse nor guarantee completeness or accuracy of material used that is obtained from sources considered reliable, nor accept liability resulting from the adoption or use of any methods, procedures, recommendations, or statements recommended or implied.

LIFE AFTER LAW ENFORCEMENT A ROADMAP TO YOUR FUTURE. SEPT 6-8//2017 JW MARRIOTT PHOENIX,AZ A new initiative offered exclusively by the FBINAA to assist in preparing Join us for a dynamic two and a half day summit totally dedicated to giving you the guidance and tools to help you make the right decisions and provide resources to assist you with determin- ing what areas and industries to consider when transitioning and planning your future after law enforcement. the “Best of the Best” transition from a law enforcement career.

Photographs are obtained from stock for enhancement of editorial content, but do not necessarily represent the editorial content within.






















On the Cover: FBI National Academy Courtyard. Cover Credit: Lance Morrison is Chief of Police from Ravenswood Police Department in Ravenswood, WV. He is a graduate of Session 266, and a member of the West Virginia Chapter.

SAVE THE DATE www.fbinaa.org



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by Joey Reynolds


I hope this communication finds you and your family doing well after spending some much needed and deserved time over the holidays with friends and family. The holidays were also a much needed break for me from my travel obligations as your President. It gave me some time to slow down and remember what I am thankful for and to reflect on the reason for the Christmas season and how important that is in my life. During Thanksgiving, Jackie and I were able to spend time with our families and especially enjoyed spending time with our grand- children. It also made me realize how thankful I am for our FBINAA family. I am so blessed and grateful to have this opportunity to serve our membership, our Executive Office staff, our alliances and espe- cially this National Executive Board, who I have come to love and appreciate more and more through my years on the Board. We are blessed to have such a talented group who care about our profession and most importantly care about our members, who are on the front line serving the communities they love. I was able to attend the Graduation for the 266th Session on December 16th. It is always a pleasure to attend the graduations and welcome our newest members to the FBINAA Family. There has been a lot of work going on at the Executive Office as we supported the 266th Session and hosted a Life after Law Enforcement Semi- nar . We have also been working hard on the selection process for our next Executive Director. Hopefully, by the time you are reading this we will be close to naming our next Executive Director. I wanted to take some time now to give you an idea of the process for that selection. During our board meeting IACP in October, I appointed a selection committee made up of Executive Board Members, Office Staff and appointed First Vice President Scott Dumas as the chairman. Immediately following the appointment of this selection com- mittee, we sent out an announcement to our membership announc- ing the position vacancy and discussed our timeline for getting the new director on board. As a board we believed that we needed input from our membership on what they would like to see in the new executive director. Surveys were sent to Chapter Presidents, Secre- tary/Treasurers, Executive Board and Executive Office Staff for their feedback. I want to thank all of you who took the time to respond and for the valuable information you provided to help the committee in their selection process. In late October, we posted the Executive Director position to our membership as well as other professional organizations including IACP, LEEDA , ASAE , The Society of Special Agents of the FBI and on LinkedIn . During the posting period we received over 120 appli- cations; the committee reduced this number to 34 who were sent an application packet to determine further consideration. We received 16 returned questionnaire packets. In December, the Selection Committee reviewed the 16 appli- cants and narrowed the field down to a manageable number who were then interviewed by conference calls. This group was further

reduced to candidates who were then invited to be interviewed in Quantico by the Executive Board and they were also sent to the Training Division for background checks. As I write this, we have not yet interviewed the final candidates but hope to in early January, we anticipate making an offer and having your next Executive Direc- tor on board by late February – early March, where we can introduce them at the Chapter Officer’s Meeting. Please forgive me if I bored you with all the details of our selection process, but I believe that it is important to be transparent as we work through doing the business of our association that you all care so deeply about. I am excited to tell you that our new “Community Engagement Committee” is up and running thanks to the hard work of the steering committee Chairs: Past President Barry Thomas and Section II Rep- resentative Scott Rhoad . They not only have the steering committee up and running but have also organized three sub-committees. These subcommittees are: Youth Programming , Citizen Engagement and F aith Based Programing . I want to personally thank everyone in- volved in these committees. I have been on some of their conference calls and the passion for these initiatives is motivating, I know there are some great things coming from these committees. In closing, I want to thank all of you for what you do day in and day out for our communities. As a nation, a profession and as an association we have some challenging and exciting times ahead of us. I know together we can meet those challenges; I am proud to work beside you, our membership every day.

God Bless!

Joey Reynolds

Joey Reynolds President



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Our Diamond Level Alliances

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The intent of this column is to communicate chapter news. Announcements may include items of interest, such as member news, section activities, events, training calendar, special programs, etc. Refer to the editorial submission deadlines, particularly with date sensitive announcements. Submit chapter news/high-resolution digital .jpg or .tif photos with captions to: Ashley Sutton, Communications Manager ph: 302.644.4744 | fx: 302.644.7764 asutton@fbinaa.org

ARIZONA n Our Fall Retrainer was held at the beautiful Glendale (AZ) Regional Public Safety Training Center. We were fortunate to have Chief Paul Butler (Ret.) and former NASA Astronaut, Dr. Jim Reilly , has our presenters. From their very different perspectives, they shared lessons in man- agement and leadership with our members. As usual, it was first-rate training provided by the Chapter. Our thanks go out to Commander Andre Ander- son and Lt. Brad Harkleroad for hosting and putting the event together. n Looking forward to our next Retrainer in Southern Arizona. It will be held on Friday, Febru- ary 17 at the University of Ari- zona Stadium Club. We will hear from Dr. John Azar-Dickens on “Contemporary Issues in Use of Force & Body Worn Cameras.” We are looking forward to see- ing everyone at this timely and worthwhile event. n Congratulations to our most recent graduates from the Na- tional Academy: Session 265 Jeffery Glover , Tempe PD Bradley Mihalik , NAU PD Christopher Tucker , Phoenix PD James Hughes , Maricopa County SO Greg Roberts , Tucson PD Session 266 Michael Beaton , Mesa PD Randy Rody , Surprise PD William Beck , AZ DPS Byron Gwaltney , Pima County SO

n Congratulations also go out to Phoenix PD Commander Jim Gallagher , who has announced his candi- dacy for Section 1 Repre- sentative to the National FBINAA Board. Jim has been active with the Arizona Chapter since graduating from the 245th Session of the National Acad- emy. He also held a leadership role when the Arizona Chap- ter hosted the 2007 National Conference and Co-Chairing the 2019 Conference that will again be in Phoenix. Good luck, Jim! CALIFORNIA n President Kenneth Tanaka is currently Chief of Police for the West Valley- Jim Gallagher where he has served for the past 5 years. Ken is responsible for two colleges within the district, West Valley College in Saratoga, CA and Mission College in Santa Clara, CA. The District Police are responsible for all law enforcement along with the safety and security for over 17,000 students, staff and faculty at the two colleges. The officers are sworn officers with Ken Tanaka Mission College District in Saratoga, California

tees beginning with the 2008 California Chapter conference committee, chapter YLP and Youth Scholarship commit- tees, hosted several divisional lunches, Chapter Recording Sec- retary from 2009-2012, Interim Vice President 2012, elect Vice President 2012-2016, planned and hosted the successful 2016 Chapter Annual Re-Trainer in Monterey, CA, Chapter President 2017. Ken is a devoted member to the Associates and stated: “I am grateful for the opportunity to have been selected by my agency (San Jose PD) to attend the NA, and for the experiences but most of all the friendships developed through the NA and the NAA.” Congratulations Ken and we look forward to your leadership in 2017. n The new Sacramento Field Office was dedicated on Oc- tober 11, 2016. The California Chapter presented a spectacular plaque to FBI Director James Comey and SAC Monica Miller . Presenting the plaque is 2nd Vice President Daman Chris-

the same training and authority as municipal police officers and county sheriff’s deputies. Ken previously served with the San Jose Police Department (CA) for 28 years. While with the San Jose Police Department he served in numerous assignments and ranks as an officer, detective, sergeant and lieutenant includ- ing, patrol, FTO, special inves- tigations, special operations, backgrounds, general investiga- tions, auto theft, internal affairs, financial crimes, burglary, court liaison, patrol supervisor and patrol watch commander. Ken holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Criminal Justice Ad- ministration. He is married to his lovely wife Elizabeth and has two beautiful daughters, Colleen (YLP Session 12 graduate) and Melanie . Ken graduated from the National Academy in March of 2007 with the 228th Session. He has at- tended two National Conferences (2011, 2015), every chapter confer- ence since 2008, and the California 2013 LEEDS conference. President Tanaka has been an active supporter of the NA. Ken served on several commit-

(L-R) SAC Miller, Director Comey, VP Christensen, IPP Santiago.

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at eric.sonstegard@oxnardpd. org for registration and event details. n Save the dates! 2017 Califor- nia Chapter Advanced Trainer will be held at the Hyatt Re- gency Mission Bay Resort in San Diego, California from August 30th to September 1st, 2017. Conference Chair and 1st Vice President Mike Barletta and his team are planning a memo- rable event full of outstanding presentations and social events. Registration will be open in the spring of 2017. PROMOTIONS n Congratulations to David Maggard Jr. , NA 178,

tensen and Immediate Past President Max Santiago .

(L-R) Eric Sonstegard, Bill Deasy.

(L-R) Ex-Board President, Joey Reynolds, Leon Panetta, Past-President Doug Muldoon.

n 4th Vice President, Eric Son- stegard , presented Sacramento members Bill Deasy and Scott Pearce each with a resolution from the membership. This is the highest honor bestowed by our Chapter. Congratulations Bill and Scott! Scott was not able to attend the conference and will be presented his plaque at the Sacramento Luncheon. n During the Monterey Trainer and Conference Craig Chew , NA 248 from the Alameda County District Attorney’s Office was elected as the new 4th Vice President with his term begin- ning in 2017. Craig will repre- sent the San Francisco Division. Congratulations Craig! n President Russell McKin- ney appointed Todd Garr, NA 250, as the Chapter’s first Area Representative. Todd’s appoint- ment is effective for 2017 and his responsibility is to expand services to those members in northern-most portion of the Sacramento Division. Congratu- lations Todd! n The 2017 California Law En- forcement Executive Develop- ment (LEEDS) Seminar is open and accepting registrations. The Los Angeles Division will be hosting the 2017 LEEDS seminar at the Mandalay Beach Em- bassy Suites, Oxnard, California. The dates are May 8-11, 2017. Contact Los Angeles Division Vice President Eric Sonstegard

undercover operations, combat- ing organised crime, anti-cor- ruption, change management, counterterrorism, international relations, internal communica- tion, public policy, intelligence analysis, crisis management, project management etc. Most notably, in 1995 he was chosen to be the first Romanian police officer to attend the FBI National Academy. Subsequently Gabriel took part in most of the retraining sessions of the FBI NA European Chapter and in 2009 he organised and hosted the retrain- ing in Bucharest as President. His main area of expertise was countering organized crime. In 1993 the Romanian Organized Crime Squad was created and he was one of the first officers that were recruited. He saw the first steps of this new field, he helped it grow and he remained devoted to it. He was succes- sively Head of Unit, Head of Office, Director and General Director of the General Director- ate for Countering Organised Crime within the Romanian Police Inspectorate. Gabriel took part in the negotia- tions for the establishment of the regional organization Southeast European Cooperative Initiative (SECI Center, currently SELEC) in Bucharest. After the centre was set up he joined it as the

& Central Intelligence Direc- tor Leon Panetta to the 2016 FBINAA California Chapter Re- trainer in Monterey, California EUROPE n Ion Gabriel Sotirescu , Session 182, Beloved son, husband and father and deserving police

on his ap- pointment to Chief of Police of the Los Angeles Airport Police.

officer, passed away on July 18,

2016 in his home city, Bucharest,

David Maggard, Jr.

n Congratulations to Eugene Harris , NA 263 on his

Roma- nia. He

appoint- ment to Chief of Police of the San Gabriel Police De- partment

was only 54-years

Gabriel Sotirescu

old and a very recent grand- father when he was snatched from among his loving family by a fierce illness that abruptly cut off his life and career. Gabriel graduated the Roma- nian Police Academy in 1983 and later on the Law School of the Bucharest University. During his first years as a police officer he successfully fulfilled various roles in the Homicide and Anti- Drug departments. Gabriel continued to expand his skills and expertise by attend- ing numerous post-graduate courses and training sessions in Romania and abroad, acquiring valuable knowledge in differ- ent areas of law enforcement such as criminal investigations,

Eugene Harris

END OFWATCH n The California Chapter con- veys our deepest sympathy to the family and love ones of: Alfred Mitchell , NA 107, Alam- eda Sheriff’s Office, EOW August 4, 2016. n Richard “Dick” Staniland , NA 130, Oxnard Police Department, EOW August 28, 2016. n Jymes Carter , NA 121, UCLA Police Department, EOW, 2016 n President Reynolds and Past President Muldoon welcome Former Secretary of Defense

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tiring with plans to spend more time with family and friends. Mike started his law enforce- ment career in 1973 with the Green Cove Springs Police Department. In 1976 he joined the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission (Game

Romanian liaison officer (2000- 2003), and later on he was elected Deputy Director (2007-2009). After his retirement in 2009 he worked as an international expert in police reform. In this capacity he became the high-level advisor to the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Moldova, con- tributing to the capacity building efforts of the EU in the pre-acces- sion context. His participation in the project was highly regarded and his Moldovan colleagues truly valued his rich experience and his engaging personality. During the years Gabriel was actively involved in legislation drafting, policy design, in the ne- gotiation of various international treaties, in various task forces and the management of international projects. He had good coop- eration with law enforcement colleagues at all levels, with the policy makers, the judiciary, NGOs and the civil society, with mass media, diplomats and inter- national organisations (Europol, Interpol, IOM, OSCE, ICMPD, UNDP, EUHLPAM etc.). In moving up in rank, every step was made ahead of time until the rank of chief commissioner was achieved. In recognition of Gabriel’s merits and contributions he received numerous awards, titles of honour, decorations and certificates of appreciation (even post-mortem). He was an appreciated team player, manager, mentor and advisor. He had many friends and colleagues in many countries and to them he will remain unforgettable. He was a wonderful husband and father of two daughters, one of which is only 11-years old. He was a passionate reader and movie watcher. He showed a dis- tinct inclination towards history and foreign languages and he had a great sense of humour. He loved to travel and he did travel all around the world. He was a

and Fish) now (The Florida Fish and Wildlife Commis- sion). After rising to the rank of

(L-R) Capt. Vincent Maronski (Suffolk County PD, NY), Deputy Chief Jason Moen (Auburn PD, ME), Chief Dave Newlan (Cape Coral PD, FL), Capt. Bruce McNamee (Plymouth PD, MA), Asst. Chief Jeff Spivey (Irving PD, TX), Asst. Chief Bryan Blakely (Winston-Salem PD, NC), and Capt. Todd Garrison (Lee County SO, FL).

Lieuten- ant with

SESSION 228 n F.B.I. National Academy Ses- sion #228 classmates Jeff Clark and John Connelly were reunited in October. John was a guest at Jeff’s beautiful home among the rolling hills of Gaston Co., North Carolina. Jeff is retired from the Gastonia Police Department. John is a San Francisco Bay Area

refined intellectual and a beauti- ful person. He was cheerful and open-natured, firm, courageous, empathetic, sensitive, romantic and cultivated. He touched the lives of many co-workers and friends, who will always cherish SESSION 252 n A small group of NA #252 members continued their proud and storied tradition of con- ducting annual reunions in their respective home states. Self- titled as the “FFRC” (“Fifth Floor Reunion Club”) , select mem- bers of this group met in early October in Fort Myers, FL where they soon travelled to Key West for rigorous professional de- velopment. Past reunions have occurred in Dallas, TX, Cape Cod, MA, Long Island, NY and Naples, ME. Next year will see the group again in NY, as well as in SC. his memory, and he will be forever loved by his family.

Mike Hardee

the Environmental Enforce- ment Section he was hired to spearhead the 4th Judicial Circuit State Attorney’s Office Environmental Prosecution Unit. In 2003 he retired from the State Attorney’s Office. Then in 2004 went back to work as a Command Staff member with the Clay County Sheriff’s Office. Now after 12 years he will retire again, as the Administration Bureau Commander. Mike served the FBINAA as the Area Representative for the past 8 years and as the 2016 Florida Chapter Conference Chair. He now serves as the 3rd Vice President on the Florida Chapter Executive Board. GEORGIA n Congratulations to Sheriff Roger Garrison , Session 184, who retired at

Rapid Transit District (BART) Police Department retiree.

FLORIDA n Congratulations to Peyton C. Grinnell on his successful bid to

become the next Sheriff of Lake County, the

agency he has proud- ly served

since 1994. He was

Peyton C. Grinnell

elected on November 8, 2016, and will officially take office on January 3, 2017. Sheriff-Elect Grinnell was a graduate of the 244th Session. n December 31st 2016 will be Major Mike Hardee , Session #232 last day at the Clay County Sheriff’s Office in Green Cove Springs Florida. After 42 years in law enforcement he is finally re-

the end of 2016 after thirty- five years in law enforce- ment, with twenty- four of

Roger Garrison

those years as Sheriff of Chero- kee County, Georgia, making

(L-R) Jeff Clark, John Connelly.

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I have always given hiring preference to those that have served in our Military. For those that will stand on a wall somewhere in a foreign country to protect the freedoms we hold so dear, I am proud to give them an opportunity to serve our community as a police officer. A little over a year ago, this sharp looking young man walked into my office seeking employment. One of those guys you meet and you immedi- ately liked. He had previous military experience serving a couple of tours in Afghanistan. He shared with me that on one of his tours, the hummer he was in struck an IED. He survived the explosion without any serious injuries. During the hiring process, he went through all of the necessary physiological and physical back ground checks with flying colors. In fact his psychological liability screening stated “The candidate is considered suitable for armed, independent law enforcement work.” I hired (for the purpose of this story will call him Tommy) Tommy and he proceeded through his Police Officers Standards Training, where he excelled, then returned to our depart- ment to begin his Field Training program. 16 weeks later, he completed all of his training and achieved solo status. Tommy started patrolling the streets of my small town and as far as anyone could tell, Tommy was excelling as a patrol officer, receiving the re- spect of his supervisors and myself alike. Then the events in Dallas occurred, followed by more tragedy in Baton Rouge. These events weigh heavily on the minds and hearts of police officers across the country. But, for Tommy, they weighed extra heavy. As he was patrolling the city, he hit a pot hole with his police car. This small innocent event triggered Tommy’s post traumatic syndrome . He realized now that he wanted to hurt someone. He realized that he needed to get out of his police car, and thank God, Tommy did. Surprisingly, he was able to see a VA psychologist rather quickly, who recommended that he not return to law enforcement work. All of these events with Tommy were taking place while I was in St. Louis at the Nation- OFFICER SAFETY AND WELLNESS The Executive Board of the FBI National Academy Associates is dedicated to furthering the conversation on officer safety and wellness issues that impact the law enforcement profession. Moving forward, members can expect articles in each Associates Magazine that highlight challenges that are inherent to the profession and present solutions to those looking to enhance their own personal resiliency or that of their agencies. As the police chief of a small town, I have direct influence over, and participate extensively in the hiring of a new recruit. I have learned throughout my years of hiring officers to not give so much attention to the candidate’s resume, but spend some time getting to know them. I have been burned many times by the officer that looks great on paper, but at the end of the day, they are not. Give me someone with a good at- titude, I will train them for the skills they need.

al Conference. My first appointment when I got back to work on Wednes- day was with Tommy. When I saw Tommy, I could immediately recognize that something wasn’t right. He cried, he looked lost, and was depressed and realized that he still needed help. I remember while at the National Conference , speaking with my friend Joe Collins who is the Co-Chair of the FBINAA Safety andWellness Committee . He mentioned to me that the committee had a couple of schol- arships available to a facility in New Mexico called the Life Healing Center that specializes in treating PTSD. I contacted Joe about the possibility of securing one of those scholarships for Tommy, and within minutes the ball got rolling. Tommy was awarded a 21 day scholarship worth $22,470.00, and on Saturday less than 48 hours after this process started, Tommy was on a plane headed to New Mexico. Tommy completed the three week program and returned home. I had the opportunity to visit with him, and what an amazing turn around. Tom- my had a smile on his face, was overwhelming thankful for all of the help he got and looked forward to his future and his upcoming wedding. You are probably thinking this is where I tell you Tommy returns to work next week, but unfortunately that isn’t the case. Through his treatment he has realized that there could be what they call triggers, that could set off his PTSD. Something as simple as putting on his bullet proof vest, exposure to a difficult call could all be triggers. Tommy is a mature and responsible young man. He recognizes that his days as a police officer are over, but that doesn’t mean his life is though. He now has the skills to continue to be a productive member of our society. One that now has a smile on his face. I couldn’t be more proud of Tommy, first for recognizing something wasn’t right, secondly for seeking help and being receptive for treatment, and thirdly for everything he had done for our Country and for my little town. You are still, and always will be a hero. I would also like to thank the staff at Life Healing Center . We sent you a broken man with pieces scattered all over the place. You put him back together and more importantly put a smile on his face. And finally to my FBINAA family. Because of our relationships, be- cause of a brief conversation I had with Joe Collins , a life has been saved. I couldn’t be more proud to be an FBINAA Graduate. Funny what a pot hole can do. Thought it only broke your car, but apparently it can break more. But much like your car, you can get fixed. If you need help, just ask. About the Author: Tim Lentz started his law enforcement career in 1983 as a deputy patrolling the streets of St. Tammany Parish. During his career he worked in a variety of different divisions to include Detectives, Warrants and Fugitives, Fleet Maintenance. In the early 90’s he began to take on leadership roles beginning with the Commander of the Narcotics Division, then Director of the Crime Lab, Chief of Detectives and eventually Deputy Chief of the Enforcement Division. In 2005, Tim attended the 220th Session of the FBINA. In 2011 Sheriff Jack Strain promoted Tim to Chief Deputy, the 2nd in command, overseeing the day to day operations of a 750 man department with a 65 million dollar budget. He retained that position until his retirement after 30 years of service in 2013. During his employment, Tim went to night school and obtained an undergraduate degree in Criminal Justice from Loyola University in New Orleans. He continued his education at night and received a Masters Degree in Criminal Justice from Loyola University in New Orleans. After graduating, the University invited him to become and adjuct professor of Criminal Justice which he held for 5 years. After his retirement in 2013, a vacancy in his home town police department became available. After an exhaustive search, and competition from 15 other candidates, in October of 2013 Mayor Mike Cooper appointed Tim Lentz as the Chief of Police for the City of Covington. A position he still holds today.



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David Thatcher

In 1960 my father, Norman R. Thatcher, Jr. who was just 22 years old and married with four (4) children received paperwork from the Selective Service System with a di- rective that he report to the U.S. Army Induction Center in Providence, RI. The draft was in full force that year as the United States stepped up its commitment to place troops on the ground in Southeast Asia (SouthVietnam). I recall Dad telling the story of how he and many other youngmen his age were paraded like cattle through vari- ous stations including one for a G.I. style physical. How- ever, when he reached the table to verify marital status and dependency they quickly stamped “4-F” on his pa- perwork in bold red ink after learning that he had a wife and four dependent children. M y parents came from “blue collar” middle class families’ with strong Christian values at a time when men were the primary bread winners and women were perfectly content to be housewives and raise their children. Dad worked two fulltime jobs, one as a carpenter by day and the other as a metal pol- isher at night. The early 1960’s was an era of true patriotism and a time when all Americans embraced newly elected President John F. Kennedy ’s infamous speech “Ask not what your Country can do for you, but what you can do for your Country”. It was also a time when public service was an honorable calling and many self- less individuals answered the call to serve their country and local communities in various capacities. With military service out of the question Dad had another form of public service in mind. 1961 was a very busy year in many respects as it was the same year that we moved from a small apartment within the inner-city to a newly constructed ranch style house in Warwick where my parents grew up. My Dad never complained about manual labor or working long hours but it was his passion to become a police officer just as his father Norman R. Thatcher, Sr. did in 1934 when after serving in the U.S. Coast Guard became one of Warwick Police Department’s

Full Dress Uniform – Warwick Police, 1962.

Thatcher Family in April of 1966.

RI Municipal Police Training Academy Class, 91-III, Det.Thatcher, 2nd row, 3rd from left.

Family vehicle the day after it was firebombed in 1966.

Dad & Mom in 1956.

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Raised Red, White and Under the Shadow of Blue continued from page 12

families. This was a difficult adjustment for the officers and especially for their wives and chil- dren who in many cases went days or weeks be- fore seeing their loved ones which sometimes contributed to a higher than average divorce rate. In my father’s case he worked every avail- able detail just to make up for the income lost when he changed careers and to keep up with the rising demands of a growing family which by 1966 reached 5 children. Aside from his sworn duty as a peace officer family was the most important thing in Dad’s life. Many police departments had a fair share of ex-military personnel within their ranks and it was a common practice for those agencies to manage their personnel in a quasi military fashion including general inspection of all offi- cers during roll call at the start of each shift. In- spections were typically performed by the shift sergeant who would carefully look over each officer to ensure that they were in compliance wearing the assigned uniform of the day, mak- ing sure that their brass accoutrements were polished and that all leather goods including shoes were polished to a high luster. Those of- ficers found “out of compliance” could be or- dered to correct the infraction before the start of their shift and or receive a demerit that over time could rise to disciplinary action. Following dinner it was a common site to view our kitchen table covered with old newspapers along with Dad’s uniform shoes, lanyards, handcuff case, Sam Browne belt, etc. spread out as if part of an assembly line. It was my job to remove the brass buckles and polish them using Brasso liquid cleaner and a dry cloth. Initially I was not allowed to shine Dad’s shoes because I had yet to perfect the skillful art of “spit polishing” adapted from the military. This process required dipping a cloth into water then adding a slight trace of polish and using lots of elbow grease con- tinuously moving the cloth in small circles until the leather shined with a high luster. After perfecting this skill I proudly took over all polishing duties which meant walking around days later with a purple index finger. Hops gun cleaner also became a common smell that filled our house especially when Dad returned from qualifying at the range. Being a police officer and living in the same community where you had to make ar- rest and issue speeding tickets was not always an easy or popular task. I had my fair share of fist fights in the school yard defending what Dad did for a living. As a young boy of about 9 years old I recalled waking up one morning

to learn that our family car, a 1962 Plymouth Fury II wagon had been towed the evening before to a local service station. Later that morning a family member drove mom and us children to get some personal items from the vehicle and when we arrived I was shocked to see all that was left was a burnt metal shell. Our car had been firebombed by a local gang- ster who my father had previously arrested and vowed revenge. I’ll never forget looking inside the interior of the car and viewing the only recognizable object which was a plastic stat- ute of the Blessed Mother Mary lying on the charred dashboard and by some unexplained miracle survived the inferno without a scratch. Traffic stops and construction details are extremely hazardous duties to which my fa- ther had narrowly escaped injury or death on several occasions. When an officer pulls over a vehicle for a seeming minor offense they have no way of knowing if they or their pas- sengers have just committed a felony or are a wanted fugitive which could lead to a dan- gerous confrontation. On a number of occa- sions my father has been physically assaulted by individuals who did not wish to be taken into custody, drivers attempting to run him over after while attempting to flee during a car stop and on numerous occasions endured verbal assaults from a segment of the popula- tion that had little knowledge or appreciation for the sacrifices made each and every day by the men and women in blue. One of the most harrowing incidents occurred on the morning of May 21, 1971. It was my Dad’s day off but as usual he took ad- vantage of the opportunity to work a special detail. He and a young rookie officer named Kenneth Fratus were assigned to work at one of Warwick’s busiest intersections known as Apponaug Four Corners that was undergo- ing construction. A family member had been listening to the local news channel when it was reported that a horrible accident had oc- curred at that location killing a police officer on detail. When my mom received the news we began crying praying to God that my Dad was alright. There were no cell phones back then and my father’s status was unknown until he was able to get to nearby payphone hours later and inform mom that he was o.k. Tragically Patrolman Fratus who was stand- ing just yards from my father was run over by a dump truck. There were no audible sounds back then to warn when a commercial ve- hicle was backing up and a law was passed shortly after this tragedy requiring such safety devices. This did little to comfort the young

first full time patrolmen. Dad’s cousin Victor Thatcher had joined the same department the year prior so when my father learned that he had been selected to attend their fall academy he was elated knowing that he would continue what had become a family tradition. Recruits were required to attend an eve- ning academy held at the Lloyd A. Cooper Army Reserve facility three (3) evenings a week for which they were not compensated. The school ran for approx. 4 months during which time recruits paid for their learning materials and were required to memorize the motor vehi- cle code book, be familiar with RI Public Law , learn basic self-defense techniques and be able to qualify with a firearm. My Dad balanced a busy schedule working full time by day and at- tending school at night along with all of the other responsibilities that go along with raising a family. After passing a battery of tests includ- ing a physical exam and firearms proficiency my father graduated from the police academy in March of 1962 at which time he was offi- cially sworn in as a full time police officer. However, prior to starting his new ca- reer my father had to borrow $375.00 from his grandmother to purchase his uniforms along with a used Smith & Wesson 38 cal. Model 10 revolver as the Department did not provide those items. His starting salary was just $63.00 a week or $3,024.00 a year when the average annual salary for American families was $4,291.41. In 1962 the City of Warwick provided health insurance to its of- ficers only and not their dependants. Imagine raising a family today with 4 children and no health insurance? In addition officers were paid several dollars an hour for working spe- cial details and in some cases they could be or- dered to work details without compensation as a form of discipline and received time off at the discretion of management for mandatory court appearances instead of money in their biweekly check. My father actually took a pay cut and loss of medical coverage for his family when he chose a career in law enforcement. Being a police officer in the 1960’s was not a glamorous vocation due to low pay and dangerous work conditions including the fact that officers typically worked 6 days on two days off and every 6th weekend off. Also, rookie patrol officers typically started their ca- reers working the midnight shift from 12:00 p.m. until 8:00 a.m. or the 2nd shift from 4:00 p.m. to 12:00 p.m. for at least 10 years until they reached enough seniority to bid for a day shift hours and a chance of seeing more of their

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N O V 2 0 1 6 D E C Psychological Autopsies as a Tool for Law Enforcement in Death Investigations

David Estep

Contemporary law enforcement agencies today rely upon as well as utilize the behavioral/psychological sciences during the course of criminal investigations that they must perform. One such tool used is a “Psycho- logical Autopsy”. A psychological autopsy (PA) is a technique used in cases of death which reviews and analyzes the psychosocial aspects of a victim’s life and attempts to reconstruct the victim’s psychological state leading up to and at the time of their death. Performing this technique requires an analysis and reconstruction of the decedent’s background, relationships, behaviors, thoughts, coping mechanisms, and emotional state.

one may have thrown the dryer in the water (homicide), the individual could have done it themselves (suicide), the person could have had a heart attack and inadvertently hit the dryer causing it to become active and proceed to fall into the water (natural causes), or sim- ply accidentally dropped the dryer (accident). Bogdan Tasu (2008) states that it has been es- timated that between 5-20% of all deaths can be deemed as equivocal in nature. It can be opined that the general public has many misperceptions pertaining to the law enforcement field, particularly regarding criminal investigations. Contrary to what is portrayed in today’s media, death investiga- tions are usually not as straightforward as portrayed and typically not solvable in an hour’s time due to the painstaking process that must be utilized when the mode of death is not immediately clear and/or known and which requires the usage of specialized techniques and practices by investigators. One such technique that can be utilized and which is the focal point of this article is that of the “Psychological Autopsy” (PA). Psychological Autopsy: An Overview According to Brent Turvey (2008), a psychological autopsy aka “Equivocal Death Analysis” (EDA) can be defined as “A tech- nique that entails reviewing the psychosocial aspects of a victim’s life and is an extension of victimology (knowledge about a victim) that reconstructs the deceased’s psychological state leading up to and at the time of their death”. Behaviors, thoughts, emotions, and relation- ships of the deceased individual are examined. In short form, a PA is a retrospective analy continued on page 26

I t is the intent of this article to discuss the methodology by which this technique is per- formed. During the course of this article, various concepts related to psychological autopsies will be discussed and which will include… equivocal death profiling, exposure analysis (victim expo- sure vs. blame), and lifestyle and situational ex- posure on the part of the victim which may have resulted in their demise. Also, to be discussed will be the sources of information which can assist in performing a PA. The relationship be- tween offender and victim as it pertains to what brought them together will also be looked upon. Suggestions will also be provided on how those performing a PA should approach the technique. Criminal investigations can be likened to a jigsaw puzzle that is waiting to be solved… some pieces are obvious while others are elusive and require discovery. It is the job of criminal inves- tigators to locate all of the pieces and then to fit them together in order to solve the crime and

then to present the resulting case to prosecutors who will then take the case to trial and hopefully obtain a successful prosecution. One type of “puzzle” that can be perplex- ing to investigators are death investigations, par- ticularly those that are deemed to be equivocal in nature. Knoll (2008) defines equivocal deaths as “Situations in which the manner of death (i.e. accidental, natural causes, suicide, and homicide) is uncertain or not immediately clear”. It is neces- sary to clarify the distinction between “cause of death” and “mode of death”. Bernstein (2011) defines the cause of death as what actually caused the death of an individual (i.e. asphyxiation due to strangulation), whereas mode of death involves four categories… accidental, natural causes, sui- cide, and homicide. An example of mode of death can be that of an individual in a bath tub which contains a hair dryer. The cause of death is apparent (electrocution), however, the mode of death may not be so discernible in that some-



N O V 2 0 1 6 D E C

CHAPTERCHAT him the county’s longest serving Sheriff. In his career he has led his department to great achieve- ments such as being the first nationally accredited Sheriff’s Of- fice in Georgia. However, Sheriff Garrison’s legacy will be his com- mitment to raising the education levels and training standards of his employees.

continued from page 9

with the KHP for 32.5 years. In

internal affairs investigations. During his career, Tim received the Medal of Valor, three Life Saving Awards, two Distin- guished Service Awards, and an Officer of the Year Award. Upon retirement, Tim has taken an instructor position in the Basic Academy at the Kansas Law Enforcement Training Center. We thank Tim for his many years of distinguished service to his community and continued work with law enforcement!! n Deputy Chief Dean Hutson , Session #217, retired November 4, 2016 from the Grandview, MO

n Three newly elected Georgia Sheriffs are NA graduates. Kris Coody, Bleckley County (NA 262); Ron Freeman, Forsyth County (NA 197); and Frank Reynolds, Cherokee County (NA 244).

addition, he served with the USAF as a Law En- forcement Special-

KANSAS/WESTERN MISSOURI n Hello from the Kansas-

Major Mark Goodloe

Western Missouri Chapter in the heart of the United States! We also several folks we would like to honor who have retired from our Chapter recently! These four long-time law enforcement pro- fessionals have over a combined 119 years of service to their communities

ist/Investigations and with Caseyville, IL Police Depart- ment. Mark was on the FBI NAA Kansas-Western Missouri Chapter Executive Board and was President in 2012. He is also a Board Member of HELP, Inc. (Heavy Vehicle Electronic License Plate, Inc.), appointed to the Executive Committee in 2016, and served on the IACP Officer Safety Subcommittee. Mark was the recipient of the Clarence M. Kelley Meritorious Award for Service in 2016. He is going to take some time off and consider options in the future. We wish him well in his retire- ment and many relaxing days ahead riding his motorcycle. n Sheriff Don Read, Session #225, retired January 8, 2017 from the Cowley County, KS Sheriff’s Office with 31 years in law en- forcement. Sheriff Read worked his entire career with the Cow- ley County Sheriff’s Office with the exception of one year (1998- 1999) when he was in Bosnia monitoring the local police and teaching democratic policing. He worked his way up through the ranks from Deputy, Corpo- ral, Lieutenant, Captain and as the Undersheriff over the years. Don was elected in 2008 and ran unopposed in 2012. He truly plans to retire and enjoy hunt- continued on page 17 Sheriff Don Read

During his tenor, 110 officers have completed the Profes- sional Man- agement Program, 60 officers have

Police De- partment after serv- ing in law enforce- ment for 27 years! Deputy Chief Hut- son served one year at

completed a bachelor’s degree, 26 officers have com- Frank Reynolds

n Deputy Chief Tim Brant , Ses- sion #237, retired September 9,

pleted a master’s degree in public administration and 14 officers have completed the FBI National Acad- emy. In addition, he increased the training requirements of officers to double the standards mandated by the state, and he requires his com- mand ,annually. Sheriff Garrison will pass the torch to newly elected Sheriff Frank Reynolds , Session 244, who began his career at the Cherokee Sheriff’s Office under the leadership of Sheriff Garrison. Sheriff Reynolds looks to build on the success of his predecessor by increasing the community out- reach opportunities and maintain- ing the highest level of training, with continued participation in FBINA program.

2016 from the Derby, KS Police Depart- ment with 29 years in law enforce- ment. Deputy Chief

Deputy Chief Dean Hutson teaching the French Police.

Wichita, KS PD before moving to Grandview, MO PD in 1990. Dean served in many roles at Grandview to include working his way through the ranks to Deputy Chief as well as a SWAT sniper, SWAT Team Leader & Commander, and Drug Task Force Sergeant. Dean has also served his country with over 30 years of Active and Reserve Duty with the US Army. He has been deployed to Iraq, Bosnia and Afghanistan and retired as a Lieutenant Colonel. His ‘retirement’ includes continuing to teach at the Police Academy, training operations in France, and teaching at the University of Paris. We thank you for your many years of service to the Grandview community!! n Major Mark Goodloe , Ses- sion #213, retired January 1, 2017 from the Kansas Highway Patrol with over 41 years of law enforcement. Mark has worked

Tim Brant

Brant spent years coordinating the in-service training for Derby PD and managed each com- ponent of the department as a Division Commander. He has spent many years training more than 2,000 officers in the FTO program, leadership/manage- ment courses, and conducting

(L-R) Kris Coody, Ron Freeman, and Frank Reynolds.


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