39 “All Men Are Created Equal”

Following the War for Independence, black slaves remained in bondage in America. By the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, 4 million slaves would be performing forced labor on plantations in the Southern states. In the years that followed, the abolitionist movement slowly gained fervor, with Northerners calling for the The crowd at the battlefield at Gettysburg, where President Abraham Lincoln delivered his famous address. Lincoln was in Gettysburg on November 19, 1863, for the dedication of a cemetery for the soldiers who had fallen at Gettysburg. He can be seen in this photo, circled in white; he is bare-headed and facing the camera, to the left of the cen- tral figure in the top hat.

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