Economic Report 2021 - OGUK
Figure 2: Global Oil Demand and Production
The UK energy system The UK’s primary energy needs aremet by a diverse range of sources, of which oil and gas provide the majority, followed by bioenergy and waste, renewables, nuclear and imported electricity. Oil and gas met an estimated 73 per cent of the UK’s energy needs in 2020, with production from the UKCS providing around 70 per cent of this (enough to meet 95 per cent of oil demand and 54 per cent of gas demand). This is a higher proportion than that typically seen in recent years as a result of the impact of the pandemic suppressing travel and aviation, both of which are highly reliant on oil, and oil products. Energy consumption in 2020 was at its lowest levels since the 1950s 2 as the restrictions to manage COVID-19 significantly reduced activity across the economy. The restrictions which were reimposed in the first quarter of 2021 have had a further impact on demand. Total energy consumption was 7.4 per cent lower in the first quarter than the same period in 2020. This fall was the result of reductions in both transport (31 per cent) and industrial consumption (2.1 per cent), however domestic (residential) consumption increased by 8.9 per cent as movement restrictions and colder weather prevailed. As
restrictions continue to be lifted, in particular those on travel, it is anticipated that there will be a sharp upturn in energy demand which should be met by making the most of indigenous resources. Overall UK energy production fell by 12 per cent in the first quarter of 2021 compared with the same period in 2020, largely due to reductions in domestic oil and gas output as COVID-19 supressed activity on the UKCS. The impact on production reflects lower rates of brownfield and greenfield investment and the impact of increased planned maintenance outages deferred from 2020, including that of the Forties Pipeline System in May. Whilst these outages will have a short-term impact on production, there will be a limited impact on overall production levels in the next year.
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