Coptic Bohairic Introductory Course

Lesson 9

9.1 Directional Adverbs: 9.1.1 Form: Coptic has a set of directional adverbs that corresponds closely to English adverbs such as, 'up, down, over, in, out', etc. They are frequently used to modify the meaning of the verb. The following is a list of the most commonly used adverbs: e bol out, away e pec/t down e qoun in e vahou back, backward eh r/i up ep swi upward 9.1.2 Uses: These adverbs can be used alone, as follows: afse e bol he went away af i e qoun he came in afvwt e vahou he ran back But frequently they are combined with simple prepositions to form a compound prepositional phrase, as follows: e bol e - out to, away to eh r/i e - up to e bol qen out of, from eh r/i e jen up unto e bol hi away from e pec/t e - down to, down into e bol hiten through, through the agency of e pec/t e jen down on e vahou e - back to e qoun e - to, into, toward 9.2 Conjunction in Verbal Sentences: Clauses containing the first perfect may be coordinated with the conjuctive ' ouoh ' 'and' , or it may follow one another without a conjuctive, as follows: a.f.hemci ouoh a.f.rimi he sat down and wept a.f.hemci a.f.rimi he sat down (and) wept


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