3 Radiation Protection in Brachytherapy

Radiation Protection in Brachytherapy


THE GEC ESTRO HANDBOOK OF BRACHYTHERAPY | Part I: The basics of Brachytherapy Version 1 - 01/12/2014

Ionizing Radiation. NCRP Statement No. 10. Bethesda, Maryland: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. 35. NCRP. 2005. National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. Structural Shielding Design and Evaluation for Megavoltage X- and Gam- ma-Ray Radiotherapy Facilities. NCRP Report No. 151. Bethesda, Maryland: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. 36. NCRP. 2006. National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. Management of radionuclide therapy patients. NCRP Report No. 155. Bethes- da, Maryland: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. 37. Papagiannis, P. Baltas, D., Granero, D., et al . 2008. Radiation transmission data for radionuclides and materials relevant to brachytherapy facility shielding. Med Phys 35: 4898-4906. 38. Podgorsak, E. B. (Ed.). 2005. Radiation Oncology Physics: A Handbook for Teachers and Students. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency. Available online: http://www-naweb.iaea.org/nahu/dmrp/syllabus.shtm 39. Pujades, M.C., Granero, D., Vijande, J., et al . 2014. Air-kerma evaluation at the maze entrance of HDR brachytherapy facilities. J Radiol Prot 34: 741–753. 40. UNSCEAR. 2008. United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atom- ic Radiation Report to the General Assembly with Scientific Annexes. Sources and Effects of Ionizing Radiation. New York: United Nations. Available online: http://www.unscear.org/unscear/en/publications.html 41. Venselaar, J.L.M., Pérez-Calatayud, J. (Eds). 2004. A practical guide to quali- ty control of brachytherapy equipment. Brussels. ©2004 by ESTRO. Available online: http://www.estro-education.org/publications/Documents/booklet8_ Physics.pdf 42. Zourari, K., Peppa, V., Ballester, F., Siebert, F-A., Papagiannis, P. 2014. Brachytherapy structural shielding calculations using Monte Carlo generated, monoenergetic data. Med Phys 41: 043901. DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1118/1.48 6845620;41(4):043901.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors have updated this chapter from previous work of Jack Venselaar and Harm Meertens published in the chapter Radiation Protection in the first edition of the GEC-ESTRO Handbook of Brachytherapy (ESTRO, 2002), and had great benefits from the more recent work of Panos Papagiannis and Ning J. Yue in the chapter Radiation Protection in Brachytherapy in the book Com- prehensive Brachytherapy, Physical and Clinical Aspects (CRC Press, Taylor & Francis, 2013). The work described in section 4 of this chapter on radiation protection data for facility shielding was performed as a working package in the framework of BRAPHYQS, the brachytherapy physics working group of GEC-ESTRO, and led by its members Panos Papagiannis and Facundo Ballester.

AUTHORS Panagiotis Papagiannis, PhD, Assistant Professor Medical Physics Laboratory, Medical School, University of Athens Athens, Greece.

Jack Venselaar, PhD Department of Medical Physics, Instituut Verbeeten Tilburg, The Netherlands.

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