2022 Fall Newsletter

Native American History - Merry Christmas

The 2022 Fall Edition Newsletter of the MIAMI COUNTY HISTORICAL MUSEUM Native American History Articles Inside

E-Mail: micomuseum@gmail.com Web Page: https://micomuseum.org Price $2.00 Merry Christmas from all of us at the museum


Officers and Directors 2023

Gift Corner

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President- Jana Harrington Barcus

913-333-2657 913-731-3193 913-259-9839 913-294-5436 913-710-1767 913-294-3012 913-259-9219 913-294-2779 816-392-0605 913-731-3009 785-869-3246 913-731-7869 913-731-3193 913-335-2657 913-710-1767 913-294-5436 913-259-9839 913-449-5153 913-849-3278 913-294-8012 Open

Vice President- Wes Cole Secretary- Ann Benton Treasurer- Vincent Thorpe Librarian - LeAnne Shields

Presidents message Queries - Mini Minutes The Anti Horse Thief Ass. Paola Advertising 1880s Trail of Death Walk Art Show pictures Christmas Dagenet Story More than pie in the sky A Step Back In Time Membership Poster Heritage Walk Bricks Peoria Street 1865 Holiday Recipes

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Genealogy Society Coordinator- Iris Kluber Newsletter & Graphics Roger Shipman

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Board of Directors

Marysville Township - Elsie Cordle Member at Large - LuAnne Debrick Miami Township - Nina Gerken Mound Township - Donna Darner Osage Township - Ann Davis Osawatomie Township - Wes Cole Paola Township - Jana Barcus Richland Township - LeAnne Shields Stanton Township - Vicent Thorpe Sugar Creek Township - Ann Benton Ten Mile Township -Gorden Geldhof Valley Township - Lloyd Peckman Wea Township - Iris Kluber Middle Creek Township

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Back Cover

Notice To The Membership The Miami County Historical Museum member

ship dues are $25.00 Make checks out to:

Miami County Historical Museum 12 East Peoria, Paola, Kansas 66071-0123

https://miami-county-kansas-historical-society-museum.square. site/product/membership-yearly/3?cs=true&cst=custom

Financial The Miami County Historical Museum is a Non-Profit Organization with a tax exempt status allowed by the Internal Reve nue Dept. Gift and donations received by the Societies are deductible for Income Tax purposes. For additional information or questions regarding Endowments, Trusts, etc., Please contact us at 913-294-4940 Ask for Vince Thorpe

A Newsletter of the Miami County Historical Museum & Genealogy Society Fall 2022 Volume 37- No.1 Miami County Historical Museum 12 E. Peoria, Paola, Kansas 66071 Phone: 913-294-4940 E-Mail: micomuseum@gmail.com. Web address; https://micomuseum.org Museum Hours: Monday - Wednesday - Friday 10 a.m. - 4 p.m.

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Visit our gift corner We have books, out of print museum books on DVD, brochures of local attractions, numerous historical Paola photos suitable for framing, tee-shirts, hats and some free stuff

Hours for the Museum Open Monday, Wednesday, Friday 10:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. Closed Saturday with the exception of special occasions For appointments call: 913-333-2657-Jana or 913-710-1767-LeAnne QCD Qualified Charitable Distributions Donations from an IRA fund to meet your IRA Annual Required Distribution to a Charity. Any Donation with QCD are 100% untaxed by the IRS. Normal distributions are subject to federal and state income taxes. Requirements: To Avoid Taxes on Distributions 1. Age 72 or older 2. Donations made directly by IRA Custodians to 501 charitable group 3. Limit of $100,000 per year per person with IRA 4. Donation made by Dec. 31 of each year given by Custodian Thus, you can give to our museum up to $100,000 per year per person from your IRA as a distribution and pay no taxes on that gift---normal distributions are taxed as a part of your adjusted gross income. The custodian provides a 1099-R form to report on your income tax return. Example: Have your custodian of your IRA give to our museum $2,500(any sum up to $100,000) from your IRA. Will be part of your required distribution but would be exempt from normal taxes that year. A WIN-WIN FOR YOU AND YOUR CHARITY CHOICE Give to Charity---Pay Less Taxes. QCD—for the Endowment or Regular Museum Donation. Timely Tax Information

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Museum President, Jana Harrington-Barcus

but if the recipe wasn’t shared with us by Beverly Jack son, we wouldn’t have enjoyed them all these years… we would have really missed out! You will have to make this Butter Cookie recipe because it’s the best-ever in my eyes! I get them every year as a present from my sister Pamela. My Dad (Bob Harrington) also worked as the outdoor sportswriter for 60 years for the local paper. I loved growing up getting to know who shot that record buck or even their first, or who shot a nice harvest of quail or ducks, caught a big fish, big raccoon, as they were at our house sharing their adventure with our family. That’s history! I am grateful for the opportunity to re live my childhood happiness as I get the chance to talk with folks bringing their knowledge into the museum and learning even more about our area history. When I was younger, and sometime even now, all I wanted to do was get my studies done as fast as possible, pass my tests, and get to the barn so I could ride the hors es. I love my horses and still ride just not as much as I used to. The last few years helping as a tech and on the Goals and Mission Statement committee for the museum, I’ve developed a passion to learn even more about this town I grew up in. There is so much to know, learning about history as it’s written and listening to the folks that have a different opinion of how they feel it really was. We have so many things we all have been working on. We advanced the museum with seven new up-to-date computers, a network system server with backup and an off-site backup system. We purchased up-to-date software and installed security software for all ma chines allowing us to house any digital records more safely. Within this up-to-date system, we moved pho tos and documents entered by all the past and current volunteers to this server. We have a lot of knowledge able people that are working for the museum. Vol unteers are working on organizing and growing each area as to help visitors find their research by whatev er means they like to search, digital or hard copy and more. New research and specific displays are being worked on, and some updated. We have the official website moved over to a server we can better work with. We now have our own YouTube site and our con tinued Facebook site to put information on. It truly takes a village and this year we continue to make prog ress using our Goals and Mission statement. With the help of Economic Development Director Janet McRae, the group was able to compile the boards Goals and Mission Statement to be used each year. Each year

I was born and raised in Paola Kansas by a moth er and father passionate about the town and the families living here. I grew up living the hap py small-town dream. Having the opportunity to enjoy and love this “family town” and the people in it, someone was always stopping by our house, or we were going somewhere to pick blackberries, cher

ries, fish or hunt daily. I enjoyed learning to live off the land, be respectful of it and help others. My father loved this community so much that he offered a lot of his time to the people in it by education, or ganizing events like Hunter Safety classes, fishing derby’s, Rotary Parades and repairing fishing poles given to him by our community to give out to those in need. One of my favorite childhood memories of Paola Square was at Christmas time. We had the light ing of the Christmas tree, the mayor was there, the band and Santa Claus too! Everyone seemed to be in town walking the square in our winter coats, scarves, and gloves, visiting stores, and guessing games within each store to win prizes. I remember winning a Brandy Sniffer from Georges’ gift shop that was located on the east side of the square. Some folks may be wondering why we have recipes in this quarterly issue. Aggie Dillard, Past President came up with the idea and I love it because gathering and food is a major part of history. (Here is one yummy recipe story from our family.) The lighting of the tree in town square and the rest of the festive events were held on the night following Thanksgiving. One easy “recipe” we loved was mom would chop up some tur key, mix it in the left over dressing and mashed po tatoes, pour it in a 9x13 pan and bake it in the oven. When it was hot out of the oven, she would dish up a portion and pour warm gravy over it for each of us. Man! Talk about good, then off we would go to town for the fun. After we spent the evening in town, we went home for dessert. Dessert might be cherry or gooseberry pie, Christmas butter Cookies with hot chocolate or milk. (See our family butter cookie recipe in this issue.) All these years we haven’t given it out,

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can be adjusted as we complete projects and move for ward with existing or new ones. We’ve continued moving forward by updating and en hancing information using QR (quick response) codes. QR codes are a predetermined/created code you scan on your phone or device. After you scan it (kind of like scanning your groceries!) it will send you to one of our media locations to read or listen for more information. This gives us the ability to give more information to visi tors we couldn’t possibly have room for on a poster. This QR code project was started years ago, we are updating existing ones and adding new ones. Another ongoing project: we have started meeting with area historians, compiling information through their eyes with audio and video. Recording our Miami Coun ty Kansas family roots and more is being gathered for use on the museum’s social media, YouTube video site and on our website. As more educational components get set up, we will continue scheduling groups to visit the museum and enjoy the knowledge. We have a group of caring individuals that are passionate about Miami County history and love talking with folks. A long-term goal is set to install an elevator so the upstairs rooms of our three buildings can be utilized for more amazing history displays. Grants are being searched out to help us with our goals.

Don’t forget our Genealogy Department! Volunteers have been busy relabeling, organizing, and doing re search for everyone to enjoy! A goal I will take to the board for approval for 2023: I would love to work with the County to help us with scheduling a Museum Tour Day for 2023. My thought is we would join with other Miami County Museums to be open for a day visit, knowledge, and fun! Kind of like Miami County does now for the successful Farm Tours. It truly takes a village and as this year comes to an end remember, there is a lifetime of learning and continued gathering within the three building walls of the Miami County Kansas Historical Society and Museum. Please come join us for our gatherings as we enjoy history, food, friends, family and more that will enlighten us with stories and fellowship. We look forward to seeing and hearing from you. As a on the team, I look forward to the New Year. Sincerely, Jana Harrington-Barcus

Team Volunteer Photos

Aggie Dillard

Vincent Thorpe

Nina Gerken

Elsie Cordle

Iris Kluber

Lloyd Peckman

LuAnne Debrick

Wes Cole

Christie Walters Doherty LeAnne Shields

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VOLUNTEER AND VISITOR REPORT VOLUNTEER AND VISITOR REPORT October 2021 thru October 2022 Visitors - 1,404 Volunteer Hours - 3,200 States Represented - 25 Plus Hawaii Board Meetings 10 Average Attendance 6 Volunteers: Ann Davis, Jana Barcus, Ann Benton, Patsy Bortner, Wes Cole, Elsie Cordle, Donna Darner, Christie Doherty, Luanne Debrick, Agnes Dillard, Gordon Geldhof, Nina Gerken, Iris Kluber, Lloyd Peck man, Leanne Shields, Roger Shipman, Vince Thorpe, Beth Wilson and Kathy Peckman, QUERIES Sondra Douglas wants info on Clara Callabressi who died at the State Hospital in 1902. Nicole Cunningham is looking for a marriage record for Jessie Wood and Buswell Seetin in 1905 Nicole White is trying to find info on Verna M Gide who may have been in the State Hospital. Susan Beck is looking for a John N Hollingsworth. Lisa Otto is interested in what we might have on John Roberts in 1899. Thea Gavin is looking for a lost daughter of Merle Lee and Carrie Fransee Lively. Tom Rafiner is looking for pictures and personal info on the Sims family of Charles, Helen and Polly and the family of Benjamin Wingrove. Kari Plagmann is interest in finding a birth record for Louise Liddle in 1902. Birdie Bolin wants info on William Shaw, Rosella Cott Shaw. She is a niece of Christmas Noel. Micheal Menzie wants to find something about Har man Beeson. Warren Russell desired history of house at 402 E. Peo ria Street.

Kenneth McClintock wants to know about the old Bea gle Depot. Ethel Simons is researching the Lee Family. Pam Kermoade wants an obit for Emaline Cook. Franklin Packard is searching for info on the George Breckenridge and Alta McDowell and the Beaver School. Also, Ruth and Earl Zuel. Audra Harper wants pictures and info on City of Paola municipal buildings. Victoria Lowman is trying to find info on the property at120 S Broadway in Louisburg. Sam Sagastrume is trying to locate Lizze Mills or Allie Mills. Kathy Daganett wanted info on Jack Hackley plus Sara Jean Mabley. Joel Kanna was interested in Quantrill land claim of 1857. Jack Loftus is wanting an old school, once at 299st. and Spring Valley Rd.. Marissa Beighted is looking for Eli Dunlap. Don Creekmore wanted a quility photo of the Mallory Opera House. Debbie clder wants info on Thomas & Emma Daga nette Hedges. Sam Sagastume is trying to locate Lizze Mills or Allie Mills. Kathy Daganett wanted info on Jack Hackley plus Sara Jean Mabley. Joel Kanna was interested in Quantrill land claim of 1857. Jack Loftus is wanting an old school, once at 299st. and Spring Valley Rd.. Marissa Beighted is looking for Eli Dunlap. Don Creekmore wanted a quility photo of the Mallory Opera House. Debbie Elder wants info on Thomas & Emma Daga nette Hedges.

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In the time before the automobile, a major source of transportation and income for the public was the horse, a very versatile animal. It was used to pull a buggy so that people could go to town from the farm or go town to town to see relatives, friends, or run errands. An other use was to work the farm by pulling wagons or farm implements. Back in the 1800s, I am sure that ev erybody valued their horses deeply. Theft of horses was definitely frowned upon. That is why the “Anti-Horse Thief Association” was formed. It’s motto: “Protect the Innocent: Bring the guilty to Justice”. Here in the Midwest, the first chapter was started by Major David McKee of Clark County, Missouri due to horse theft being a particular problem. Clark County was located on the border of Iowa, Missouri, and Illi nois. Someone could steal a horse, cross the Mississippi River or Des Moines River and be out of state in no time. Due to the fact that it cost more to go after a horse thief than what the horse cost, few if any were ever re covered. David McKee and some friends formed the Anti-Horse Thief Association in 1853 to deal with the problem. The first big hurdle was the start of the Civil War. Most of the members, including McKee, enlisted in the army. With the chaos of the war, horse thievery got even worse. People got more desperate and reckless by stealing horses and cattle. Due to a disability, Major McKee was discharged from the army in 1863. At this time horse theft was greater than ever. He started up the AHTA again and it had great success. It grew and spread to many states. In 1916, it reached a membership of 50,000 members. THE ANTI-HORSE THIEF ASSOCIATION

By: Vincent Thorpe

A. H. T. A. official stamp made with this embossing device.

It was a secret organization, but just about anybody could join. To be a member you had to be at least 18 years old and be a good citizen. Women were not ex cluded. Many were widows that continued their mem bership after the husband died. Membership was in expensive since there were no salaried positions and everything was done on a voluntary basis with only expenses paid. If you were a member and had a horse stolen, you would notify the group president to start the wheels in motion. By using the telegraph other chapters would be notified with a description of the horse and/ or thief. When the thief was caught he or she would be turned over to the Vigilance Committee to determine if there was sufficient cause for prosecution. After this, the thief was turned over to the authorities. This was not a vigilante group. The AHTA had a publication which listed stolen hors es and property. In the publication was listed the steep sentences that were given out to convicted thieves. See ing these harsh sentences was hopefully a deterrent to any future horse theft. One reason that the organiza tion was so successful was that it did not have to deal with extradition orders. If a thief was chased out of the state, part of the group chasing him would stay behind and not cross the state line. When the pursuing group caught the thief, they would bring him back to the state line and tell him to get out of the state and don’t come back. He would cross the state line without knowing the other part of the group was going to grab him and take him on back.

The association was not a group of vigilantes who would chase a thief, catch him, and hang him from a tree. They got their jus tice from the courts, not from the limb of a tree. They did not want to break the law, but they did support the law. They worked with the law, gathered evidence, and brought witnesses to tes tify against the thieves.

Vincent Thorpe

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The first annual Paola meeting of the AHTA was held in Mallory Opera House Oct. 15th and 16th 1902.

Around 1890, the first chapter of the “AHTA” was established in Miami County. By the 1900s, there were 10 chap ters in Miami County. In 1901 the state convention was held in Miami County. Throughout the country, there were over 50,000 members of which over half were from Kansas. Things started to slow down as time went on. Many men left to fight in World War 1. By the 1930s, law enforcement agencies were in place and the days of the frontier had ended.

MINI-MINUTES By Librarian LeAnne Shields The following are highlights of the happenings at the Museum. A new exhibit on display from October thru November. 2022 is the “Women’s Suffrage Exhibit”. On loan from “Freedoms Frontier” in Lawrence, KS. President Aggie Dillard served coffee & cookies Thurs day, November 3, 2022 at the museum to honor Na tive American month. Honored guests were descendants of Christmas & Mary Dagenett. They were Jeanne–d’Arc Dagenette from Williamsburg, KS, Elaine Dagenette Heisler from Wichita, KS & Debbie Elder from Elkland, Missouri.

The museum sells the bricks that are in place in The Paola Park Square with family members names en graved on them. Cost is $60.00. Order at the muse um. Ann Benton is the new museum Secretary. Luanne Debrick Resigned due to health issues. The museum now has Pay Pal and Square for those that want to pay with a credit card. Nov 4th 2022 Agnes Dillard stepped as President but will rmain as a volunteer. Jana Harrington Barcus was elected President of the museum at the November meeting for the next two years.

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Paola Advertising from the Western Spirit during the 1880s

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Episcopal Bishop walks the Potawatomi Trail of Death by Barbara Proffitt Lynn County News

On March 20 Indiana Bishop Doug Sparks set out on a walk that would take him through four states over the course of the next 43 days before finally arriving at his destination on May 1. As part of his posting with the diocese in Indiana, Spark was given a three month sabbatical after his first five years in his new position as Bishop; but when the time came he could take it, the country was embroiled in the Covid-19 pandemic so he opted to stay and wait on his sabbatical. “1 was driving to a service one day near Plymouth, Ind., when I saw a bent sign about the Menominee Memorial,” explained Sparks, “I had never heard of him so I googled it and decided to visit the memorial and when I got back to my office I began researching the Potawatomi and the Trail of Death.” The sign he saw that day marked the site of the vil lage from which Menominee and the tribe of 859 Potawatomi were expelled. “I wanted to do something for my sabbatical that encompassed something from the area, something that connected to it,” said Sparks. So he began mak ing plans to walk the original Trail of Death that the Potawatomi followed from Indiana into Illinois down into Missouri and on into Kansas. When the 859 Potawatomi and Chief Menominee em barked on their walk in 1838, it took them 61 days through horrid heat and drought ridden conditions to make that walk 40 of them died along the way. This was just one of many expulsions of Native Amer icans that took place during that time frame through the Indian Removal Act. Through a series of failed treaties, Menominee was eventually forced off his land by state militiamen who placed him in a jail cart as the rest of the Potawatomi walked. This is not the first time Sparks has undertaken such a walk, as he walked a portion of the Camino de Santia go in Spain in 2019.As He entered the town of Osawat omie, he was joined by several riders on horseback

and others who had decided to join in for the final leg. They made their way south to Parker and were met by townsfolk who invited them to partake of a commu nity dinner following the ceremonies at St. Philippine Duchesne on Sunday, May 1. As they reached the site where the Potawatomi were cared for and tended to by members of the Catholic Church, they were greeted by local caretaker of the park, Larry Lemon, and Jon Boursaw of the Citizen Pot tawatomi Nation and Boursaw’s brother Lyman, both of whom are direct descendants of the Potawatomi who were brought to the mission. Boursaw gave a history of the memorial and the mis sion and spoke of how the Pottawatomi lived in niches above the water that runs through the area. The mission (St. Mary’s) was the true end of the Trail of Death, where the Potawatomi lived for the next eight years according to John Boursaw. Mother Rose Philippine Duchesne came in 1841 to teach the Potawatomi. She established the first Indian school for girls west of the Mississippi River. At age 72 and in failing health, she was not able to work. She dedicated herself to contemplative prayer. Noticing that she was praying at night and still pray ing in the same position the next morning, the Indian children placed pebbles around her long black robe. Discovering the pebbles undisturbed, they realized she was praying all night. The Indians thus named her “Woman Who Prays Always.” She was canonized in 1988, the first female saint west of the Mississippi River. Eventually the tribe transitioned from owning land communally to individually, a previously unexplored way of life for the Potawatomi. Two-thirds agreed to own a divided portion for their individual families and became the Citizen Potawatomi. The remaining third kept a communal parcel and became the Prairie Band Potawatomi. “This has been an amazing and challenging time,” said Bishop Sparks, “I was so glad to be met along the way by so many loving and generous people who opened their hearts to me.”

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Posed behind the Potawatmoi Trail of Death Marker, is a group of riders that accompanied Episcopal Bishop Sparks from Johnson County into Paola. From left to right they are, Bend Daniels, Haley Ussery, Nissa Aleman, Kenny Ussery, Sara Lamprise, Bishop Doug Sparks, Emma Trucco, Murphy Dutton, Wyatt Dutton, Tom Ziegler and Aaron Dutton. The riders and Bishop Sparks traveled on to Osawatomie where he spent the night. On the following day they went down to Parker and then on-to St. Philippine Duchesne Park. The museum has hundreds of artifacts on display that were excavated from the St Marys Mission site. Henry J Rockers mounted most of the artifacts under photo frames and the rest are in glass display cases.

The Park is located in Linn County, follow Kansas Highway 7 from Osawatomie south to just past mile marker 100. At the bottom of hill there is a brown sign instructing you to turn onto W1525th Rd . The road runs straight west for a while then turns southward for a bit then follows along a creek and up a hill. The the entrance gate is on the south side of the road..

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The Museum hosted the annual Heartland Art Guild’s Miniature Art Show in July

Sue Hart from Scappoose, Oregon donat ed $1000 to the museum’s Indian room. Charlene Bredemeir, Overland Park and Sue Hart are related to Christmas Dage nette.

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The museum presently has on display a traveling ex hibit sponsored by Freedom’s Frontier National Heri tage area. Currently we have one about the history of “Womens Suffrage”. In the late summer we had a display about the forced Sharing the untold story of Christmas Dagenette removal of Native Americans from their ancestral homelands. Coming soon we will host an exhibit titled Fighting for Equality, People With Different Abilities. These exhibits are rotated among museums and li braries in Kansas.

Elaine Dagenette Heisler and Jeanne-d’Arc Dagenette came to Paola to talk about their great-great grandfa ther Christmas Dagenette This following story is a reprint of a article by Brian McCauley of the Miami Republic PAOLA — When cousins Jeanne -d’Arc Dagenette and Elaine Dagenette Heisler talk about their great-great grandfather Christmas Dagenet, they realize it’s a story many people in Paola have never heard. Baptiste Peoria tends to get more of the headlines. After all, he was leader of the Confederated Tribes of the Peoria, Kas

The musems Native American exbert Lloyd Peckman and Jeanne-d’Arc Dagenette pose long enough for a photo. kaskia, Wea and Piankishaw people, and he donated the land for the Paola Park Square. Two of Paola’s biggest streets are named after Baptiste Peoria, and a bust of Baptiste Peo ria and his wife Mary Ann Isaacs Dagenet Peoria is promi nently displayed on Park Square. But Jeanne and Elaine painted a different picture of Baptiste Peoria when they visited Paola on Nov. 3 to speak to Paola Rotary Club members and students at Paola Middle School during two separate presentations.

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The presentations were part of Native American Heritage Month and an educational outreach project the cousins have created called “The American Indian, The Story of Us.” During those presentations, the cousins talked only a lit tle about Baptiste Peoria, who they said was a government Indian agent who coerced chiefs into signing treaties and worked closely with the “white man.” “Baptiste Peoria had Indian skin and a white soul,” Jeanne said. Instead, the cousins focused on their great-great grandfa ther, who they said is lesser known because history is often viewed from the perspective of the “white man.” “Courage does not always roar,” Jeanne said. “Sometimes, courage is the quiet voice.” Christmas Dagenet was born on Christmas Day in 1799. He was half white, as his father was a French fur trader named Ambrose Dagenet, and his mother was a Wea Indi an named Mechinquamesha. Christmas was born near Terre Haute, Ind., where the Wea tribe originated and thrived along the Wabash River. The Wea tribe was a sub-tribe of the closely related Miami tribe. Christmas was an interpreter who spoke English, French and Spanish, and he became a leader of the Wea people. In 1819, Christmas married Mary Ann Isaacs, who would later become the wife of Baptiste Peoria after Christmas’ death. Jeanne said that as white settlers continued to expand west, Native American tribes were forced to make impossible de cisions about signing treaties that would move them to new land or face possible extinction. Jeanne said the treaties were “tools of coercion.” “Christmas Dagenet did what he had to do when nothing was left but courage,” Jeanne said. “He chose life over ex tinction.” In October of 1846, soldiers appeared with guns and bay onets telling the Wea people the day had come for them to leave. It took three trips via boats to move about 350 members of the Wea tribe down multiple rivers including the Wabash, Ohio, Mississippi and Missouri, before they arrived at Westport Landing near the current City Market in Kansas City, Mo. From there, Jeanne said many of the Wea tribe members had to walk all the way to their new home in present day Miami County. Christmas made all three trips with his people, and he was a leader throughout the process, Jeanne said.

The forced removal was a grueling process for the Wea peo ple, including Christmas, who lost the use of his arm during one of the trips. Christmas died from cholera just two years later in 1848, leaving the Wea people without their trusted leader. They were eventually included in the Confederated Tribes led by Baptiste Peoria. The Peoria and Kaskaskia tribes settled in the Paola area, and the Wea and Piankishaw tribes settled in the Louisburg area. Members of the Miami tribe settled farther south, even ex tending into Linn County. Jeanne pointed out that although Baptiste Peoria did give the land for Paola’s Park Square, it was originally Indian allot ment land. Jeanne said the Miami tribe, led by Chief Thomas Richard ville, chose not to join the Confederated Tribe despite the persuasive efforts of Baptiste Peoria in 1860. “He was the man who finally pulled the rug out from under Baptiste Peoria,” Jeanne said. The Miami people remained in Kansas until the Treaty of 1867 called for their removal again, this time to the Indian Territory, known today as Oklahoma. When Jeanne and Elaine shared the story of their ancestors at Paola Middle School, many of the students asked questions about the lives of Native American children who were sent to Indian boarding schools in an attempt to assimilate them into the society of the “white man.” The Indian children had to change their name and all dress alike. “It’s a form of genocide,” Jeanne said. “A good way to get rid of people is to take their culture away.” Elaine said there were more than 400 Indian boarding schools in the country, including 12 in Kansas. “It’s important that you understand what happened,” Elaine told the students. She then explained the importance of the colorful ribbon skirt she was wearing. “The ribbon skirt is a symbol that we survived cultural geno cide,” Elaine said. “It means empowerment. We did not go away. I wear mine with pride. I honor my ancestors.” More information about Jeanne and Elaine’s project can be found on Facebook at “The American Indian, The Story of Us.”

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Paola Advertising from the Miami Republican during the 1880s

Photo Courtesy KSHS

Photo Courtesy KSHS

Favorite holiday recipes from our museum staff

Vince Thorp Savory Pumpkin Quiche with Caramelized Bacon and Onions Level: Easy Total: 1 hr 40 min (includes cooling time) Active: 30 min Yield: 6 to 8 servings Ingredients: 2 tablespoons unsalted butter 6 strips ba con, chopped 1 medium yellow onion, chopped Kosher salt and freshly ground black pep per 6 fresh sage leaves, minced 3/4 cup pumpkin puree 8 large eggs 1/2 cup heavy cream One 9-inch pie crust, store-bought and baked and cooled according to package instructions,

or 1 homemade pie crust, blind-baked and cooled 1/2 cup grated Parmesan 2 tablespoons olive oil 1 tablespoon Chardonnay or white wine vinegar Juice of 1 lemon 4 cups arugula 2 Heat the butter in a medium saute pan over medium heat. Add the bacon and cook until fully rendered and caramelized, 10 to 12 minutes. Remove the bacon from the pan and add the onions; sprinkle with salt and pepper. Cook, stirring occasional ly, until the onions are browned and ten der, around 15 minutes. Return the bacon to the pan along with the sage. Cook for 1 more minute. 3 Whisk together the pumpkin puree, eggs and cream in a large bowl. Whisk in

the onion mixture. Pour into the prepared crust and bake until set, 30 to 40 minutes. Allow to cool for 10 minutes. 4 Whisk together the cheese, olive oil, vine gar and lemon juice in a bowl. Season with salt and pepper and toss in the arugula. 5 Cut the quiche into 8 equal portions. Top the quiche with the salad and serve.

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Ann Benton Recipies Brennan’s Sweet Potatoes Ingredients:


spoon, transfer the apricots to a bowl. Us ing a large, shallow spoon or a ladle, skim as much fat as possible from the surface of the cooking liquid. Strain the juices into a large saucepan. Bring to a boil over high heat and cook, stirring occasionally, until reduced and concentrated, about 10 minutes. Stir the mustard into the sauce and add the apricots. Season with salt and pepper. Cut the pork loin across the grain into thin slices and arrange on a warmed platter. Serve immediately with the sauce and apri cots. Serves 4 to 6 Parmesan-Sage Mashed Potatoes Ingredients: * 3 pounds Yukon Gold potatoes, peeled and quartered * ½ cup unsalted butter, softened * 1/3 cup heavy cream * ¾ cup grated Pemesan cheese * 1 TBL chopped fresh sage * 1 tsp kosher salt In large soucepot, add potatoes and enough salted water to cover potatoes by about 2 inches; heat to a boil over high heat. Re duce to medium; simmer 15 minutes or until fork-tender. Drain postatoes; transfer back to saucepot. Add butter and cream; with mixer on me dium-high speed, beat potato mixture 3 minutes or until smooth. Add cheese, sage, and salt; beat 1 minute or until incorporat ed. Serve hot! Flourless Chocolate Cake Flourless Chocolate Cake Rich and dense, this cake will satisfy even the most serious chocoholic. Serves 10 Ingredients * 1 cup (2 sticks) unsalted butter, cut into pieces, plus more for the pan * 1/4 cup unsweetened cocoa powder, plus more for the pan * 1 1/4 cups heavy cream * 8 ounces bittersweet chocolate, chopped * 5 large eggs * 1 cup granulated sugar

* 1/4 cup all-purpose flour * 1/2 tsp. salt, plus more, to taste * 1/4 tsp. freshly ground pepper, plus more, to taste * 1 boneless pork loin roast, about 2 1/2 lb. * 2 Tbs. canola oil * 1 yellow onion, thinly sliced

* 3 cups firmly packed unseasoned mashed sweet potatoes ( about 3 lbs * ½ cup fresh orange juice * 4 tablespoons (1/2 stick) butter, melted * 2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice * 2 teaspoons finely grated orange zest * ½ teaspoon freshly grated nutmeg or ¼ teaspoon ground nutmeg * ¼ teaspoon ground cinnamon * ½ teaspoon ground ginger * ¼ teaspoon salt, or to taste * ¼ teaspoon black pepper, or to taste Preparation: *Note: Pierce each sweet potato with a fork, set on baking sheet, then bake in the middle of the oven for an hour at 400F or until easily pierced with a fork. Cook, peel then mash until light and fluffy. Preheat oven to 350F. Butter a 2-quart casserole and set aside. Combine all ingredients in a large mixing bowl, beating until smooth. Taste for salt and pepper and adjust as needed. Scoop into the casserole, spreading to the edge and roughing the surface. Bake uncovered on the middle oven shelf for about 45 minutes or until tipped with brown. Serve hot. Roast Pork with Apricots This rich and creamy dish tastes as good as it looks. The concentrated essence of dried fruit is a classic complement for al most any preparation of pork. Here, the roast cooks slowly with apricots to create a memorable dish. Prunes may be used in place of the apricots. If you do, omit the orange juice and add a couple tablespoons of fresh lemon juice.

* 1 garlic clove, minced * 1 cup chicken broth * 3 cups dried apricots

* 1/2 cup fresh orange juice * 2 Tbs. chopped fresh thyme * 2 Tbs. Dijon mustard Directions

On a plate, stir together the flour, the 1/2 tsp. salt and the 1/4 tsp. pepper. Turn the pork in the seasoned flour, shaking off any excess. In a large fry pan over medium-high heat, warm the oil. Add the pork and cook, turning frequently, until browned on all sides, about 5 minutes. Transfer to a plate. Pour off all but 1 Tbs. of the fat in the pan. Add the onion and sauté until softened, 3 to 5 minutes. Add the garlic and sauté for 1 min ute. Pour in the broth and deglaze the pan, stirring with a wooden spoon to scrape up the browned bits from the pan bottom. Stovetop method: Transfer the pork to a Dutch oven and pour in the broth mixture. Add the apricots, orange juice and thyme. Cover and cook over medium-low heat until the pork is very tender and an instant-read thermometer inserted into the center of the meat registers 140°F, about 1 1/2 hours. Slow-cooker method: Transfer the pork to a slow cooker and pour in the broth mixture. Add the apricots, orange juice and thyme. Cover and cook on high for 2 to 3 hours or on low for 4 to 6 hours according to the man ufacturer’s instructions until the pork is very tender and an instant-read thermometer in serted into the center of the meat registers 140°F.

* Prep Time 25 minutes * Cook Time 100 minutes * Servings 6

Transfer the pork to a cutting board and cov er loosely with aluminum foil. Using a slotted

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Flourless Chocolate Cake cont .

* 1/2 cup crème fraîche or sour cream * 1/4 cup confectioners’ sugar, plus more

dium-low heat until the butter is melted. Add the chocolate and stir until melted and smooth; remove from heat. 3. In a medium bowl, whisk together the eggs, granulated sugar, and cocoa pow der; whisk in the chocolate mixture. 4. Transfer the batter to the prepared pan and bake until puffed and set, 35 to 40 minutes. Let cool in the pan for 1 hour.

Run a knife around the edge of the cake before unmolding. 5. Using an electric mixer, beat the re maining 1 cup of heavy cream with the crème fraîche and confectioners’ sugar until soft peaks form. Dust the cake with confectioners’ sugar and serve with the whipped cream.

for dusting Directions

1. Heat oven to 350° F. Butter a 9-inch springform pan and dust with cocoa powder. 2. In a medium saucepan, heat the butter with ¼ cup of the heavy cream over me

Harrington Family Butter Cookie Recipe –

Elsie Cordle Pea Salad

LeAnne Shields Favorite Meat Loaf

1 cup (2 sticks) real salted but ter (soft not melted) (Note: origi nal recipe was fleshman’s margarine) 2/3 Cup C&H Fine granulated Sugar 3 Egg Yolks 1 tsp Pure Vanilla Extract 2 ½ Cups of King Arthur Flour (Note: orig inal recipe was Pillsbury flour) *Stir butter and sugar together. *Add egg yolks, stir after each. *Add vanilla and stir. *Work in flour – (May have to use hands on the last flour addition. Measure carefully. Too much or too little flour will affect the quality of this cookie greatly) *Press cookies onto a backing sheet with cookie press (design of your choice) NOTES: Do not grease cookie sheet or use parchment paper Bake at 400 for 6 to 8 minutes. Do Not let the top brown. Only golden on the bottom Enjoy!

1/2 cup Grape-Nut Cereal 1/2 tsp Salt & Pepper 1/2 cup Water 1/4 cup Catsup 1 Egg, slightly beaten 1/4 cup chopped Onion, optional 1 lb. Ground Beef 2 tsp. Worcestershire Sauce Topping 3 Tblsp. Brown Sugar Mix water & Grape-Nuts. Let stand 3 mins. Add egg, meat, Worcestershire, Onion, Salt, Pepper & Catsup. Mix well & shape into loaf or 8” x 8” pan. Combine Topping ingredients & spread over meat loaf. Bake 350 de grees for 1 hour. Jiffy Cornbread from Scratch 2/3 cup of flour ½ cup yellow cornmeal 3 Tablespoon sugar 3 Tablespoon baking powder ¼ teaspoon salt Combine ingredients in a quart size zip lock baggie and shake It to mix. Make now or make later. Write instruction on the baggie as follows; Add 1 egg, 1/3 cup milk and 2 Ta blespoons of vegetable oil Bake at 400 degrees for 25-20 minutes 1/4 tsp. Nutmeg 1/4 cup Catsup 1 tsp. Dry Mustard

2 Cans Small Pea’s (drained) 2-6 Hard Boiled Eggs (however many you like) 1 Medium Chopped Onion 1 Small jar/can of Pimento peppers 3/4 Cup Grated Cheese (any kind) 4 oz Can Black Olives (drained) 1/4 Cup Dill Relish (keep some of the juice to make the dressing with) Mix up Dressing; Approximately 1/2 Cup Mayonnaise, small amount of the Dill Relish Juice just to think out the mayonnaise. Mix all ingredients & dressing together. Refrigerate overnight is the best (but can serve immediately) Serve & Enjoy This is an easy recipe to double for larger batches if needed. You can also adjust ingredients to your liking. of the flour mixture, and pour in the milk, egg and melted butter and whisk until smooth. Heat a lightly oiled grid dle or frying pan over medium heat. Pour or scoop the batter onto the griddle using approximately ¼ cup for each pancake. (I use my ¼ measur ing cup, I think makes the perfect size pancakes) Brown on both sides and serve hot. Salt and sugar into medium bowl. Make a well in the center

Aggie Dillard Old Fashion Pancakes

1 ½ cup all-purpose flour 3 ½ teaspoon baking powder 1 teaspoon salt 1 tablespoon white sugar 1 ¼ cup of Milk 1 egg 3 tablespoon butter, melted In a medium bowl, sift together the flour, baking powder,

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Cherry Pie

1 ½ cups cherries, drained (save the juice) 1 teaspoon butter Mix sugar, flour and salt, add cherry juice gradually, stirring until smooth Add almond flavoring, pour mixture over drained cherries mix to coat

Cherries evenly, pour into pastry lined pan, dot top with butter. Roll remain ing Pastry place on pie, flute edges to gether, put slit in top crust Bake 35 to 40 minutes. (bake at 400 for 15 minutes reduce heat to 350 for 30 minutes)

Pastry for 9-inch pie 1 ½ cups sugar 3 Tablespoon flour 1/8 teaspoon salt

½ cup juice from can cherries ¼ teaspoon almond flavoring

It’s more than pie in the sky

ders, or pies we were out of, put them in the cooler so when Jackie came in that next morning, she’d put them in the oven bake them so she would have fresh pies to start her day and Customers would come in to pick up their pies. Willa and I were still working, so we’d come down every evening at 5pm and bake sometimes until 12 mid night depending on orders and if it was an upcoming Holiday. Jackie loved her days at the Bakery we all did, but she got a kick out of her customers that came into the Bakery, she loved making homemade rolls, cinnamon rolls, and Father Pooh bread. Father Pool, from the Catholic Church came into the Bakery she said one day and gave her his bread recipe, and she made sure there were several loafs of Father Pool bread on the shelves for sale. We also served Soup, chicken salad and bar beque brisket sandwich and slice of pie for lunch. We made every pie out from double crust, to single crust, to cheese cake, to Key Lime pie, pecan, walnut, strawberry, if you want ed it, we baked it and had it ready for you. I don’t think there is a pie out there we didn’t make. We weren’t saying that our pies were the best, we just made it easy for you to come in or order your favorite pie or come pick up your ready-made fresh baked pie and take it home to your family. Our bakery did very well here in Paola, the Holidays were the busiest times of the year. Easter, Thanksgiving, Christmas, 4th of July and Sunday dinners. I posted this picture on my Face book page and I had several comments from friends that said they did not know this. Well we were a very kept secret I guess, we had several ladies that were our regular customers that came in asked us to not tell their husbands or family that they brought our pies, because they wanted them to think that they made the pies instead. It makes smile every time I look at this picture. Because we did keep their secret and it’s still safe with me. That was one of my best memories in Paola. Our Sister Jack ie got sick and couldn’t run the store and do what she loved to do. Willa retired from her job and her and Donald decide to travel. I wasn’t old enough to retire and was still working helping care of my family and I loved my day job so with bit tersweet sad feeling we, had to close Greenway Pie Company.

This picture brings a big smile to my face. My sisters Jackie Greene, Willa Wilhoite, Mary Jackson and myself, decided that we wanted to open a bakery, and bake pies and use Momma pie recipes. So we started off doing bake sales, set up at every event that was happening on the Square up town, we set up our table at the chili bake offs, car shows, roots festival, fair time every event that was on the square just to see if there was a market out there for homemade baked pies, and come to find out there was, the events would start around 9am in the morning and by noon, we were all sold out and packing up to go home. So, we did bake sales every Saturday at Walmart for almost a year, we saved all the money we made from all our sales and decide to open a bakery. We started out at the little building south of town on silver street on the left side right before you crossed the vi-doc. We were there almost a year when the store front up town at 124 West Wea Street became available and we were asked if we wanted to rent it. That was the start of Greenway Bakery Pies made Our Way. Our Sister Mary Jackson was our Bookkeeper, she said she wasn’t’ baking nothing, because didn’t want people thinking she messed up their pie. Tibby Clements did our taxes, our Jackie Greene ran the store during the day, Willa and I would come down every evening at 5pm and make up the pies or Jacqueline Greene, Willa Wilhoit and Aggie Dillard

Best six years

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Carts for sprinkling, per season, ........ .................................. Special Court house.and jail ........................ meter Drug stores ........................................ 6.00 Stores ................................... 4.00 to 10.00 Stores, with closets ….......... 4.00 to 10.00 Dyeing and scouring .................. Special Fountains, per season .................. Special Fire hydrants .................................... 40.00 Halle or theaters .….......…. 12.00 to 20.00 Hotels ............................ Meter or Special Ice cream parlors ................ 6.00 to 12.00 Laundry (steam) ............ .............. Meter Laundry (with hotel) ................... Meter or Special Livery feed and sale stables ........... Meter Motors ............................................ Special Office or sleeping rooms ................. 4.00 Photograph galleries ......... _12.00.to 20.00 Printing office (power extra) ............. 6.00 Residence (six rooms or less) ............. 6.00 Restaurant .......................... 10.00 to 20.00 Schools (public) .............................. Meter Schools(private)..........Special Soda fountain and apparatus 6.00' to 10.00 Stables, private, Including washing buggies, and one horse ...................... 2.60 stables eaoh additional horses ........... 1.60 Sprinkling by hose including wash ing store fronts and side walks...........................................5.00 Sprinkling lawn and streets in front of residence fifty-five feet, per season, April1 1st to October 1................................... 3.00 Steam boilers, no licensee 1ess than ................................10.00 Steam heating, private residence 3.00 Steam heating, business houseand office ............................. 10.00 to 20.00 urniall basin, private house ............... 3.00 Urinal basin, hotel Special Water closet, .private house. per seat ............................................. 4.00 Water closet, hotel ......................... Special Water basin, public hotel ................................. 4.00 or special Water motors ................................ Special' Water by the barrel ........................... 05

(Published in the Miami Republi can April 18, 1913.) Ordinance No. 1093. An ordinance amending Section 1 of Or dinance No. 844 of the Ordinance of the city of Paola, Kansas, the same being rel ative to the schedule of water rates said city. Designating the date when the rates set out in said amended section shall take effect. and repealing said original section. BE IT ORDAINED BY THE MAYOR AND COUNCILMEN OF THE CITY OF PAOLA, KANSAS Section One. That Section 1 of Ordinance No. 844 of the Ordinances of the City of Paola, Kansas, be and the same is hereby amended to read as follows, to-wit: Section Once. That the following schedle of yearly tariff rates shall be charged, for water furnished, to consumers by the City of Paola, Kansas, from the water works plant of said City, to-Wit: Bakery .............................. $5.00 to $11.00 Bathe, hotel or hotel and boarding house.. Meter or Boarding houses, no license less than …………………….....…………. $10.00 Billiard halls ……....…….. $6.00 to $10.00 Brick yards Meter or special Builders, brick per "M" in wall… $00.10 Builders, plastering per yard........ .001/2 Builders, stone, per perch 16 1/2 Cu. Ft. …………………............... .05 Blacksmiths, per forge .................... 3.00 Blacksmiths, each additional forge .................................. 1.50 Candy factory ............................ 8.00 Churches ,,,,................................... special Club room ........................... 12.00 to 20.00 Concrete per cubic yard ....................... .10 Cow......… …………. …….. .…............ 1.60 Barber shops, first chair.... $6.00 Barbshops, second chair.... 3.00 Barber shops. each additional chair 2.00 Baths, private 2.00

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We can repair damaged pictures, add a person to a group photo or take someone out of the frame. Faded out prints can be brought back and made to look like new. Old negatives, color or black & white can be copied and made into prints. Those old dark “Tin Type” images can be revealed to show a sharp image that can be printed or saved onto computer files. I can copy all sizes of negatives color or black & white from the small 110, 35 mm, all 120 and up to a 4 x 5 inches. Color slides can be copied and made into color prints or copied onto CDs or USB memory stick to view on your computer. We now have the software that can trance-form black and white images to surprisingly good full color pictures. The back cover of this issue is a good example of what this program can do. Section Four. This Ordinance shall take effect and be in. force from and after its passage and publication in the official city paper. Passed inn Council this 15th day of April, 1913. Attest: O. E. LONG, (SEAL) City Clerk. Approved this 15th day of April, 1913. C. F. W. RAWSON President of the Council and Acting Mayor. water rates will be subject to special or meter rates; provided, that in no case where a meter is used shall the annual charge be less than $10.00, and the right is reserved by the City to amend or change the tariff of water rates as established by this Ordinance, as experience may prove neces sary or ,proper. Meters shall be read at any time during the last two days of each month and all sums due for water furnished at meter rates shall be this and payable on the first day of each month. Section Two. That the rates provided for in the schedule set out in section 1 of this Ordinance shall take effect from and after April 1st, 1.913. Section Three. That original section 1 of Ordi nance No. 844 of the Ordinances of the City of Paola, Kansas, be and the same is hereby re pealed.

Photo service at the Museum, We can now digitize 8mm & Super 8 mm movie film which can be transfered to DVDs or viewed on your computer. This is in addition to restoration of photos and video transfer to DVD format 1/2 inch tap $1.00 3-4 inch tap 1.60 1 inch tap 2.00 Over 1 inch 3.00 All services not enumerated in the foregoing For Use of yard hydrant the charge will be the same. as if the pipes entered the building METER RATES The minimum champs - for water furnished by meter rate, for residence, 75 cents per month, where the quan tity a water furnished per mouth is 2,000 gal lons or less. 2,000 to 10.000 gallons per month, per 1,000 gallons 35 cents. 10,000 to 20,000 gallons per month, per 1,000 gallons 30 cents. 20,000 to 60,000 gallons per month' per 1,000 gallons 25 cents. 60,000 to 100,000 gallons per month, per 1,000 gallons 24 cents. Any amount over 100,000 gallons per mouth special rates given. For the use of meters the following rates per year shall be charged, payable quarterly:

I can also duplicate printed material like old cookbooks and turn them into digital files that can be viewed on computer screen or printed out in a booklet.. Using a digital process the museum now has the ability to provide the service to restore your precious images. Drag those old films out of the closet and turn them into gifts.

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