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Law enforcement professionals are extraordinarily tough and resilient individuals who face routine dangers far beyond what the average person ever encounters. The average person does not possess the courage, capabilities, or inner strength required to deal with what law enforcement sees and experiences daily. The average person is not willing to engage the most dangerous individuals, respond to the most high-risk situations, or run towards shots fired. Yet that is pre- cisely what those who serve and protect our communities do, and they do it in service of those they have never met, to protect the lives of people whose names they do not know. A ttacks on police have surged recently, but law enforcement officers have long been victims of assault, with 552,222 officers assaulted from 2009 to 2018, including 21,954 firearm assaults on officers, and another 90,549 assaults on officers with a knife or other dangerous weapon. Even worse, those who serve and protect are sometimes purposefully targeted for deadly am- bush, and these devastating incidents become seared into our hearts and minds for all time. We will never forget the officers ambushed in Compton, Dallas, and countless other locations forever marked by these attacks. Ambushes and other acts of targeted violence directed at law enforcement can leave those who serve and protect very understandably anxious, worried, and fearful of being the next target; this is a natural consequence of both human empathy and prioritizing officer safety. As thou- sands of agencies nationwide work to maintain citizen safety while their leaders strive to support civil discourse and trust

in law enforcement, frontline workers suffer waves of negative emotions, accusations, and judgments.

This article summarizes a set of recommendations for law enforcement seeking to cope with the stress and fear of being purposefully targeted for ambush and other unprovoked attacks. Many of these principles are applicable not just to fears of being ambushed or otherwise physically attacked, but also to much broader concerns about being vilified as a profession, feeling unsupported, experiencing verbal attacks, overt disrespect, and the chronic stressors associated with law enforcement work in general. Many police psychologists, law enforcement experts, and other resources were consulted in preparing this article. Still, not all recommendations will be a good fit for all individuals, so please rely upon your own best judgment when deciding which recommendations you choose to utilize. RECOMMENDATION #1: RECOGNIZE YOU ARE SUPPORTED Research has shown for years that police are widely sup- ported throughout the United States. While those who oppose the police may be outspoken, the fact is that most people respect, appreciate, and support law enforcement. Because the nature of law enforcement work often necessitates that officers interact with people who oppose them, it is important to remind yourself that millions upon millions of people nationwide deeply appreciate your service and sacrifices, and passionately support you in all that you do to honorably serve and protect your com- munities. RECOMMENDATION #2: STRENGTHEN YOUR CONTROL None of us can control whether or not someone chooses to ambush us, but there are a great many things we can control. For example, your situational awareness, your physical fitness, and your use of available protective gear are all under your direct “Those who serve and protect form the foundation of our safe, civil, and just society; when they are attacked, we are all forever changed.”

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