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F E A T U R E S 8 2020 FBINAA Chapter Leadership Summit 10 Hall of Honor Ceremony: Vincent Liberto, Jr. 12 The Coming Storms – James Cullen 14 FBI National Academy Renovations 17 Alliance Spotlight: Verizon


C O L U M N S 4 Association Perspective 7 Association Update 10 A Message from Our Chaplain 18 Chapter Chat 20 Historian’s Spotlight 23 FBINAA Charitable Foundation

E A C H I S S U E 6 Strategic / Academic Alliances

A D I N D E X – University of San Diego – CRI-TAC – JFCU



EXECUTIVE BOARD Association President, Section I / KEVIN WINGERSON Assistant Chief, Pasadena Police Dept. (TX), kwingerson@fbinaa.org

Representative, Section IV / BILL CARBONE Lieutenant, New York City Police Department (NY), bcarbone@fbinaa.org

Representative, Section I / JIM GALLAGHER Commander, Phoenix Police Department (AZ), jgallagher@fbinaa.org

Past President / JOHNNIE ADAMS Chief, Santa Monica College (CA), jadams@fbinaa.org

Chaplain / JEFF KRUITHOFF Chief, City of Springboro (OH), jkruithoff@fbinaa.org

1st Vice President, Section III / JOE HELLEBRAND Chief, Brevard County Sheriff’s Office (FL), jhellebrand@fbinaa.org

Historian / CINDY REED Washington State Gambling Commission (ret.) creed@fbinaa.org

2nd Vice President, Section IV / KEN TRUVER Chief, Borough of Castle Shannon (PA), ktruver@fbinaa.org

FBI Assistant Director / RENAE MCDERMOTT FBI Training Division (VA)

3rd Vice President, Section I / TIM BRANIFF Undersheriff, Thurston County Sheriff’s Office (WA), tbraniff@fbinaa.org Representative, Section II / SCOTT RHOAD Chief/Director of Public Safety, University of Central Missouri (MO), srhoad@fbinaa.org Representative, Section III / GRADY SANFORD Chief Deputy, Forsyth County Sheriff's Office (GA), gsanford@fbinaa.org

Executive Director / HOWARD COOK FBINAA, Inc. National Office (VA), hcook@fbinaa.org






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January/March 2020 | Volume 22/Number 1 The National Academy Associate is a publication of the FBI National Academy Associates, Inc.

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Howard Cook / Executive Director, Managing Editor Suzy Kelly / Editor

© Copyright 2020, the FBI National Academy Associates, Inc. Reproduction of any part of this magazine without express written permission is strictly prohibited.

The National Academy Associate is published bi-monthly by the FBI National Academy Associates, Inc., National Office, FBI Academy, Quantico, VA 22135.

The FBI National Academy Associates, Inc. is a private, non-profit organization and is not part of the Federal Bureau of Investigation or acting on the FBI’s behalf. Email editorial submissions to Suzy Kelly: skelly@fbinaa.org. Submissions may vary in length from 500-2000 words, and shall not be submitted simultaneously to other publications. Email Chapter Chat submissions should go to Jen Naragon at jnaragon@ fbinaa.org by the 1st of every month. The FBI National Academy Associates, Inc., the Executive Board and the editors of the National Academy Associate neither endorse nor guarantee completeness or accuracy of material used that is obtained from sources considered reliable, nor accept liability resulting from the adoption or use of any methods, procedures, recommendations, or statements recommended or implied.


Photographs are obtained from stock for enhancement of editorial content, but do not necessarily represent the editorial content within.






















On the Cover: New Reflection Garden at the FBI National Academy.



Kevin Wingerson

W e are in an unprecedented time and continue to make de- cisions with the best interest of our FBINAA community in mind and follow the recommendation of international, federal, state/provincial, and local public health experts. With new guidelines from the White House that recommend avoiding gatherings of 10 people or more, the FBINAA National Office is postponing Leadership Forums, Train-the-Trainer Programs and other in-person events through the month of May. Those registered will receive event-specific notifications regarding the rescheduled dates and your registration fee will be applied. The Executive Board met on March 19th and decided that with the health and well-being of our youth in mind, the 2020 Youth Leadership Program, June 18-26, will be canceled. The Youth Leadership Program is one of our “crown jewel” programs and, while disappointing, the best interest of our youth and counselors must come first. The planning, promotion, scheduling, and execution of the FBINAA Annual Training Conference, July 18-21, 2020 in New Orleans, LA, is continuing and we will share details as they are confirmed via our website, social media, and regular e-mail com- munications. We are planning an exciting event and plans will continue until further notice. For 85 years, the FBINAA has been committed to our core values of Knowledge, Courage and Integrity. We have success- fully weathered many global and national crises and challenges. The COVID-19 pandemic is another transformational event for us and with the daily uncertainties we are facing, it is imperative that we stay focused, connected, and take care of our families, fellow brothers and sisters, and the communities we serve. As an Association, we will continue to offer insight, share best-practice policies and guidelines, and continue to foster dialogue amongst our network. We are a nonprofit organization. Our success is based on the support of our members and partners. The National Office and Chapters are affected by the cancelations and postpone- ments of our in-person events, not only financially but because these events are mission-driven and provide cutting-edge law enforcement leadership through education and networking to our members and their staffs. Your financial support is needed more than ever. Dear FBINAA Family and Friends,

If you have renewed your membership, we thank you. If you have not renewed yet, we ask that you renew today.

Thank you for your continued support.

Please be well and safe,

Kevin Wingerson, President FBINAA Assistant Chief, Pasadena Police Deptartment

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56th ANNUAL TRAINING CONFERENCE The FBI National Academy Associates and the Louisiana Chapter invite our fellow FBINAAmembers and their families to join us at the 2020 FBINAA Annual Training Conference and Law Enforcement Expo.

WHAT TO EXPECT // A Showcase of The Big Easy Two Day Exhibition Over 2,000 Attendees Reconnect With Session Mates Networking Opportunities Excellent Training, Presentations & Social Events Activities For TheWhole Family

NEW ORLEANS J ULY 18-21, 2020 | FBINAA2020.COM












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Howard Cook

T he first quarter of 2020 has been unprecedented to say the least. As an Association, we continue to thrive even amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. We will continue to monitor this fluid situation and, as always, keep what is best for our members in the forefront of any future decisions we make as an Association. Every year we look forward to welcoming our FBI National Academy Associates Chapter leaders to Quantico for several days of updates, training, and networking at the annual Chapter Lead- ership Summit recently held in February. It is our chance to bring the Chapter leaders together, along with the Executive Board, for planning and determining the best direction for our Associa- tion. What makes this meeting so unique and productive is that it brings together seasoned Chapter officers who have been in their respective roles for several years with many who are new to their position. It is this balance between our tradition and being open to new ideas and perspectives in a collaborative way that provides the foundation for our continued progress. This year we welcomed representatives from all 48 Chapters to participate in training and updates in the following areas: • Association Financial Overviews • Education & Training Update • Membership Updates • National Office Update • National Academy Update • Legal considerations for Chapters • Leadership Presentation • John Huvane Tunnel to Towers Foundation • Sponsor Chapter Relationships • Running a Successful Chapter Retrainer • Section Breakouts • Social Media Training • Youth Leadership Update • Annual National Conference/International Retrainers Presentations • A Message from the FBINAA Charitable Foundation • Sponsor Expo During the Chapter Leadership Summit , we held the induc- tion ceremony into the Hall of Honor for Captain Vincent Lib- erto . Captain Liberto’s family, FBINA 251 session mates, depart- ment representatives, FBINAA Chapter representatives, Executive Board and Staff, National Academy Staff and FBINA Session 279 were in attendance to pay our respects and honor the sacrifice Captain Liberto made for his community and profession. Please see our Chaplain’s column for a tribute to Captain Vincent “Vin- nie” Liberto, Jr. As we look forward to this coming year, we prepare for what COVID-19 will bring to our communities and first responder family. We also embrace and support our membership and encourage you to stay connected to each other and to your Chapter in the coming months.

For 2020, our focus to is stay connected to the vision of the FBI National Academy Associates. One simple way to do this is to dust off your running shoes as we welcome spring and register for the 2020 FBINAA Virtual Yellow Brick Run . You can complete this 6.1 mile run any way you prefer and can even join together and complete it as a Chapter, all while keeping your social distance. Your $50 registration donation will support the FBINAA Charitable Foundation. Visit our website at www.fbinaa.org for additional information on this virtual event.

Stay safe and healthy,

Howard M. Cook FBINAA Executive Director FBINA #224


WHERE LAW ENFORCEMENT LEADERS COME TOGETHER In the words of J. Edgar Hoover, “The most effective weapon against crime is cooperation…”. His words are the very foundation of the FBI National Academy program and the backbone of the purpose of the FBI National Academy Associates. Every year the FBI National Academy and its Associates work as one to welcome law enforcement representatives from all 48 Chapters, as well as law enforcement leaders from around the world. And there is one goal: To build on the successes from past meetings as they chart the course the future for the Association. It is through this incredible network that this “cooperation” is found and collaboration is born as these law enforcement leaders come together. This “cooperation” stems from the very words of the FBI’s founder.

The most effective weapon against crime is cooperation... The efforts of all law enforcement agencies with the support and understanding of the American people.”

– J. Edgar Hoover

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O n Tuesday February 25, 2020, a very solemn ceremony was held at the F.B.I. Training Academy in Quantico Virginia. The ceremony was to honor and recognize the ultimate sacrifice of Captain Vincent Liberto . A marble plaque with his name and etch- ing of his likeness was added to the other 31 plaques recognizing the graduates who have also been killed by adversarial action after they attended the F.B.I. National Academy. The Hall of Honor Ceremony was held in conjunction with the Chapter Leadership Summit , which is held annually for Chapter Officers and Executive Board Members to meet to discuss and plan the future of this great organization. As the National Chaplain, I had the distinct honor to facilitat- ing the agenda for this service. Laura Masterton , Director of Special Projects/Training Coordinator, from the National Office coordinated the speakers and the presence of Captain Liberto’s wife Tracey and her family at the ceremony. Also in attendance were many session mates from #251 to offer support to the family and show in a delib- erate manner that the comradery fostered in the National Academy does not end at graduation. Hall of Honor: Captain Liberto Jeff Kruithoff A MESSAGE FROM OUR CHAPLAIN

Immediately upon being involved in the crash, one of the suspects in the fleeing vehicle starting firing at the police officers. Both officers were struck, and Captain Liberto was killed almost immediately. Both suspects in the fleeing vehicle continued to flee the scene on foot and were sequentially arrested by other responding officers. Captain Vincent “Vinny” Liberto, Jr., had performed his last act of heroism as a police officer.

In the Gospel according to Matthew 5:9, we are told, “Blessed are the Peacemakers for they shall be called sons of God.” NKJV. The Message Bible phrases it just a little different when it says, “You’re blessed when you can show people how to cooperate instead of compete or fight. That’s when you discover who you really are, and your place in God’s family.” Many testaments to the life of Vincent Liberto attest to his status as a “Peacemaker”. He was truly a special person and friend to many. I walked through the Hall of Honor many times as a National Academy Student. Most of those times, I did not really stop and think of the story behind each of the names memorialized there. I did not think of the family grief, the agency grief and the community grief that had occurred after each tragic death.

Listening to Chief Sticker from the Mandev- ille police department and Scott Rotolo a session mate from Ohio speak about Captain Liberto truly brought to light the wonderful man Captain Liberto was. His comments echoed many of the comments first memorialized when Captain Liberto was killed on September 20, 2019. On that date in the words of his obituary, “Vincent ‘Vinnie’ Liberto, Jr., loving husband and father to seven children, was killed in the Line of Duty serving his community and doing what he loved.” Vinny was born and raised in New Orleans Louisiana and a proud graduate of Brother Martin High School. He was a lifelong Saints football fan. He spent 30 years raising his family in Mandeville, Louisiana and was a 25 year veteran

Captain Vincent Liberto

The name of Captain Liberto will be the third name added to the Memorial Wall since I have been the National Chaplain. I will never walk through the Hall of Honor again without pausing to remember and pausing to say a short prayer for the survivors. They were all fellow graduates, and shared in one of the greatest experi- ences of my life. The experience of attending the F.B.I. National Academy. Until next time be safe, be blessed and take a moment to reflect on our graduates who have made the supreme sacrifice to our chosen profession.

of the Mandeville Police Department after serving as a decorated Marine combat soldier in Operation Desert Storm. After being honorably discharged as a Sergeant, Vinny became a Deputy for the Orleans Parish Sheriff’s Office. Among his many achievements Vinny was also a certified poly- graph examiner, and rose to the rank of Captain as a gentle giant who consistently committed himself to be a leader, coach, and mentor to everyone he met. In addition to being a strong staple within his com- munity, he was a man who was dearly passionate, loyal, and dedicated to his family, his friends, his profession, and to all who he touched. On that September 2019 date, a Mandeville Police Officer at- tempted a traffic stop on Monroe Street but the driver chose to flee, initiating a pursuit. Captain Liberto, sitting in his office, ran toward the danger by getting in his police vehicle to assist. The pursuit headed north on US-190 before heading back south on the off-ramp to High- way 22. This is where all three vehicles were involved in a crash.

Jeff Kruithoff National Chaplain jkruithoff@fbinaa.org | 937.545.0227

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Unfortunately for modern society, active shooter incidents are a phenomenon that will not be going away anytime soon. In fact, they seem to be on the rise, with many attackers researching, studying, and trying to outdo those that came before. A study on active shooter locations (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2019) showed that a majority (65%) of the 277 active shooter incidents studied from 2000-2018 occurred in places of commerce and in educational facilities. T his affects all of us in our daily lives, as we all engage in some sort of commerce and many of us have children in our schools systems. Add in a few other aspects of our lives and this issue has the potential to affect us even more. Many in our communities feel that the answer to prevention is a firearms issue, while others feel it is a mental health issue, or it may be due to concerns over violent video games. What is clear is that actions taken not only during an active shooter incident but more importantly before the incident occurs, are critically important in impacting the prevention of and survival during such attacks. Although there is no clear or easy answer to solve this issue, prevention of these incidents is best dealt with at the local level by the community stakeholders, in all of facets of society, working together in order to mitigate the threat.

ideology driven. Motivation may come from a religious ideology or inspiration could come from previous active shooter attacks. Many active shooting attacks can be tied back to Columbine (Langman, 2019). The attacker may have developed a grievance or sense of injustice against a particular person or business. Research shows that in 2018, “In half of the incidents, grievances appeared to be the main motivating factor (National Threat Assess- ment Center, 2019, p. 7).” The grievance may be enhanced by a re- cent stressful event or events that have occurred in the attacker’s life. Be aware of concerning behaviors such as mental health issues, suicidal ideations, concerning interpersonal interactions, making threats, substance abuse, and any increased fascination with firearms or weapons. “Two-fifths of the attackers exhibited a fixation… to the point that it negatively impacted aspects of their lives (National Threat Assessment Center, 2019, p. 8).” Usually, those driven by inspiration want their opinion or story told, so there may be opportunities to intervene prior to the attack. During the period before the attack, the attacker may have created and maintained a diary, log, or manifesto that details their motivation. In many cases the attacker leaks information through verbal communication with family and friends, online postings, and other written communications prior to an imminent attack. Be cognizant of this leakage as there may be unintentional or intentional comments made about feelings and thoughts that relate to a pending violent act. The FBI found that, “On average, each active shooter displayed 4 to 5 concern- ing behaviors over time that were observable to others around the shooter (Silver, 2018, p. 2).” Be vigilant and report any such concerns to a family member, teacher, counselor, and especially to law enforcement. If you are on the fence about doing so, don’t be. It might just be a call for help and you have found yourself in a position to do so. You may find that not only have you saved your loved one’s life but also the lives of many others.

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Note. (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2019) Reprinted with permission

Note. (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2019) Reprinted with permission

One of the goals of law enforcement is to try to prevent such incidents and to do so, we need to better understand what drives an attacker to attempt or to complete such a heinous act as a mass attack. If an attack is directed by a foreign entity, or a ter- rorist or other group, it is most likely more of a covert operation that requires significant planning, coordination, and control for success and that can make it more difficult to prevent. Involve- ment from the intelligence and counter-terrorism community will most likely be required to detect and hopefully intervene. However, there may still be a chance for citizens to intervene if behavioral changes and suspicious activity are recognized and reported to law enforcement. If the attack is inspired, it is more

A review of FBI data shows that in a Study of 277 Active Shooter Incidents in the US Between 2000-2018 (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2019), the problem is actually increasing in intensity over time. As such, society needs to be more in tune to preventative measures. There have been numerous studies com- pleted in recent years studying the motivation of mass attackers and active shooters and what has become clear is that there is no one profile that can be used to identify an attacker. However, many offenders who engage in targeted violence may display certain behaviors during pre-attack planning and these may

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REFLECTION GARDEN FBI Director Christopher Wray in his address at the December 20, 2019 dedication of the Reflection Garden , stated, “The Reflection Garden is dedicated to honor the tradition of selfless service of the entire FBI Family and our Law Enforcement Partners worldwide" . The Refection Garden is a somber space allowing visitors a place for quiet reflection and gathering. The Reflection Space: • Is 14’ high by 23’ wide, three-sided sculpture to represent the partnership the FBI holds with other law enforcement agencies. • 30’ Granite wall is engraved with a quote from Martin Luther King, Jr. • The Reflection Garden houses the relocated 9/11 Memorial which was dedicated by FBINA Session #207. CROSSROADS COURTYARD The recent renovation of the Crossroads Courtyar d provides for wider pedestrian circulation and multi-functional assembly areas. The court- yard, long known to be a cut-through between buildings, now offers brighter, ample, and inviting gathering areas with enhanced lighting and USB charging ports.

Photo Credit: Josh Hart—Victor O’Neill Studios

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VERIZON OFFERS SUPPORT WHERE IT MATTERS, WHEN IT MATTERS. For many years, Verizon has supported Public Safety and the families of law enforcement who have made the ultimate sacrifice. To date, Verizon has donated distributed through Verizon’s partnership with the FBI National Academy Associates, Inc. In many instances, members of the local FBINAA Chapter will present the donation to the family. Please contact the office of the FBI National Academy Associates with information on any sworn officer killed in the line of duty, feloniously or accidentally. The Association will coordinate with Verizon and The Verizon Fallen Officers Fund to distribute funds to that officer’s designated beneficiary. more than one million dollars to the surviving families. These funds are


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SPOTLIGHT Verizon has supported the FBINAA since 2006 and has also supported alliances on the chapter level. These alliances quickly received overwhelming support by the en- tire association due to Verizon’s long stand- ing commitment to the FBINAA and to the law enforcement community. Some of the areas where Verizon supports law enforce- ment include crisis response, supporting families in the event of a line of duty death, and communication during disasters. I n addition, Verizon has supported the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial and Museum through donations and representa- tions on their board of directors. Verizon is proud to be a close part- ner with the National Law Enforcement Museum which is displayed through the sponsorship of the Museum theatre. VERIZON FALLEN OFFICER FUND Beginning in April 2011, Verizon began a partnership with the FBINAA in support of Law Enforcement Officers killed in the line of duty. In an effort to help the families of law enforcement officers who gave the ultimate sacrifice in the line of duty, Veri- zon provides funds to the beneficiaries of fallen officers to help with immediate expenses. The FBINAA partnered with Verizon on this program and works to ensure that every Officer’s family knows that both the FBINAA and Verizon are there in their time of need. The FBINAA utilizes NAA members to coordinate and personally deliver funds to the families of fallen officers as soon as possible to help them with unexpected expenses. IN TIMES OF CRISIS Verizon also provides support to law enforcement during times of crisis, whether that crisis is due to natural or manmade disasters. Support includes enhancements to the network for specific cases or events and through deployment of portable cell towers. To accomplish this, Verizon has crisis response teams that are available 7 days a week, 365 days a year. These teams respond to areas in crisis or to areas that are in danger of crisis, regardless of whether the crisis is from natural disasters like hurricanes, tornadoes or earthquake, or frommanmade disasters. Verizon’s response includes setting up and maintain- ing portable cellular towers called Cells on Wheels (COWs). These COWs are mobile towers and are completely autonomous

and independent of stationary cell towers. Verizon also has cell towers on light trucks (COLTS), which have the capability of connecting the network through satellite links. Many of Verizon’s cell towers have backup batteries in the event of a power loss and in most locations permanent generators provide uninter- rupted service. Verizon also has the ability to deploy generators on a truck (GOAT) for temporary power until such time as land power is restored. In addition, Verizon deploys mobile connectiv- ity trailers for rugged terrain which are also satellite equipped. The response time for Verizon is fairly quick because the crisis response teams monitor impending potential disasters and im- mediately mobilize their resources, many times before the crisis even happens. When necessary, Verizon also supplies cellular devices to law enforcement for as long as necessary so they can communicate and respond. ADDITIONAL RESOURCES Verizon has many resources that are used to help law enforcement and to maintain reliability of its network. One important resource Verizon operates are Network Operations Centers (NOCs). These cutting edge centers monitor transmis- sions from their towers and can identify automatically if a certain area around the country has a spike in usage. These centers and other assets are also very valuable to law enforcement in helping coordinate responses to natural disasters or some other event that may need law enforcement intervention. It is important to note that Verizon maintains two NOC’s which are independent of each other and are located in different parts of the country to ensure reliability during times of disaster. Verizon authored preparedness articles regarding “Being Ready” for severe weather and “Virtual Survival Kits” . In these articles, Verizon suggests using apps to stay informed about weather and other emergency situations, and having numbers stored in your phone and set up under “In Case of Emergency” (ICE) contacts. These numbers or groups will be contact numbers for close family members or friends to let them know you are OK or if you are need of assistance. Verizon also suggests using text messaging to communicate during these times because those methods of communication cause less network congestion and are more likely to get to the intended recipient. Lastly, Verizon suggests having a secondary battery source or connections like car chargers or solar chargers that do not rely on the standard power supply. These are important communication consider- ations in a time of emergency. Over the past several years, the FBINAA has worked closely with Verizon and their management staff. Gabe Esposito , Guy Johnson , Greg Cappetta , Tom Ostrosky , Laurie Cahill and Cheryl McKey along with many others have supported both the FBINAA and the law enforcement community.


CHAPTER CHAT The intent of this column is to announce Promotions, Retirements and Deaths for the Chapters. Please find expanded Chapter Chat on our website www.fbinaa.org under the current Associate Magazine issue to stay up-to-date on what's happening in our 48 Chapters. Submit chapter news on the Chapter Chat Submission Form by the 1st of every even month. Please attach to the email high-resolution digital .jpg or .tif photos to: Jen Naragon at jnaragon@fbinaa.org.

n Major Kelli Bailiff, NA Session 200, retired from the Wyandotte County Sheriff’s Office on January 1, 2020 after 38 years of service! She served on many boards including the Section 2 Director of the FBINAA Charitable Foundation, Section 2 YLP Counselor, Crime-Stoppers Tip Hotline, and Kansas-Western MO Chapter Vendor Coordinator for the Fall Retrainer. n Captain Roy True , NA Session 241, retired from the Kansa City, MO Police Department on December 28, 2019 after 37 years of service! He served as the Kansas-Western MO FBINAA Chapter in 2017. n Chief Matt Stewart , NA Session 256, retired from the Joplin, MO Police Department on January 3, 2020 after over 20 years of service! PROMOTIONS n Zim Schwartze , NA Session 231, was promoted to the Chief of the Missouri Capitol Police in Jefferson City, Missouri on January 6, 2020. n Karen True , NA Session 276, was promoted to Deputy Chief of the Kansas City, MO Police Department on January 1,2020

ARIZONA PASSINGS n Roy Lane , NA Session 109, Chief of Police for Cortez Police Depart- ment, passed away on December 20, 2020.


n Sheriff Tom Bosenko , NA Session 205, retired from the Shasta County Sheriff’s Office at the end of December 2019 after over 40 years of service! n Captain Phil Holder , NA Session 250, retired from the Los Angeles Division at the end of December 2019. n Chief Jim Smith , NA Session 214, retired from the Monterey Park Police Department who was also a former FBINAA California Chapter Board Member. PROMOTIONS n James Fryhoff , NA Session 261, was promoted to Commander and selected as the Chief of Police for Thousand Oaks in Ventura County. n Jason White , NA Session 262, has been selected as the new Chief of Police for the Missoula Police Department in Montana after 25 years with the California Highway Patrol. n Matthew Horck , NA Session 276, was promoted to Captain of the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department. n Matthew McCaffrey , NA Session 232, was promoted to Chief of Police for the Novato Police Department in November 2019. Passings n Larry Barrett , NA Session 209, retired Lieutenant of the San Joa- quin County District Attorney’s Investigations Bureau, passed away on January 24, 2020. EUROPEAN PASSINGS n Egil Brekke , NA Session 133, Head of the Palace Guard for the King and Queen of Norway, passed away in November 2019. FLORIDA RETIREMENTS n Michael Maurer , NA Session 213, retired from the Hernando County Sheriff’s Office in December 2019. KANSAS/WESTERN MISSOURI RETIREMENTS n Major Mike Raunig , NA Session 219, retired from the Johnson Coun- ty KS Sheriff’s Office on November 1, 2019 after 33 years of service! n Eric Magrini , NA Session 264, was promoted to Sheriff for the Shasta County Sheriff’s Office at the end of December 2019.

n Kevin Freeman , NA Session 253, was promoted to Chief on the North Kansas City, MO Police Department on January 1, 2020.

n Sloan Powland was promoted to the Chief of Police of the Joplin, MO Police Department on January 3, 2020. NEW YORK/EASTERN CANADA PASSINGS n Michael Vishion , NA Session 210, retired Captain of the Town of Tonawanda Police Department, passed away on January 31, 2020.



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A s your Historian, I am taking this opportunity to give the background on a National Conference networking option that recently celebrated its 20th anniversary. This event is one that is near and dear to my heart. After being elected as the first woman to the Washington Chapter Executive Board, our Chapter’s NA coordinator asked me to determine why so many women graduates didn’t join our Chap- ter after their return from Quantico. I arranged several luncheons to discuss this issue with our Chapter’s women graduates. I also planned to find other women at the National Conference to see if the same themes were repeating themselves in other chapters. When I attended my first National Conference held in Las Vegas in 1995, I found that the vast majority of women at the conference were FBI agents and staff or female spouses of NA graduates. Most of these spouses were not in law enforcement. After looking through the list of attendees, I was able to locate only two other women graduates out of the 3,000 attendees of the conference. The Few, The Proud, The Women of the FBI National Academy Cindy Reed THE HISTORIAN'S SPOTLIGHT As our Chapter began making plans to host the 1999 conference, and after I attended ad- ditional conferences leading up to the Seattle conference, I was struck by the same chal- lenge of locating other women graduates in these large events. I found that at the end of 1999, there were 956 women out of the 33,979 total graduates (just under 3%). This confirmed that selection to the National Academy appears to be even more of a privi- lege and a point of pride for women graduates. In discussions with other chapter officers, I found there was a common frustration in getting women graduates to become chapter members after graduation. I also heard women graduates wishing their chapter were more open to endorsing networking opportunities to share issues and to help create solutions for the unique situations women face in order to perform well in a male-oriented profession. It was from this seed that the idea began to have a separate networking event at the National Conference to allow women graduates to meet each other, discuss our unique Academy and law enforcement experiences, and serve as mentors to encour- age other women to consider submitting an application to attend the National Academy. While there was initial resistance to what was perceived as creating an exclusive women’s event, it was eventually allowed under the assumption that it would support one of the important goals of the NA: increasing mem- bership. It was made clear at the time that it was expected this event could not detract from the conference training and that it had to be self-supporting as were the networking activities of golf and the 5K fun run.

The first networking event, a breakfast, was held in Seattle in 1999. Our guest speaker was true crime writer Ann Rule , a for- mer Seattle police officer who had written a book on Ted Bundy called The Stranger Beside Me. Just over 60 women graduates attended, in addition to several women spouses who requested to attend to listen to the speaker. The event was judged a big success by all of the NA graduates! They were encouraged to go back and become active in their own chapters and encourage other lapsed mem- bers to renew their memberships. The format for this event has evolved over the past 20 years. Initially, the event was conducted as a VERY early breakfast that must end before 8AM because there was such tight oversight and insistence that it could not interfere with any of the other planned activities. Eventually it evolved into a brunch/lunch scheduled early in the confer- ence which required attendees to arrive early to allow them to attend. In 2015, when the conference returned to Seattle, attendance had risen to over 100. The highest total attendance was the 2011 conference held in Long Beach. It also had the highest number of men attending (hint: the guest speaker was Sharon Stone). This event is not directed exclusively to women. Men who are interested in learning how to mentor or be mentored across gender lines or who wish to gain a deeper understanding of the challenges faced by law enforcement women have been encour- aged to add their perspective to the event. Since 1999, there has been an event for Women Graduates at every National Conference except the 2001 conference held in Charlotte, North Carolina. The percentage of women graduates has grown from when statistics began to be tracked: · 2.4% in 1997 (746 out of 30,785 graduates) to · 3.79% at the 75th anniversary held in 2010 (1,641 out of

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Washington, D.C., 2018

St. Louis, 2016

Louisville WGN

43,229 total). · 4.3% (2,237 out of 51,518 total graduates) at the 20th anniversary of the Women Graduates Networking Event (WGNE) in Phoenix during 2019 For many years there were more international graduates, including women, than women graduates alone. The history of women having the honor to be selected to at- tend the National Academy goes back to Session 91 in 1972 when the first two women were selected – Victoria Renzullo from NYPD and Ann Schrader from St. Croix, Virgin Islands. The number of women attending the NA is slowly increasing. Washington State, especially Seattle P.D., was a pioneer for selecting women to at- tend, specifically: · Karen Eide, Seattle PD (#94),

Seattle, 1999

· Beryl Thompson, Seattle PD (#95), · Noreen Skagen, Seattle PD (#96), · Nina Vereb, Yakima PD (#97) and · Joann Cratty, King County S.O. (#98).

These women are believed to have been among the first ten woman to attend the NA. I am proud to say the Washington Chapter continues to enjoy an above average percentage of 10.5% women in our chapter and challenges other chapters to match this percentage!





For full details on the Foundation's programs and this contest, visit fbinaafoundation.org

The winner will receive a 7-day, 6-night stay for two at the gorgeous Kauai Marriott Resort in Hawaii. Winner will be announced at the 2020 FBINAA National Training Conference.

THE FBINAA CHARITABLE FOUNDATION YOUR GIFT MAKES A DIFFERENCE T he FBINAA Charitable Foundation annually offers 18 schol- arships of $1,000 each to selected high school seniors for • A high school senior • Plan to attend an undergraduate program at an accredited institution of higher learning 2020 Scholarship Program

F B I N A A . O R G | J A N / M A R 2 0 2 0

post-secondary education at an accredited College or University. Four scholarships will be awarded to each of the four FBINAA Sections, and two to the Society of Former Special Agents of the FBI. There are also sponsored scholarships which will be issued to the most eligible person who did not receive a Section Scholarship. The intent of this program is to: • Support and encourage youth development through continuing education at an accredited College or University • Promote community involvement • Encourage demonstrated leadership • Encourage active membership in the FBI National Academy Associates To be eligible applicant must be: • The child, step-child, or grandchild of an active member of the FBINAA or Society of Former Special Agents of the FBI

The manner in which a student applies for a scholarship has changed this year. Students wishing to be considered must go onto the FBINAA Charitable Foundation website and navigate to the Scholarship page. All applications are now done on-line and through a portal. You must be able to upload your high school transcript, essay and a photograph as part of the process. Only applications submitted electronically between March 1 and April 30, 2020 will be accepted. Incomplete or late applications will not be considered. All applicants will be notified of their ap- plication results. Any questions should be directed to FBINAA Charitable Foundation Scholarship Chairman, John LeLacheur at jlelacheur@beverlyma.gov or 978-578-9516.


Continued from "The Coming Storm", on page 13

nell, 2006), the Salem-Kaiser Model (VanDreal, 2017). There are resources available to assist with your operational planning such as the North Eastern Massachusetts Law Enforcement Council (NEMLEC) School Threat Assessment Response System Toolkit (North Eastern Massachusetts Law Enforcement Council, 2017) and Enhancing School Safety Using a Threat Assessment Model: An Operational Guide for Preventing Targeted School Violence (US Secret Service, National Threat Assessment Center, 2018). Active shooter incidents are not predictable however, they are preventable. We have all heard of the slogan, “See Some- thing, Say Something.” (Kay, 2002) We now need to take it to the next level and add, “Do Something.” Be more aware and report any suspicious behavior to law enforcement. We as a society need to have more situational awareness and realize when something is outside the norm. Be aware of people, what they usually do and when they usually do it. If the behavior seems suspicious or concerning, tell someone. “For the majority of the attackers, the concern others felt was so severe that they feared specifically for the safety of the individual, themselves, or others.” (National Threat Assessment Center, 2019, p. 11) According to past analysis done by the FBI Behavioral Analysis Unit, when concerning behaviors were noticed by others, “83% communi- cated directly with the active shooter, 54% did nothing, and 41% reported behavior to law enforcement.” (Silver, 2018, p. 2) As a society, we need to do much better than only reporting 41% of concerning behavior. In instances such as an active shooter inci- dent, community stakeholders at the local level play a direct role in the threat assessment and management effort. We all have to work together, in concert, in order to prevent these tragedies. No longer can anyone afford to sit idly by and be a complacent bystander, we need to get more involved, step up and intervene. The general public is the force multiplier that is needed to ad- dress this issue (Behavioral Analysis Unit—National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime, 2017, p. 11). Active shootings and mass killings are an area where it really does take a village. Be more involved. Your individual actions could make a drastic dif- ference to the severity and overall outcome of an active shooter incident. The life that you save might just belong to someone you know and love.

be noticeable to those who know the offender. Often attackers don’t just “snap” but follow The Pathway to Violence (Calhoun, 2003) which has several stages. They are Grievance, Ideation, Research and Planning, Preparation, Breach, and Attack. The Grievance can be either real or perceived. It may be in the form of revenge, righting a wrong, or wanting notoriety and fame. It is the why that drives the potential attacker. Ideation includes the belief that violence will be the solution to the problem and the decision to engage in violence. Research and Planning is the who, what, when, where, and how. It’s selecting targets and determining the means. “77% of shooters spent a week or longer planning an attack (Silver, 2018, p. 2). ” “In 73% of the cases there was a direct link between the attacker and the site (Silver, 2018, p. 8). ” Preparation includes procuring the means to carry out the attack such as securing weapons, ammunition, practicing with those weapons, and maybe the obtaining of special clothing. “46% of the shooter actually spent a week or longer preparing for the attack (Silver, 2018, p. 2). ” Breach is taking affirmative steps to get ready, such as conducting surveillance, making a dry run, and testing security at the site. Attack speaks for itself, it is tak- ing action. There are opportunities for intervention at each one of these stages. Success in this endeavor depends on people’s awareness and the willingness to act on their suspicions. Law enforcement is not all knowing. We need the as- sistance and input of everyone in the community to be more vigilant and assist the police in doing our job, which is to protect others. In this day and age, family, friends, neighbors, teachers, counsellors, managers, supervisors, coworkers, and law enforcement all play a vital role in keeping our communi- ties safe. We, as a society, need to be more attentive and trust our instincts. One of the ways that society can aid the efforts of law enforcement is to be more aware of the leakage that can occur prior to these incidents. Leakage is the “intentional or unintentional clues to feelings, thoughts, fantasies, attitudes, or intentions that may signal an impending violent act. These clues can take the form of subtle threats, boasts, innuendos, predic- tions, or ultimatums. They may be spoken or conveyed in stories, diary entries, essays, poems, letters, songs, drawings, doodles, tattoos, or videos (FBI Critical Incident Response Group, 1999, p. 16). ” Trust your gut, share your concerns and follow up on those red flags. Stopping violence before it starts is a learnable and necessary skill. It is what is required to make a difference and stem the flow of attacks. We have some information of concern, now what? Employ- ing a threat assessment model is one way to get community based input involved before an attacker is able to put their plan into action. Getting stakeholders from all aspects of the com- munity involved early in the process can potentially mitigate the situation and allow for the subject to receive the assistance they need to develop coping skills and reduce the effect of the stressors they may be feeling. The FBI has many resources avail- able online to guide you in this endeavor that can be located at www.fbi.gov/activeshooterresources. Reports such as Making Prevention a Reality: Identifying, Assessing, and Managing the Threat of Targeted Attacks (Behavioral Analysis Unit—National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime, 2017) can help com- munities work cooperatively in order to prevent further tragedy. Other references are available as well that will provide guidance and aid in creating a threat assessment team in order to better address issues at the local level. Some examples that have been applied to educational facilities are the Virginia Model (Cor-

About the Author: James Cullen is a veteran police officer having served full-time since 1993 and is the Deputy Chief of the Groton Police Department in Groton, Massachusetts. Through the Police Executive Fellowship Program, he is also a Task Force Officer assigned to the FBI Violence Reduction Unit Active Shooter Team. He holds certifications as an Active Shooter Instructor in both Law Enforcement and Civilian disciplines. He was a 12 year member of the North Eastern Massachusetts Law Enforcement Council (NEMLEC) Regional Response Team and graduated from the FBI Crisis Negotiation Course. Chief Cullen has earned two Master’s Degrees,

one in Criminal Justice Administration fromWestern New England College and the second in Leadership from Norwich University. He is a proud graduate of the 243rd Session of the FBI National Academy in Quantico, Virginia. Chief Cullen is a present- er at the FBINAA’s ongoing School Shooting Prevention Leadership Forum series.

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By the field, for the field

The Collaborative Reform Initiative Technical Assistance Center (CRI-TAC) provides no-cost customized technical assistance solutions designed to meet the unique needs of state, local, tribal, and campus communities throughout the United States.

Services provided include:

Resource Referral

Virtual Mentoring

Web-based Training

Meeting Facilitation

In-person Training

On-site Consultation

Visit www.CollaborativeReform.org for more information and to request assistance.

This project was supported, in whole or in part, by cooperative agreement number 2017-CR-WX-K001 awarded by the U.S. Department of Justice, Oƒce of Community Oriented Policing Services. The opinions contained herein are those of the author(s) or contributor(s) and do not necessarily represent the oƒcial position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice. References to specific individuals, agencies, companies, products, or services should not be considered an endorsement by the author(s) or the U.S. Department of Justice. Rather, the references are illustrations to supplement discussion of the issues.

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