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volvement in illegal practices to discourage investors and stock

markets from funding them. When combined with economic

incentives, through REDD+ and trade opportunities through

CITES and FLEGT, these actions may become successful in

reducing deforestation, and ultimately, carbon emissions.

Priority attention must also be given to investigation of tax

fraud, corruption and anti-laundering, including substantially

increasing the investigative and operational capacity of nation-

al task forces working with INTERPOL, against logging compa-

nies, plantations and mills.

The newly established International Consortium on Combating

Wildlife Crime (ICCWC), chaired by the CITES Secretariat and

comprised of INTERPOL, the United Nations Office on Drugs

and Crime (UNODC), the World Bank and the World Customs

organization (WCO), provides a substantial new commitment to

the sharing and coordination of a comprehensive international

effort to help combat wildlife crime, including illegal logging.

ICCWC represents the entire enforcement chain – customs,

police and justice. It also addresses anti-money laundering and

serves as a model at the international level for the sort of coop-

eration that is required amongst enforcement agencies at the

national level to more effectively combat illegal international

trade in timber products.

The cost of implementing an effective international law en-

forcement scheme and training capacity to substantially reduce

the emissions from illegal logging is estimated to be approxi-

mately US$ 20–30 million dollars annually. While INTERPOL

is currently leading the police related law enforcement response

through Project LEAF, its success requires strong, constant, and

sustainable commitment from governments, civil society, and

the private sector.