(PDF) HK037-Mr Choy

Postal History of Gold/Silver Yuan in the Liberated Areas

Auction in Hong Kong Sunday

31 March 2019 Lots 3000 - 3157


at Harbour Plaza North Point, Hong Kong - Hoi Yat Heen Salon Room II - III, 3/F 665 King’s Road, North Point, Hong Kong. (MTR Quarry Bay station, Exit C) 香港北角英皇道665號, 北角海逸酒店,海逸軒3樓(港鐵 鰂 魚涌站 C 出口) Tel 電話 : (852) 2187 8888 Auction telephone (on day of the sale) 電話(拍賣當日) : (852) 2521 2883

Viewing 公開預展

(At Office 辦公室) 閣下可於 3 月 18 - 26 日,歡迎預約到本公司檢視郵品(星期六,日除外)

Date and Time:


18-26 March 2019 (10:00 am to 6:00 pm) (Except Saturday & Sunday, by appointment only)

2019 年 3 月 18-26 日 上午 10 時至下午 6 時


Venue: Zurich Asia



21st Floor, 108 Java Road, North Point, Hong Kong (MTR North Point station, Exit A1)

香港北角渣華道 108 號, 21 樓, 2101-2 室

(港鐵 北角 站 A1 出口)

(At Hotel 酒店)

Date and Time:


28-29 March 2019 (10:00 am to 6:00 pm)

2019 年 3 月 28-29 日 上午 10 時至下午 6 時



Harbour Plaza North Point, Hong Kong Harbour Plaza Room I - II, B1/F (MTR Quarry Bay station, Exit C)


北角海逸酒店地庫 (港鐵 鰂 魚涌站 C 出口)

Telephone 電話 : (852) 2521 2883 / (852) 2563 8280

Facsimile 傳真 : (852) 2563 8228 Website 網址 : www.zurichasia.com

E-mail 電郵 : info@zurichasia.com


Back Cover Illustration Lots : 3024, 3140, 3143, 3149, 3150


Conditions of Sale 1. The auction will take place publicly and voluntarily. Participation means acceptance in full of the Terms of Auction, considered as known, of ZURICH ASIA (hereafter referred to as the auctioneer) by the Purchaser (hereafter also referred to as the Bidder or Buyer). 2. All lots mentioned in the catalogue may be inspected by Bidders before the auction. The Bidder will be held responsible for any damage caused during the viewing. The Auctioneer has absolute discretion to deviate from the lotting order, to combine two or more lots or to withdraw any lot from the auction. The estimated prices in the catalogue are not binding. The Auctioneer is also authorized to refuse any person’s attendance at the auction without giving any reason. 3. The lots are described with greatest care and to the best of the Auctioneer’s knowledge. The descriptions do not, however, constitute any particular guarantee. The catalogue illustration prevails as regards the margin, centring, separation and postmark of the stamps. Claims concerning quality and authenticity of single lots must be made immediately by the Buyer being personally present or in writing within seven days of the date of the auction. In the case of written bids for single lots must be in writing within three days after receipt of the invoice or goods. In the case of collections or collective lots containing two or more stamps which are not described individually, no claims will be accepted regarding quality and authenticity. Complaints must also be refused if the stamps are not returned in the original condition, or if they have been altered afterwards by the Buyer, except in the case of marks made by a recognised expert who is responsible for his errors. The bidding for single lots which have been newly certified by an expert denotes the acceptance of the certificate by the Buyer, and in this case the Auctioneer cannot be held liable. If a prospective buyer wishes to bid with an extension on any single lot, the auctioneer must receive notice in writing at least twenty-four hours prior to the day of the auction; this written notice must give the reason why an extension is required and whose expert opinion is to be sought; the latter must be agreed by the auctioneer. Extensions for expert opinion will normally only be considered for reasons of genuineness or classification; requests for extensions for reasons of condition will be decided by the auctioneer on behalf of the vendor prior to the sale. The auctioneer reserves the right to cancel any bid with an extension (notifying the bidder of his action) if in his opinion the item is not as described within the terms of the request for extension. All extensions must be cleared within 28 days of the auction, after which time the right of return is forfeited. Extensions are not granted on mixed lots or collections. All costs and charges for expert opinions are the responsibility and liability of the buyers. 4. The lots will be sold to the highest Bidder. The Buyer shall pay a commission of 15% added to the hammer price. Bidders are bound to their bids if a subsequent higher bid is invalid or immediately refused by the Auctioneer. 5. Written bids which are higher than the best bid of a Bidder present will be considered carefully and in the Bidder’s interest but without prejudice. In the case of two or more identical bids, the first bid received will be deemed to be the successful bid.

In case of doubt, disputes or misunderstandings, the lot will be auctioned again. This decision will be made by the Auctioneer. 6. Upon the fall of the Auctioneer’s hammer, a sales contract is entered into between the Auctioneer and the Bidder. The Buyer is obliged to accept the goods. The risk passes to the Buyer with the fall of the hammer; title of ownership, however, passes to the Buyer only after full payment of the total amount due. 7. The auction will be conducted in Hong Kong dollars. Where a currency converter is operated it is for convenience only. Zurich Asia is not responsible for any errors which may occur. 8. The total amount due is payable in Hong Kong dollars. Foreign currencies will be accepted to the extent of the amounts credited by a principal Hong Kong bank; any costs arising from exchange rate differences will be borne by the bidder. 9. The purchased lots may be collected from Zurich Asia’s office the day after the auction during normal office hours. 10. Payment of lots is due on the day following the auction unless the Auctioneer has granted terms of payment of 5 days thereafter. Postal or Commission Bidders are obliged to transfer the amount due immediately on receipt of invoice. The handing over of lots can only be claimed after payment in full. Upon delay of payment the Auctioneer reserves the right either to sue the Buyer for payment or to cancel the sales contract without granting any further grace period and to claim for damages for breach of contract together with the costs of such proceedings on a full indemnity basis. If the payment is more than 30 days overdue, a surcharge of 5% and interest in the amount of 4% above The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited base rate will be payable. 11. The lots sold to Postal or Commission Bidders will be forwarded by mail or by other means of transport at the Bidder’s risk and expense. 12. Any Bidders acting on account and behalf of a legal person must submit proof of their representation right (power of attorney, certificate of registration). They are personally liable, especially regarding the obligation entered into during the auction. Bids made for unnamed persons or for persons named later or for not yet legally existing persons cannot be considered. 13. Claims for damages against the Auctioneer for delay, non- performance, positive infringement of contract, fault in breach of contract are not permissible unless the damage was caused deliberately or through gross negligence. 14. The auction and any subsequent legal relationship are subject to Hong Kong law. The Auctioneer, however, reserves the right to sue the Buyer at his place of residence. © Matthew Bennett Limited Trading as Zurich Asia 2019. All rights reserved. No part of this publicationmay be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from Matthew Bennett Limited Trading as Zurich Asia.



Sunday 31 March 2019 10h30

Postal History of Gold/Silver Yuan in the Liberated Areas

Lot number

Peiping, East China 北平、华東区

3000 - 3019 3020 - 3033 3034 - 3074 3075 - 3113 3114 - 3117 3118 - 3140 3141 - 3145 3146 - 3152 3153 - 3157

South Central 中南区

South China, Suiyuan 华南、綏远

South West 西南区

Hainan, Chushan, Quemoy 海南、舟山、金門

The Beginning of Chinese People’s Post Airmail Service As Seen by Gold/ Silver Yuan in the Liberated Areas 从解放区内的金银元邮件,看人民邮政空邮服务的開始

Gold/Silver Yuan DPP label 金/银元邮資券

Silver Yuan/Liberation Stamps Combination Cover 银元/解放票混貼邮品

End of Silver Yuan postage 银元邮资的終結


Patrick Choy A native of Taiwan but born and raised in Hong Kong, Mr. Choy is a citizen of Singapore. He has served at various senior positions with Motorola Inc. Before retiring in July 2003 as Motorola Senior Corporate Vice President. Since then, he has been the Chairman and Director of several listed companies as well as his own group of private companies. He also served as consultant cum advisor to a number of major corporations such as Motorola, Bunge, Freescale, Temasek, Keppel and Nan Fung. In 2003, he was appointed as a member of the National Committee of Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), the Upper House of the Chinese Parliament. Mr. Choy thus became the first appointed multinational corporation executive as a CPPCC member. Since 2016, he has been relinquishing himself from his commercial and political duties to find time in the pursuit of his favourite pastime hobbies; coming away with a number of national, regional and continental bridge championship titles. Mr. Choy is a World Master. Since 1998, the World Bridge Federation has elected him to the important Vice President position. In 2014 to recognize his important contributions, WBF elected him to the prestigious Committee of Honour. Mr. Choy is also a world-renowned philatelist. In his first participation to the international exhibitions, he was awarded gold medal in 2003 FIAP Stamps Exhibition and gold medal as well as the Best in Class exhibit (Post Second World War) in 2004 FIP World Stamps Championship. Since then, he has won five Large Gold and 20 Gold medals in three different categories - Traditional, Postal History and Literature at various World (FIP, FIAP) Stamps Exhibitions. Mr. Choy is a World (FIAP and FIP) Stamp Juror. Currently he is the Vice President of the Association of Singapore Philatelists.

Mr. Choy first participation to the international exhibitions Gold medal in 2003 FIAP Stamps Exhibition, Mianyang, China 2003年首次參加在綿陽舉辦的 “亜洲國際郵展” 並獲金牌,圖為他與其得獎展品

蔡國雄簡介 蔡國雄,祖籍台灣梧棲,香港出生,新加坡國籍,在摩托羅拉總部及亞太地區任職高管多年後,於2003年以 全球高級資探副總裁身份榮休,同時成為全國政協委員,這是建國以來第一次吸納有影響力的外企高管加入 我國政協隊伍中。榮休後蔡先生先後成為多家上市公司主席及董事,亦先後任職邦基、摩托羅拉、南豐、飛 思卡爾、吉寶、淡馬錫等等超級企業的顧問。 自2016年,蔡先生已逐漸辭退政治及商業任務,而專注橋牌和集郵,他是世界大師級橋手,世界橋牌聯盟榮 譽委員,現任世界橋牌聯盟副主席。 蔡先生是郵票國際評審(FIP、FIAP),2003年首次參展綿陽亞洲國際郵展,即獲金獎,一年後在新加坡世界 郵票錦標賽中,蔡先生的銀元郵集更進一步榮獲全塲最佳郵品獎(第二次世界大戰後組別)在過去的十多 年,蔡先生在傳統、郵史、文獻三個組別獲得五面大金和二十面金獎,蔡先生現為新加坡郵學會副會長。



全國各主要城市解放日期季 宏宬宥宨宵室宷宬宲宱季宇室宷宨家季宲宩季宐室宭宲宵季宆宬宷宬宨家季宑室宷宬宲宱宺宬宧宨季 季 季 宏宲宦室宷宬宲宱季 宏宬宥宨宵室宷宬宲宱季宇室宷宨季 季



孴孼孷孼孱孳孼孱孴孼季 孴孼孷孼孱孳孼孱孵孶季 孴孼孷孼孱孳孼孱孵學季 孴孼孷孼孱孳孼孱孵學季 孴孼孷孼孱孴孳孱孴孷季 孴孼孷孼孱孴孳孱孴孺季 孴孼孷孼孱孴孴孱孴孷季 孴孼孷孼孱孴孴孱孶孳季 孴孼孷孼孱孴孵孱孳孷季 孴孼孷孼孱孴孵孱孳孼季 孴孼孷孼孱孴孵孱孵孺季 孴孼學孳孱孳孶孱孵孺季 孴孼學孳孱孳孷孱孵孶季 孴孼學孳孱孳學孱孴孺季

濟南季 天津季 北平季 南京季 太原季 杭州季 武漢季 西安季 南昌季 上海季 青島季 長沙季 福州季 蘭州季

宗家宬宱室宱季 宗宬宨宱宷家宬宱季 宓宨宬害宬宱宪季 宑室宱宮宬宱宪季 宗室宬宼宸室宱季

孴孼孷孻孱孳孼孱孵孷季 孴孼孷孼孱孳孴孱孴學季 孴孼孷孼孱孳孴孱孶孴季 孴孼孷孼孱孳孷孱孵孶季 孴孼孷孼孱孳孷孱孵孷季 孴孼孷孼孱孳學孱孳孶季 孴孼孷孼孱孳學孱孴孹季 孴孼孷孼孱孳學孱孵孳季 孴孼孷孼孱孳學孱孵孵季 孴孼孷孼孱孳學孱孵孺季 孴孼孷孼孱孳孹孱孳孵季 孴孼孷孼孱孳孻孱孳孷季 孴孼孷孼孱孳孻孱孴孺季 孴孼孷孼孱孳孻孱孵孹季

歸綏季 銀川季 西寧季 迪化季 廣州季 廈門季 貴陽季 重慶季 南寧季 昆明季 成都季 西昌季 海口季 定海季

宎宺宨宬家宸宬季 宜宬宱宦宫宸室宱季

宖宬宱宬宱宪季 宗宬宫宺室季 宆室宱宷宲宱季




宎宺宨宬宼室宱宪季 宆宫宸宱宪宮宬宱宪季 宑室宱宱宬宱宪季 宎宸宱宰宬宱宪季 宆宫宨宱宪宷宸季 宖宬宦宫室宱宪季 宋室宬宮宲宺季


宑室宱宦宫室宱宪季 宖宫室宱宪宫室宬季 宗家宬宱宪宷室宲季 宆宫室宱宪家宫室季 安宲宲宦宫宲宺季 宏室宱宦宫宲宺季


季 季 參考資料來源於:孴孼孻孷 年太原市勞動局編印《全國各地解放日期》季 宕宨宩宨宵宨宱宦宨孽季宏宬宥宨宵室宷宬宲宱季宇室宷宨家季宩宲宵季宓宯室宦宨家季宑室宷宬宲宱宺宬宧宨孯季宗室宬宼宸室宱季宐宸宱宬宦宬害室宯季宏室宥宲宵季宅宸宵宨室宸孯季孴孼孻孷季 季 各地的解放日期有的是按解放軍抵達之日起計;有的是按有關部門公布之日起計;有的是按宣布起義之日 起計等,以致同一地區可能出現了不同的解放日期。由於這一時期相關資料、實物極為匱乏,因此對郵史實 際研究帶來了很大的難度。季 宇宬宩宩宨宵宨宱宷季宯宲宦室宷宬宲宱家季宬宱季宆宫宬宱室季宧宨宩宬宱宨季宷宫宨季宧室宷宨季宲宩季宯宬宥宨宵室宷宬宲宱季宧宬宩宩宨宵宨宱宷宯宼孱季宖宲宰宨季宸家宨季宷宫宨季宧室宷宨季宲宩季宷宫宨季室宵宵宬容室宯季宲宩季 宷宫宨季People’s Liberation Army (PLA)孾季家宲宰宨季宸家宨季宷宫宨季宧室宼季室家季害宵宲宰宸宯宪室宷宨宧季宥宼季宷宫宨季室家家宲宦宬室宷宨宧季室宸宷宫宲宵宬宷宼孾季 家宲宰宨季家室宼季宬宷季宬家季宷宫宨季宧室宷宨季宺宫宨宱季宷宫宨季室宵宨室季宧宨宦宯室宵宨宧季宧宨宩宨宦宷宬宲宱孱季季宗宫宨宵宨季室宵宨季室宯家宲季宯宲宦室宷宬宲宱家季宺宫宨宵宨季宧宬宩宩宨宵宨宱宷季 害室宵宷家季宲宩季宬宷季宫室容宨季宧宬宩宩宨宵宨宱宷季宧室宷宨家季宲宩季宯宬宥宨宵室宷宬宲宱孱季季宗宫宬家季家宨宵宬宲宸家季宯室宦宮季宲宩季宵宨宯室宷宨宧季宰室宷宨宵宬室宯季室宱宧季害宫宼家宬宦室宯季宨容宬宧宨宱宦宨季 宫室容宨季宦室宸家宨宧季家宬宪宱宬宩宬宦室宱宷季宧宬宩宩宬宦宸宯宷宬宨家季宷宲季宷宫宨季家宷宸宧宼季宲宩季害宲家宷室宯季宫宬家宷宲宵宼季宩宲宵季宷宫宨季害宨宵宬宲宧孱季 季 在這目錄內孯季解放時間均展視於括弧內孯季每個城市的旁邊。季 完宱季宷宫宨季宦室宷室宯宲宪宸宨季宯宬宥宨宵室宷宬宲宱季宧室宷宨家季室宵宨季害宯室宦宨宧季宬宱季宥宵室宦宮宨宷家季孫孬季宱宨宻宷季宷宲季宷宫宨季宦宬宷宬宨家孱季季 季



隨着遼瀋、淮海、平津三大戰役的勝利,長江以北己全屬中共,49年1月21日蔣介石引退總統職位, 李宗仁就任代总統,以便國共兩黨和談。期間在2月3日,中华邮政总局发布了試办通邮的通令,人 民政府和邮政部门則积極予以配合,但是,这种局部通邮的办法毕竞有很大的局限性., 三月下旬双 方各派代表討論、談判,而于4月15日达成全面正常通邮协議,但南逃廣州的国民在4月27日决議停 止国共通邮。国民黨在4月20日拒絕了 [国內和平协定],和談破裂,解放軍在4月21日啟動渡江戦役, 第二、第三野战軍百万雄師渡作战,与此同時,第四野战軍之第十二兵团向九江以西一帶进攻,5 月27日上海解放,渡江戦役也隨著解放軍佔領了皖南、蘇南、浙江、贛北、武漢而結束,本邮集內 在渡江戰役所解放的地區 , 稱为华東区。

The situation before the commencement of Silver Yuan Postage/ East China

Since the victory of Liao Shen, Hwei Hai and Ping Tsin (the Three Major Battles), the entire territory of North of Yangtze was taken over by the Communist. On January 21, Chiang Kai Shek stepped down from the Presidency of China and Li Zhongyen became the Acting President to allow the peace talk between KMT and the Communist Party. When the talk fell apart, on April 21, PLA commenced the Battle of Crossing the Yangtze, which ended on May 27, with the fall of Shanghai. For the purpose of this collection, areas occupied by the PLA during the battle-i.e. South of Anhwei and Kiangsu, North Kiangsi, Wuhan, Chekiang and Shanghai are called East China.


Postal History of Gold/Silver Yuan in the Liberated Areas Undoubtedly the smooth transition of postal administration into the Chinese People’s Post in mainland China may well be a spectacular miracle in postal history. It occurred during historically the most devastating civil war and also at the time of the worst hyperinflation. Despite these adversities, China postal services were not suspended for even a single day. Historians infer that the smooth transition is attributable to successful implementations of various policies and tactics by the Communist in the newly liberated areas.​ ​ Since late Ching Dynasty capable officers such as Robert Hart, Sheng Sunwei, Chu Kahua. Chu Shifen had established for China an efficient postal service system and competent staff. On April 25 1949, Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong and Commander Zhu Teh promulgated “Trio Preservation Policy” aiming to preserve the system, jobs and wages of the government administration and staff. This policy enabled the smooth taking over of no less than 2,800 local and district post offices (90+%).​ To mitigate the financial damage to the population, Gold/Silver Yuan were allowed to be exchanged into RMB. Accordingly, Gold/Silver Yuan postages were adopted and Gold/Silver stamps and their Domestic Postage Paid (DPP) chops were permitted to be used normally for not more than two weeks.​ ​ In this collection, Mr. Choy studies and analyses the use of Gold/Silver Yuan postage in the Liberated Areas, that he has collected during the past 30 years to confirm the historians’ inference. This exhibit collection received a Large Gold award in 2016 FIAP Exhibition in Nanning.​ 解放區的 金/銀 元郵史 郵政史上最偉大的奇蹟應為在中國大陸,中華郵政順利轉移到中國人民郵政,是時正值歷史上規 模最大,最慘烈的的內戰,也發生在歷史上最厳重的通貨澎漲,而在這些惡陋環境下,郵政服務 一天不停,事後史學家推斷,這成就是歸功於共産黨在解放區實施一籃子有效的措施。 自晚清以來主管郵電的主腦人物,如羅拔,赫德、盛宣懷、朱家華、朱學範等都是當時喻亮,他 們為中國建立了一個很完善的郵政系統、高效率的制度和人事組織,共產黨主席毛澤東和朱德元 師在1949年4月25日公布 “三保留” 策略(即確保工資、職位、制度),這策略促使軍管局順利接收了 超過二千八百間以上的郵局(即百分九十以上),把這一切完整地保留。為了減輕人民的經濟損 失,國民政府的貨幣(金、銀圓)可兌換人民幣,因此在解放區內,暫用(通常解放後兩週)中 華郵政郵資,同時為了盡快恢復郵政業務,郵局仍沿用中華郵政遺留的金圓、單位、基數、銀圓 郵票及其郵資已付郵戳。 在這郵集,蔡國雄先生把他過去三十多年搜集的在解放區內沿用金/銀元郵品,研究、分析來顯示 及佐證當時郵政服務是怎樣順利轉移,確實史學家的推斷。這郵集在2016年南寧舉辦的亞洲國際郵 展榮獲大金獎。 We are honoured to offer a collection unique in it’s kind which is important in understanding the beginning of the postal system in the Liberated Areas. This is an opportunity for all collectors of this period to acquire numerous rarities which will enhance their own collections.

我們非常榮幸被委托如此獨特的珍藏,對於了解 “解放區” 郵政系統的開端非常重要。對於 這時期的所有收藏家來講,這將會是增強他們自己的藏品稀有的機會。


Peiping, East China 北平、华東区


3000 沿用起源 - 北平九日 The Beginning – 9 Days in Peiping​ ​

By January 1949, Peiping and Tientsin were under siege. On January 15, Fu Zuoyi KMT’s Commander of North China was frightened by the news that the strong defense of 130,000 troops in Tientsin were wiped out by the PLA within 29 hours. To avoid further bloodshed, on January 21, Fu signed the Agreement of Peaceful Liberation of Peiping, which included provisions permitting conversion of Gold Yuan into RMB and the uninterrupted postal and telecom services. Peiping was peacefully liberated on January 13, 1949. Upon taking over the post offices to ensure an uninterrupted postal service, the Military Control Commission (temporary government in newly liberated areas) announced on 1st February the continuation of Gold Yuan postage for 9 days (i.e. up till 9th February)​ 1949年一月,華北地區除北平、天津己被解放軍佔領,一月十五日,解放軍在29小時內,殲減了國軍部隊13萬人,解放 了天津,迫於無奈傅作義將軍於一月二十一日和林彪元帥簽定了北平和平解放協定,該協定主要條件包括:金圓卷可兌 換人民幣,保證郵電服務不斷,這兩條件軍管局在其他的解放區都必採用。北平在1月31日和平解放,軍管會接收了北京 地區郵局後,而為了保證郵政服務不斷,容許採用金元郵資九天, 即2月1目至9日。​ ​ A cover posted from Peiping on 7th February, 1949 and arrived in Tientsin on 17th February. Affixed with a Gold Yuan 50 fen stamp which was consistent with the Domestic postage at that time, and also 7th February was within the “Peiping 9 Days’​ 此​封於1949年2月7日從北平發布,於2月17日抵達天津。 貼有金元50分郵票,與當時的國內郵資一致,也是2月7日在“北 平九日”內。

One of the six recorded post liberation Peiping Gold Yuan covers during the 9 days period.​ “北平九日” 封存世只六件

HK$ 17,000 - 20,000​



3001 ​ 南京解放前一日的報值封 Value Declared Cover on the Last Day of Nanking National Chinese Post

For most of the post offices in Nanking, the capital city, it was business as usual. However, amid intensive gunfire, handling value declared mail service was beyond their capability. Postage: 2 x Airmail​Registered = Gold Yuan 18000, 2.5% Value Declare Fee for 2,320,000 = Gold Yuan 58000. Total = Gold Yuan 76000​ 顯示在炮火連天的解放前一日(南京在1949年4月23日解放) ,郵政業務包括航空、掛號、報值都營運如常,但因戦亂郵路 受阻,此信無法投遞,郵資:加重航空掛號-金元1萬八千,報值費- 價值2百32萬之2.5%金元5萬8千,信封上貼郵票共值 金元7萬6千。​ HK$ 65,000 - 70,000


Chekiang 淅江


3002 ​ 周巷國內郵資已付 和金元票混貼封(紀錄只有一件) 奇蹟般的投遞 Chow Hong DPP – The Miraculous Delivery (Only Recorded Gold Yuan and DPP cover)​ 显示此信1949年5月3日即解放次日由湘地市(49.05.02)寄出,当天經周巷(49.05.02)5月9日抵達上海(49.05.27),是 時上海已被陳毅三野部隊團團包圍,周巷往上海一帶炮火連天,而此信能在六天內完整無缺地扺達仍然是國統區的上 海,可謂奇跡。 此封上貼金元郵票总值4000元,另上蓋周巷國內郵資已付郵戳,顯示己付金元6000的國內掛號郵資。國統區已在4月29 日,实施银元邮资,此封显示在5月3日解放區仍然接受金元郵資。此封為唯一有紀錄的金元郵票与代郵戳混合封,非常 罕有的金元解放后沿用實寄封,也是一個非常特出的國共通郵實例。 A letter mailed from Hsingdishi (49.05.02) on 3rd May, the day after liberation. It transited Chowhong (49.05.02) on the same day and arrived in Shanghai (49.05.27) on 9th May. In May, 1949 Shanghai was under siege and the entire area from Chowhong to Shanghai was covered by intensive gun crossfires. This letter miraculously survived and more over delivered within seven days to arrive on 9th May in Shanghai which was still under Nationalist control. The total value of Gold Yuan stamps on cover was 4000 and the Chowhong Domestic Postage Paid (DPP) handstamp indicated the Gold Yuan 6000 domestic registered mail rate was fully paid. Effective 29th April, the Nationalist controlled area already adopted Silver Yuan postage. This cover indicates that in the Liberated Areas, Gold Yuan postage was still accepted. This is the only recorded Gold Yuan and DPP Combination cover. It is a very rare post Liberation Gold Yuan cover and also an outstanding example of trans Nationalist and Communist mail cover.

HK$28,000 - 35,000



3003 杭州十日金圓郵資, 1949年第一期金圓當銀圓用 10 Days of Gold Yuan Postage in Hangchow, May 4 to 14, 1949- Part 1 Gold Yuan Postage A cover mailed from Hsiaoshan on 9th May 1949 to Kinhwa (Hsiaoshan was under Hangchow’s jurisdiction, currently it is the location of Hangchow airport), affixed with stamps of total value Gold Yuan 1500 which was the domestic surface rate as of April 28. At that time the Nationalist Controlled Areas had already adopted Silver Yuan postage, yet the Hangchow Military Control Commission leniently accepted this invalidated postage. 所示的實寄封是1949年5月9日由蕭山(現杭州機場所在地,當時屬於杭州地區)寄金華,貼金圓郵票總值1500元相等於4 月28日國內平郵郵資。是時國統區己採用銀元郵資,而杭州軍管會從寛處理,接受己被作廢的金元郵資。​

HK$22,000 - 25,000



3004 杭州十日金圓郵資, 1949年五月四號到十四號, 第二期金圓當銀圓用 10 Days of Gold Yuan Postage in Hangchow, May 4 to 14, 1949 - Part 2 Silver Yuan Postage with Gold Yuan Payment Effective 30th April 1949, in the Kuomintang controlled areas, the Nationalist Post office changed to Silver Yuan postage. In the absence of Unit and Basic stamps, postage could be paid in Gold Yuan at the prevailing exchange rates. Such rates varied daily (or even hourly) and from location to location. 自1949年4月30日起,在國民黨控制區,國民郵局改為銀元郵資。在沒有單位和基本郵票的情況下,郵資可以按現行匯率 以金元支付。 這種費率每天(甚至每小時)和從一個地點到另一個地方變化。 A cover mailed from Hangchow on 14th May 1949, affixed with Gold Yuan stamp total value 300,000. At that time Hangchow Post Office (Military Control Commission) had adopted Silver Yuan postage. The exchange rate on May 14 was one Silver Yuan equaled to Gold Yuan 7,500,000. The Silver Yuan 4 fen Domestic Surface postage would therefore be Gold Yuan 300,000. The cover also indicates the last day of “Hangchow 10 days” the Military Control Commission followed the Kuomintang Controlled Areas policy of adopting the Silver Yuan postage. Bear in mind, five days ago (Lot 3003 the Hsiaoshan cover of 9th May 1949) the postage for domestic mail was only Gold Yuan 1,500. The switch to Silver Yuan postage would represent an overnight 200 times increase in postage This cover is also one of the three recorded physical evidence of adopting Silver Yuan Postage with Gold Yuan Payment in the newly liberated Areas. 所示的實寄封是1949年5月14日由杭州寄紹興,貼金元郵票總值三十萬,當時杭州郵局採用國統區的銀圓郵資,在杭州金 銀對換率為 銀元一元等於金元七百五十萬,三十萬等於銀圓四分,符合當時國統區國內平郵銀圓郵資。此封也顯示在 “ 杭州十日”期內最後一天,軍管會採用銀元郵資,要注意的是五月九日的䔥山信封國內郵資只是金圓1500,五天後當轉為 銀圓郵資後金圓郵資竟然是三十萬元相等於200倍的增加!此信封是解放區內採用銀㘣郵資而可用金圓支付的三件物證之 一。​ HK$ 20,000 - 22,000




3005 ​無錫錯郵資一對封 Wusih Pair - The right postage but wrong stamps

Wusih was liberated on 23rd April 1949. Both covers were for local mails and affixed with 10 Gold Yuan stamps of $3 each. The two Gold Yuan $30 were accepted as RMB 30, the domestic ordinary postage in the liberated area.​ 無鍚在1949年4月23日解放,這兩個封都是解放後從無錫寄,兩封上各貼金元3元郵票10枚,合共金元30元,當時解放區 內的國內平信郵資為人民幣30元,很明顯地,軍管會在於民方便下,在無錫己解放兩個多月後,把金元當作人民幣,允 許沿用金元郵資。​ ​

Wusih Local Mail 3rd July 1949 1949 年7月3日 無錫本埠郵件

21st July 1949 mailed from Wusih; 22nd July arrived in Luktankio (Expert Certificate) 1949 年7月21日 從無錫寄,7月22日抵達陸店橋 (有專家證書)​

HK$ 9,000 - 10,000



3006 武漢 Wuhan ​

With the fall of Wuhan on 16th May 1949 the Military Control Commission took control of all the post offices in the area. On May 23, the Wuhan Military Control Command announced the invalidation of Gold Yuan. However, before the arrival of the Liberation stamps, Silver Yuan postage continued to apply.​ 武漢於1949年5月16日解放, 軍管會在5月23曰宣佈停用金元, 但在解放票還未到達時仍然採用銀元郵資。​ ​ Hankow Gold Yuan 500000 Horizontal strip of three Wuchang cds 49.05.16, the only recorded philatelic item on date of liberation.​ 漢口金元50萬橫三連,上蓋武昌1949.5.16日戳,也是記錄上唯一武漢解放當日之郵品。​ HK$ 2,500 - 3,500


3007 最長的銀元郵資沿用期 The Long-lasting Silver Yuan Postage ​

A cover from Hankow on 8th October 1950, arrived in Shanghai on 11th October franked with one Domestic Unit Stamp which equalled to the 5 fen Silver Yuan postage for Domestic surface mail. This cover indicates that even 17 months after the liberation, Hankow post office continued to accept Silver Yuan postage​ 1950年10月8日由漢口寄,1950年10月11日抵達上海(漢口於1949.5.16上海於1949.5.27 解放), 上貼國內平信單位1枚,折合 銀元5分相等於平信郵資。很奇怪地, 在解放後十七個月, 漢口郵局, 仍然接受銀元郵資。​ HK$ 7,000 - 8,500



3008 上海解放首日實寄封 Mail on the Day of Shanghai’s Liberation ​

A cover mailed to London, U.K. from Shanghai on 27th May 1949. It was franked with one revenue stamp overprinted as a 1-yuan basic currency stamp. One Yuan postage included 10 fen for ordinary mail, 60 fen for the 20 gram (2 unit weight) airmail fee, 20 fen for registered fee, along with a 10 fen overpaid. On 27th May 1949, Shanghai was liberated. This is an international registered letter sent on the day of Shanghai’s liberation​ 所示的實寄封是1949年5月27日由上海寄英國倫敦,貼印花稅票改作基數郵票1元1枚,其時平信10分、此信20克內應收航 空郵資(30分)的2倍為60分、掛號20分,合共90分,溢貼10分。1949年5月27日上海解放,是上海解放首日的國際航掛 封。​ ​ On May 27 1949, the date of posting this letter, intensive gun firings were being exchanged between the Nationalist army defending the last fortress, the Municipality Office and the PLA on the other side of Suchow River. The Post Office was located right next to the Municipality Office and yet postal services continued. Amazingly this letter managed to get into the last plane out of Shanghai.​ 1949年5月27日,地處蘇州河邊的上海政府大樓為國民政府最後的根據地,對岸己被解放軍佔領,正作最後攻擊,此上海 郵局位䖏政府大樓旁邊,很難想像在槍林彈雨中,郵政服務(包括國際航空、掛號)仍然正常運作。​ HK$ 17,000 - 20,000



3009 上海解放次日 The Day after Shanghai’s Liberation ​ Revenue Surcharge 4 fen (equal to domestic rate) on piece – Shanghai 49.05.28 cds, Wuhu arrival cds 49.06.04 (Wuhu was liberated on 24th April 1949)​ 印花4分 (相等于國内平邮) 残片-上海49.05.28戳、無湖49.06.04 戳(于49.04.24 解放) ​ HK$ 1,500 - 2,000



3010 上海解放次日 The Day after Shanghai’s Liberation ​

A cover mailed from Shanghai on 28th May 1949. Arrived in Tientsin on 11th June (liberated on 15th January). It was franked with one revenue stamp surcharged as a 4 fen basic currency stamp, consistent with ordinary mail postage at the time. On 27th May 1949, Shanghai was liberated. This letter was mailed on the second day of Shanghai’s liberation.​ 所示的實寄封是1949年5月28日由上海寄, 6月11日抵天津 (1月15日解放) ,貼印花稅票改作基數郵票4分1枚,符合其時平信 4分資費。1949年5月27日上海解放,是上海解放第二天使用。​ HK$ 12,000 - 15,000



3011 唯一有紀錄的上海在49.06.01後依然允許使用銀元郵資的實寄封 The only recorded example of the continuation of Silver Yuan postage beyond 1st June 1949 in Shanghai. ​ The Shanghai Military Control Commission did not strictly enforce the 1st June 1949 due deadline. Sent from Shanghai 12th June 1949(49.05.27), Tientsin (49.01.15) arrival cds unclear.​ 上海49.06.12 (49.05.27) 寄往天津 (49.01.15), 抵達戳不請。​

HK$ 10,000 - 13,000



3012 滙兌印紙 - 九江誤謬 Kiukiang – CNC Money Order used as Silver Yuan postage ​

In late April/early May, amid the changing to Silver Yuan postage rates, the newly issued Basic and Unit stamps could not reach North Kiangsi, namely Shangjao, Fowliang, Kiukiang areas, due to the Battle of Crossing the Yangtze. As a solution, the post offices in the area used DPP as postage for domestic mails. However, DPP could not cater for the Silver Yuan postages for local post cards – 2 fen, domestic printed materials – 2 fen, international aerogram – 20 fen, international surface mail – 10 fen and international airmail – 40 fen. To cope with this situation, the Kiukiang MCC used the $1,000 apple green Central Trust Lithographed Telecommunications Pagoda Money Order stamp of 1945 surcharged as $200,000 in CNC (Chinese National Currency), as equivalent of 2 fen Silver Yuan. The exchange rate of Silver/Gold Yuan was 1:10,000,000 during early June 1949 in Kiukiang. As CNC was abolished since August 1948, it is therefore highly probable that when surcharging the Pagoda Money Order, the Kiukiang Military Control Commission was mistreating CNC as Gold Yuan.​ 五月初當中華郵政探用銀元郵資時,單位及基數郵票,因渡江戦役不能運扺贛北-即上饒、浮梁、九江一帶,此地區郵 局唯有採用 國內郵資己付戳 (DPP) 來䖏理國內郵件,這方法在其它受渡江戦役影響的地區,如蘇南、晥南、浙江,鄂 東也都採用。但 DPP 不能用於國內印刷(郵資2分)及國際郵件。九江在1949年五月二十日解放,但當要處理國際郵件 時,九江郵局以國幣時期的滙兌印紙作為郵資使用,此時匯兌印紙的面值已”自然地” 轉為金圓,而九江當時的金/銀兌 換率為1千萬:1。​ ​ Letter sent from Kuikiang on June 7 1949 (49.05.20) to New York affixed with five Money Order stamps surcharged as CNC $200000. The one million CNC on cover was treated as 10 fen Silver Yuan which was the postage for international service mail. Up till now only six recorded covers of CNC Money Order used for Silver Yuan postage. All of them were sent from Kiangsi liberated areas ​ 所示的國際平郵封是1949年六月七日由九江 (49.05.20) 寄紐約,上貼彙兌印紙加蓋 “暫作二十萬” 五枚,相等銀元十分,符 合當時國際平郵郵資。此等郵品至今發現六件,全是解放後沿用。​ HK$ 18,000 - 20,000


南昌三胞胎 The Nanchang Triple ​ The three Silver Yuan postage covers, at 4 fen domestic rate, from the newly liberated Nanchang (22nd May 1949), capital of Kiangsi Province, to three different locations of different postal routings.​ 所列出的三個封全都上貼江西平信單位票1枚,相等於銀元四分國內平信郵資,它們全是從南昌 (49.05.22) 寄往三個不同 方向的目的地:​


3013​ A Cover sent from Nanchang on 13th June 1949, arrived in Peiping 8th July 1949 (49.01.30). 49.06.13 南昌寄出,抵達北平 49.07.08 (49.01.30)​ HK$ 8,000 - 10,000



3014 A Cover sent from Nanchang on 13th Jun 1949, arrived in Hanchow 8the June 1949 (49.05.03). 49.06.13 南昌寄出,抵達杭州 49.06.28(49.05.03 ) HK$ 8,000 - 10,000


3015 A Cover sent from Nanchang on 8th June 1949, arrived in Tsintung 30the June 1949 (48.12.06). 49.06.08 南昌寄出,抵達溙潼 49.06.30 (48.12.06 ) HK$ 8,000 - 10,000


從寄南昌解放區,通過國統區的廣州,往香港的一對封,國共通郵 的特列 From Nanchang liberated area to Kuomintang controlled areas ​ The two covers sent from Nanchang (49.05.22) affixed with two different types of Kiangsi Unit Stamp (the 4 fen Silver Yuan postage to Hong Kong) reveals that the KMT controlled area of Canton would handle mails from liberated areas, and also the Military Control Commission did not strictly enforce the 30th June deadline. Both are extraordinary examples of Kuomintang/ Chinese Communist Party postal cooperation. ​ 這兩封都是在6月30日限期後從南昌寄出,上貼江西單位票1枚相等於銀元4分寄往港澳郵資。​



​ 3016 A Cover sent from Nanchang 4th July 1949, transit through Canton 12th July 1949 to Hong Kong. 南昌49.07.04 經廣州 49.07.12 往香港​ HK$ 2,200 - 2,500

3017 A Cover sent from Nanchang 1st October 1949, transit through Canton 9th October 1949 to Hong Kong. 南昌49.10.01 經廣州 49.10.09 往香港 HK$ 1,700 - 2,000



3018 By June 1949, the People’s Liberation Army was in complete control of the postal routing downstream Yangtze River as indicated

by the two covers both affixed with one Kiangsi Domestic Unit stamp (rate 4 fen) from Nanchang 可佐證從49年6月解放軍己元全控制長江下游郵路的一對封 -兩封都是從南昌寄, 上貼江西平信單位票​

A Cover sent from Nanchang 6th June 1949, arrived in Fowliang 25th June 1949 (49.04.29) 南昌 49.06.06 抵達浮梁 49.06.25 (49.04.29)​

HK$ 3,000 - 4,500


3019 A Cover sent from Nanchang 49.07.30th July 1949, arrived in Shanghai 4th August 1949 (49.05.27) 南昌 49.07.30 抵達上海 49.08.04 (49.05.27) HK$ 2,800 - 3,000


South Central 中南区


Capitalizing on the momentum of the victory of Battle of crossing the Yangtze, the People’s Liberation Army launched an all- front attack to the Central South region. Consequently, they took over the post offices in West Hupeh, Hunan and South Kiangsi areas.


3020 沙市湖北基數解放後沿用舊票 Shasi Hupeh Basic stamp used after liberation ​ Shisi cds 28th July 1949 (49.07.18), 沙市戳 49.07.28 (49.07.18)​

HK$ 1,100 - 1,500



3021 宜昌沿用 Post-Liberation Continued Use of Silver Yuan Stamps in Ichang ​

A cover mailed from Ichang on August 17, 1949. It was franked with three 1 fen and one 4 fen Dr. SYS Chungking Hwa Nan Print basic currency stamps, 7 fen postage in total. Ordinary postage (which was KMT Controlled Area postage, adopted by the Military Control Commission at that time) was 5 fen, thus there is 2 fen excess postage. It arrived in Shanghai on 4th September. Ichang was liberated on 18th July 1949. This cover implied that even one month after Liberation, Silver Yuan postage was still adopted in the area.​ 所示的實寄封是1949年8月17日由宜昌寄上海,貼重慶華南版孫中山像基數郵票1分3枚、4分1枚,合共7分郵資,其時軍 管會採用國統區銀元郵資, 所以郵資應為 平信5分,另溢貼2分資費,該信9月4日到達目地上海。1949年7月18日,宜昌解 放, 這信封暗示, 宜昌在解放後一個月, 仍然採用銀元郵資。​ HK$ 11,000 - 13,000



3022 加蓋鄂西郵局名 Overprinted with names of West Hupeh local post offices ​

Since May 1949, the conversion rate between Gold and Silver Yuan varied significantly from location to location. To reduce arbitraging, on 18th June the General Post Office in Chungking instructed the local post offices (including Hupeh) to have their locality identification overprinted on the Unit and Basic stamps to indicate the restricted usage at the local post offices. During the second half of July when the Gold Yuan was abolished, the Nationalist post offices stopped selling the post office name overprint. The following two covers could imply that the Military Control Commission would adopt the locality restriction in Shisi/Ichang Liberated Area.​ 在這時期,郵票加蓋郵局名字,是跟制郵票只可用於出售郵局,防止低買髙賣牟利,宜都加蓋雙連和長陽加蓋實利封, 可以佐證宜沙區在解放後初期,軍管會亦採用這限用政策。​ ​ 宜都局名加蓋雙連 Itu overprint name of post office pair, Itu cds 24th August 1949 (49.07.16) 宜都戳 49.08.24 (49.07.16) ​

HK$ 3,300 - 3,500


3023 長陽局名加蓋實寄封 Changyang Post Office overprint name Cover ​

21st November 1949 mailed from Changyang (49.07.23), 24th November transited Itu (49.07.26), 30th November transited Shasi (49.07.18), 7th December arrived in Hankow (49.05.27). Franked with Hwa Nan Basic 1 fen and 4 fen. Value on cover 5 fen was the domestic rate. There are less than five Hupeh post office overprinted with name covers known to exist and is the only post liberation cover. ​ 1949年11月21日由長陽 (49.07.23) 寄,11月24日經宜都 (49.07.26),11月30日經沙市(49.07.18),12月7日抵達漢口(49.05.16);上貼華 南基數票4分,1分各1枚, 總值5分相等於國內平信郵資. 鄂西郵局名加蓋實寄封,存世不足五件, 而此長陽封是唯一解放後沿 用。​ HK$ 17,000 - 20,000



3024 利川湖北基數封 Lichwan Hupeh Basic Stamp Cover ​ 14th November 1949 from Lichwan (49.11.06) to Kweilin, franked with two Hupeh 10 fen Basic stamps and Hwa Nan Basic stamp 1 fen and 4 fen one each. Total value 25 fen on cover was equivalent to express registered rate. ​ 1949年11月14日從利川 (49.11.06) 寄桂林, 上貼湖北基數10分兩枚, 華南基數票4分,1分各1枚, 郵票總值25分相等於掛號快遞 郵資。​ ​ There are only seven Hupeh Basic Stamp covers recorded and this is the only post liberation cover.​ 湖北基數實寄封有記錄存世的只有七件,而此封為唯一解放後沿用。​ HK$ 70,000 - 85,000



3025 巴東沿用 Post-Liberation Continued Use of Silver Yuan postage stamps in Patung ​

A cover mailed to Shanghai from Patung on 7th November 1949. It was franked with one 1 fen and one 4 fen Dr. SYS Chungking Hwa Nan Print basic currency stamps, 5 fen in total, consistent with ordinary mail postage at the time. This letter arrived at its destination, Shanghai on 24th November (49.05.27)​ 所示的實寄封是1949年11月7日由巴東 (49.11.04) 寄上海,貼重慶華南版孫中山像基數郵票1分1枚,4分1枚,合共5分郵 資,符合其時平信5分資費,該信11月2 4日到達目地上海 (49.05.27) 。​ HK$ 17,000 - 20,000



3026 湖南 Hunan ​ On August 4, 1949, the commander of the KMT 1st Army Corps, Chen Mingren and Hunan Governor, Cheng Qian, announced his defection by cable. Consequently, Changsha Area (North Hunan) was peacefully liberated on that day. ​ 1949年8月4日國民黨軍第一兵團司令陳明仁和原湖南省主席程潛通電宣布起義, 當天長沙一帶和平解放。​ ​ Changsha (49.08.04) Day of Liberation Cancellation. 長沙 (49.08.04) 解放當日郵戳​

HK$ 2,000 - 2,500


3027 Liusiang (49.07.18) a small town which was liberated earlier than Changsha, The Chinese character “代” indicates that Liusiang is an agency counter (kiosk), the lowest level of post office.​ 瀏上(49.07.18) 一個比長沙更早解放的湖南小鎮 , “代” 是最低層次的。​ 16th August 1949 mailed from Liusiang, arrived in Changsha on 30th August. Franked with one Hunan Basic stamp 1 fen and one Revenue Surcharged as 4 fen. Total value 5 fen was Domestic postage rate. 1949 年8月16日從瀏上寄,1949年8月30日抵達長沙. 上貼湖南基數票1分一枚, 印花改基數4分一枚, 總值5分, 相等國內平信郵 資.​ HK$ 11,000 - 14,000


The word “代” (Dai) indicates Kwantu was only an agency counter. The Liusiang and Kwantu (Lot 3027 & 3028) covers suggested that even the lowest level of local post offices operated efficiently soon after liberation – proof of successful implementation of the “trio preserving” policy. There are quite a number of similar examples in this collection.​ “代” 戳表示官渡是郵櫃層次郵局, 瀏上和官渡兩信都逾寬限期寄出, 這可顯示軍管會的寬容 政策。


3028 22nd August 1949 mail from Kwantu (49.07.19), arrived in Changsha 24th August. Franked with Hunan Basic 1 fen and Revenue Surcharge 4 fen, one each. The 5 fen on cover was the Domestic postage rate. 1949年8月22日從官渡 (49.07.19) 寄, 8月24日抵達長沙, 上貼湖南基數1分, 印花改值4分, 各1枚, 總值5分, 相等於國內平信郵 資。​ HK$ 19,000 - 22,000



3029 長沙”貨幣投機” 口號封 Changsha “Stop Currency Speculation ” slogan Cover ​

The KMT currency speculators engineered tremendous monetary difficulties in the newly liberated areas. For instance, in the first week of June in Shanghai, the conversion of one Silver Yuan soared up 10 times to 2000 RMB. This Currency Slogan cover indicates Changsha area also faced a similar problem.​ 國民黨特務在各解放區內故意以髙價收購銀圓,導致物價狂升,以上海為例,六月第一週,銀圓/人民幣對換率,竟然從 二百上升至二千,這“嚴禁貨幤投機”口號封,可佐證湖南解放區也撞到同樣困難。​ ​ A cover mailed from Changsha on 9th September 1949 and arrived in Hangkow on 12th September bearing “Changsha 長(辛) 沙” Gold/Silver Yuan Domestic Postage Paid Handstamp (DPP) to indicate the payment of the 5 fen Domestic rate. Although Silver Yuan was allowed, the Military Control Commission encouraged the use of RMB and franked a “Refuse to use Silver Yuan; Support Renminbi” slogan chop on cover. This cover demonstrates the post liberation use of the earliest Gold Yuan DPP. 9th September is the last recorded use of this DPP.​ 所示的實寄封是1949年9月9日,由長沙寄, 九月12日抵送漢口,上蓋金圓時代國內平信郵資己付,” 長(辛)沙” 郵戳, 當時國內平信郵資銀圓五分,該郵戳至今發現最早使用日期為1948年10月3日,長沙是在1949年8月4日和平解放,此封是 解放後沿用,而1949年9月9日也是 “長(辛) 沙 “至今發現最後使用日期。雖然當時解放區接收銀元, 但軍管會鼓勵使用人民 幣, 所以該封上蓋 “拒用銀元 擁護人民幣” 。 ​ HK$ 25,000 - 30,000



3030 長沙一對封 The Changsha Matching Pair ​ Both sent from Changsha and franked with Hunan Basic 1 fen and Revenue surcharge 4 fen. The 5 fen total equalled to Domestic rate. The two covers indicate that in August 1949, the river routing along Yangtze was well protected.​ 兩封都是在長沙寄出, 也同貼湖南基數票1分, 及印花改值4分各一, 相等國內平信郵資, 此兩封顯示, 49年8月長江下游的郵路 己是通行無阻 。​

9th August 1949 sent from Changsha, 24th August arrived in Shanghai (49.05.27). 8月9日長沙寄, 8月24日抵達上海 (49.05.27)

HK$ 6,500 - 7,000


3031 22nd August 1949, sent from Changsha, 25th August arrived in Hankow (49.05.16), 8月22日長沙寄, 8月25日抵達漢口 (49.05.16)

HK$ 6,500 - 7,000


贛南 South Kiangsi

Southern Kiangsi, such as Kanchow and Wanan, was liberated during the Battle of Kanchow in August 1949.​江西南部地區如贛 州、萬安是在1949年8月贛州戰役期間解放。​


3032 封同貼江西單位票一枚, 相等國內平信郵資 Franked with one Kiangsi Domestic Unit stamp equivalent to Domestic rate ​ 12th August 1949 (49.08.08) from Wanan, arrived in Hangchow on 23rd August (49.05.03), 8月12日從萬安 (49.08.08) 寄, 8月23日 抵達漢口 (49.05.16)​ HK$ 11,000 - 13,000


3033 萬安解放當日實寄封 Wanan Day of Liberation Cover ​

A letter mailed from Wanan on 8th August 1949 and arrived in Shanghai on 20th August. Franked with a Kiangsi Domestic Surface Unit stamp, which was consistent with the surface mail postage at the time. 8th August 1949 was the day of liberation of Wanan. This cover is therefore one of the rare liberation day covers and the only Wanan Liberation Day Cover recorded.​ 所示的實寄封是1949年8月8日由萬安寄,8月20日抵達上海 (49.05.27), 上貼江西平信單位票1枚, 符合當時平信郵資。萬安於 1949年8月8日解放,所以這是罕見的解放當日封, 也是唯一的萬安解放當日封。​ HK$ 15,000 - 20,000


South China, Suiyuan 华南、綏远


3034 福州 Foochow ​ 福州地區銀元郵資對剖封 Foochow Area Bisected Silver Yuan Postage Covers​ ​

The Foochow Military Control Commission permitted the continued usage of Silver Yuan postage and yet in some of the newly liberated areas some denominations of Basic stamps were not available. Bisecting was a viable solution. This collection reveals that there are only Huangshek, Kaosanshih and Fushek in the newly liberated of Foochow areas where bisected Silver Yuan postage can be found. All of them are presented here.​ 福州軍管會容許在解放區內継續沿用銀元郵資至49年9月1日,但某些地區部分郵票缺乏,只有用對剖票以補不足,解放 區采用的銀元對剖票只有三種:黃石、髙山市、茐石。​

黃石對剖殘片, (存世只一件) 接連於莆田實寄封上​ Hwangshih bisected stamp on piece (Only one recorded) joined to a Putien cover​ ​

29th August 1949 sent from Hwangshih (49.08.21), via Putien 29th August (49.08.21) arrived in Foochow on 2nd September (49.08.17). Franked with one Fukien 2 fen Basic stamp bisected into 1 fen and one Revenue surcharged as 4 fen. Total 5 fen equivalent to Domestic rate postage. ​ 1949年8月29日從黃石 (49.08.21) 寄, 8月29日經莆田 (49.08.21), 9月2日抵達福州 (49.08.17). 上貼福建基數2分對剖成為1分, 印 花改值4分, 共值5分, 相等於國內平信郵資。​ HK$ 28,000 - 30,000



3035 高山市 對剖封 (存世只一件) Kaosanshih Bisected Silver Yuan postage Cover (Only one Recorded)​ ​

20th October 1949 sent from Kaosanshih, (49.08.16), 5th November via Shanghai (49.05.27), arrived in Taipei on 20th December. Franked with two Fukien Basic 2 fen stamp and one Fukien Basic 2 fen bisected into 1 fen, total value 5 fen equivalent to Domestic rate. This is also an outstanding example of Kuomintang/Chinese Communist Party postal cooperation.​ 1949年 10月20日從高山市 (49.08.16) 寄, 11月5日經上海 (49.05.27),12月20日抵達台北, 上貼福建基數2分兩枚, 另貼福建基數 票2分對剖成為1分, 共值5分, 相等國內平信郵資. 這也是非常突出國共通郵實例。​ HK$ 55,000 - 60,000



3036 福州不足郵資封 Foochow Insufficient Postage Cover ​

Upon taking over the post offices in Foochow area, on 17th August 1949, the Military Control Commission adopted the Silver Yuan postage during the first two weeks of post liberation period (49.08.17 to 49.09.01. the grace period). Despite the shortage of postage payment (Total value on cover 15 fen whereas Domestic registered postage was 20 fen), the letter was duly registered and delivered. This is an illustration of Military Control Commission’s leniency policy. ​ 軍管會當接收了福州地區郵局後,公佈採用銀元郵兩週(49年8月17日至9月1日) 。此信在限期內寄出, 雖然郵資不足 (國內 掛號郵資20分, 郵票總值15分) ,但寬容豦理。​ ​ A cover mailed to Shanghai from Foochow on 30th August 1949. It was franked with five 2 fen Fukien overprinted basic currency stamps and one Shanghai Dah Tung ordinary mail unit stamp total value 15 fen. It arrived in Shanghai on 18th September. Foochow was liberated on 17th August 1949.​ 所示的實寄封是1949年8月30日由福州寄上海,貼福建蓋2分基數郵票5枚、上海大東版平信單位郵票1枚總值15分,該信9 月18日到達目地上海。1949年8月17日,福州解放。​ HK$ 22,000 - 25,000



3037 笏石對剖票 Hushih Bisected stamps ​

Upon its liberation in late August 1949, due to the short supply of 1 fen stamps, Hushih Post Office diagonally bisected the 2 million-yuan Dr. SYS 3rd Shanghai Dah Tung Print stamps overprinted as 2 fen Basic stamps, thus creating a 1 fen stamp for use with the 4 fen stamps. On September 8, it commenced diagonally bisecting the 10,000-yuan revenue stamps previously overprinted as 1-jiao (10 fen) Basic stamps to create 5 fen stamps. Hushih bisected stamps were manually overprinted, using a wooden seal, with the No.4 Standard Style character font “Hu (笏)” in black printing ink as a measure to prevent fraud.​ 1949年8月底當笏石解放後,郵局由於缺乏1分郵票,於1949年8月,以上海大東三版孫中山像200萬元加蓋2分基數郵票,斜 角對剖作1分,與4分郵票搭配使用。9月8日又以印花稅票1萬元加蓋1角基數郵票,斜角對剖作為5分使用。笏石對剖票使 用時需用4號楷體 “笏” 字木戳,黑色印油,手蓋在對剖郵票上,以防舞弊。 A cover mailed to Foochow from Hushih on 3rd September 1949. It was franked with a diagonally bisected (upper left part) 2 million-yuan Dr. SYS 3rd Shanghai Dah Tung Print stamp overprinted as a 2 fen Basic stamp creating (thus creating a 1 fen stamp) and hand-stamped with the No.4 Standard Style character font “Hu(笏)” together with a 4 fen Dr. SYS 1st Shanghai Dah Tung Print Basic stamp. Ordinary postage was 5 fen at the time. It arrived in Foochow on 7th September 1949. By then, Hushih had already been liberated. This means that the use of such stamps had been taken up by the succeeding People’s Posts. Covers franked with such deviated SYS stamps are extremely rare. This may well be the only extant example with such stamps. 所示的實寄封是1949年9月3日由笏石寄福州,貼上海大東三版孫中山像200萬元加蓋2分基數折白郵票,斜角對剖(左上 角)作1分,另蓋4號楷體 “笏” 字木戳,及上海大東一版孫中山像加蓋4分基數郵票搭配使用,符合其時平信5分郵資,同 年9月7日到達福州。其時笏石已經解放,屬人民郵政沿用。銀圓變體郵票的實寄封本來就非常少,福建2分基數折白郵票 與對剖票搭配使用可能是唯一的一件。​ HK$ 4,500 - 6,000



3038 A cover mailed to Foochow from Hushih on 8th September 1949. It was franked with a diagonally bisected 10,000-yuan revenue stamp overprinted as a 1-jian (10 fen) Basic stamp thus creating a 5 fen stamp, which was further manually overprinted with a No.4 Standard Style Chinese character font “Hu” using a wooden seal. The postage was 5 fen then. It arrived in Foochow on 12th September, after Hushih had been liberated. The letter was delivered by the People’s Posts. 所示的實寄封是1949年9月8日由笏石寄福州,貼印花稅票1萬元加蓋1角基數郵票,斜角對剖(右下角)作5分,另蓋4號 楷體 “笏” 字木戳,符合其時平信5分郵資,同年9月12日到達福州。其時笏石已經解放,屬人民郵政沿用。​

HK$ 2,200 - 2,500


3039 30th August 30 1949 a cover mailed from Sienyu (49.08.23), 5th September arrived in Foochow (49.08.17). Affixed with one Revenue surcharged 4 fen and one Fukien Basic 1 fen. The 5 fen total value on cover was the domestic surface postage rate. 所示的實寄封是1949年8月30日從仙游 (49.08.23) 寄,9月5日到達福州 (49.08.17), 上 貼印花稅票加蓋4分,福建基數1分各一 枚, 符合國內平信郵資。​ HK$ 8,000 - 10,000



3040 加盖“福州”局名票封 Cover with Handstamped “Foochow” ​

A cover mailed to the U.S. from Foochow on 22nd August 1949. It was franked with one 1 fen and one 4 fen Dr. SYS Hwa Nan Print basic currency stamps with a “Foochow” seal and one 10 fen Fukien basic currency stamp overprinted with “Foochow”, 15 fen in total, consistent with international ordinary mail postage at the time. It transited Shanghai on 21st September and then transported to its destination in the U.S. On 17th August 1949, Foochow was liberated. It is the only recorded extant post- liberation cover to be franked with handstamped “Foochow” basic currency stamp with a hand-stamped “Foochow”.​ 所示的实寄封是1949年8月22日由福州寄美国,贴华南版孙山中像基数邮票1分及4分手盖 “福州” 各1枚、福建基数邮票10 分加盖局名“福州”1枚,合共平信15分,符合其时国际平信15分资费。9月21日经上海中转,然后运往目的地美国。1949年 8月17日,福州解放。解放后沿用的福建基数邮票局名手盖 “福州” 封,目前仅发现一件。​ HK$ 17,000 - 20,000



3041 加蓋 “福州”郵票 Overprint “Foochow” Stamp ​ Foochow area’s Gold/Silver Yuan exchange rate and airmail rate were quite different from other areas. To prevent arbitraging, in July, machine and handstamped overprint “Foochow” stamps were issued.​ 福州的金銀元對換率和國內空郵資跟其它地區很大分別, 為了防止炒作福州郵局在49年七月發行手蓋和機蓋 ” 福州 “ 加蓋 票。​ ​ 19th August 1949 from Foochow (49.08.17), 23rd September via Shanghai (49.05.27) , 26th September arrived in Peiping (49.01.31), affixed with four Domestic Unit stamps, total value on cover 20 fen equivalent to the domestic registered postage.​ 1949年8月19日從福州 (49.08.17) 寄,9月23日經上海 (49.05.27),9月26日抵達北平 (49.01.31), 上貼” 福州” 機蓋國內平信單位票4 枚, 總值鋃元20分, 相等於國內掛號郵資。​ HK$ 14,000 - 18,000



3042 加蓋 “福州”郵票 Overprint “Foochow” Stamp ​ Foochow area’s Gold/Silver Yuan exchange rate and airmail rate were quite different from other areas. To prevent arbitraging, in July, machine and handstamped overprint “Foochow” stamps were issued.​ 福州的金銀元對換率和國內空郵資跟其它地區很大分別, 為了防止炒作福州郵局在49年七月發行手蓋和機蓋 ” 福州 “ 加蓋 票。​ ​ 32st August 31 1949 mailed from Foochow, arrived in Shanghai on 23rd September, affixed with one domestic unit stamp, 5 fen equivalent to the domestic postage. ​ 1949年8月31日從福州寄,9月23日抿達上海. 上貼國內平信單位票1枚, 符合國內平郵郵資。​

解放後沿用’福州” 機蓋票實寄封, 紀綠只此兩件 Only two machine overprints “Foochow” Silver Yuan postage in liberated area covers recorded

HK$ 14,000 - 18,000



3043 14th September 1949 mailed from Fengting (49.08.27) arrived in Foochow on 19th September (49.08.17). Affixed with one Revenue surcharged Basic 4 fen and one Hua Nan SYS 1 fen. The 5 fen on cover equivalent domestic postage rate.​ 1949 年9月14日從楓亭949.08.27) 寄,9月19日抵達福州 (49.08.17), 上貼印花改值基數4分和華南孫像1分各1枚, 總值5分, 相等 國內平郵。​ HK$ 11,000 - 15,000


接管汕頭區郵局 Taking Over of Post Offices in Swatow Area

The post offices in Swatow area were taken over by the MCC in two stages:

軍管會是分兩個階段接受汕頭地區郵局: ​

Those in the North Territory in August as a consequence of the Battle of Hengpo (example: – Meihsien was liberated on 15th August 1949). Whereas those in the southern territory were taken in late October after the fall of Canton (example: - Swatow was liberated on 24th October 1949). The post offices in the Swatow area continued to sell Silver Yuan stamps until 1st November when the “Liberation, Temporary Used for” stamps were issued. 而南部地區是在十月底在廣州解放後才接 收,例如汕頭在10月24日解放。汕頭軍管會容許銀元郵票沿用至11月1日,之後只可使用” 解放暫用 “郵票,而銀元郵資依然通用。 北部地區,隨著衡寶戰役,例如梅縣在8月16日解放。

Using Invalid Silver Yuan Stamps in Swatow


On 1st November 1949 the Swatow Post Office Military Take-over Group was established. Military representatives issued a notification stating: “DGP-issued stamps owned by post offices and individuals shall be overprinted prior to circulation. They will otherwise be regarded as invalid.” From this, it can be seen that effective 1st November Swatow Post Office would stop the usage of Silver Yuan stamps. However Silver Yuan postage was still valid. “Liberation Temporary Used For” stamps were therefore issued, for usage up to 24th November 1949 However, a few Swatow post offices sold Silver Yuan stamps after 1st November at the rate Silver Yuan 5 fen = RMB 100. This was also the Silver Yuan/RMB postage rate for surface domestic and Hong Kong/Macau at the time. 1949年11月1日,“汕頭郵政局軍事接管小組”成立。軍代表發出通知:“郵政局和私人手上留存 的中華郵政發行的各種郵票,必須經郵政局加蓋字樣後始能通用,否則一律無效。”由此可了解 到,1949年11月1日起汕頭停用銀圓郵票,但仍然採用銀元郵資, 所以發行可使用到11月24日的 “解 放暫作” 郵票。但1949年11月1日後汕頭有幾家郵局依然以銀元5分或人民幣100元出售平信單位郵 票,剛剛好,那時的國內平郵和寄往香港/澳門郵資,正是銀元5分或人民幣100元。



3044 A cover mailed to Shanghai from Swatow (49.10.24) on 11th November 1949. It was franked with one Hong Kong Asiatic Print ordinary mail unit stamp, consistent with postage of the time. Although the government required that all DGP-issued stamps without overprint be regarded as invalid after 1st November 1949, the post office still accepted and delivered this cover without treating it as having postage due. The cover arrived in Shanghai (49.05.27) on 14th December. It took more than one month to deliver. 所示的實寄封是1949年11月11日由汕頭 (49.10.24) 寄上海,貼香港亞洲版平信單位郵票1枚,符合其時平信郵資。雖然政 府於1949年11月1日規定,中華郵政發行的各種郵票未加蓋作無效。但是此封仍予收寄,不作欠資處理。同年12月14日到 達上海 (49.05.27) ,郵程長達1個多月。​ HK$ 6,500 - 7,000


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